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credito in reality? What is our public credit? former acts of Congress were intended to sig. in certain proportions, but for all the worthless The confidence of the publis that the Govern- | nify. Declaratory acts are scarcely germane

metal I handed you you must give me back ment of the United States will thoroughly ful. to the spirit of our Government and the form pure gold?'' Whether he was more maddened fill all its obligations in their leiter and their of laws under which our Government is admin or more dishonest would be the only question spirit? There is our credit.

istered. They had their rise under the English || arising in men's minds ; but I think any equitNow, sir, to obtain and justify this conf. system of government and were intended sim- | able mind would reject his proposition as being dence I know of no royal road. I never have il ply to preserve the traditions of an unwritten too absurd to be considered in the light of an been able to understand the difference between law. It never was intended that the law-making || honest proposition. the principle that should be applied to the power should usurp the functions of the judicial I do not, however, sir, propose at this time honest extinguishment of a private debt and branch of the Government and interpret laws. to make any extended remarks upon that which a public debt. I take it they both rest upon the That never was the intent, although there have lies in the future. “Sufficient unto the day is saine priuciple, and they must both be treated, been some sad illustrations lately in the legis. the evil thereof;' sufficient for me it is in con: if treaied honestly, in the same manner and lation of this country indicating an intent on sidering this bill to find it in a shape that I to the same effect. The payment in my opin the part of Congress to usurp powers that they capnot give my approval to, because it transion of any debt, public or private, is a mere never were intended to exercise and which they gresses that which was always with me, and I combined question of ability and integrity. never can exercise with due obedience to the trust ever will be, the rule of my action in Every law, therefore, that we may pass which restrictions of the Federal Constitution. treating upon governmental matters. It is an shall have a tendency to increase our ability "A declaratory act is one made"

attempt by Congress to invade the prerogatives to pay our public obligations will strengthen in fact our public credit. Therefore every act

And here I cite the leading text-writer on

of another branch of the Federal Government,

and I believe that I can strengthen my Gov. that subject, Dwarris-of economy, every act of retrenchment, is an

ernment no better than by keeping the proper act of this character, and I will most cheerfully

"A declaratory act is one made where an old cus-
tom of the kingdom is almost fallen into disuse or

departments each within their proper sphere. vote for it upon all occasions where I have the become disputable, in which case Parliament bas Our danger at this time is that men lose sight, opportunity. More than that, sir, every act thought proper, in perpetua rei testimonii, for avoid it seems to me, of the dividing lines of power; which tends to create popular confidence in the

ing all doubts and difficulties, to declare what the
common law is and ever hath been, and such statutes

that there are departments in public justice, permanence of our Government is an act of are expressed in affirmative or negativo terms.'

and that if those departments are overridden, this character. Every act which tends to restore We have no such case as that here ; there is if those barriers are broken down, confusion order and regularity to our proceedings and to no such necessity here. If it be true that will come, the first name of which confusion distribute governmental powers in accordance where the reason ceases the law ceases, then will be perhaps an elective despotism, and the with the intent of the charter of our Govern. the reason does not exist for this declaration of word “anarchy'' will come in soon after. It ment is of this character.'

opinion by Congress as to what a former Con cannot be otherwise if the experience of the Thus, sir, an act to repeal the civil tenure. gress meant. Chancellor Kent uses on this past history of this world is to affect us here of of-office bill, to restore to the Executive those || point language which I shall here adopt and

America in the future. just and necessary powers for the proper exe commend to the consideration of those within Therefore, sir, having heard this bill discation of his daties which were wrested from my hearing: In speaking of this matter of

cussed within the last few days fully, having him or from a former incumbent of that office declaratory laws he denies, as well he may, the

heard the honorable Senator from Indiana dis. only in the baneful exercise of the spirit of

power of the legislative body to make declara cuss it at great length, having heard the hon. partisan animosity, would, in my opinion, do tion as to the meaning of the acts of former

orable Senator from Oregon discuss it at great more to strengthen public credit than a hundred | Legislatures. He says:

length, I have been unable to find anything of · such proclamations and protestations as the bill

"It seems to be settled, as the sense of the courts of

substantial merit in it that justifies the term “ a now under consideration contains. It would

justice in this country, that the Legislature cannot bill to strengthen the public credit." It is a let the people of this country know, and the pass any declaratory law, or act declaratory of what bill rather that exhibits the will if not the power

the law was before its passage, so as to give it any people of all other countries know, that we had binding weight with the courts. It is only evidence

of the legislative branch of the Government to performed that first great act which is the ex of the sense of the Legislature as to the preëxisting usurp functions which it is not fit or proper or hibition of a power signifying our will and our law. The powers of government in this country are justified in attempting the exercise of. ability to control ourselves.

distributed in departments and each department is
confined within its constitutional liinits. The power

While I am perfectly willing to support the Let us have, therefore, to strengthen public that makes is not the power to construe the law. amendment of the honorable Senator from credit wholesome acts tending to prove an in That latter trust belongs to the judicial department | Kentucky I cannot vote for the bill in its tent to make the Government able to pay all exclusively."

present shape, for I think it cannot have any its creditors, and let us not invite others or

I cannot suppose that any independent judi | effect to strengthen the public credit; but I come ourselves to those barmicidal feasts of ciary, any honest judicial tribunal of this coun.

think it may have this effect, in regard to which empty words, mere mouth-honor to the credit try, will ever permit their peculiar and neces I either feel indifferent or am hostile: it may of our country and nothing in substance. Sir,

sary functions to be invaded and wrested from temporarily inflate the bonds of the United the bill was well termed by an honorable Sen

them by the unauthorized act of a legislative || States Government; but for what good end? ator from Indiana, [Mr. Morton,) who spoke | body. The English writer to whom I have

Is the legislation of this country to become a upon it the other day, “mere leather and prubefore referred in these remarks says:

matter for the use of speculators ? Already nella." I think his phrase in that respect was

