Imagens das páginas

therefore move that it be referred to the Com. Taffe, Voorhees, Ward, William B. Washburn, John the cities to hold any office or to be selecied mittee on Appropriations. T. Wilson, and Woodward-53.

and to serve as a juror, shall be repealed, aud The motion was agreed to.

So (two thirds not having voted in the affirm. it shall be unlawful for any person or officer to

ative) the House refused to suspend the rules. COMMITTEE ON ORDNANCE.

enforce or attempt to enforce such limitation BLAXTON DCNCAN.

after the passage of this act. Mr. SCHENCK. I ask unanimous consent Mr. BINGHAM, by unanimous consent, in

Mr. WOOD moved to refer the bill to the to offer the following concurrent resolution. troduced a joint resolution (H. R. No. 29; for

Committee for the District of Colunubia. The Clerk read as follows: the relief of Blanton Duncan, which was read

The House divided ; and there were---ayes Rerolsed, (the Senate concurring.) That there shall

a first and second time, and referred to the 43, uoes 72. be appointed a joint select Committee on Ordnance, consisting of three members of the Senate and three Committee on the Judiciary.

So the motion was disagreed to. menbers of the House, to which shall be referred all


Mr. WELKER demanded the previous ques. matters in relation to ordnance and ordnance stores

tion. which hall come in question and be referred to them Mr. SCHENCK. I move that the House

The House divided ; and there were-ayes by either House during the Forty-First Congress, proceed to the consideration of the business and whose duty it shall also be to report from time

61, noes 43. to time such measures in reference to those subjects

on the Speaker's table. as to the said committee inay seem advisable; and The motion was agreed to.

So the previous question was seconded. there is hereby referred to said committee all papers

The main question was then ordered. and matters which were referred to or under consid


The bill was ordered to a third reading; and eration of the joint select Committee on Ordnance of The first business on the Speaker's table was it was accordingly read the third time. the Fortieth Congress, and all unfinished business reported from said joint committee in that Congress;

a concurrent resolution, passed by the Senate Mr. WELKER demanded the previous ques. and the said committee shall have the same powers March 8, 1869, that a joint special committee, tion on the passage of the bill. as were conferred upon the Ordnance Committee of consisting of four Senators and four Repre The previous question was seconded and the the Fortieth Congress.

sentatives, be appointed, to which shall be re main question ordered. Mr. POLAND. I object.

ferred all applications for removal of political Mr. ELDRIDGE demanded the yeas and Mr. SCHENCK. It is a concurrent resolu disabilities imposed by the fourteenth amend. nays on the passage of the bill. tion for the purpose of reviving the Committee ment to the Constitution.

The yeas and nays were ordered. on Ordnance of the last session of Congress. Mr. SCHENCK. I move that the resolution The question was taken; and it was decided Mr. POLAND. And I object to it. be concurred in.

in the attirinative-yeas 111, nays 46, pot votMr. SCHENCK. I move to suspend the Mr. FARNSWORTH. I hope it will be ing 40; as follows: rules. referred to the Committee on Reconstruction.

YEAS-Messra. Ambler, Armstrong, Arnell, Asper, Mr. POLAND. I hope the rules will not Mr. ARNELL. I move that it be laid on Bailey, Banks, Beaman, Beatty, Benjamin, Benton, be suspended, as I do not think the resolution the table.

Bingham, Blair, Boles, Boyd, Butiinton, Burdett, should be adopted.

Mr. FARNSWORTH. Oh no ; let it be

Benjamin F. Butler, Roderick R. Butler, Cessna,

Churchill, Clarke. Ainasa Cobb, Clinton L. Cobb, Mr. SCOFIELD. I hope we shall have some referred to the Committee on Reconstruction. Conger, Cullom, Davis, Dawes, Deweese, Dockery, explanation of this resolution.

The House refused to lay the resolution on

Donley, Duval, Dyer, Ela, Ferriss, Ferry, FinkMr. SCHENCK. I can explain the resoluthe table.

elnburg, Fisher, Fitch, Garfield, Gilfillan, lale,

Heaton, Hoar, Hooper, Ilopkins, Hotchkiss, Ingertion in one minute.

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I move soll, Jenckes, Alexander ll. Jones, Judd, Julian, Mr. ELDRIDGE. Is debate in order? that the resolution be referred to the Cominit.

Kelley, Kelsey, Ketcham. Knapp, Laflin, Lash, LitwThe SPEAKER. Only by unanimous contee on Reconstruction.

rence, Lougbridge, Maynard, McCarthy, McCrary,

McGrew, Mercur, Eliakim H. Moore, Jesse H. Moore, sent.

The motion was agreed to.

William Moore. Daniel J. Morrell, Samuel P. MorMr. ELDRIDGE. Then I object.

rill, Negley, O'Neill, Orth, Packard, Paine, Palmer, COMMITTEE ON RETRENCIIMENT.

Peters, Phelps, Poland, Pomeroy, Prosser, Roots, The House divided ; and there were--ayes The next business on the Speaker's table Sanford, Sargent, Sawyer, Schenck, Scotield, Shanks, 70, noes 40.

