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we fortify our position; that we should not Mr. President, I will not burden the Senate that will reduce them to subjection to the peogo back like sheep to Washington ; that we describing similar influences that worked dis. || ple's interests. There can be no mistake in should not be further disgraced. Sir, what aster to the army of the Potomac. I will forego the picture that I have drawn. Senators must was their action? I went to sleep; and about that for the present. But I am cautioned to stop and consider. They must see that in two o'clock the stillness awoke me. All had exercise policy; that the adversary must be the influence, in the encouragement they are fled; had been gone for hours. I saddled my approached in parallel and zigzag lines. Are giving to these overshadowing powers there is horse, jumped the fences, and reported to the people forced into such danger that they danger; and when they further consider the Lincoln; and begged him to send forward new cannot approach but under cover of the institu. anxieties and cares and sufferings and poverty troops which he brad to stop the disorder. tions built by their consent and sanctioned by | that are growing upon the people every day My petition was of no avail. their labors ?
and every hour, it seems to me that it is time The million was asked to wait a week. The Following out the illustration of the influences for them to pause and consider if the policy enemy were coming on. Sir, why not stop in I have described as at work in Rhode Island, | they have pursued is the correct policy. I say a place of security? Certainly no one would let me ask the people of my State how they it is not; the people say it is not. Then, sir, now refuse. A rat will fight in a corner ; a like the increasing growth of these two great || why not pause and consider whether you are coward will sometimes be worked up to a houses--my own and that of the great family | right or they? frenzy. Sir, the million dollars would not I have mentioned? They are now at war ; sup: The Governments of England and of the day. The very next train put distance be pose they were to join hands; what independ. continent know that your system of finance, tween them and their fancied pursuers. This ence would there be among a people so largely or rather your want of a system, has rottenness the mechanics were sacrificed. They would composed of the manufacturing class ?. Let us in it, and that under it you cannot go on and not have been had the enemy not found all understand the whole caso. The condition of pay your debts. The only danger attending his forces operating on a short line.
affairs in our State, which is bat an aggra the adoption of the plan I propose is that Great One hundred men paid the penalty. They vated one in its application to the whole coun Britain and the other Powers seeing you estabwere poor men, however. The battle was lost try, is this and nothing less. Go back with || lish yourselves upon a sound financial bottom beyond a peradventure by the influences that me to the Middle Ages and see how by per may seek to prevent you. Will they go to war kept the forces in the rear. As splendid a sonal courage and daring great chiefs sprung to prevent you? It is not impossible. They body of men as ever shouldered a musket, up, surrounded themselves with vassals, and have looked with suspicion at your securities ; other than the million dollars, were disgraced. intrenched themselves with castles, the ruins while those of Great Britain bring ninety to A nation was paled and discouraged ; a Stato of which still interest travelers, though they ninety-five at three per cent. interest, yours at hung its head, and only in its mechanics, in do not often instruct them. Thus established, || six per cent. bring only eighty. They know the infantry and artillery, had she a decent baron warred on baron, destroying castles and yours have no real bottom on which to rest; place in history.
capturing vassals and lands and adding them but they will sell to you as long as you have a Sir, it was the influence of the million dol to his own. For a long period leaders and dollar pay for their goods. They will take lars that struck at me.
people were occupied in war, and continued | advantage of your poverty so long as your lands They went home; paid clacquers were ready, so until trade and commerce were established. sell at half or a quarter of their value. This and an ovation followed. The feelings the Is not our situation similar, except that instead is going on at a rapid rate; and you see by clacquers gave rise to embarrassed me when I of noble daring among the leaders and manly the increase of importations-indicative of the was in the field. A spirit of disorder and dis courage and virtue among the people there unemployment of your people in manufactures, union was engendered in every regiment the are at work those secret influences which mako | produced hy the extortionate rates of interest State sent into the front. One was hardly cowards and paupers? Does not the great | established for your public securities—that the formed before this counter influence was at capitalist destroy and absorb the less, as the increase in the cost of your manufactures is so work. Is this the kind of direction for a brave great baron destroyed the smaller? And was great that the tariff has become of no possible people? Is this the sort of influence that it is not the baron who possessed himself by force protection. But you cannot increase the tariff, desirable the American people should build of the castles, lands, and vassals of another you cannot increase the taxes, and operatives up? I say no; a thousand times no.
like the great capitalist absorbing to himself are unemployed. There is a loss and less market How did the country and my colleague and the property and business of his weaker com for your agricultural productions. Existing this Senate reward that action? By a com petitor? As for me, if I were called which to prices are starvation prices, because your people mission as brevet brigadier general!
choose, the condition of the Middle Ages or are in great numbers in the position of unem. Besides this, be it understood, that there now, I should choose the former. Then the ployment. You cannot ship it, as you cannot was a solemn oath taken by the million dollars lands of the people were laid waste by the con compete and pay the transportation with a proto bear the breast to the bullets of the enemy, tending chieftains, and the despoiler aggre. duction on your part of five to twelve bushels and I had taken no such oath. I was but an gated the spoils to himself. Do we not see to the acre against a production of twentyactor without commission or authority, but did wasted our lands, our property, our commerce seven and twenty-eight; and all you sell at one act as I have related.
and trade; our business of all kinds absorbed hundred and forty per cent. here, being equal to Did not the power, in subsequent political by the great moneyed institutions growing up a production of seven to ten dollars to the acre, action, send a man to Congress who has cov about us? Will not these great interests war will not pay the labor you put on it; so that ered the business interests of the State with on each other, and whoever triumphs will your agricultural commerce is already lost. disgrace?