It is the duty of a judge, in a land jealous of its the creation of your so-called lawful money of

liberties, to give effect to the express sense of the about equal to the deserts of the bill. words of the law in the order in which they are found

paper has given rise to an elasticity of business But, sir, this act professes to be a declaratory in the act, according to their fair import and ordi which has destroyed credit, which is making act. The language of it is that it is intended nary understanding."

everything in this country purely speculative; to settle conflicting questions and interpreta Such, sir, will be the rule, I trust, applied by || and I am not disposed to dignisy such a mere tions of the law” in virtue of which certain a worthy judiciary in their consideration of the stock.jobbing result as a temporary puffing of obligations of the United States were incurred. acts under which these debts were created. For these bonds into an increased price as worthy Now, I invite the attention of honorable Sen | my own part, I would ask nothing but what the of an act of Congress or of anything that we ators to this fact: something as due to our most perfect integrity and honorable action should give our assent to. own character and the character of our body. could demand on the part of the Government Then, if it is supposed that by raising these Each bill should do in substance that which that had bound itself to pay these debts. I bonds in their value temporarily you may inupon its face it professes. If anything would will not here repeat anything in addition to duce a larger portion to be held by foreign be derogatory to and tend to weaken the char what has been so ably said by the honorable | holders, to that I say, as at present advised, I aeter and the credit of the United States it | Senator from Kentucky upon that subject, cannot give my assent or approval. As this would be that under the guise of one measure except to make an illustration as to what that debt is to be paid, and as it is to be paid with you seek indirectly to accomplish something natural sense of good faith is which exists in the such enormous interest upon it in this other that you dare not place fully on its face. If heart of man and is not placed there by educa. lawful money, so superior in value to the paper this act, however called, merely a declaratory tion, something that nature itself almost dic- || which bore that name, if the people of ihe act, be intended in any degree to add any new tates in regard to the question of discharging country are to pay the interest, I wish that it stipalations of an obligatory character. upon in a more valuable currency a debt which was should be paid to our own fellow.citizens and the Government of the United States, if it be contracted in a debased and inferior one. Sup. not to persons who reside abroad. The strange intended either expressly or by any implication || pose it had pleased the Congress of the United | paradox seems to have pervaded men's minds of the present law to give any new right of States in the exercise of a power which I hold at the present time that the greater a man's action or claim to the public creditors under far more constitutional and right than that debt the richer he was, and the more the bonds the laws under which their obligations were which they did exercise when they issued paper of our Government could be held abroad so issued, then I protest against its passage as money, professing to find a power for that under much greater the proof that we were a pros. being fraudulent upon its face and untrue; and the limitations of the Constitution---suppose perous, a rich, and a great nation. I cannot I claim that if such an intent is to be urged it had pleased Congress to order a debasement so consider it. Look at the great debt of hereafter, directly or indirectly, let our action of our national coinage; suppose twenty-five per | England, not proportionate to the amount of appear that men may clearly know what it is cent. more of alloy of worthless metal bad been accumulated capital or to the amount of interthey vote for.

interjected into our currency, and with that est paid, one half as great as our own; those But, sir, frankly I do not consider that any base coinage men had come forward to buy who are fond of citing that as an illustration bonest or reasonable construction of this act your bonds, what would be thought of the man of our consolidated ability to meet it should could make it anything else than a declaration who when the day of payment of those bonds remember that there ran always with it the of the opinion of this Congress as to what " arrived should say, "I gave you lead, or lead proposition that it was mainly held within the

British empire; in other words, that if the the next day in the House of Representatives. Mr. SUMNER. I insist apon it. people of England were taxed to pay this The Senator's bill is the unfinished business The VICE PRESIDENT. The motion is heavy debt the people of England received of the morning hour and can be disposed of not debatable. The question is on proceeding the benefit. So, it our country is to be taxed probably during the morning hour to-morrow. to the cousideration of executive business. to pay this debi, and to be taxed to pay the I trust the Senator from lowa will let bis bill The motion was agreed to ; and after some interest upon it, let us at least, if it can be so go over until the morning hour to-morrow. time spent in executive session the doors were arranged, see to it that our own people shall Mr. GRIMES. Tihink if I can get a con reopened, and the Senate adjourned. get the benefit of the great sacrifices which tinuous hour I shall be able to secure the pas. will be necessary 10 be undergone by the sage

of the bill.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. American people in order to meet this debt in Mr. SIERJAN. Let the Senator take any proper and reputable shape. Therefore, | to.morrow's morning hour, and if the bill is

Monday, March 15, 1869. sir, while I am not and never propose to be not concluded at ibe expiration of it I will con The House met at twelve o'clock m. Prayes interested in puffing the price of United States sent to let the other bill be saspended for a by the Chaplain, Rev. J. G. BUTLER. bonds for the purpose of creating a foreign short time.

The Journal of Friday last was read and demand and creating a still greater outflow of Mr. GRIMES. I withdraw my motion with approved. gold into foreign countries from the hard-wrung that understanding.

MEMBERS SWORN IN. toil and labor of my countrymen, for that Mr. SHERMAN. I move to take up the

The following members appeared and were reason, if for no other, should I withlold my bill (S. No. 43) supplementary to the act enti:

sworn in: GEORGE W. Morgan, of Ohio; assent to this bill.

tled "An act to provide a national currency Mr. CARPENTER. I desire to state very secured by a pledge of United States bonds, | BENTON, of New Hampshire.

Aaron F. STEVENS, JACOB H. Ela, and Jacob briefly the reasons why I shall vote against this and to provide for the circulation and redempbill. The bill recites as reasons for its enact tion thereof," approved June 3, 1864.

ORDER OF BUSINESS. ment that it is designed to remove any doubt Mr. GRIMES. With the understanding The SPEAKER. This being Monday, the as to the purpose of the Government to dis stated I have no objection.

first business in order is the call of States and charge all just obligations to public creditors Mr. SHERMAN. I will let the Senator Territories, commencing with the State of and to settle conflicting interpretations of the finish his bill to-morrow.