John A. Smith. William J. Smith, William Smyth, were the following amendments of the Senate Mr. SCHENCK. I demand tellers, and I

Stevenson, Stokes, Stoughton, Strickland, Taffe, Tanto a concurrent resolution of the House for the ner, Tillman, Townsend, Twichell, Tyner, Upson, Van hope the House will allow me an opportunity appointment of a joint select Committee on

Horn, Cadwalader C. Washburn, William B. Washto explain the resolution.

burn, Welker, Wheeler, Whittemore, Wilkinson, WilRetrenchment:

lard, Williams, and Winans-111. Mr. POLAND. I object.

Strike out" seven "and insert “ three," and striko NAYS-Messrs. Archer, Axtell, Beck, Biggs, Bird, Mr. ELDRIDGE. Can we all have an

four" and insert "threo;" so the resolution Brooks, Burr, Calkin, Crebs. Dickinson, Eldridge, will then read as follows:

Getz, Golladay, llaight, Haldeman, Hamill, Holman, opportunity to explain? If we can I do not

Resolved, (the Senate concurring.) That a joint Johnson, Thomas L. Jones, Knott, Marshall, Mayobject; otherwise I do.

select Committee on Retrenchment, consisting of ham, McCormick, McNcely. Motiet, Morgan, MunTellers were ordered; and Mr. Schenck and

three members of the Senate and thirteen members of gen, Niblack, Potter, Reading, Reeves, Rice, Slocum, Mr. Wood were appointed.

the House, be appointed by the Presiding Officers of Joseph S. Smith, Stone, Strader, Swann, Sweeney,

the two Houses, with the same powers and duties as Trimble. Van Auken. Van Trump. Wells, Eugene M. The House again divided ; and the tellers were conferred upon the select Committee on Re Wilson, Winchester, Witcher, and Wood -46. reported-ayes 69, noes 40.

trenchment in the Thirty-Ninth and Fortieth Con NOT VOTING Messsrs. Adats, Allison, Ames,

gresses; and to which all matters yet renaining Bennett, Bowen, Cake, Cleveland, Coburn, Cook, Mr. SCHENCK. I demand the yeas and undisposed of which were referred to the Commit Cowles, Dickey. Dixon. Farnsworth, Fox, Grecne, nays. I want the record to be made to see tee on Retrenchment of the Fortieth Congress shall Griswold, Hambleton, Hamilton, Hawkins, llawley, be referred.

Hay, Hill, Hoag, Kerr, Logan, Lynch, Morrissey, who are in favor of covering up these frauds. The yeas and nays were ordered. The SPEAKER. The Chair took notice of

Packer, Randall, Rogers, Schumaker, Sheldon, Wor

thington C. Smith, Stevens, Stiles, Voorhees, Ward, The question was taken ; and it was decided

this action on the part of the Senate, and only John T. Wilson, and Woodward-40. in the negative-yeas 92, nays 52, not voting appointed three members on the part of the So the bill was passed. 53; as follows: House. If the House should insist on more

Mr. WELKER moved to reconsider the vote members of course it will be within its power by which the bill was passed ; and also moved YEAS-Messrs. Aines, Armstrong. Asper, Banks, Beaman, Bingham, Blair, Boles, Bulinton, Burdett, to make the correction. The Chair did not feel

to lay the motion to reconsider on the table. Benjamin F. Butler, Cessna, Clarke, Clinton L. Cobb, authorized to appoint more than three meinbers

The latter motion was agreed to.
Coburn, Conger, Cullom. Davis. Deweese, Donley, in view of this action of the Senate.
Duval. Dyer, Farnsworth, Ferriss, Ferry. Finkeln-

Mr. WELKER. I move nou-concurrence in BALTIMORE AND POTOMAC RAILROAD. borg, Fisher, Fitcb, Garfield, Gilfillan, Hale, Hay, lleaton, Hoar, Hopkins, Hotchkiss, Ingersoll, Alex the amendments of the Senate; and if neces

The next business on the Speaker's table apler Jones. Judd. Julian, Kelley, Kelsey, Knapp, sary we can have a committee of conference. Lafin. Lash, Lawrence, Logan, Loughridge, May

was Senate bill No. 25, suppleme itary to an nard, McCarthy, McGrew, Mercur, Eliakim H. Moore,

The SPEAKER. The question will be on act entitled "An act to authorize the extension, Jesse II. Moore, William Moore, Negley. Orth, Pack concurrence.

construction, and use of a lateral branch of the ard, Packer, Paine, Palmer, Peters, Phelps, Pomeroy, The House divided; and there were-ayes Prosser, Rogers, Roots, Sanford, Sargent, Schenck,

Baltimore and Potomac railroad into and within Shanks, Sheldon, John A. Smith, Williain J. Sinith, 45, noes 51 ; no quorum voting,

the District of Columbia,'' approved February Worthington C. Smith, Stevenson, Stokes, Stougbton, Mr. WELKER demanded tellers.

5, 1867; which was taken up and read a first Striekland. Tillman, Townsend, Twichell, Tyner, Up Tellers were ordered ; and Mr. WELKER and fon. Van Horn, Welker, Wheeler. Whittemore, Wil

and second time. It provides that the Balti. Mr. Brooks were appointed. kinson, Williams, Winans, and Witcher-92.

more and Potomac Railroad Company, which, NAYS-Messrs. Archer. Axtell, Beck, Benton, The House again Jivided ; and the tellers

by the act of Congress entitled "An act to Biggs, Bird Brooks, Burr, Calkin, Amasa Cobb.Crebs, reported—ayes ten, noes not counted. Diwes, Dickinson, Eldridge, Getz, Golladay, Haight,

authorize the extension, construction, and use Hlaideman, Hamill, Holinan, Johnson, Thomas L.