not the people, in like manner, suffer and be Your manufacturing and mechanical interests It is influences of this kind, now at work in impoverished? Sir, I certainly think so. are going the same way, as may be seen by every community througbout the country in a The power of the barons was only checked the facts I have enumerated. What, I ask, greater or less degree, that I propose to reduce and destroyed when the barons and people have you to rely on to give credit or to give to a position where they will cease to rule. united in the selection of a leader, the better to strength to national or any other of your se
Mr. ANTHONY. Will my colleague allow protect themselves from foreign inroads and curities? Of course, while this state of things me to ask him to whom he refers ?
from one another. This seems to me signifi- || is going on the world will look on and laugh The VICE PRESIDENT. Does the Sen cant; but that significance ends when a power at you. That they will send back their bonds ator from Rhode Island yield to his colleague ? at the disposal of the people and the one I just in time to save themselves and take more Mr. SPRAGUE. No, sir. My colleague indicate is brought into being:
of your capital now in your business is a fact, says it is painful to him. To me there is no I have illustrated this with a purpose. I||I believe, patent to everybody. The vast pain when gathering instruction from the past have given the history of the influence of amount of bonds now in Europe unsold, on for the guidance of the present. He may say money, of the power of money in its operation || which bills of exchange are drawn, gives & that one of the representatives of the power on the men that influence legislation, society, || fictitious appearance of strength to your mar. lost his life. True, sir; the million dollars mis business, and everything in this country, with ket. I repeat that it may be that when Engtook the character of the man on whose staff a purpose. It is no easy task for any man to land becomes convinced that your eyes are he was, and placed a member of the family stand up against the overshadowing money | opened, that you see your real condition and there who fell with his chief. It made some power. I know the essence of money; I are about to apply an effectual remedy, and atonement, but where are the one hundred men know what forces it will bring to bear as well that remedy one that will take from her her dead? How atone for a battle lost, a nation as any man who hears me or who may read supremacy of trade with you; that you will humbled, twelve hundred men for life cut off what I say. I know that the influence of any | through its means establish your republican from the enjoyment of believing that their one representing simple capital on this Con. institutions upon solid foundations, restore efforts, if properly and courageously directed, gress in affecting the legislation of the country your manufactures and your commerce indewould have saved a nation from humiliation, is as certain to be in antagonism to the liber- | pendently of her-at that moment she may a State from disgrace, and themselves from ties and interests of the people as in the war allege a pretext for war upon you. But with bitterness. One life does not always repay for instance I have illustrated. I do not desire to a substantial financial system fully ingrafted a work of this kind. The life must be a great point & finger that will in any way destroy on your political system you can laugh at the
We have heard of such a one, but it does them; they are proper and necessary in their world and defy them all. Without a good not belong to this account. We gather this place; but when they come here and use this financial system you are weakness itself. Yona moral from this chapter in history-that a peo Senate as their agent, and manipulate laws in all take warning, I hope, by my words. I ple under such control and direction become their interest to control the whole Government quote some instructive sentences: cowards and slaves; and gather this also, that of this country and the people's interest, then "It is the constant interest of trading nations under any other Government on the face of the I denounce. it'; then I desire, as the people of never to undertake offensive wars for the sake of globe death would bave been the penalty, not the country desire, that there shall be an agency defensive, and not come to an open rupture with their
glory and conquest. They must remain upon the the liighest honor of the State.
at work that will regulate, that will control," neighbors but upon the utmost necessities.
"This is a settled maxim with all countries that depend upon tratlic. But as there is no rule that is not liable to an exception, there are certainly some cases in which it would be the interest of the United Provinces to declare war against Spain, notwithstanding the inconvenience which the republic must suffer from a suspension of her commerce."
Such was the attitude of the Dutch toward Spain. Such may become the attitude of Great Britain toward us.
I look with pleasing anticipations on the results of the measure I advocate. I feel that when it is in complete operation the people will not be compelled again to look to a single man for relief or safety, nor to no party will they surrender their destinies, and io no Congress as a point toward which they must turn their eyes in anxious forebodings. The people will have safety in the strength of their own posi. tion. I am confident they will accept my measure, and that they will ultimately protect it as the apple of their eye.
In conclusion, I pray the people of the South to turn from the contemplation of their wrongs, and the people of the North no longer to blame the South as the cause of their sufferings. Let them come to the conviction that the cause of their troubles is in the imperfection of government. Let them reflect that an important ele. ment in the Government, one that would have given it superior strength and vitality, was omitted. Let us set it once to work to remedy the imperfection, and by the help and blessing of God the bitterness engendered by the war may be done away with and we, as one peo. ple, move onward to permanent prosperity and happiness, and to a higher and higher and higher civilization.
Mr. ANTHONY rose.
The VICE PRESIDENT. Has the Senator from Rhode Island (Mr. SPRAGUE] concluded?
Mr. SPRAGUE. I notice that my colleague desires to propound a question to me. He understands to whom I refer. The people of Rhode Island understand. I shall not be catechised by him. I sball answer whatever he deems fit to say whenever I have carefully considered the same.
Mr. ANTHONY. I did not rise to cate. chise my colleague. I am desirous of knowing
The VICE PRESIDENT. The Sepator froin Rhode Island [Mr. SPRAGUE] is still occupying the floor. Ile has not responded to the Chair's inquiry whether he has concluded.
Mr. SPRAGUE. I yield the floor.
Mr. SHERMAN. With the consent of the Senator from Rhode Island, I move that at fifteen minutes of five o'clock the Senate take a recess until half past seven o'clock.
Mr. AN ('HONY. I am content, so that I have the floor.
The VICE PRESIDENT. The Senator from Ohio moves that at tifteen minutes to five o'clock the Senate take a recess until half past seven o'clock.
Several SENATORS. Say five o'clock.
Mr. SHERMAN. Very well; I will say five.
MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE.
