Imagens das páginas

ington, 805; the dominion of the
laws of nature, constantly extend-
ing, and that of chance growing
narrower, 805; the mind and its
products governed by laws, 807;
instances in literary history of ca-
price over law and law under ca-
price, 807; at an early period,
originality a help to acceptance;
afterwards, an impediment, 807;
mannerism, first an impediment,
then a help, when united with
strong power, 808; one great
work sometimes sinks and some-
times buoys up the weaker works
of an author, 808; the best works
produced, when criticism is un-
known, 809; our estimate of a
writer's originality, often a decep-
tion, 809; the temporary popular-
ity of some writers, 810; some au-
thors, killed by the first blow of
criticism, 810; after a general
acceptance, a great change in the
progress of an author's reputation,
811; case of Hcrvey's Meditations,
811; the best poets, not always
most read, 812; the fate of the bal-
lad poetry of almost all languages,
812; the best works, preserved by
their own vitality, 813; the re-
ligious character of an author's
theme as related to his popularity,
814; some authors have numerous
imitators, 814; our admiration aids
nature in the rating of literary ex-
cellence. 815 ; languages all tend
to a certain permanent stand-point
short of perfection, 815; we are
much under the influence of tradi-
tionary criticism, 816; rule, by
which to ascertain the existence of
this influence, 817; the frame-
work of language, early fixed, 820;
inferences: reasons why books
mentioned in the Scriptures are
lost, 821; religion has a powerful
influence over taste, 821 ; these
laws of literature expose some su-
perficial and deceptive canons, 823;
a topic of triumph and comfort
alike to successful and to unsuc-
cessful authors, 824.
Cardinal Mai's Greek Bible, accord-
ing to the Greek MS., noticed, 477.

Chronology, article on, 289.

Coleman, Rev. Lyman, article by, 78.

Comparison of Jeremiah 23: 5, 6, and
33: 14—16, article on, by Rev. S.
A. Worcester, 128; the latter pas-
sage a repetition of the former, 129;
the passage apropbecy of the reign
of the Messiah, 129 ; the phrase
"Jehovah our Righteousness,"
means Jehovah our justifier, 130;
this interpretation, in harmony
with the doctrine of justification
by faith, 181.

Conflict nf Trinitarianism and Uni-
tarianism in the Ante-Nicene Age,
The, article on, by Prof. Philip
SchafF, 726; scriptural statement
of the doctrine of the Trinity, 726;
the doctrine, practical, 727; its
origin, 727 ; the economic and tran-
sitive trinity, the trinity of the ear-
liest church, 728; from this re-
sulted the immanent or ontological
trinity, 728; the ante-Nicene and
the Nicene activity referred to the
divinity of Christ rather than of
the Spirit, 729; patristic state-
ments of the Trinity, 731; state-
ments of Justin Martyr, 731;
Athenagoras, Theophilus, and Ori-
gen, 732; Jrenams, 733; Tertul-
lian, 734; Ilippolytus and Nova-
tian, 735; Dionysius. 730; two
classes of these early Unitarians:
the Monarchians, 737; the Alo-
gians, 737; the Theodotions, 738;
the Artemonites, 738; Paul of Sa-
mosata, 739; Patripassians, 739;
Praxeas of Asia Minor, 73 -; Noe-
tus of Smyrna, 740; Cnllistns or
pope Calixtus I., 740; Bcryllus of
liostra, 741; Sabellius, 742.

Congregationalism and Symbolism, ar-
ticle on, by Prof. William G. T.
Shedd, 661; constitution of the Li-
brary Association, 6G1; its inten-
tion to furnish a visible centre, 062;
the need of centripetal force in
Congregationalism, 663; the ne-
cessiiy of stronger symbolical feel-
ing, 664; the attitude of the found-
ers of Congregationalism towards
the old historical theology, C64;
Owen and Goodwin, 665; the con-
gregational churches of New Eng-
land, 666 ; congregationalism has
all the advantages and none of the
evils of a symbol, 669 ; illustrated
by reference to political philo-
sophy, 670; congregationalism
exposed to sceptical influences,
671; laxness of interpretation of
the Bible in the Protestant world,
675; Protestant, as well as Chris-
tian, a term of loose and vague
meaning, 67G; evils incident to the
undoubted right of private judg-
ment, 679; tendency of a stronger
symbolical feeling to harmonize
theologians among themselves, 682;
a stronger symbolical feeling es-
sential to success in extending the
limits of Congregationalism, 685;
no necessary connection between
strict doctrine and high-church
polity, 689.


Dwighl, Rev. D. W., articles by, 97,

Dwinell, Rev. I. E., article by, 54.