So the amendments of the Senate were non. of a lateral branch of the Baltimore and PotoJones, Knott, Marshall, Maybam, McNeely. Moffet, concurred in.

mac railroad into and within the District of Morgan, Mungen, Niblack, Poland, Potter. Reading,

RIGHTS OF CITIZENS. Reeves, Rice, Scofield, Slocum, Joseph S. Smith,

Columbia,'' was authorized to extend into and William Smyth, Stone, Swann, Sweeney, Tanner, The next business on the Speaker's table was construct within the District of Columbia the Trimble, Van Auken, Van Trump, Cadwalader c. Washburn, Wells, Willard, Eugene M. Wilson, WinSenate bill No. 23, for the further security of

lateral branch of its road in that act of Con chester, and Wood-52.

equal rights in the Disirict of Columbia ; which gress mentioned, may enter the city of WasbNOT VOTING-Messrs. Adams, Allison, Ambler, was read a first and second time.

ington with their said railroad and construct Arnell, Bailey, Beatty, Benjamin, Bennett, Bowen, The bill directs that the word “white,'' the same within the limits of the city on and Boyd, Roderick R. Butler, Cake, Churchill, Cleveland, Cook, Cowles. Diekey. Dixon. Dockery, Ela, wherever it occurs in the laws relating to the by whichever one of the three routes herein Fox, Greene, Griswold, Hambleton, Hamilton, Haw District of Columbia or in the charter or ordi- | designated the company may elect and determkins, Hawley, Hill. Hoag, Hooper, Jenckes, Kerr,

nances of the cities of Washington or George. | ine upon, namely: ketcham, Lynch, McCormick, McCrary. Daniel J, Morrell. Samuel P. Morrill, Morrissey. O'Neill, Ran town, and operates as a limitation on the right First, beginning at the intersection of Mary. dall Sawyer, Schumaker, Stevens, Stiles, Strader, il of any elector of such district or of either of land avenue aud Boundary street; thence north


westwardly along Boundary street to West moved that the motion to reconsider be laid At the expiration of the term of ten years, Seventh street. on the table.

or on surrender or forfeiture of any lease, other Second, beginning at the intersection of The latter motion was agreed to.

leases may be made in the same manner for Boundary street and North Carolina avenue;

other terms of ten years; but no persons other

ALASKA FUR.BEARING ANIMALS. thence southwestwardly along North Carolina

than American citizens shall be permitted, by avenue to South D street; thence along South The next business on the Speaker's table | lease or otherwise, to occupy the islands, or D street westwardly to Virginia avenue; thence was Senate bill No. 32, to prevent the extermi either of them, for the purpose of taking the along Virginia avenue northwestwardly to the nation of fur-bearing animals in Alaska ; which skins of fur-seals therefrom, nor shall any forintersection of South C street and West Ninth was taken up and read a first and second time. eign vessel be engaged in taking such skins; street; or,

It provides that it shall be unlawful to kill any and the Secretary of the Treasury shall vacate Third, beginning at some point on the north fur-seal upon the islands of St. Paul and St. and declare any lease foreited if the same be ern shore of the Eastern Branch of the Poto George, or in the waters adjacent thereto, | held or operated for the use, benefit, or admacriver between South Land South M streets; except during the months of June, July, Sep: || vantage, directly or indirectly, of any person or thence westwardly between those streets to the tember, and October in each year; and it shall

persons other than American citizens. Every intersection of Virginia avenue with South L be unlawful to kill such seals at any time by lease shall contain a covenant on the part of and East Twelfth streets; thence along Virginia | the use of firearms; but the natives of the the lessee that he will not keep, sell, furnish, avenue northwestwardly to South K street; islands are to have the privilege of killing such | give, or dispose of any distilled spirits or spirthence along South K street westwardly to young seals as may be absolutely necessary itous liquors on either of the islands to any South Fourth street; thence, by a line curving for their own food and clothing during other of the natives thereof, such person not being to the right, to the north bank of the canal; and months, and also such old seals as may be a physician and furnishing the same for use as thence along the bank of the canal northwest required for their own clothing and for the medicine; and any person who shall kill any wardly to Virginia avenue; thence along Vir. manufacture of boats for their own use, which fur-seal on either of the islands, or in the ginia avenue northwestwardly to the intersec. | killing shall be limited and controlled by such waters adjacent thereto, (excepting natives, as tion of South C and West Ninth streets. In all regulations as shall be prescribed by the Secre provided by the act,) without authority of the cases where the parties owning land or other | tary of the Treasury.

