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as some do, that he can love who is the sum of moral excel. Christ if he pleases ; it will not lence. If knowing him, I love satisfy ; for he knows, or may him not, I shew that I am not know, that it depends not at all conformed to him, or like him. on his pleasure, whether the Of consequence, if he is excellove of Christ shall exist in his lent, I am vile ; if he is beautiheart, or not; because the scrip-ful, I am deformed. My blame tures testify, that love is of God, for nat loving God and my and he that loveth is born of neighbor does not consist in this, God ; and it is not of him that that I have power to do it, but willeih, nor of him that runneth, will not : but it consists in this, but of God that sheweth mercy: that, knowing God, I am not

God has been pleased by a conformed to him, but wholly certain law of his own operation unlike him, who is the sum of to connect certain events or ef moral excellence and beauty. fects with our volitions : and the Should it be said that to obey or events which we find are con disobey appertains to the will nected with our volitions are alone, and to no other faculty ; said, in common speech, to be the answer is, that to obey or in our power. Thus on willing disobey appertains to the man, to raise my hand to my head, it and not to his faculties. The rises ; this event is in my pow. command of God reaches the er : on willing to raise a weight state of the soul, as well as its of a thousand pounds, it rises exercises. It requires not only not, this event is not in my pow. those exercises which are evie

Now it is certain that the dence of love ; but, what is existence of the love of God in most essential, love itself. And the heart is not connected with the external evidence of love any volitions of the natural man, arising from exercise derives its it is therefore not in his power ; whole value from that love, of it is not the fruit of his agency; which they are the expression, or it is the fruit of God's agency, supposed to be so. If I feed the and of his alone.

hungry and clothe the naked, beIf I am commanded, by one cause I delight in his happiwho has right to command, to nesss, or, in other words, be stretch out my hand, and I do cause I love him, I obey, the it not, I am to blame ; if to stop command, “ thou shalt love thy the sun in its course, and “ neighbor as thyself.” But if though willing, I do it not, I am I do it, that I may have praise not to blame : because here is of men, I do not obey the comno defect of moral character. If mand, but violate it ; for love, I am commanded to love God and love only, with its genuine with all the heart, and my neigh- fruits and expressions, is the bor as myself, and I do it not, fulfilling of the law. I am to blame ; though the ef- To say that obedience to the fect be wholly out of my pow- law consists in exercise, and that er; because there is an essen- love is not an exercise if it betial defect of moral character. long not to the will

, is to beg the It is fit and right that, knowing question. All will admit that God, I should love him ; for love is the fulfilling of the law : this shews that I am like him, but that love is an exercise, as.

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the word is generally under- | infliction of evil, as that mercy stood, of the will is not admit- should be displayed in the be. ted; and the contrary is conten- stowment of good : and it is ded. Whether love be called equally important that the propan exercise, a passion or an af er characters should exist, thro' fection of the man is not very which the display should be material, so long as it conforms made. “ Hath not the potter him to God, and in proportion" power over the clay, of the as it is perfected, renders him same lump, to make one vessel blessed. Such highly favored“ to honor and another to disones, as have the love of God“ honor ?shed abroad in the heart, are in- The doctrine which some addeed vessels of mercy prepared vance that the impotency of falunto glory : and such unhappy len man to love God, or to reones as have it not, are, so re- pent and believe the gospel conmaining, vessels of wrath fitted sists wholly in the want of a to destruction.