EnqlUh Translation* of the Bible, ar-
ticle on, 261 ; the history of the
English Bible, literary and reli-
gious, 261; history of the succes-
sive translations of the Bible, 262;
introduction of the Gospel into
Britain, 262; the Mceso-Gothic
translation of the Bible, 263; the
Saxon translation, 264; Bede's
translation of John's Gospel, 265;
other contemporary translations,
265; no complete translation, yet
made, 26 7; John Wiclif, 268;
merits of his translation, 269; ver-
sion of William Tyndale, 271; its
character, 273; Myles Coverdale,
274; Matthew's Bible. 275; Cran-
mer's Bible, 276 ; the Genevan ver-
sion, 27 7; its character, 27 7; the
"Great Bible," 278; the " Bishop's
Bible," 278; the history of our
present version, 279; printing of
the Rhemish Testament, 280; the
"Hampton Court conference," 281;
appointment of translators, 282;
their instructions, 283; the trans-
lation printed, 284 ; its character-
istics, 286; peculiarly English,

286; will never be superseded,

Essay on Inspiration, article on, by
Prof. J. Torrey, 314 ; change in the
meaning of the terms revelation
and inspiration, 314; revelation,
a fact which has been recognized
in all ages, 315; this statement
proved from the Scriptures them-
selves, 315; the Scriptures declare
themselves to be the only reve-
lation, 316; a line of distinc-
tion, dividing mankind into two
great portions, 817; the existence
of this division, unaccountable ex-
cept on the sup|>osition of a divine
revelation in the Scriptures, 819;
how has a divine Revelation been
given? 328; proper distinction be-
tween revelation and inspiration,
823; the Scriptures do not con-
tain a revelation but constitute a
revelation, 825; definition of in-
spiration, 328; the end of a writ-
ten revelation, 828; the means of
perpetuati ng the authority of a rev-
elation once given. 829; verbal in-
spiration, 330; seeming insignifi-
cance, no objection to the idea of
inspiration, 332; inspiration, the
state of mind of the truthful his-
torian, 333; inspiration, not whol-
lv incomprehensible. 335.

Ethical Dative, by Prof. Gibbs, 238.

Etymology, article on, 401.

Eusebius as an Historian, article on,
by Lyman Coleman, 78; chief
works of Eusebius, 79 ; his Eccle-
siastical History and Life of Con-
stantine, 80; general estimate of
his merits as an historian, 81;
statement of his faults, 83; his al-
leged plagiarism, 83; gross anach-
ronisms, 84; his prejudices in fa-
vor of prelacy, 84; his History,
one of the church and not one of
Christianity, 85; the honois done
by Eusebius to the Episcopate, 86;
approves the doctrine of the inter-
cession of saints, 88; approves the
suicide of martyrs, 88; his credu-
litv in regard to saintly relics, 89;
miracles in behalf of saints and
martyrs. 89; approves of monasti-
cism, 91; baptismal purification, 91;
confirmation and absolution, 92;
his credulity in general, 93; exag-
geration and distortion of deeds
and characters, 94.


Future Stale, The, article on, by Rev.
James Hoppin, 381; the revelation
of a future state in the Bible,
meant to be purely practical, 381;
character and design of Whately's
work on the Future State, 883;
his views in regard to the immor-
tality of the soul, 383; the inter-
mediate state, 385; is the inter-
mediate state one of unconscious-
ness? 387; the idea of conscious-
ness, in harmony with the doctrine
of a future judgment, 389; the
theory of unconsciousness, at vari-
ance with the idea of immediate
happiness or suffering, 390; with
the narrative of the transfigura-
tion, 392; Whately's Lecture on
the Resurrection, 393; the Lec-
ture on the Judgment, 394; on the
Restoration of the Jews and the
Millennium, 395; on rewards and
punishments, 395; the theory of
annihilation, 396; Lecture on the
Heavenly state, 397; the saints in
glory, employed in services for
men, 399; on a Christian Death
and its Preparation, 400.


Geological and Theological Analogies,
article on, by Rev. B. F. Ilosf'ord,
300; value of analogical reasoning
in general. 300; truths of revela-
tion illustrated and confirmed by
facts in science, 302; objections to
the doctrine of the fall of man, an-
swered by geological facts. 302;
the objection to Christianity, drawn
from the incompleteness of the res-
toration. 305; the delay of the re-
demptive work, 305; the restora-
tion, not commensurate with the
ruin, 307; this objection, prema-
ture, 308; a new creation, prefer-
able to a restoration, 309; the pe-
riod of men, not to end and to be
followed by a new race, 312.

German;/, its Universities, Theology,
and Religion, noticed, 483.