lessees thereof, or either of them, and any perproperty required by the company cannot agree It is declared to be unlawful to kill any son who shall molest, disturb, or interfere with with the company on the amount of damage female seal or any seal less than one year old the lessees, or either of them, or their agents claimed either for the land or materials in the at any season of the year except as thus pro or employés in the lawful prosecution of their construction of its road, and a condemnation vided, and also to be unlawful to kill any seal business, under the provisions of the act, shall and valuation shall have been made as provided in the waters adjacent to those islands, or on be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. in the act approved February 5, 1867, either the beaches, cliffs, or rocks where they haul up In addition to the rental provided for, a party may appeal to the supreme court of the from the sea to remain. Any person who shall revenue tax or duty of one dollar is to be laid District of Columbia within thirty days from violate either of these provisions is to be pun upon each fur-seal skin taken and shipped from the rendition of the verdict of the

jury'; and in ished, on conviction, for each offense by a fine the islands, to be paid by the party taking the all cases where the company shall take an of not less than $200 nor more than $1,000, same into the Treasury of the United States; appeal they shall give bond to the party or or by imprisonment not exceeding six months, and the Secretary of the Treasury is emparties claiming and entitled to damages in a or by such fine and imprisonment both, at the powered to make all needful rules and regulapenalty at least double the som found by the discretion of the court having jurisdiction and tions for the collection and payment of the jury, with a condition that the company shall taking cognizance of the offense ; and all ves. same, for the comfort and protection of the pay or cause to be paid such amount of dam. sels, their tackle, apparel, and furniture, whose natives of the islands, and also for carrying ages and costs as the party may be entitled to crew shall be found engaged in the violation into full effect all the provisions of the act. receive on the judgment of the supreme court, of any of the provisions of the act are to be The Secretary of the Treasury may terminate without delay, and on which bond ample and forfeited to the United States.

any lease given to any person, company, or suthicient sureties shall be given, to be approved For the period of ten years from and after | corporation, on full and satisfactory proof of by the supreme court; and in all cases where the passage of the act the number of fur-seals the willful violation of any of the provisions The party or parties claimant sball appeal, it which may be killed for their skins upon the of the act or the rules and regulations estabsinuall be lawful for the company, if it shall re. island of St. Paul is limited and restricted to lished by him. quire the immediate use of the property con

seventy-five thousand per annum; and the num Mr. O'NEILL. I hope that will be referred Jemned and valued before an appeal can be ber of fur-seals which may be killed for their to the Committee on Commerce. beard and decided, to execute and tender a skins upon the island of St. George is limited Mr. AXTELL. I move that it be now put bond to the party in at least double the sum and restricted to twenty-five thousand per an upon its passage. found by the jury, with sureties to be approved The Secretary of the Treasury in any Mr. JOHNSON. I desire to oppose the bill, by the supreme court, and with a condition to contract made by authority of the act is to re and I trust that it will not now be put upon its pay without delay such sum and costs as may serve the power to restrict and limit the right

passage. be awarded by the court without further delay; of killing if it shall become necessary for the Mr. O'NEILL. I move that it be referred and upon the delivery or tender of such bond preservation of the seals, with such propor. to the Committee on Commerce. the company may proceed to the construction tionate reduction of the rents reserved to the The motion was agreed to. of their road as if the parties claimant and the Government as shall be right and proper, Mr. ELDRIDGE moved to reconsider the company had agreed upon the compensation to The Secretary of the Treasury is to lease vote by which the bill was referred ; and also be paid for the property to be used; and in all || separately, to the best advantage, for a term moved that the motion to reconsider be laid on cases where the company sball appeal and give of ten years from the 1st day of April next,

the table. bond they may have the power to proceed in the right to engage in the business of taking The latter motion was agreed to. the construction of the road and appropriation | fur-seals on the islands of St. Paul and St.

MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE. of the property for the uses thereof as if no George, and to send a vessel or vessels to those appeal had been taken and the parties had islands for the skins of such seals, giving to A message was received from the Senate, by agreed upon compensation for the property re the lessee or lessees of each island a lease duly Mr. Gorham, its Secretary, notifying the House quired. In all cases where the company and executed, in duplicate, not transferable, and that that body had passed the following bill parties agree upon the price to be paid for land taking from the lessee or lessees of the island and joint and concurrent resolutions, in which and materials the same shall be paid before the of St. Paul a bond, with sufficient sureties, the concurrence of the House was requested: property shall be taken and used.

in a sum not less than $120,000, and from the A bill (S. No. 11) to rene certain grants of The Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Com lessee or lessees of the island of St. George a land to the State of Alabama; pany and any other party or parties interested, bond of like sureties in a sum not less than A joint resolution (S. R. No. 21) authorizing and who may consider themselves aggrieved || $40,000, conditional for the faithful observ the removal of the public stables, steam saw. by the verdict of the jury, are to have the right ance of all the laws and requirements of Con mill, and other public buildings from the Capito appeal to the supreme court of the District gress and of the regulations of the Secretary | tol grounds; of Columbia, which shall have jurisdiction of of the Treasury touching the subject matter of A joint resolution (S. R. No. 22) relative to all such cases, and shall hear and determine || taking fur-seals and disposing of the same, and consular fees; the same, after notice to all parties, without for the payment of all taxes and dues accru Concurrent resolation rescinding concurrent the intervention of a jury, and the judgment | ing to the United States connected therewith. resolution of the two Houses passed at the of the court is to be final.

In making these leases the Secretary of the third session of the Fortieth Congress for the Nr. INGERSOLL. I move that the bill be | Treasury is to have due regard to the preserv. || appointment at the first session of the Fortyput upon its passage ; and if there be no desire ation of the seal fur trade of the islands and || First Congress of a joint committee to examine to debate it I will demand the previous question. the support of the natives thereof. The lessees into and report upon the expediency of a re.