Maine, for the introduction of bills and joint laws by virtue of which the obligations of the The question being put on the motion of Mr. resolutions to be referred to their appropriate Government have been created. The bill then SHERMAN, it was declared not to be agreed to ; committees, not to be brought back into the declares ibat the faith of the United States is and a division was called for.

House by motions to reconsider. During this solemnly pledged to the payment of its debts Mr. SHERMAN. I think Senators did not call memorials and resolutions of State and in coin, except where the laws under which the understand the question.

teritorial Legislatures are in order. obligations were issued have expressly provided Mr. MORTON. I hope this bill will not be

NATLONAL BANKING. otherwise.

taken up now in antagonism to the bill for the In the first place I am unwilling to admit purpose of repealing the tenure-of-office act, Mr. POLAND introduced a bill (H. R. Na that there has ever been a doubt as to this Gov. reported back ihis morning by the chairman of 8) providing for a free system of national bankernment discharging its just obligations, un the Committee on the Judiciary. There are ing; wbich was read a first and second time, willing to adınit or seem to adınit that it is many considerations why that bill should now relerred to the Committee on Banking and necessary for Congress by solemn act 10 deciare be considered. It has been put off and baffled Currency when appointed, and ordered to be that the people of the United States are honest. from time to time; and if it is in order I will printed. I believe that by a fair construction of the acts move to amend the motion by substituting the STATUTES OF THE UNITED STATES. under which these bonds were issued, read in | bill for the repeal of the tenure-of-office act. Mr. POLAND also introduced a bill (U. R. the light of the circumstances attending the ne

The VICE PRESIDENT. That would re

No. 9) extending the time for revising and gotiation and sale of the bonds, the public faith | quire unanimous consent, as that bill was

consolidating the statutes of the United States; of the Government is as firmly pledged as it ever reported back to-day and has not yet lain over which was read a first and second time, recan be to the payment of these bonds in coin. one day.

ferred to the Comunittee on Revision of Laws The passage of this act may provoke a future Mr. TRUMBULL. Mr. President

of the United States, when appointed, and Congress to attemptits repeal, and such repeal, Mr. SHERMAN. The Senate is dividing. ordered to be printed. merely leaving the law as 1o'the bouds where | I think we had better have the division. it stands at present, would harm our credit more Mr. TRUMBULL. You can have a division

JUDICIAL SYSTEM. than the passage of this bill would help it. when we get through discussing the propriety Mr. POLAND also introduced a bill (H. R. Again, it we resume specie payments before of the question.

No. 10) 10 amend the judicial system of the the muturity of these bonds, as I trust we shall, The VICE PRESIDENT. It is debatable United States ; which was read a first and secthe difficulty settles itself.

within the range allowed by the eleventh rule. ond time, referred to the Committee on the The Chief Clerk proceeded to call the roll

Mr. TRUMBULL. I did not propose to Judiciary when appointed, and ordered to be on the passage of the bill.

debate it; I rose merely to say that it was my printed. Mr. FERRY. I wish to say that my col. intention to call up the tenure of office bill to.

TESTIMONY OF ACCUSED PERSONS. league [Mr. BCCKINGHAM] is confined to his morrow, when it can be taken up in order. It room by illness. Had he been here he would is not in order to day except by unanimous

Mr. POLAND also introduced a bill (H. R. bave voted yea. consent. If the bill proposed by the Senator

No. 11) allowing the defendant in criminal The result was announced-yeas 42, nays 13; || from Ohio is now taken up I hope it will not

cases to testify; which was read a first and secas follows: be permitted to run into to-morrow, as I wish

ond time, referred to the Committee on the YEAS-Messrs. Abbott. Anthony. Boreman,Brown to have the tenure-of-office question disposed Judiciary when appointed, and ordered to be low, Cameron, Catteli, Chandier, Couking, Corbett, of tomorrow.

printed. Cragin, Drake, Edinunds, Fenton, Ferry, Fessenden, Mr. FESSENDEN. I beg leave to suggest OWNERSHIP OF STEAMBOATS AND VESSELS. Gilbert, tirimes, Ilurris, Howard, Kellogg, McDonald, Morrill. Nyu, Parterson, Pool, Prati, Ramsey. to gentlemen that we have an understanding Mr. POLAND also introduced a joint resoRobertson, Sawyer. Schuiz, Scott, Sherman, Stewul, with regard to certain bills that they shall be Sunner, Thyer. Tipton. Trumbull, Waruer, Wiley,

lution (H. R. No. 4) relating to steamboats Williams, Wilson, and Yarey-42. considered, and there will be time in which to

and other vessels owned in the loyal States i NAYS-Me-818. Bayard. Carpenter, Casserly, Colo, attend 10 all of them, and I really hope the time which was referred to the Committee on RevisDavis, Morton, Osborn. Rico, Ross, Spencer, Scuck of the Senate will not be wasted in disputing | ion of Laws of the United States when apton. Thurman, and Vickers--13. ABSENT-lesers. Buckingham. Fowler, Hamlin,

about which shall come up first. If we take up | pointed, and ordered to be priuted. Ilarlau, Ilowe, McCreery, Norton, Pomeroy, Sauls one after the other there will be no difficulty. bury, aud Spraguc-10. Mr. SUMNER. I move that the Senate pro

ADJUTANT GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. So the bill was passed. ceed to the consideration of executive busi. Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts, introduced

a joint resolution (H. R. No. 5) concerning The joint resolution (II. R. No. 6) for the

Mr. SHERMAN. Let us first take up this vacancies in the Adjutant General's depart

bill. protection of the interesis of the United States

ment; which was read a first and second time,

The VICE PRESIDENT. The motion of in the Union Pacific Railroad Company, and

and referred to the Committee on Military the Senator from Massachusetts is not debat. for other purposes, was read twice by its title,

Affairs when appointed. and referred to the Committee on the Pacific able. The question is on that motion.

NEW YORK, ETC., TELEGRAPH COMPANY. Railroad.

Mr. FESSENDEN. I beg the Senator to withdraw that motion until something agreed

Mr. BANKS introduced a bill (H. R. No. upon shall be taken up.