A bill (H. R. No. 405) authorizing the submission of the constitutions of Virginia, Mis. sissippi, and Texas to a vote of the people, and authorizing tbe election of State officers provided by the said constitutions and mem· bers of Congress; and
A joint resolution (H. R. No. 72) to regulate the hours of labor of Government laborers, workinen, and mechanics.
The message further announced that the House had agreed to some and disagreed to other amendments of the Senate to the bill (H.
R. No. 354) making appropriations and to
EVENING SESSION. supply deficiencies in the appropriations for The Senate reassembled at half past sevca the service of the Government for the fiscal
o'clock. years euding June 30, 1869, and June 30, 1870,
Mr. WILSON. I ask the unanimous conand for other purposes, asked a couference
sent of the Senate to give me ten or fifteen on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses
minutes of time to act on three or four bills thereon and bad appointed Mr. F. C. BEAMAN
which it is important should be disposed of. of Michigan, Mr. WILLIAM LOUGHRIDGE of
Mr. ANTHONY. I have no objection if lowa, and Mr. WILLIAM E. NIBLACK of In
they do not give rise to debate and I have the diana, managers at the same on its part. floor at the end of the fifteen minutes. ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED.
The VICE PRESIDENT. The Senator The message also announced that the Speaker | sideration of the pending business fifteen min
from Massachusetts moves to postpose the conof the llouse had signed the following enrolled
The Chair hears no objection.
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT.
joint resolution No. 43, concerning vacancies A bill (H. H. No. 401) to repeal an act of in the adjutant general's department. the Legislature of New Mexico imposing a The motion was agreed to; and the Senate capitation tax on bovine cattle.
as in Committee of the whole proceeded to VIRGINIA, MISSISSIPPI, AND TEXAS.
consider the joint resolution. It provides that
the vacancies existing in the adjutant general's Mr. THURMAN. I move that the bill in
Department at the time of the passage of the act relation to Virginia, Mississippi, and Texas be approved March 3, 1869, making appropriations referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. Mr. CONKLING. I hope not. I hope it || June 30, 1870, and for other purposes, shall be
for the support of the Army for the year ending will lie on the table, and then it may be taken
exempted from the operation of that act. up to-morrow. If it goes to the Judiciary Com.
Mr. EDMUNDS. I want to know what that mittee we know that when the report is made to-morrow one objection will carry it over a
Mr. WILSON. I will say to the Senator it day. If it lies on the table it can be taken up
means precisely this: nominations were sent tomorrow. Mr. TRUMBULL. I ask that the Senate || and was signed on the 1st day of March for:
here to fill these vacancies, and a bill passed will order that the bill which has just come
bidding the filling of vacancies. We had not over from the House be printed.
time to act on the nominations before the 3d The VICE PRESIDENT. If there be no
of March. The result is that there is no Adja. objection it will be so ordered.
tant General of the Army now. General Thomas Mr. TRUMBULL. I am informed by the
has been retired, and there is only an Assistant Secretary that in order to have the bill printed | Adjutant General. This is to fill his place. it must be read twice and ordered to be printed. Mr. EDMUNDS. Do I understand the SenThe VICE PRESIDENT. If there be no
ator to say that the only office it applies to is objection it will be so ordered. It is consid
that of Adjutant General of the Army? ered as read twice, and the order to print will Mr. WILSON. And the promotions that be entered.
follow it. The Adjutant General, General EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATION,
Thomas, is retired; General Townsend is proThe VICE PRESIDENT laid before the
moted. That makes one or two other promo
Mr. EDMUNDS. What is the difficulty the Senate of the 27th of May last, in relation
under the law if these offices are provided for to the subject of claims aguinst Great Britain. by law in filling up the vacant places by nonMr. SUMNER. Accompanying that message
ination and confirmation in the usual way! is a very voluminous correspondence relating signed on the 1st day of March, preventing
Mr. WILSON. We passed a law, which was to our claims npon Great Britain which I have slightly glanced at. With the little knowledge the filling up of vacancies in any of the staff I have of it now I do not feel able to make the departments of the Army. We supposed when proper motion with regard to it. I will there
we acted on that bill that we should get the fore ask that for the present it lie on the table.
confirmation of an Adjutant General before The VICE PRESIDENT. It will lie on the l that bill became a law; but it so happened tbat table for the preseut.
the bill was signed on the 1st of March and
the action of the Senate on the nominations DEFICIENCY APPROPRIATION BILL. did not take place until the evening of the 3d The Senate proceeded to consider its amend. || of March. So that that department was not ments to the bill (H. R. No. 351) making ap
filled up at all. Had the confirmation prepropriations and to supply deficiencies in the ceded the approval of the bill we should not appropriations for the service of the Govern. || have had any need of this action. ment for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1869,
Mr. EDMUNDS. Then I understand it and June 30, 1870, aud for other purposes,
merely in effect permits the office of Adjutant disagreed to by the House of Representatives ;
General to be filled, and then one promotion and
in line up to that.
Mr. WILSON. That is all.
Mr. EDMUNDS. Then I have no objeetion.
reading, read the third time, and passed.
COLLECTION OF SOLDIERS' CLAIMS.
Mr. WILSON. I move now to take up Sea-
ate joint resolution No. 58 for the protection of soldiers and their heirs.