The previous question was seconded and the are to furnish to the several masters of vessels organization of the civil service of the United maln question ordered, and under the opera employed by them certified copies of the leases States; and tion thereof the bill was ordered to a third held by them respectively, which shall be pre Concurrent resolution providing that the reading; and it was accordingly read the third sented to the Government revenue officer for Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent time, and passed.

the time being who may be in charge at the || Expenses of the Senate, and the Committee on Mr. INGERSOLL moved to reconsider the islands, as the authority of the party for land. Accounts of the House of Representatives be vote by which the bill was passed; and also Il ing and taking skius.

a joint committee for the purpose of corferring


and reporting a bill or bills defining the num. the one hand and the amount received for such gentleman from Massachusetts and say that ber, duties, and compensation of the employés coins on the other; and these profits shall from this bill requires the purchase of materials for of the Senate and House of Representatives. time to time be paid into the Treasury of the this coinage precisely as all other materials are RATIFYING AMENDMENTS TO CONSTITUTION. United States.

purchased for the Mint. Instead of attemptMr. SHANKS. I ask unanimous consent to

The sixth section provides that the coins || ing to establish a system of regulations, the introduce a joint resolution providing the man.

provided by this act shall be procured and dis committee of the last Congress and the Com: Der of ratifying the constitutional amendments

tributed in like manner as is now provided by mittee on Coinage of this Congress agreed of the United States by the several States.

law in regard to pieces of bronze or nickel. that experience had probably suggested a good Objection was made. copper.

method of securing materials for coinage. As Mr. SHANKS moved to suspend the rules.

The seventh section provides that it may be to the gentleman's suggestion that it will reThe motion was disagreed to.

lawful for the Secretary of the Treasury to re quire the purchase of a large quantity of a

deem, under such regulations as he may deem metal that has no market valueNICKEL-COPPER COINAGE.

proper, the one and two-cent coins heretofore Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Oh, no; Mr. KELLEY. I ask unanimous consent issued with any of the coins authorized to be I said no fixed value. to report back from the Committee on Coinage, || issued by this act.

Mr. KELLEY. Well, fixed value. It has Weights, and Measures House bill No. 2, for The eighth and final section provides that it as fixed a market value as any metal known. the coinage of nickel-copper pieces of five cents shall be lawful for the Treasurer and the seve. It is manufactured in England, France, Bel. and under.

ral Assistant Treasurers of the United States to gium, and the United States. It is known to Mr. POTTER. I object.

redeem in sums not less than fifty dollars in the commerce of the world, and has its market Mr. KELLEY. I move to suspend the rules. || United States notes, under such rules and reg. value determined by published reports of sales

Mr. MAYNARD. It occurs to me that bill ulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary as well as flour or cotton or iron or copper. should go to the Committee of Ways and Means. of the Treasury, the coins herein authorized The point is not one in which I feel a special

Mr. KELLEY. It was regularly referred to be issued, and also the one, two, three, and interest, but it was due that this much should to the Committee on Coinage, Weights, and five-cent coins heretofore issued by the United be said. Measures, and I am instructed to report it back States.

Mr. CULLOM. I desire to ask the gentle. with a single amendment. The last House Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Before man a question. I see it is provided by the passed it, but the Senate could not act on it for the previous question is ordered I desire to filih section of the bill “ that the treasurer of want of time.

ask the gentleman from Pennsylvania one or the Mint (or branch mint) shall keep and ren. The House divided; and there were-ayes 86, two questions, and to submit an amendinent. der an account of the profits arising from the noes 39.

Mr. KELLEY. Before I yield for that pur coinage provided for by this act," &c. Not So (two thirds having voted in the affirma pose I desire to offer an amendment which the knowing anything about this subject specially tive) the rules were suspended.

Committee on Coinage, Weights, and Meas. I would like to have the gentleman explain The first section of the bill provides that from ures have instructed me to offer. I move to what that means and whether the object of it is and after the 1st day of June, or sooner if | amend section two by striking out in lines seven, to prevent the man having control of the Mint practicable, there shall be coined at the Mint | eight, and nine, the words and in the pur from making money out of it himself? I do of the United States, and such of its branches chase of the said materials the preference shall not understand it, and I ask the question for as the Director of the Mint, with the approba be given to domestic production if at a cost information. tion of the Secretary of the Treasury, may pre not exceeding twenty per cent, more than the Mr. KELLEY. It is in order that the Mint scribe, the following pieces, to be composed | foreign materials and inserting and;"? so that shall keep a distinct and separate account of of copper and nickel in the proportions of not the section will read :

profit from this coinage, as has been the habit less than twenty-five per cent. nor more than Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That in adjusting in regard to the other coinage. It may surprise thirty-three per cent of nickel, namely, a piece the weight of the coins provided by this act there gentlemen somewbat to know that the profits of one cent to weigh one and one half grams, shall be no greater deviation allowed than three

at the United States Mint at Philadelphia last grains for the cent piece and four grains for other or twenty-three and fifteen hundredths grains ; || pieces. And the materials for the said coins shall be

year from base coinage was $1,300,000. a piece of three cents to weigh three grams, purcbased by the Director of the Mint in like man Mr. DICKEY. I desire to ask my colleague and a piece of five cents to weigh five grams, ner as other materials for the use of the Mint are