12), authorizing the New York, Newfoundland, Mr. GRIMES. I move to take up Senate Mr. SUNNER. I think we had better take

and London Telegraph Company to land its bill No. 24, with a view to leave it as the un. a start to.morrow morning.

submarine cable upon the shores of the United binished business.

Mr. TRUMBULL. Let this matter go over

States; which was referred to the Committee Mr. SHERJAN. I will state to the Sen. until to morrow.

on Commerce when appointed, and ordered to ator that I desire the passage of this bill, but Mr. F'ESSENDEN. The Senate was just

be printed. the bill for ihe partial redistribution of the dividing.

CIIEF VETERINARY SURGEON. banking circulation, I think, ought to be passed The VICE PRESIDENT. Does the Sen Mr. BANKS also introduced a bill (H. R. at once. I should like to have it passed by the ator from Massachusetts insist on his motion No. 13) to create the office of chief veterinary Senate to-morrow, so that it can be acted upon or withdraw it?

surgeon of the United States Army; wbick

IIOUSE BILL REFERRED.

ness.

ORDER OF BUSINESS.

was read a first and second time, referred to the Committee on Military Affairs when appointed, and ordered to be printed.

MILITARY ORDERS BY TIE PRESIDENT. Mr. WARD introduced a bill (H. R. No. 14) to repeal the second section of the act of 1867, which among other things provides that all orders relating to military operations made by the President shall be issued through the General of the Army; which was read a first and second time, and referred to the Commitiee on Military Affairs when appointed.

BARNABAS LEACII. Mr. WARD also introduced a bill (H. R. No. 15) for the relief of Barnabas Leach; which was read a first and second time, and referred to the Committee of Claims when appointed.

CHARLES M. BROWN. Mr. WARD also introduced a bill (H. R. No. 16) for the relief of Charles M. Brown; which was read a first and second time, and referred to the Committee of Claims when appointed.

GEORGE II. BLACKMAN. Mr. WARD also introduced a bill (H. R. No. 17) to increase the pension of George H. Blackman; which was read a first and second time, and referred to the Committee on Invalid Pensions when appointed.

GEORGE J. LANGWORTHY. Mr. WARD also introduced a bill (H. R. No. 18) for the relief of George J. Langworthy which was read a first and second time, and referred to the Committee of Claims when appointed. RAILROAD FROM WASHINGTON TO NEW YORK,

Mr. KELSEY introduced a bill (H. R. No. 19) to authorize the building of a military and postal railway from Washington, District of Columbia, to the city of New York; which was read a first and second time, and referred to the Committee on Roads and Canals when appointed, and ordered to be printed.

WAREHOUSING SYSTEM. Mr. MORRELL, of Pennsylvania, introduced a bill (H. R. No. 20) to modify the existing laws relative to the warehousing system; which was read a first and second time, referred to the Committee of Ways and Means when appointed, and ordered to be printed.

TELEGRAPIIIC COMMUNICATION. Mr. O'NEILL introduced a bill (H. R. No. 21) to encourage and facilitate telegraphic communication between the eastern and western continents; which was read a first and second time, referred to the Committee on Commerce when appointed, and ordered to be printed.

FRANKLIN OLIVER. Mr. PACKER introduced a bill (H. R. No. 22) to perfect the title of Franklin Oliver, a soldier of the war of 1812, to certain lands which he claims to have covered by military warrants ; which was read a first and second time, and referred to the Committee on the Public Lands when appointed.

BRITTAN BAY, MARYLAND. Mr. STONE introduced a bill (H. R. No. 23) appropriating a sum of money to remove obstructions to the navigation of Brittan bay, Maryland; which was read a first and second time, and referred to the Committee on Com. merce when appointed.

CHANGE OF NAME. Mr. STONE also introduced a bill (H. R. No. 24) to change the name of the schooner East New Market, of Baltimore; which was read a first and second time, and referred to the Committee on Commerce when appointed.

ASSAY OFFICE AT HIELENA. Mr. KELLEY introduced a bill (H. R. No. 25) to establish an assay office at Helena, in the Territory of Montana; which was read a first and second time, and referred to the Com.

mittee on Coinage, Weights, and Measures resolution (H. R. No. 6) requesting the Com. when appointed.

mittee on the Public Lands to inquire into the ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS.

expediency of reporting an act to protect the Mr. DAWES introduced a bill (H. R. No.

right of actual settlers upon the public lands; 26) to fix the time for the election of Repre.

which was read a first and second time, and

ordered to be referred to the Committee on sentatives and Delegates in the Congress of the United States ; which was read a first and

the Public Lands when appointed, aud to be second time, and referred to the Committee

printed. of Elections.

SCHOOL LANDS IN SOUTH CAROLINA.

Mr. WHITTEMORE also introduced a joint TAXES ON DISTILLED SPIRITS AND TOBACCO.

resolution (H. R. No. 8) providing that the Mr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts, introduced || land scrip issued to the State of South Caroa bill (H. R. No. 27) to amend an act entitled lina may be used for common-school purposes; "An act imposing taxes on distilled spirits and which was read a first and second time, and tobacco, and for other purposes," approved | ordered to be referred to the Committee on July 20, 1868; which was read a first and sec

the Public Lands when appointed, and to be ond time, referred to the Committee of Ways | printed, and Means when appointed, and ordered to be

MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE. printed. ROBERT L. D. BURCHFIELD.

A message from the Senate, by Mr. Gorham, Mr. JONES, of North Carolina, introduced

its Secretary, informed the House that the Sen: a bill (H. R. No. 28) for the relief of Robert

ate had passed the concurrent resolution of

the House for the appointment of a joint Corn. L. D. Burchfield; which was read a first and

mittee on Retrenchment, with amendments; second time, and ordered to be referred to

in which the concurrence of the House was the Committee on Military Affairs when appointed.

requested.

NAVAL PRIZE MONEY.
GEORGE C. HAYWIE.