Gillespie on the Necessary Existence
of God, noticed. 8*2.

Gillespie on the Truth of the Evan-
gelical History, noticed, 882.

Grieher on the Apocalypse, noticed,

Greek Church, The, article on, by
Rev. J. M. Manning, 501; begin-
ning of the history of the Greek
church, 501; the type of Chris-
tianity, the Greek rather than the
Roman, 502; Christianity modified
by Roman civilization, 502; the
Greek type of Christianity appa-
rent in the earliest theological
works, 503; the Greek type older
than the Roman, 505; differences
between the Eastern and Western
churches.506 ; these differences not
merely doetrinal,50li ; the doctrinal
differences, at first very slight, 507;
statement of some of these doc-
trinal differences, 508; the divi-
sion between the two churches had
its origin in the antipathy of races,
510; different races cannot easily
blend, 510; characteristics of the
Western type of mind, 511; of the
Eastern mind. 512; a division and
quarrel, inevitable, 513 ; Congre-
gationalism adapts itself to the nat-
ural differences of races. 514; a
ground of difference between the
two churches, in the different rela-
tion of the two parties to the State,
514; activity of Chrysostom, 51G;
progress of the conflict. 518; down-
fall of the Greek church, its causes,
520; all prophecy, and the expec-
tation of Christians, against the
Greek church, 520; the Greek
mind, passive; the Roman, aggres-
sive, 522; the fall of Constantino-
ple, 524 : fortunes of the Greek
church after the fall of Constanti-
nople, 627; origin of the antipathy
between the Turks and Russians,
527; this antipathy, permanent,
529; assumption of the title Czar
or Caesar by the monarch of Rus-
sia, 530: the emperor, the head of
the Greek church, 531; religion,
subservient to politics in Russia,
532; character of the Greek cler-
gy, 533; the career, opening be-
fore the Greek church, 535; Greek
Christians in Asia, on the alert,
537; the growth of the Russian
power, to be watched, 538; the
Russian empire, as to its traditional
history, very old, 540; the Greek
church leagued with the power of
this empire, 541.
Griffin, Dr., his Theory of the Atone-
ment, article on, bv Prof. E. A.
Park, 132; sketch of Dr. Griffin's
life, 132; enumeration of his
works, 134; his work on the atone-
ment, 136; the literal penalty of
the law, not suffered by Christ for
us, 136; the law of God. not satis-
fied by Christ for us, 137; the dis-
tributive justice of God, not satis-
fied by Christ for us, 139; the pun-
ishment of every sinner, eternally
demanded by the law and by the
distributive justice of God, 140;
the atonement did not involve a
work of supererogation, 142; the
atonement consisted not in the obe-
dience, but in the sufferings of
Christ. 143; the atonement con-
sisted in such sufferings as fulfilled
the design of punishment, 144;
the manner in which the atone-
ment fulfils this design, 146; the
atonement, the means of a testi-
mony from God the Father, 148;
the atonement consisted in such
sufferings of Christ as render the
sins of believers pardonable, 149;
the antecedents and consequents
of the atonement distinguished
from the atonement itself, 151;
comprehensive view of the work of
Christ. 158; the atonement de-
signed equally for all men con-
sidered as moral agents, 155; the
general atonement implies natural
power in all men to comply with
the conditions of life, 158; the gen-
eral atonement implies natural
power in all men, as moral agents,
to repent without the special in-
fluences of the Holy Spirit, 160;
the general atonement implies in
all probationers a "fair chance"
to obtain eternal life, 162; the
general atonement implies a nitu-
ral ability, which is something

more than a dormant faculty of the
soul, 165; Dr. GrifEn contends for
a kind of natural ability which is
denied by those Calvinists who de-
ny the general atonement, 165; he
advocates a natural ability which,
it is believed by his opponents,
was lost in Adam, 166: he advo-
cates a natural ability which makes
the atonement a real privilege
even to the non-elect. 167; the
natural power which he advocates
involves the power to use the fac-
ulty of choice in a right as well as
in a wrong way, 169; relations
of the general atonement and of
free moral agency to the Divine
foreknowledge and decrees. 171:
relations of the general atonement
and of free moral agency to t he Ar-
minian and Calvinistic systems. 175.
Grounds of Knowledge, Hie, article
on, by Rev. Charles B. Hadduck,
337; the first exercise of our fac-
ulties, spontaneous, 337; the ori-
gin of our ideas becomes at length
a subject of inquiry, 337; the in-
quiry, at once curious and useful,
838; a standard of truth, essential,
338; the philosophy, which makes
the grounds of knowledge a sub-
ject of inquiry, 339: the condi-
tions of knowledge, found in all
minds, 340; what one, according
to spiritual philosophy, may be
said to know, 341: all arguments,
resolvable into primary intuitions,
either of sense or of reason, 343;
purely intellectual judgments, 344;
evidence of the existence of these
in every mind, 344; the true dis-
tinction between mathematical and
moral science, 345; application of
the subject to the question be-
tween faith and reason, 348; in-
spiration does not supersede the
use of reason, 350; the word of
God to be interpreted by our rea-
son, 351.