[Mr. KELLEY] if the coinage of these base coins with sach uniform devices as may be fixed by

purchased. And in manufacturing the coins and

accounting for the same, and for materials used, the did not yield a profit sufficient to defray the the Director of the Mint, with the approval of same duties and responsibilities shall devolve upon entire expenses of all the mints in the country ? the Secretary of the Treasury; and such de

the respective officers of the Mint as are now required Mr. KELLEY. If gentlemen will give me

by law. vices when adopted shall not thereafter be changed hy said officers; and the present coin

The amendment was agreed to.

time to make my statement I will answer all

the questions that have yet been put to me. age of one, two, three, and five-cent pieces,

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. If the || The profits on the total coinage at the Phila. whether of bronze, nickel, copper, or silver, and gentleman will yield to me I will now indicate delphia Mint last year paid the expenses of all the issue of Treasury notes of ten cents, shall my amendment:

the mints in the country and left a balance for thereupon cease.

Mr. KELLEY. I will yield to allow the the Treasury. You have two kinds of coinage, The second section provides that in adjusting gentleman to indicate his amendment, but I requiring separate alloys, separate melting, and the weight of the coins provided by this act am not authorized to accept it.

separate general arrangements. For five and there shall be no greater deviation allowed Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. This is | three cent pieces yon have copper and nickel than three grains for the cent piece and four the difficulty that I see in this bill: it will

in the proportion of twenty-five parts of nickel grains for other pieces. And the materials | require the purchase of many thousand dol.

and seventy-five parts of copper. For one-cent for the said coins shall be purchased by the

lars' worth of a inetal which has at present no pieces you have copper and nickel in the proDirector of the Mint in like manner as other

fixed value in the market. In the purchase portions of eighty-eight parts of copper and materials for the use of the Mint are pur of gold and silver for coinage they have a twelve parts of nickel. For two cent pieces chased; and in the purchase of the said mate fixed value in the inarket, and no man can err you have copper and tin and zinc in the prorials the preference shall be given to domestic much without subjecting himself to a charge portions of ninety-five parts of copper and five production if at a cost not exceeding, twenty of corruption. But this bill puts it into the parts of tin and zinc. Had science prevailed per cent, more than the foreigo material. In power of the Director of the Mint to purchase over the management of your Mint you would manufacturing the coins and accounting for

hundreds of thousands of dollars' worth of never have had tin and zinc admitted as an the same, and for materials used, the same nickel at any price he pleases. The amend. alloy. Neither of them will work in conjuncduties and responsibilities shall devolve upon ment ! propose is that all purchases of mate tion with gold and silver ; both of them when the respective officers of the Mint as are now rial shall be made by public advertisement, in a state of fusion are natural enemies of gold. required by law. the contract to be given to the lowest bidder

And consequently when you turn to gold coinThe third section provides that the same

therefor. Does the gentleman accept the age, after having been engaged in using tin legal penalties as are provided by act of May amendment?

and zinc, you must not only have your rooms 16, 1866, in relation to the coinage of five. Mr. KELLEY. Representing the commit cleaned with ordinary care, but you must have cent pieces, shall be in force for counterfeiting

tee as I do I am not authorized to accept that them scrubbed, because the lead and tin and any of the coins provided for by this act, or amendment.

zinc may send your gold off in fumes if they knowingly issuing or passing such counterfeit Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Will the

get mixed in sufficient quantities, coins. gentleman allow me to offer in?

Notwithstanding you have two distinct kinds The fourth section provides that any of the

Mr. KELLEY. I have no objection to the and three distinct measures of alloys, eighty, coins provided for by this act shall be a legal | amendment being offered and submitted to the eight parts of copper and twelve parts of nickel tender, except for duties on imports, to the House, but I am not authorized to accept it. for your pennies, seventy-five parts of copper amount of one dollar in any one payment,

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I do not and twenty-five parts of nickel for your three and no more.

ask you to accept it. I only ask permission and five-cent pieces, and copper and tin and The fifth gection provides that the treasurer to offer it. I will reduce the amendment to zinc for your two-cent pieces, you still cleared of the Mint (or branch Mint) shall keep and writing.

from your base coinage of last year a profit of render an account of the profits arising from

Mr. DICKEY. I would ask what the regu. $1,300,000. the coinage provided for by this act, that is to lation is in reference to the purchase of mate This bill proposes to give you three beautisay: the difference between the cost of the rials? Is not this precisely the same way ful coins, one for one-cent pieces, one for metal, the necessary labor and machinery, with materials are now purchased ?

three-cent pieces, and one for fire.cent pieces, the expenses of distribution of the coins on Mr. KELLEY, 'I was about to answer the as substitutes for fourteen different represent

41st CONG. Ist SESS.-No. 6.