Mr. BOWEN introduced a joint resolution Mr. JONES, of North Carolina, also intro

(H. R. No. 9) granting prize money to any duced a bill (H. R. No. 29) for the relief of George C. Haynie; which was read a first and

officer, seaman, marine, landsman, or other second time, and ordered to be referred to

person who served in the United States Navy the Committee on Invalid Pensions when ap

and was captured in the line of his duty; which

was read a first and second time, and ordered pointed.

to be referred to the Committee on Naval MARY E. SHELTON.

Affairs when appointed. Mr. JONES, of North Carolina, also intro

POST ROUTES IN Oo. duced a bill (H. R. No. 30) granting a pension to Mary E. Shelton and her children; which

Mr. VAN TRUMP introduced a bill (H. R. was read a first and second time, and ordered

No. 35) to establish a post route from Lancasto be referred to the Committee on Invalid

ter, Ohio, to Somerset, Ohio ; which was read Pensions when appointed.

a first and second time, and ordered to be

referred to the Committee on the Post Office DUTIES ON IMPORTS.

and Post Roads when appointed. Mr. HEATON introduced a bill (H. R. No. Mr. VAN TRUMP also introduced a bill 31) to amend the eighth section of an act enti (H. R. No. 36) to establish a post route from tled "An act to provide increased revenue from New Holland, Ohio, to Pancoastburg, Ohio ; imports, to pay interest on the public debt, and which was read a first and second time, and for other purposes," approved August 5, 1861; ordered to be referred to the Committee on the which was read a first and second time, and Post Office and Post Roads when appointed. ordered to be referred to the Committee of Ways and Means.

ABBOTT Q. ROSS.
COURT OF CLAIMS.

Mr. STEVENSON introduced a bill (H. R.

No. 37) for the relief of Abbott Q. Ross; which Mr. HEATON also introduced a bill (H. R.

was read a first and second time, and, with the No. 32) to repeal an act entitled “An act to restrict the jurisdiction of the Court of Claims, I accompanying memorial, ordered to be referred

to the Committee on Naval Affairs when apand to provide for the payment of certain de

pointed. mands for quartermaster's and subsistence sup: plies furnished to the Army of the United

POLICE COURT IN DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. States," approved July 4, 1864, and to extend Mr. WELKER introduced a bill (H. R. No. the statute of limitations in certain cases ; 38) to establish a police court for the District which was read a first and second time, and of Columbia ; which was read a first and second ordered to be referred to the Committee of time, ordered to be referred to the Committee Ways and Means when appointed, and to be for the District of Columbia when appointed, printed.

and to be printed. POST ROUTES IN SOUTH CAROLINA.

COMMANDER JOSEPII FYFFE. Mr. WHITTEMORE introduced a bill (H. Mr. LAWRENCE introduced a bill (H. R. R. No. 33) to establish certain post routes in

No. 39) for the relief of Commander Joseph the State of South Carolina; which was read a first and second time, and ordered to be re

Fyffe, of the Navy; which was read a first and

second time, and ordered to be referred to tbe ferred to the Committee on the Post Office

Committee on Naval Affairs when appointed. and Post Roads when appointed.

WILLIAM M. GARVEY.
STATE TAX OF TRAVELERS.

Mr. LAWRENCE also introduced a bill (H. Mr. WHITTEMORE also introduced a bill

R. No. 40) to confirm the title of William M. (H. R. No. 34) to prevent the collection of

Garvey to a certain tract of land; which was illegal taxes on passengers under color of

read a first and second time, and ordered to Stale authority; which was read a first and

be referred to the Committee on Public Lands second time, and ordered to be referred to the

when appointed. Committee on Commerce when appointed, and to be printed.

CONVERSION OF GOLD INTO CURRENCY. WAR CLAIMS.

Mr. LAWRENCE. I also introduce a bill Mr. WHITTEMORE also introduced a bill

(H. R. No. 41) to regulate the method of con(H. R. No. 35) authorizing payment to be

verting gold into currency, and for other purmade for certain services rendered to the Uni

poses. This is the bill which passed the House ted States in the late insurrectionary States;

in the last Congress, but failed for want of which was read a first and second time, and

time in the Senate. It was introduced in the ordered to be referred to the Committee of

last Congress by the present Secretary of the Claims when appointed, and to be printed.

The bill was read a first and second time, SETTLERS ON PUBLIC LANDS.

and ordered to be referred to the Committee Mr. WHITTEMORE also introduced a joint on Banking and Currency when appointed.

Treasury:

BOUNTIES TO COLORED SOLDIERS.

GOLD AND SILVER MINING COMPANY.

LAND GRANTS IN ALABAMA.

years; which was referred to the Committee Mr. LAWRENCE. I also introduce a bill Mr. STOKES introduced a bill (H. R. No.

on the Public Lands when appointed. (H. R. No. 42) to incorporate the National || 52) to renew certain grants of land to the State

Mr. JULIAN. I ask that it be printed. Gold and Silver Mining Company of Washing: of Alabama ; which was referred to the Com.

Mr. FARNSWORTH. I object. ton, District of Columbia. I introduce this mittee on the Public Lands when appointed,

CLOSE OF LAND SYSTEM. bill on the request of a constituent, without and ordered to be printed.

Mr. JULIAN also introduced a bill (H. R. expressing any opinion now for or against it.

No. 60)

close the land system in certain The bill was read a first and second time,

Mr. ARNELL introduced a bill (H. R. No.

States ; which was read a first and second time, and ordered to be referred to the Committee

and referred to the Committee on the Public on lines and Mining when appointed.

53) to facilitate the payment of bounties to col.
ored soldiers; which was read a first and second

Lands when appointed.
SECURITY OF PASSENGERS AT SEA. time, referred to the Committee on Freedmen's

HIOMESTEAD LAWS. Mr. GARFIELD. In accordance with a Affairs when appointed, and ordered to be Mr. JULIAN also introduced a hill (H. R. request, and without indicating an opinion as printed.