The motion was agreed to; and the Senate, Mr. FENTON. I move that the Senate pro as in Committee of the Whole proceeded to ceed to the consideration of executive business. consider the joint resolution (S. R. No. 58) for
The VICE PRESIDENT. Does the Son the protection of soldiers and their heirs. It ator from Rhode Island yield for that motion ? proposes to direct the accounting officers of Mr. ANTHONY. Yes, sir.
ihe Treasury and pay department, who are The motion was agreed to ; and the Senate charged with the settlement and payment of proceeded to the consideration of executive bounties due to soldiers or their heirs, to pay business. At five o'clock the doors were re or cause to be paid the sums found due to ibe opened and the Senate took a recess until half soldiers or their heirs in person, or by transpast seven o'clock.
mitting the amount to them direct in a draft
them, and secures to the men
who do the busi
or drafts, payable to his, her, or their order, Mr. EDMUNDS. Now, I offer the follow an order which he knew nothing about until it or through the Freedman's Bureau or pensioning amendment to come in as an additional agent of the district where he, she, or they may section:
The joint resolution was reported to the reside, and not to any claim agent or upon any And be it further resolved, That any officer or clerk Senate, ordered to be engrossed for a third power of attorney, transfer, or assignment of any of the Executivo Departments of the Govern reading, read the third time, and passed. whatever. The second section provides that
ment wbo shall be lawfully detailed to investigate
Mr. SHERMAN. I insist on the regular the fees allowed by law to attorneys or agents any irregularity or misconduct of any officer or agent
order. shall be reserved by the pay department or the of the United States, shall have power to administer The VICE PRESIDENT. The unfinished pension agent and paid to the agent or attorney oa'hs to affidavits taken in the course of any such
business is before the Senate as in Comunitiee investigation, when any such fees are due for services rendered in procuring such bounty or bounties,
Mr. WILSON. I have no objection to that.
of the Whole, being the bill (H. R. No. 140) and not otherwise.
The amendment was agreed to..
to amend an act entitled "An act imposing
taxes on distilled spirits -and tobacco, and for Mr. WILLIAMS. I do not understand the The joint resolution was reported to the Sen. other purposes,'' approved July 20, 1469; and last section of be resolution.
ate as amended, and the amendments were con The Senator from Rhode Island ( Mr. ANTHONY] Mr. WILSON. The amount of it is simply curred in. The joint resolution was ordered || is entitled to the floor. this: that the Government itself secures to the to be engrossed for a third reading, and was Mr. SHERMAN. I ask my friend from persons who do the business their fee, and pays read the third time.
Rhode Island to allow me to have one or two it to them.
Mr. MORTON. I did not hear the first sec amendments made. I was not quite through Mr. WILLIAMS. Who does the business? tion of the resolution read. I should like to
when his colleague took the floor. I wish to Mr. WILSON. Claim agents and other per have it read again, if there be no objection. have the amendments completed. I presume sons do the business, and the Government is to The Chief Clerk read the joint resolution as they will give rise to no debate, and then be transmit their fees to them and transmit the amended.
can go on. money to the persons to whom the money is Mr. MORTON. I presume I assented to the The VICE PRESIDENT. Does the Senator due.
report of that resolution on the part of the com from Rhode Island yield ? Mr. SHERMAN. That makes a double mittee, but I very much doubt the propriety of Mr. ANTHONY. I yield to the chairman payment.
it. After all, these persons will have to em of the Committee on Finance. Mr. WILSON. It makes the Government | ploy an attorney to get the money. They do Mr. SHERMAN. Then I offer the following a little more trouble, but it secures to the per
not understand the law. But few of them live | amendment from the Committee on Finance, sons entitled to bounties and who have been in towns, and they will have to get somebody, to come in after line eighty-seven of section and are being cheated out of hundreds of thou after all, to do this business for them. It will
one: sands of dollars of bounty, what belongs to
That section fifty-nine be further amended so as to pess their legitimate fees. It makes a little gained by the joint resolution. We kuow very and apples exclusively, producing less than one hun
dred and fifty barrels annually, -ball pay a special trouble to do it, but after all it secures the well the way in which business of that kind is
tax of fifty dollars and an addition thereto of four agents their fees. If that is stricken out I transacted; that soldiers and those who rep dollars per barrel of forty proof gallons. think we shall have trouble.
resent them do not ordinarily understand the The amendment was agreed to. Mr. POMEROY. I do not see how the way to get these claims paid ; and after all they
Mr. SHERMAN. I now report the amendSenate gets any right to violate a contract which will have to employ an attorney, and it will
ment agreed on by the Committee on Finance exists between two parties and to say that money
take the same course. I do not think there is in lieu of the sections proposed to be stricken shall not be paid according to that contract, but | anything gained by it, and perhaps it will give out. in some other way. trouble without any corresponding good.
The Chief CLERK. In lieu of sections two, Mr. WILSON. The pension bill settled
Mr. WILSON. There is no doubt they will three, and four of the House bill it is proposed what the rights of the Government were in that
have to employ attorneys, and by this resolu to insert: regard.
tion they will be responsible to the attorneys And be it further enacted, That any person having Mr. POMEROY. I do not personally know
for their fees. I think the attorneys can trust in bis possession any tobacco, snuff, or cigars manuanything about it; but I can see in it a violation
factured prior to the 230 day of November, 1805, and the soldiers for their fees quite as well as the of all the contracts that exist between claim soldiers can trust the attorneys for their boun
after the 20th day of July, 1863, liable to it tax ordu.y.
and on which the tax or duty has been paid but not ties. We have tried the last system, and now agents and their clients.
stamped, sball, within sixty days after the paesago Mr. WILSON. I cannot think that any
we propose to try the other one for a little of this act, mako a statement of the class, weight, Senator desires to continue the present system, while, and I hope everybody will assent to it.
and number of such packages, and which was in
cluded in his inventoried stock of tobacco, snuff, ipd when the Paymaster General tells us that there
Mr. HARLAN. I have no objection to it, cigurs on the 1st day of Marcu, 1869, and returned by is not a single county in the United States because it is precisely what the law now is. him according to the provisions of section seventy
eight of the act to which tuis is an amendmunt, where soldiers are not cheated out of portions in his own name which may be collected. The No attorney can draw the amount of a claim
deducting therefrom wbatover may have been sold of their bounty, and tbe best counties in the
or reinoved since that period, and an exact stateinent
of the class, weight, and number of packages, in draft is now made payable to the claimant, and country, too. I hope Senators will not oppose the attorney gets a new power of attorney au
accordance with the provisions of said ict, which this proposition.
statement sball be made under oath or atfirmation to
the assistant assessor, wuo shall mizko careful and Mr. POMEROY. I think it is a very bad I thorizing him to cash the draft, and there is nothing in this resolution that will prevent bim
personal examination thereof, and coin pare the saine principle; but still I will not oppose it.
with his inventories, and if found to be correci, said from doing that now. Mr. HARLAN. I should like to hear the
assisiant assessor small make oath or affirmation of second section read again.