atives of the value of ten cents and less. To age or by purchase. Now, all I desire is to brought to a vote; for mere cheapness would do this there will be required at present po protect the interests of the United States. We compel the Director of the Mint to buy metals large purchase of nickel. The bill proposes have now, no doubt, a very honest Director of which would be unfit for coinage. to call in the outstanding coinage of these the Mint. But suppose that by accident we Mr. MAYNARD. Where is the best nickel values. And the pennies with the twelve per should not have such an officer hereafter ; I to be obtained ? cent. of nickel and the old three and five-cent desire that there shall not be a purchase or Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. That is pieces with their twenty five per cent. of I acquirement of $10,000,000 worth of property the question which I was about to ask the gennickel, will probably furnish the Mint with all by the United States, unless all the people | tleman. or nearly all the nickel it will require for the have an opportunity to bid for the contract. I Mr. KELLEY. The best nickel obtained coming two years. At least the amount to be am acting ouly in the interest of the Govern at this time is from a mine in Pennsylvania. purchased will not be greater than that now ment and of the people. I cannot see why | The best nickel of commerce is from England. purchased for your multiform, and I was about there should be objection to my proposition. I wish to say to the gentleman from Missouri, to say barbarous, coinage.

It contemplates the same system that we adopt whose colleague at the last session had inserted If there be any other questions from gentle. l in all similar matters. My amendment, which in the bill a provision that none but American men I will now answer them. But before re. I have sent to the Clerk's desk, provides that materials should be used, that those who are ceiving any other question I would like to make all materials purchased under this bill shall be engaged in the production of nickel in Eng. a more definite statement of the profits of this | purchased under contract from the lowest bid. land are to-day in treaty for the establishment coinage. der after public advertisement.

of works at Lamotte, Missouri, at which place Mr. SCOFIELD. If the House now adjourns Mr. KELLEY. Say " lowest and best bid. there is the richest deposit of nickel to be will not this bill be the first business in order der."

found. to-morrow?

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Let the Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I want The SPEAKER. It will come up as un. purchase be made from the lowest bidder who

the other States to have a chance to compete finished business after the morning hour. can furnish the required article. This is not with the Pennsylvania mine.

Mr. DAWES. I hope the House will not a thing that requires any particular skill any Mr. DICKEY. The gentleman is acting in adjourn until this bill is disposed of.

more than to furnish the metal. It is not like the interest of a New York concern. Mr. SCOFIELD. The very long journal || buying wagons, for instance, where you might Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I never will keep the clerks hard at work until late want the best wagons. This metal is to be heard of such a thing before. to-night. All the bills and joint resolutions | bought in the pig, in the bar. If a man offers Mr. KELLEY. I now wish to redeem my that have been introduced to-day and all the to furnish the metal, and does furnish it at a promise to the gentleman from New York; but committees that bave been announced inust lower price than anybody else. let the purchase before yielding to him I wish to say that my be journalized.

be made from him. It he does not furnish it, only object is to secure to the Mint not only Mr. DAWES. This will not affect the labor it is easy to obtain it from somebody else. the cheapest, but the best materials. of the journal clerks, who are now engaged in Mr. DICKEY. Let me ask the geutleman Mr. POTTER. I merely wish to ask the their work. Let us finish up this bill before right here whether the quality of the nickel in gentleman from Pennsylvania a question. we adjourn ; let us do something. the bar does not differ as much as the quality

What will be the intrinsic value of the coin Mr. KELLEY. I was about stating that, of the spokes of a wagon?

which it is proposed to create by this bill? taking the present market value of the metal

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. If the

What will be the intrinsic value, for illustration, required for these coins, the copper and nickel, | gentleman means to say that there is a differ,

of the twenty-five cent pieces as compared I have the assurance of the Director of the ence in the bars as to fineness and purity I

with the gold coinage ? Mint and to this I invite the attention of the

agree with him ; but that matter can always be Mr. KELLEY. I will answer the gentle. gentleman from Massachusetts, [Mr. BUTLER,] | tested at the Mint. I cannot conceive what man. According to the bill these pieces are -that the cost of these coins is as follows: reasonable objection there can be to my prop.

to be composed of copper and pickel is the for one hundred five-cent pieces, seventy-four osition.

proportions of not less than twenty-five per cents; for one hundred three-cent pieces, forty

Right here I want to make a single remark. cent, nor more than thirty-three per cent. of four cents; for one hundred one-cent pieces, At the beginning of the last session of Congress

nickel. It will require costly machinery to twenty-two cents. The change from the coin

I was bold enough to advocate a species of counterfeit one single piece of our token coin. age we now have will add largely to the profits

money which should not have any intrinsic age. Nickel is a metal difficult to work, and we ofthe Government, as it will to the convenience value. I know that my doctrine on that sub. have a letter from the Director of the Mintshow. of the people.

ject was deemed at the time a great heresy. I ing that they have never in all the coin they have Mr. McCORMICK, of Missouri. Does the

am, however, glad to see it is now proposed | examined found a counterfeit of these nickel bill provide for the redemption of these new

to issue for the use of our people $40,000,000 pieces. The allusion, therefore, to nickel counissues? of money which it is agreed shall not have any

terfeits is a mistake. Taking the proportion Mr. KELLEY. Yes, sir.

intrinsic value any more than if it were so much of twenty-five per cent. of nickel, the intrinsic Mr. McCORMICK, of Missouri. Then there

leather or paper, or anything else stamped as value will be seventy-four cents for one huo will not be any profit, I apprehend.