No. 61) to amend the act entitled “ An act to to the provisions of the ineasure, I introduce a Mr. FARNSWORTH. I shall object here.

secure homesteads to actual settlers on the bill (H. R. No. 43) to provide for the safety after to the printing of bills unless they are

public domain,'' approved May 20, 1862, and of the lives of passengers at sea. ordered by committees.

the acts amendatory thereof, approved March The bill was read a first and second time,

MILITARY FORTIFICATIONS.

21, 1864, and June 21, 1866; which was read and ordered to be referred to the Committee on Commerce when appointed.

Mr. ARNELL introduced a joint resolution

a first and second time, and referred to the Com. (H. R. No. 12) authorizing payment for work

mittee on the Public Lands when appointed. JAMES 0. K. HIUBBARD.

done on military fortifications; which was read ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS. Mr. WILSON, of Ohio, introduced a bill(H. a first and second time, and referred to the

Mr. JULIAN also introduced a bill (H. R. R. No. 44) granting a pension to James 0. K. Committee on Military Affairs when appointed.

No. 62) to fix the time for the election of Rep. Hubbard; which was read a first and second

WILLIAM A. RUCKER.

resentatives and Delegates in the Congress of time, and ordered to be referred to the Com. mittee on Revolutionary Pensions and of the

Mr. BUTLER, of Tennessee, introduced a

the United States; which was read a first and War of 1812 when appointed. bill (H. R. No. 54) for the relief of Lieutenant

second time, and referred to the Committee of William A. Rucker, of Tennessee ; which was

Elections.
GOLD CONTRACTS.
read a first and second time, and referred to the

CHEROKEE NEUTRAL LANDS. Mr. SCHENCK introduced a bill (H. R. No. Committee on Military Affairs when appointed. Mr. JULIAN also introduced a joint resolo45) relating to gold contracts; which was read

ELIZABETH I1OCKADAY.

tion (H. R. No. 13) relative to the Cherokee a first and second time, ordered to be printed,

neutral lands in the State of Kansas and the

Mr. BUTLER, of Tennessee, also introand to be referred to the Committee of Ways and Means when appointed. duced a bill (H. R. No. 65) granting a pension | read a first and second time, and referred to the

late treaty respecting the same; which was to Elizabeth Hockaday, of Tennessee ; which SAMUEL II. MORSE.

Committee on the Public Lands when apwas read a first and second time, and referred Mr. MUNGEN introduced a bill (H. R. No. to the Committee on Invalid Pensions when

pointed.

FORT JESSUP RESERVATION. 46) for the relief of Samuel H. Morse, late a appointed. private in company G, fifty-seventh regiment

SARAIL BARRY.

Mr. JULIAN also introduced a bill (H. R. Ohio veteran volunteer infantry; which was Mr. BUTLER, of Tennessee, also intro.

No. 63) declaring the lands constituting the read a first and second time, and ordered to be duced a bill (H. R. No. 56) granting a pension || Louisiana, subject to homestead entry and sel;

Fort Jessup military reservation, in the State of referred to the Committee on Military Affairs

to Sarah Barry, of Tennessee ; wbich was read when appointed.

tlement; which was read a first and second a first and second time, and referred to the ARREST OF AMERICANS IN CUBA. Committee on Invalid Pensions when apo

time, and referred to the Committee on the Mr. MUNGEN also introduced a joint reso

Public Lands when appointed. pointed. lution (H. R. No. 10) instructing the Secretary

EMELINE HICKS.

CHEROKEE AND OSAGE INDIAN LANDS. of State to inquire into the alleged arrest and Mr. BUTLER, of Tennessee, also intro

Mr. JULIAN also introduced a joint resolaimprisonment of General James B. Steedman duced a bill (H. R. No. 57) granting a pension

tion (H. R. No. 14) relative to the lands of the and other American citizens by the Spanish an. to Emeline Hicks, of Tennessee; which was

Cherokee and Great and Little Osage Indians; thorities in Cuba, and for their release in case read a first and second time, and referred to the which was read a first and second time, and there be any so arrested ; which was rend a Committee on Invalid Pensions when appointed. referred to the Committee on the Public Lands first and second time, and ordered to be referred

when appointed.

COIN CONTRACTS. to the Committee on Foreign Affairs when ap

POLYGAMY IN UTAII. pointed.

Mr. ORTH presented the following joint res. olution of the General Assembly of the State of

Mr. JULIAN also introduced a bill (H. R. INCREASE OF PUBLIC DEBT.

Indiana ; which was referred to the Committee No. 64) to discourage polygamy in Utah by Mr. SCHENCK introduced a bill (H. R. No. of Ways and Means when appointed :

granting the right of suffrage to the women of 48) to prohibit the further increase of the pub

Be it resolved, dc., That our Senators in Congress

i hat Territory; which was read a first and lic debt, and for other purposes; which was be instructed and our Representatives requested to second time, and referred to the Committee read a first and second time, and ordered to be oppose by their influence and votes the passage of on the Territories when appointed.

any bill that shall specially legalize coin contracts printed and to be referred to the Committee of

until the United States shall redeem its Treasury AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION. Ways and Means when appointed.

notes in coin, and to oppose the enactment of any
law which shall have the effect to reduce the present

Mr. JULIAN also introduced a joint resoJCDICIAL DISTRICT IN KENTUCKY.

volume of paper money in use among the people of lution (H. R. No. 15) proposing an amend. Mr. BECK introduçed a bill (H. R. No. 49) the United States.

ment to the Constitution of the United States; to create a new judicial district in the State of

TENURE-OF-OFFICE LAW.

which was read a first and second time, and Kentucky; which was read a first and second

Mr. ORTH also presented the following referred to the Committee on the Judiciary time, and ordered to be referred to the Comresolution of the General Assembly of the State

when appointed. mittee on the Judiciary when appointed. of Indiana; which was referred to the Com

LANDS SOLD FOR TAXES.
BRIDGE OVER OILIO RIVER.

mittee on the Judiciary when appointed, and
Mr. TRIMBLE introduced a joint resolution
ordered to be printed :

Mr. JULIAN also introduced a bill (H. R.