Guericke's Manual of Church History,
noticed, 249.


Hadduck, Rev. C. B., article by, 337.
Harhiess, Prof. Albert,article by, 179.
Historical Sketch of the Jndo-Ewope-
an Languages, article on, by Rev.
B. W. Dwi'ght, 97; Italic family of
languages, 97; Italy peopled by
three races, 97; the Iapygian
race, 97; the Etruscans, 97; the
Italians, 98; the two branches of
the Italians, the Latin and the
Umbrian, 99; peculiarities of the
Italic family of languages, 99; the
Umbrian tribe, 100; the Latin,
101; the climate of Latium, as af-
fecting the Latin character, 102;
characteristics of the Latin lan-
guage, 103; the three Romanic
languages, 105; the modern Ital-
ian, 105; the Spanish, 106; the
French, 107; Lettic family of lan-
guages, 109; its three branches,
109; the Lithuanian, 109; the
old Prussian, 110; the Lettic,
110; the Slavic or Slavonian fam-
ily of languages, 111; its two lead-
ing branches, 112; the south-east-
ern branch, 112; the Russian lan-
guage, 113; the Bulgarian, 118;
the lllyrian, 114; the Western
Slavic branch, 115; the Gothic
family of languages, 116 ; the low
German branch, 117; the Norse
languages, 117; the Anglo-Saxon
language, 118; the Frisic, 121:
the low Dutch, 121; the high Ger-
man branch, 122; the Celtic, 123;
its various branches, 125; lessons
of historical philology, 125; the
unity of the race, 125; influence
on the history of man, of the pas-
sive and the material in his na-
ture, 126; the low degree of man's
inventive power, 126; the neces-
sity, in order to understand one
language, of knowing its connec-
tion with other languages, 127.
Homeric Ideas of the Soul and a Fu-
ture Life, article on. by Prof. John
Proudfit. 753; the interest in Ho-
mer, destined never to die away,
753; Homeric speculation, stimu-
lated by the latest German philos-
ophy, 754 ; attempt to prove that
the doctrine of the soul's immor-
tality is absent from the Homeric
poems, 755; meaning of the word
y^vxh, in Homer. 755; the meaning
of the term as given by Voelcker,

756; folly of Voelcker's theory,
758; the i/<«x^ of Homer, not a
mere impression, 759; Voelcker's
theory inconsistent with the ex-
alted'fame of Homer, 760; still
held by most eminent Greek schol-
ars of Germany, 760; a mere psy-
chological application of the domi-
nant German philosophy, 760;
theory of Nagelsbach, 761; this
theory makes materialists of Job,
Moses, and David, 763 ; arguments
in its support: the word ^xh
means only breath, 763; the word
tlSuKov, an explanatory synonym
of tyvxh- 7<55 , the distinction be-
tween Teiresias and the other dead,
767; t1$w\ov explained by n$iKr),
768; meeting of Achilles and Pa-
troclus, in the under-world, 768;
other Homeric expressions for the
spiritual principle, 769; other ex-
pressions still, 770; the whole
question turns on the meaning of
^"XV, 773 ; the tyvxh traced in its
course to the under-world, 774;
peculiarity in the Homeric de-
scription of death, 774; the tyvxh
still conscious, when disembodied;
775 ; examples in proof of this, 777;
personal identity, preserved after
death, 780; the dead recognize
each other. 781 ; the dead, awai-e
of what is going on on earth, 782;
recapitulation, 783; the intellect,
not reanimated by blood, 784; the
Homeric psychology, in general,
irreconcilable with materialism,
788; man, according to Homer,
the offspring of God and dear to
God, 788; and therefore not mor-
tal, 790; the proper and entire
personality of man descends to Ha-
des, 790; the Hesiodic psycholo-
gy, in agreement with that of Ho-
mer, 792; the later psychology of
the Greeks sustains the theory of
immortality, 793; sustained by the
opinion of the early Christian
writers, 795; the expectation of a
future life, not a result of develop-
ment, 797; the belief in immor-
tality, more firm in Homer's time
than in that of Socrates, 1'J'J; this
belief, in the time of Cicero and

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