The joint resolution was passed.
the correctness of the same to the assessor of the dis
trict, who shall immediately make a true abstract of The Chief Clerk read the second section of
GENERAL S. P. IIEINTZELMAN.
such statements and iransmit such abstracts to the the joint resolution.
Mr. WILSON. I move to take up the res.
Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
And be it further enacted, That it shall be tho duty Mr. EDMUNDS. I move to strike out that l olution for General Heintzelman.
of the owner of the tobacco, snuff, and cigars desection. I think if we are going to take this The motion was agreed to; and the joint scribed in the preceding section and included in the
said statement of the assistant assessor, tu procuro money out of the hands of the claim agents and resolution (S. R. No. 36) respecting the retire
and cause to be attached to the packages of such that sort of people, and pay it direct to the ment of Brevet Major General S. P. Heintzel tohacen, snuff, and cigars stamps of the amount and person who is entitled to it, we had better let man was considered as in Committee of the description required by law, and in all respects as if
tbo saine was manufactured after the passage of said that person settle with his own attorney in his Whole. It authorizes the President of the
act; and it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the own way, instead of making the Government a United States to place the name of Brevet Treasury to refund to the owner of the tobacco, snuff, disbursing agent to settle the claims of attor Major General S. P. Heintzelman on the re and cigars upon which the taxes have been paid as
aforesaid the amount of such tax; and the quantity neys. tired list of the Army, with the full rank of
of such tobacco, epul, and cigars, and the annount in Mr. SHERMAN. The objection I have to the command held by him when wounded, in money of such stamps, shall be ascertained by the it is that it takes just as much trouble to draw accordance with sections sixteen and seventeen Commissioner of luternal Revenus in the inodo and
in the manner prescribed by the Secretary of the a warrant for ten dollars to pay this money as it of the act of August, 1861, and section thirty
Treasury. does to draw a warrant for $100,000. two of the act of July 28, 1866.
And be it further enarted. That if any person shall, Mr. WILSON. I will not insist upon that Mr. FESSENDEN. I should like to know
after the passagcoftbis:ct, offer for sa e auy tobacco, section. I inserted it with great reluctance,
spuff, or cigars in packages of a different size from whether that provides for an examination. those prescribed by law, representing the same to but I did it so that claim agents would not be Under the law, I know, the practice was to have been held in bond at the time of the passage of able to run around Congress enough to defeat order a board of officers to convene and say
this act when the same was not so held in bond, shall,
on conviction, befined fifty dollars for each package in this measure, for they are about the same as whether the man came within the law. If he
respect to which such offense shall be cominitted : the old sntlers of the Army during the war. comes within the law, why cannot he be placed Provided, That after the passage of this act no such Mr. SHERMAN. If the measure is con on the list without this act ?
tobacco, snuff, or cigars shall be sold or removed for
sale or consumption from any bonded warehouse tined to the first section I have no objection Mr. WILSON. The reason is that he was unless pat up in packages and stamped, as provided to it. retired before he had an opportunity of avail
by this act. Mr. WILSON. I am willing that the second | ing himself of the law. He was wounded at the Mr. CONKLING. The second section and section shall be stricken out.
battle of Bull Run, where he commanded a the third section of this amendinent, if I am The VICEPRESIDENT. The Senator from division as major general. If he had made right in the numbers, are very clear upon the Massachuset:s consents that the second sec. application to be sent before a board and they first reading as to their general intent. If one tasan shall be stricken out. It will be stricken had determined it so he would have been re of the Senators on the Finance Committee out if there be no objection.
tired under these laws; but he was retired by will be kind enough to tell us, as I presume
he can in a word, what the effect will be now leave the Journal to take care of itself. Its | only son, as promising a young man as ever under the first of these sections, I should be own columns will furnish its own defense. rewarded a father's care or returned a mother's very glad.
But, sir, I shall not sit silent and see my affection; educated, traveled, accomplished, Mr. SHERMAN. I will do so. The House constituents unjustly assailed. It has pleased | ingenuous, modest, pious, the heir to great bill authorized the issue of prepaid stamps my colleague to drag before the Senate the estates. Leaving a home embellished wib for all the tobacco on land which had paid name of an eminent banking and manufactur. everything that wealth and affection could tax; but the mode of ascertaining that was so
ing house in Rhode Island, and to charge upon lavish upon it, he entered the Army. Alter indefinite and so dangerous that we were not its members the responsibility of a paragraph | honorable service, he rendered up his youug inclined to agree to it. We have provided a with which they had no more to do than you, life on the bloody field of Antietam, fighting mode by which all taxes paid after the passage Mr. President, which perhaps they never saw
with Burnside and falling with Rodman. He of the act of last July and prior to the time till my colleague gave it such singular notori- survived the fatal wound long enough for when the stamps were furnished shall upon ety. Whether it be an honor or a discredit to some of his nearest kindred to reach his dying their being paid the second time be refunded. be connected in any way with the Providence || bed and to receive his last words-words of I am not entirely satisfied even with going that | Journal, except as among its readers, these high courage and hope and consolation. They far, but there was a kind of equity that seemed gentlemen cannot claim the one, nor are they were the words of a patriot and a Christian, to require something of that kind.