No. 65) relative to lands sold for non-payment (H. R. No. 11) authorizing the building of a

Be it resolved, &c., That our Senators in Congress be, and are hereby, instructed, and our Representa

of Federal taxes, or under judgment or decrees bridge over the Obio river at Paducah : which tives requested, to vote for and otherwise promote the of the courts of the United States; which was was read a first and second time, and ordered repeal of the enactment of what is commonly known read a first and second time, and referred to the to be referred to the Committee on Roads and as the tenure-of-ofice law.

Committee on the Judiciary when appointed. Canals when appointed.

SALE OF PUBLIC LANDS

CONVEYANCE OF INDIAN RESERVATIONS. PENSIONS FOR SOLDIERS OF 1812.

Mr. JULIAN introduced a bill (H. R. No. Mr. MAYNARD introduced a bill (H. R. 58) to prevent the further sale of the public

Mr. JULIAN also introduced a bill (H. R. lands of the United States except as provided

No. 66) to forbid the conveyance of Indian No. 50) to pension the soldiers of the war of 1812 ; which was read a first and second time, for in the preëmption and homestead laws and

reservations by treaty to any other grantees and ordered to be referred to the Committee the laws for disposing of town sites and min

than the United States ; which was read a first eral lands; which was read a first and second

and second time, and referred to the Commiton Revolutionary Pensions and of the War of time, referred to the Committee on the Public

tee on the Public Lands when appointed. 1812 when appointed.

Lands when appointed, and ordered to be SUFFRAGE IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. CLAIMS. printed.

Mr. JULIAN also introduced a bill (H. R. Mr. MAYNARD also introduced a bill (H.

HOMESTEADS TO SOLDIERS' ORPHANS.

No. 67) further to extend the right of suffrage R. No. 51) for the better establishment of cer: Mr. JULIAN also introduced a bill (H. R. , in the District of Columbia ; which was read tain claims; which was read a first and second No. 59) to extend the provisions of the home a first and second time, and referred to the time, ordered to be printed, and to be referred stead act to the orphan children of deceased Committee for the District of Columbia when to the Committee of Claims when appointed. soldiers who are under the age of twenty-one appointed.

JACOB SIIY.

SUFFRAGE IN TIIE TERRITORIES.
for the circulation and redemption thereof,"

LOUISIANA, IN MISSOURI.
Mr. JULIAN also introduced a bill (H. R.
approved June 3, 1864, and for other purposes ;

Mr. DYER introduced a bill (H. R. No. 85) No. 68) to extend the right of suffrage in the which was read a first and second time, and

to constitute the city of Louisiana, in MisTerritories of the United States; which was ordered to be referred to the Committee on

souri, a port of delivery; which was read a read a first and second time, and referred to Banking and Currency when appointed, and to

first and second time, and ordered to be rethe Committee on the Territories when apbe printed.

ferred to the Committee on Commerce when pointed.

MAIL ROUTE IN ILLINOIS.

appointed. SALE OF HOT SPRINGS RESERVATION. Mr. BURR introduced a bill (H. R. No. 75)

IMPROVEMENT OF MISSISSIPPI RIVER. to establish a mail route in Illinois ; which Mr. JULIAN also introduced a bill (H. R. was read a first and second time, and ordered

Mr. WELLS introduced a bill (H. R. No. No. 69) for the sale of the Hot Springs reser: to be referred to the Committee on the Post | sissippi river, between the mouth of the Illinois

86) providing for the improvement of the Misvation in Arkansas ; which was read a first and

Office and Post Roads when appointed. second time, referred to the Committee on

river and the mouth of the Maramec river, and the Public Lands when appointed, and ordered

for the improvement of the harbor of the city to be printed.

Mr. BURR also introduced a bill (H. R. of St. Louis; which was read a first and second MEMPHIS AND EL PASO PACIFIC RAILROAD.

No. 76) to grant a pension to Jacob Shy, of time, and ordered to be referred to the Com

Illinois; which was read a first and second mittee on Commerce when appointed. Mr. SHANKS introduced a joint resolution time, and ordered to be referred to the Com.

LAND OFFICES IN ARKANSAS. (8. R. No. 16) granting the right of way to

mittee on Invalid Pensions when appointed. the Memphis and El Paso Pacific Railroad

Mr. BOLES introduced a joint resolution Company from El Paso to the Pacific ocean;

PENSION LAWS.

(H. R. No. 18) relative to the establishment which was read a first and second time, and Mr. BENJAMIN introduced a bill (H. R. of land offices in Arkansas; which was read a referred to the Committee on the Public Lands No. 77) relating to the operations of the pen.

first and second time, and ordered to be referred when appointed. sion laws, and for other purposes; which was

to the Committee on the Public Lands when Mr. SHANKS. I ask that the committee read a first and second time, and ordered to be appointed. have leave to report that bill at any time. referred to the Committee on Invalid Pensions

JAMES M. JOHNSON AND GAYLE H. KYLE. Mr. ALLISON. I object. when appointed.

Mr. BOLES also introduced a bill (H. R. GOVERNMENT EMPLOYÉS.

ST. JAMES AND LITTLE ROCK RAILROAD. No. 87) for the relief of James M. Johnson Mr. SHANKS also introduced a bill (H. R. Mr. BENJAMIN also presented a joint res. and Gayle H. Kyle, members-elect from the No. 70) to distribute the number and rank of olution of the Legislature of the State of Mis

State of Arkansas to the Thirty-Eighth and Government employés among the several con souri, asking for a grant of land to aid in the Thirty-Ninth Congresses; which was read a first gressional districts and Territories; which construction of the St. James and Little Rock and second time, and referred to the Committee was read a first and second time, and referred railroad ; which was ordered to be referred to of Elections. to the Committee on Public Buildings and the Committee on the Public Lands when

THIRD ARKANSAS CAVALRY. Grounds when appointed. appointed, and to be printed.

Mr. BOLES also introduced a joint resoluMONITORS FOR CRETE.