will; and that they can do these Whatever objections depraved things, if they please, is calculaman can have against the sover-ted to foster an opinion, that they eignty of God, it is evident from may confide in their own future fact, that he does what he will exertions ; that they are not with his own; and, in the dis absolutely dependent on God for tribution of good and evil a spiritual life ; and that they may, mongst his creatures, he gives for the present rest secure in sin. none account of his matters. It On the contrary, the full belief is his glory to conceal a thing of the truth, that they are dead While Lucifer son of the morn-in trespasses and sins, without ing is cast down to hell, he or any sort of ability to save themdains strength out of the mouth selves, any more than a dead of babes and sucklings. If God's carcass has to raise itself to life design in his works be to exhib- is calculated to make them it his character, and this be an despair in themselves, and so 10 object of all others the most bring them into that state of important, or, in other words, mind which usually precedes the the only object in itself import- bestowment of mercy. ant, what objection can be fairly Should it be said, that the made against his giving being, doctrine of the total impotency perfection and happiness, or, of fallen man to obey the law, against his taking these away, or or to embrace the gospel, cuts otherwise disposing of his crea- the springs of exertion, and antures, in any manner he pleas- nihilates all motive to action ; es, in order to the complete at the answer is, we do not reason tainment of this end. The per- so in the affairs of common life. fection of God is one, as he him. We cannot make a spire of grass self is ONE; but it cannot be dis- or a blade of corn to grow ; this played to creatures but in parts, effect is produced by the power and by various operations. The of God alone. But we never justice of God is not distinct from cease to till our land because we his goodnesss, but essential to are not certain of a crop.. The it: and it is as important that reasonable hope of obtaining a justice should be displayed in the crop in the use of the appointed

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means, and the certainty of not, and will shew that he likes not obtaining in the neglect of those to retain God in his knowledge. means, are motives abundant. If he die an hour after birth, inly sufficient to stimulate exer- less his nature is changed by the tion. So in spiritual concerns, sovereign grace of God, he will tho’the love of God in the heart perish ; because he cannot love is not the fruit of our own voli-God, in whom he has his being, tions and exertions, but the agen- but is enmity against him. The cy of the Holy Ghost alone, we giory of God constantly in view have equal, nay, far greater, mo- will necessarily torment him for tives to exertion in proportion to He can be nothing else the comparative importance of but a vessel of wrath fitted to the object sought, in the diligent destruction. If he is saved it use of the means of salvation must be by the blood of Christ. which God has appointed. For And to render him capable of the intervention of means, for the enjoyment of God, which is ought appears, is as indispensi- the happiness of heaven, he ble in the latter case, as in the must be born again ; or his naformer ; and in both cases, the ture must be so changed, that end is connected, or not connect the vision of God shall fill him ed with the means, according to full of delight and joy : or, the good pleasure of him who which is the same thing, that in worketh all in all.

the vision of God he shall love If the foregoing observations him with all the heart. Indeed, are just it will follow, that holi- the Saviour says, “ Make the ness and sin are predicable of “ tree good and his fruit good ; the nature of man, rather than or else make the tree corrupt of his actions, or if predicable of " and his fruit corrupt : for the the latter, it is by a meionymy “ tree is known by his fruit.” of the effect for the cause. Love And doubtless the actions of is the fulfilling of the law, this men, are the fruit they produce : is holiness, the want of love then because, it is by these they are is the violation of the law, this known as the tree is known by is sin. Agency, or volition pro- his fruit. These actions of men ducing a visible effect, is not so therefore are good or evil as properly holiness or sin in itself, well as their natures. But in as the evidence of it. Holiness what sense are they good or and sin exist prior to action, and evil? Doubtless in this sense, are the proper ground of it ; and that they promote natural good action takes its denomination or evil; or, in other words, from the principle which ori- happiness or misery, both in ginates it.

themselves and others. Still An infant, at the moment of their natures only are holy or his birth, is a sinner ; not be- sinful, for it is the principle from cause he has done sinful which actions proceed, and that tions, but because his nature is alone which gives denominacorrupt, or, because he is so tion to agents. The true end formed, that as soon as he shall of agency in creatures is to dishave a perception of God in any cover their respective natures ; measure as he is, he will cer- not to the omniscient God who tainly turn from it with aversion; I sees the heart ; but to one an