liable to the other. They have no more to do mingled with messages to his friends and re. Mr. CONKLING. What is the effect of the with the Providence Journal than they have quests for benefactions to the church of which first of these sections?
with the South Bend Register, a paper formerly || he was a member and to the charities of which Mr. SHERMAN. Simply to require a state edited by the Vice President. "I question if he was a supporter. Not underestimating the ment to be made of the amount of the tobacco, || they would thank me for defending them against || value and the pleasures of life, reckoning at snuff, and cigars that paid the tax after the an allegation so ridiculous, or against the more their full worth his own advantages of for 20th of July, after the passage of the act of last | serious charges which my colleague has brought tune and of affection, he held that all these year and before the stamps were ready. against them to-day; yet since the names of only garlanded the sacrifice which he willingly
Mr. CONKLING. What precedes that? private citizens of most respectable character, laid upon the altar of his country, and that he
Mr. SHERMAN. Nothing. That is the my constituents, have been dragged into this never dies too young who dies for freedom and 6rst clause:
Chamber, and held up to reproach by one who, fatherland. Dulce et decorum est pro patria That any person haring in his possession any snuff, as one of their representatives, should have mori. He felt that he had done his duty, tobacco or cigars manufactured prior to the 230 day been among the first to defend them, I shall that his State would cherish his memory, and of November, 1868, and after the 20th day of July, not suffer the subject to pass from the con
that those who lamented his fate would never 1868, liable to a tax, &c.
sideration of those whose attention has been blush for his conduct. Little did he think that Mr. CONKLING. That is the first section,
called to it, till I have said that it is a name a Rhode Island Senator woulā rise in this then, of this amendment that comes in place of high respectability in Rhode Island and Chamber, aná sitempt to belittle the sacrifice of the second printed section of the bill?
throughout the country. The men who first which he had made. Mr. SHERMAN. Yes, sir. The next sec. made it respectable antedate the Revolution, I know that I am carried too far, that I am tion requires the tax to be refunded, and the and it furnished a member of the Continental || intruding upon the privacy of domestic life, third section is simply the fourth section of the Congress. Those who have borne the name when I relate an anecdote of a woman, who is House bill.
have inherited, with the wealth which came also one of this house, by inheritance from her The amendment was agreed to. with it, that which does not always accompany
father--a widowed mother, of venerable years Mr. ANTHONY. Mr. President, the Sen. wealth, which too seldom goes with wealth and of exemplary virtues, being called upon in ate will not require an apology if
, in replying rapidly acquired—a sense of the responsibilities the course of the war for a subscription in to some portions of the extraordinary speech as well as the power of money. Rich-without || aid of one of our regiments, she said, as she to which we listened this afternoon, I do not ostentation, powerful without arrogance, they laid down the pen, after complying with the touch heavily upon the question under consid enjoy a political influence which they use for application, . Tell those whom you represent eration, which my colleague, in the larger part what they deem the public good, and not for that I have given so many thousand dollars of his remarks, altogether avoided. The Sen. their own personal ambition. The wealthiest and three sons to the war, and that I have ate, too, from my long forbearance, will bear men in the State, no one ever heard them boast more of both, if my country needs them." A witness to the reluctance with which I enter of their money; the largest manufacturers in saying worthy of a Spartan mother or a Roman upon this controversy, which has been forced the State, I think the largest in this country matron in the best days of Sparta and Rome. upon me. I can be silent under crude theories but there may be some greater in Massachu And these are the persons-private citizens, of political economy and exploded schemes of setts or New Jersey-no one has heard them holding no public place, intruding themselves finance; I can be silent under long extracts vaunt the establishments which they have built | nowhere before us--whose names are dragged from history and biography and in consequen up, or the variety and perfection of the fabrics | before the Senate by one of their own Sential and unconnected comments upon them; I which they produce. They do not so manage ators, and held up to obloquy; and for what? can remain silent under personal aspersions ; their business as to crush out the business of Because a newspaper, printed in their towa, but I will not remain silent, when men among others. Their prosperity is not based upon the with which they have no more connection than the most respectable of my constituents are ruin of their neighbors.
you have, said that the Senator took too gloomy assailed, and when the honor of Rhode Island One member of that House was for a long a view of public affairs when he held that there is insulted.
time the president of the New England Emi was neither credit in commerce, intelligence in I submit, in the first place, Mr. President, grant Aid Company, to the funds of which he men, or virtue in society. that if a newspaper with which I have for largely contributed. The services which that Bút individuals are not sufficient to gratify many years been connected is to become the organization rendered to freedom, what it did the vengeance of my colleague. He assails the daily subject of discussion in this body, it should toward bringing Kansas into the Union a State, || whole State, by charging the first regiment with receive the treatment that is accorded to other my friend from Kansas (Mr. POMEROY] bears | pusillanimity and Burnside with incompetency, matters that are properly under our consider cheerful testimony, as I see by his expression. if not with cowardice. Burnside incompetent! ation; it should be referred to a committee, When the rebellion broke out, there was but What does Tennessee say to that? What does and the reports of the committee should lie over one member of that house within the military Indiana say to that? What does Ohio say one day, unless by unanimous consent. Other age, or at all near its limits. Rising from a bed to that? What does North Carolina say to wise, as I am little in the habit of parading the of slow and impatient convalescence, he has that? I know what Rhode Island will say to it. concerns of my private business before the tened to offer his sword to his country. He The first regiment fills cne of the proudest Senate, I may not be ready to take part in dis volunteered in the naval service, to which his chapters in the history of Rhode Island. Spring. cussions of matters which, however improperly | tastes and habits inclined him. He volunteered || ing to arms at the sound of the first gun on obtruded. I cannot altogether ignore.