APPRAISEMENT OF IMPORTS, ETC. tion (H. R. No. 19) relative to certain dis. Mr. SHANKS also introduced a joint reso. Mr. FINKELNBURG introduced a bill (H.

charged soldiers of the third Arkansas cavalry ; lution (H. R. No. 17) directing the Secretary R. No. 78) to regulate the appraisement and

which was read a first and second time, and of the Navy to deliver possession and title inspection of imports in certain cases, and for

ordered to be referred to the Committee on Milwithout cost to the Crete Government, through

other purposes; which was read a first and itary Affairs when appointed. its accredited minister to this Government, of second time, and ordered to be referred to the

JESSE OVERTON. the two monitors Miantonomah and Agamanti Committee of Ways and Means when appointed. Mr. BOLES also introduced a bill (H. R. cus, in condition, and where they now lie in har. bor, and to be without further cost to the United

ARSENAL AT ST. LOCIS, ETC.

No. 88) for the relief of Jesse Overton, of States; which was read a first and second Mr. FINKELNBURG also introduced a bill

Arkansas; which was read a first and second time, and ordered to be referred to the Com (H. R. No. 79) to amend an act entitled " An

time, and ordered to be referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs when appointed. act to provide for the sale of the arsenal grounds

mittee of Claims when appointed. at St. Louis and Liberty, Missouri," and for ARKANSAS AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. NATIONAL CURRENCY.

other purposes; which was read a first and Mr. BOLES also introduced a bill (H. R. Mr. COBURN introduced a bill (H. R. No. second time, and ordered to be referred to the No. 20) to extend the provisions of the act in 71) supplemental to an act entitled "An act to

Committee on Military Affairs when appointed. | regard to agricultural colleges to the State of provide a national currency secured by pledge of United States bonds, and to provide for the

HABEAS CORPUS, ETC.

Arkansas; which was read a first and second circulation and redemption thereof,'' approved

Mr. BOYD introduced a bill (H. R. No. 80)

time, and ordered to be referred to the ComJune 3, 1864; which was read a first and sec to amend an act entitled " An act relating to

mittee on the Public Lands when appointed. ond time, and ordered to be referred to the habeas corpus and regulating judicial proceed. Committee on Banking and Currency when ings in certain cases,'' approved March 3, 1863, Mr. BOLES also introduced a joint resoluappointed, and to be printed.

and an act to amend said act, approved March tion (H, R. No. 21) to extend the provisions PROPERTY OF MARRIED WOMEN.

11, 1866; which was read a first and second of the act of July 4, 1864, limiting the juris

time, and ordered to be referred to the Com diction of the Court of Claims to the loyal Mr. NIBLACK introduced a bill (H. R. No. mittee on the Judiciary when appointed. citizens of the State of Arkansas ; which was 72)concerning the property of married women

read a first and second time, and ordered to in the District of Columbia; which was read a

be referred to the Committee of Claims when first and second time, ordered to be referred

Mr. BOYD also introduced a bill (H. R. No.

appointed. to the Committee for the District of Columbia 81) for the relief of the widow and heirs of

MAJOR LUCIEN J. BARNES. when appointed, and to be printed.

John A. Stevens, deceased, of Springfield,
Missouri; which was read a first and second

Mr. BOLES also introduced a bill (II. R. No.
POST ROUTE IN ILLINOIS.
time, and ordered to be referred to the Com-

89) for the relief of Major Lucien J. Barnes ; Mr. CULLOM (on behalf of Mr. Cook, ab mittee of Claims when appointed.

which was read a first and second time, and sent on account of indisposition) introduced a

ordered to be referred to the Committee on

DISTRIOT COURT IN MISSOURI. bill (H. R. No. 129) to establish a post route in

Military Affairs when appointed. the county of Kankakee, in the State of IlliMr. ASPER introduced a bill (H. R. No.

IMPROVEMENT OF MICHIGAN HARBORS. pois; which was read a first and second time, 82) to provide for holding terms of the United and ordered to be referred to the Committee

States district court for the western district of Mr. FERRY introduced a bill (H. R. No. on the Post Office and Post Roads when ap

Missouri at St. Joseph in said State; which | 90) making appropriations for certain harbors pointed.

was read a first and second time, and ordered in the State of Michigan ; which was read a MISSISSIPPI AND ATLANTIC RAILWAY.

to be referred to the Committee on the Judi first and second time, ordered to be printed, ciary when appointed.

and to be referred to the Committee on ComMr. CULLOM introduced a bill (H. R. No. 73) to authorize and provide for the construc

APPRAISEMENT OF IMPORTED GOODS.

merce when appointed.

FUR-BEARING ANIMALS IN ALASKA. tion of a national military and freight railway Mr. ASPER also introduced a bill (H. R. from the Mississippi river to certain ports on No. 83) relating to the appraisement of im

Mr. FERRY also introduced a bill (H. R. the Atlantic, and for other purposes ; which ported goods; which was read a first and sec No. 91) to prevent the extermination of furwas read a first and second time, and ordered ond time, and ordered to be referred to the Com bearing animals in Alaska; which was read to be referred to the Committee on Roads and mittee of Ways and Means when appointed.

a first and second time, and ordered to be reCanals when appointed.

ferred to the Committee on Commerce when

GEORGE D. HALSTED.
NATIONAL CURRENCY.

appointed.

Mr. ASPER also introduced a bill (H. R. Mr. INGERSOLL introduced a bill (H. R. No. 84) for the relief of George B. Halsted ;

PORT OF ENTRY IN MICHIGAN. No. 74) supplemental to an act entitled "An which was read a first and second time, and Mr. STRICKLAND introduced a bill (H. R. act to provide a national currency secured by ordered to be referred to the Committee on No. 92) to discontinue Sault Ste. Marie as a pledge of United States bonds, and to provide ! Military Affairs when appointed.

port of entry in the Superior district and to

CLAIMS OF CITIZENS OF ARKANSAS.

HEIRS OF JOHN A. STEVENS.

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