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other. This is important in the YHRIST, in one of his dis-
highest degree ; for the ends courses with the Jews, said,
of creation and the moral go. "The houris coming, in the which
vernment of God, consisting in all that are in the graves shall
the display of his holy nature, hear his voice, and shall come
in the view of creatures, can in forth ; they that have done good
no measure be attained without unto the resurrection of life ; and
it. The righteousness of God they, that have done evil unto
in the retributions of eternity the resurrection of damna-
cannot be seen unless the charac- tion.” John v. 28, 29.
ters of moral agents are known ; The advocates for the opinion,
and their characters cannot be that the good works of men
known, otherwise than through entitie them to future happi-
their agency. This then is not ness, and that there is no way
essential to constitute a holy or for them to become entitled to
sinful temperor character, but life and immortality beyond the
is essential to discover that tem- grave, except by virtue of their
per or character, wherever it own obedience and good works,
exists, to creatures. To con- may be ready to view these
clude, the agency of creatures words of Christ as fully sup-
will disclose their natures, and sporting this opinion. But when
the righteous God will display we take a view of the current
his righteousness in, or upon language of the New Testa-
them, according to their natures. ment, we find this opinion abso-
He that is so formed as to be lutely irreconcilable with some
tormented with the presence of of the leading and fundamental
God, will, so remaining, be ac- doctrines therein declared in
cursed for ever ; and he that is terms most express and decisive,
so formed as to be delighted with viz. That by the deeds of the
the presence of God will be law no flesh shall be justified in
blessed for ever. Amen. the sight of God--that a man

is justified by faith without the
deeds of the law—that if right-
eousness come by the law, then

Christ is dead in vain-and, that What well-doing is connected

ye are saved by grace, through with the resurrection of life.

faith, and that not of yourselves;

it is the gift of God: 10 of Messrs. EDITORS,

works, lest any man should IT is doubtless of some boast. importance, that the distinction Still however, some may be of character between those who difficulted to determine what or will be raised to life at the last how much is esssential to the day, and those who will be rais- character of those who have done ed to damnation, should be clear- | good, in contra-distinction from ly marked. If the following those who have done evil, in observations should be judg- the sense intended by Christ. ed conducive to that end, and Were we to form our ideas proper for a place in your useful of the character of those who publication, you will please to will be raised to life, from insert them.

Christ's words which have been VOL. VI. NO. 10.

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means, and the certainty of not, and will shew that he likes not obtaining in the neglect of those to retain God in his knowledge. means, are motives abundant. If he die an hour after birth, unly sufficient to stimulate exer- less his nature is changed by the tion. So in spiritual concerns, sovereign grace of God, he will tho' the love of God in the heart perish ; because he cannot love is not the fruit of our own voli-God, in whom he has his being, tions and exertions, but the agen- but is enmity against him. The cy of the Holy Ghost alone, we giory of God constantly in view have equal, nay, far greater, mo- will necessarily torment him for tives to exertion in proportion to He can be nothing else the comparative importance of but a vessel of wrath fitted to the object sought, in the diligent destruction. If he is saved it use of the means of salvation inust be by the blood of Christ, which God has appointed. For And to render him capable of the intervention of means, for the enjoyment of God, which is ought appears, is as indispensi- | the happiness of heaven, he ble in the latter case, as in the must be born again ; or his naformer ; and in both cases, the ture must be so changed, that end is connected, or not connect. the vision of God shall fill him ed with the means, according to full of delight and joy : or, the good pleasure of him who which is the same thing, that in worketh all in all.

the vision of God he shall love If the foregoing observations him with all the heart. Indeed, are just it will follow, that holi- the Saviour says, " Make the ness and sin are predicable of “ tree good and his fruit good ; the nature of man, rather than or else make the tree corrupt of his actions, or if predicable of " and his fruit corrupt : for the the latter, it is by a meionymy “ tree is known by his fruit." of the effect for the cause. Love And doubtless the actions of is the fulfilling of the law, this men, are the fruit they produce: is holiness, the want of love then because, it is by these they are is the violation of the law, this known as the tree is known by is sin. Agency, or volition pro- his fruit. These actions of men ducing a visible effect, is not so therefore are good or evil as properly holiness or sin in itself, well as their natures. But in as the evidence of it. Holiness what sense are they good or and sin exist prior to action, and evil? Doubtless in this sense, are the proper ground of it; and that they promote natural good action takes its denomination or evil ; or, in other words, from the principle which ori- happiness or misery, both in ginates it.

themselves and others. Still An infant, at the moment of their natures only are holy or his birth, is a sinner ; not be- sinful, for it is the principle from cause he has done sinful which actions proceed, and that tions, but because his nature is alone which gives denominacorrupt, or, because he is so

tion to agents. The true end formed, that as soon as he shall of agency in creatures is to dishave a perception of God in any cover their respective natures ; measure as he is, he will cer- not to the omniscient God who tainly turn from it with aversion; I sees the heart; but to one an

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