in his own yacht, which was armed and used || Sumter, it was composed of some of the finest My colleague, with a perversity of judgment by the Government, and for which, as well as young men in the State. They came from all which I can as little explain as I can any of his for his own services, he declined any compen
classes and conditions of our people. Tbe speeches, latterly, persists that a friendly par sation. His record is a most honorable one. millionaire stood shoulder to shoulder with agraph in the Providence Journal, and upon He stood, by the side of Burnside, on the prow the mechanic, the student with the plow-boy, which he has already commented, was an attack of the Pickett, when that adventurous boat, each respecting the other, all animated by a upon his mercantile credit. How absurd was amid storm and darkness, over shoals and common purpose and burning with a common the charge I need not have expressed, but unwil. || obstacles, pushed her daring course into Hat || patriotism. And though the unfortunate field ling to believe that my colleague was actuated teras inlet, where the gallant general received of Bull Run was lost, it was lost by lack of dis by a positive and predetermined purpose to the surrender of fifteen thousand rebels. He | cipline and military experience, not by lacs
of valor; least of all by lack of valor on the siou to disavow the construction which he and tilla, which at one time, in the absence of his part of the Rhode Island troops or of the nobody else put upon this harmless paragraph. superior in rank, he commanded. Exhausted || gallant soldier who led them. I shall not deMr. President, he might as well have said that | by his exposures and labors in unhealthy posi- tain the Senate with any defense of them or it was an attack upon bis religious faith or tions, he carried his shattered constitution of their leader. It is not necessary bere ; at upon his personal appearance. Now, so far as abroad, and died in a foreign land, died of home I would as soon attempt to prove the the Providence Journal is concerned, I should disease whicb, although not contracted in the in ultiplication table. He who has assailed them not at any period, much less at this late day of service, was greatly aggravated, and the fatal is the one that needs defense. the session, occupy the time of the Senate with result of which was hastened by it.
There is one other part of my colleague's any further discussion upon that subjeet. I The senior partner in this house had an remarks in a former speech which I regard as
a reflection upon a most respectable number long in silence, and only latterly condescended eral, for he is a liberal man.
I did not sup: of our constituents. Speaking of the lack of to enlighten us, has but just held out his hand pose that he had the means of knowing what military preparation, in the North, at the out to save a perishing country. I do not despair; were the contributions of other men of this body. break of the rebellion, he says that there was with my colleague in finance, with Colorado It would be invidious to name Senators who but one battery in Rhode Island, and that was Jewett in diplomacy, and with George Francis I suppose had contributed quite as much tu one which he had himself supported, for ten Train on general statesmanship-and I learn the support of the principles which we all hold. years. There were several military organiza. | with much pleasure that both of these eminent Every man has a right to put his own estimate tions in our State, some of them ancient; one men have given in their adhesion to my col. on his own character, and is fortunate if bie of them, still extant, furnished ten or twelve league's views—the country, or some portion can bring the judgment of others up to his own officers to the war of the Revolution, among of it, will be saved. Nay, more, I think that value of it. them Nathaniel Greene. They had mostly, by a careful study of my colleague's recent My colleague has also informed us that I was but not all of them, fallen into a lax discipline, speeches, by profound attention to the prop at fault, as well as you, my associates hera, be. during the long reign of peace. The First Light | ositions which he lays down, to the logical de cause I did not know that the war was to break Infantry was among the exceptions. This com ductions which he draws from them, and to the out. In this respect I do not suppose that we pany might have taken its place in the fainous clear and compact reasoning with which he were more blameworthy than the rest of our Seventh Regiment of New York, and if noted enforces them, it is not altogether impossible fellow-citizens; and I do not remember that at all then, would have been noted for its ex that the feeble intellect of the Senator from we were specially warned by my colleague, and cellence, not for its inferiority. The battery Vermont (Mr. EDMUNDS] and the small in. if he, with all bis prescience and power--and I was that of the Marine Artillery. Exactly what formation of the Senator from Indiana [Mr. may add imagination--did not foresee it, how my colleague means, when he says that he sup Morton) may rise to a comprehension of the could humbler individuals like you and me, Mr. ported it for ten years, I do not know. If he elemental principles of that science of which President, be expected to? means that company-and I know of no other my colleague is the only master!
Mr. President, I have already stated that I did to which he can refer-he certainly does not And what is the remedy which my colleague not share in the doleful apprehensions of my mean to say that the pecuniary charge of that proposes for the evils which he recounts, in colleague, any more than I believe that a rem organization had been borne by him, for ten doleful jeremiads? What is the great measure edy for all the financial and social evils, realand years. The Marine Artillery was then, and is that is to restore credit to trade, employment | imaginary, on which he loves to dwell, are to now, made up of some of the finest and most to industry, virtue to society, and peace to the be cured by a plan for letting out the public spirited young men in Providence, many of country ?—this measure, so wondrous in its money, to individual borrowers, in Wall street. them heirs to handsome estates, and not a few | excellence, that the Senators on the fortunate What is the best evidence of national pros. of them in the enjoyment of handsome incomes. committee to which is entrusted the honor, perity? Is it when men of great wealth add The company was and is now a portion of the of reporting it are to have their names trans fresh thousands to their hoarded millions? No; pride of Providence; and when, like other mili mitted to posterity, in letters of gold and in it is when labor is well rewarded, when capital tary organizations, it appealed to the public statues of brass? Considering the horror which finds its most profitable investment in those liberality, it never appealed in vain. I make rur through my colleague's frame when he enterprises which render the largest returns to no question that my colleague has often and heard the President, in his inaugural address, industry; when the laboring man is well fed, liberally contributed to it; for he is a liberal assert the duty of paying the public debt in well clothed, and comfortably housed; when man; but he overestimates his own liberality, || gold, one would suppose that he would not bis children go to school and his family go to or he underestimates the liberality of others, select that metal for so honorable a service, church; and when every parent, however hum-: when he assumes that he alone has supported but would prefer to send down the names in ble his condition, may freely entertain the natit. The Marine Artillery is no charitable or greenbacks; for the statues of the men who ural and honorable ambition of parental affecganization, and the young men who work its guns shall report such a bill the material selected tion, that his children may start in the race of are nobody's men, no man's household troops. could not be more appropriate. There is life, with better chance of success than their
I shall not attempt the defense of the Senate. already a law which permits the Secretary father enjoyed. The other day, when I heard If his peers who listened, with amazement, at of the Treasury to loan, on the best possible my honorable and honored friend from Mas. my colleague's assault upon the reputation of security, the anticipation of its own indebt sachusetts (Mr. Wilson) say that, at the agi: this body, intellectually and morally, think it || edness, all the money that the Treasury can of twenty-one, he was chopping wood in the forneeds defense others may undertake it. The safely disgorge. This plan affords all the relief ests of New Hampshire at six dollars a month, other day, the Senate was engaged in a financial to trade and secures all the advantage to the and when I looked at him standing here, debate, and among those who participated in Government that can possibly come from the not only in name and in office, but in ability, it were the Senator from Maine, [Mr. Fes- | cumbrous bill of my colleague, turning the in the weight of influence, in the well-earned SENDEN,] chairman of the Committee on Ap- || Treasury into a bank of discount, and risking confidence of his constituents, and in the wellpropriations and formerly Secretary of the it in the operations of Wall street.
deserved affections of the people, the peer of Treasury; the Senator from Ohio, [Mr. SHER But, Mr. President, while men are not to be the Senator, whoever he may be, among us Max,] chairman of the Committee on Finance; blamed for their ignorance, not for that igno who started in life with the richest gifts of forthe Senator from Vermont, [Mr. MORRILL, ) rance which comes, not from lack of study, but | tune and the highest advantages of training and who long held practically the leading place on from mental weakness, they are responsible | culture, I thought with pride, with exultation, finance in the other House; the Senator from for their morals, and he charges corruption such are the results of American institutions, Indiana, [Mr. Morton, ] who carried his State upon the Senate and upon the whole country, such are the products of that civilization which through one year of the war without a Legis. He says that the men who exercise unbounded | my colleague is so fond of disparaging; where lature and without an appropriation; the Sen: control over us are men who corrupt whatever the sons of toilare taught by example that there ators from Massachusetts, and others whom I they touch, and that whoever can resist the cor is no position to which they may not aspire, do not recall. And after they had spoken my ruptive influences urged against him here must where they may look up, through poverty and colleague rose and modestly said--I quote be more than a god. Of course he resists them. ignorance, though the discipline of hardship from the Globe:
Might I be permitted to suggest that if my col and destitution, and see shining before them “I have never heard, I think, in my life, so much league's nature be something more than divine, the glittering prizes of honorable effort. The ignorance displayed in any matter, as I have in the his temper, in its latter manifestations, has been | steady influx of labor, from all the world, shows discussion of the banking question to-day."
something less than celestial? Let us devoutly the advantages which our civilization bolds out You and I, Mr. President, have been accus. thank heaven that the man who has discovered to the poor man.
The savings-banks, swollen tomed to think that these men knew some the remedy for all the financial ruin of the by the accumulation of petty sums, attest the thing about finance; that they could throw light country, nay, who first discovered the ruin aggregate wealth of the laboring classes. The on any subject to which they gave their atten. itself, and then the remedy, stands out alone other day the Senator from Oregon, a State tion, and upon which they expressed their the
pure and immaculate protestant against its constantly demanding population, urged a views. But my colleague in forms us that their moral degradation. How fortunate that the higher compensation to certain officers, on the light is all darkness. Yet, Mr. President, he two should be united in the same illustrious Pacific coast, and informed us that the wages should deal more tenderly with the ignorance character! And considering the fallen state of skilled labor, in that part of the country, of his associates. They are not to blame for of man, and the especial depravity and ruin of were from four to six dollars in gold, and it. Men of small mental caliber and of limited our own land, we should not wonder that its that the rudest form of labor commanded three information cannot be expected to stand by the deliverer should not be discovered till he de- || dollars a day in gold, half the pay of a Senator side of the great intellects that rule the world. clared himself, and should be listened to with in the early Congresses. There is no part of My colleague should remember that if we are incredulity by a people who are not worthy of the country where a day's labor that any man, ignorant, it is but lately that he has spoken. him. Thus they always stoned the prophets. with stout arms and a willing heart, however Until then how should we know anything? In the course of his remarks the other day little he may be skilled, may perform, cannot Till Harvey, the world did not know the circula my colleague informed us tbat he brought to earn the price of an acre of good land, at th: tion of the blood; till Watt, it did not know the aid of the Republican party as much, in Government sales. the power of steam; till Morse, it did not character, as any member of this body, and My colleague, while enlarging upon the ruin know that the lightning could talk. And shall more in money than all the rest of us together. that has settled down upon all the trade and we be reproached, that before a greater than all I have not the statistics by which to affirm or industry of the country, has informed us that of them burst upon the Senate, we did not to dispute this modest claim, nor will I discuss his own business was never before so prosperunderstand the mysteries of finance ? Least the taste of making it. My colleague doubt ous, and that his profits for the last year exof all should the reproach come from the man less knows what his own contributions have ceed those of any previous three years. who, knowing all about it, yet has sat here so been, and I have no doubt that they were lib. Theland ho guards alono escapes tho earthquake."