bearing a certain value. The intrinsic value dred pieces of five cents, and taking the pro. Mr. KELLEY. There will be a profit to

of this coinage is to be as nothing compared portion of thirty-three per cent of nickel it this extent: these coins, to the amount of

with the stamped value. I trust that this is will eighty-eight cents in currency. I have $40,000,000, will be required to supplant the

the beginning of an experiment which shall not made the calculation in gold. present coinage and to supply the wants of the give us

Mr. POTTER. That is near enough. people. I now yield, as I promised, to the Mr. KELLEY. If the gentleman wants to

Mr. KELLEY. Iftwenty-five, it will be forty. gentleman from Massachusetts, [Mr. BUTLER.]

move his amendment let him have it reported | four cents for one hundred of three cents; if Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. The House

to the House. I cannot yield my whole hour thirty-three, it will be fifty-three cents for one will observe, Mr. Speaker, that this is no small to him for the discussion generally of this

hundred of three cents. I desire to hear the matter. This bill proposes to empower the Director of the Mint to purchase material to

whole question, and for the purpose of stating question which the gentleman from New York what he did in the last Congress.

wishes to put to me. make these coins to the amount of $40,000,000. Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I am Mr. POTTER. My objection is that it de

Mr. KELLEY. In a long series of years. showing what you have done, and I desire to bases the coin. The original coin will be

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. In a series have the bill so amended that the Government debased about one third ; that is to say, nomof years, which will be longer or shorter ac

will not be cheated in buying the amount of inally a dollar of the new coinage will be worth cording as he works faster or more slowly in metal which may be necessary. For that pur.

but sixty-six cents. getting in the present coinage, and supply: | pose I will move the following proviso:

Mr. KELLEY. I ask the gentleman, in ing the country with these new coins. Now, my amendment simply provides that in pro

Provided. That the mnterials purchased under reply, if he can tell me the intrinsic value of this act shall be by public advertisement for con

one hundred bronze cents, or of fifty two-cent curing this inaterial, nickel, which the gentle tracts at the price offered by the lowest bidder there pieces which we now use ? They have only man says has a market value just as cotton

the commercial value of old metal. or flour or any other marketable commodity,

Mr. KELLEY. I cannot consent to accept Mr. POTTER. Does the gentleman under the parchas: shall be made by contract with that amendment, because there is, as we have stand that the new coinage will be of more the lowest bidder after public advertisement. learned from reports of the Mint, so great a intrinsic value than the existing debased coin: There will be required of this metal-I speak | difference in the quality of the metals, both | age? within bounds-at least $10,000,000 in value. copper and zinc, as to have given at times Mr. KELLEY. Yes, sir; it will be of more

Mr. KELLEY. If the gentleman had lis great difficulty in managing them; but I am intrinsic value; and being smaller and retened to my statement

happy to say that scientific experiment with quiring but one alloy, instead of the several we Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I did every grade of copper known to tbe science of now use, they will be more economically made Listen to it.

metallurgy has demonstrated that the copper at the Mint ; that is, they will cost the GovernMr. KELLEY. He would have learned that of Lake Superior can be used with the greatest ment less to make them in proportion to their nickel is a component part to a very large advantage in the various alloys at the Mint. intrinsic value. extent of coins already in circulation.

In nickel the difference is as great. Unless the Mr. GARFIELD. Will the gentleman please Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I heard gentleman from Massachusetts, therefore, will tell me what the five-cent coin will be worth that. But I say that at least $10,000,000 in | modify his amendment so as to embrace not intrinsically? value of this metal will be required to be ob only the idea of cheapness, but the superiority Mr. KELLEY. I have already stated it. tained, either by exchange of the present coin. of the quality, I will not consent to its being If they are made of twenty five per cent.


nickel, which the law allows, one hundred will | Pennsylvania [Mr. KELLEY) yield to allow the

will say that there is no such thing as pure cost seventy-four cents in metal; if they are amendment to be offered ?

nickel I will give up. made of thirty-three per cent. nickel one hun. Mr. KELLEY. Not in that phraseology.

Mr. JENCKES. I will not say that. dred will cost eighty-eight cents in metal. Metal may be pure and so brittle that it can.

Mr. KELLEY. There is such a thing as Mr. MAYNARD. I see by one of the pro not be rolled. "There is not a man who has pure nickel, but not in the market. I low visions of this bill that the issue of Treasury ever worked in metals who does not know that || yield to the gentleman from Missouri, [Mr. notes of ten cents is to cease. It seems to me the purest gold and the purest silver may be so

McCormick.] as long as we bave these base coins it would cast that it will be brittle; I will not say abso. Mr. McCORMICK, of Missouri. I think it be well to allow the ten-cent paper currency lutely the purest, but with any alloy in it. You very necessary and proper that an amendment 10 circulate, because a ten-cent note is much cannot work pure nickel without an alloy of

similar to the one proposed by the gentleman more convenient than two five.cent pieces. I copper. You cannot work it with less than from Massachusetts [Mr. Butler] should be see no injury that would result from continu. || fifty per cent. of copper in connection with it. I adopted. I represent probably the largest nickel ing the present paper currency in circulation. Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. If the gen interest in the United States, and I would like

Mr. KELLEY. "I will answer the gentle tleman will allow me I will explain. Let them that interest to have an opportunity to be a bid. man by saying that this suggestion was made || buy the pure metal at a given price and then der in the market to supply the Government of by the Secretary of the Treasury and was ap alloy it in the Mint as much as they like or as

the United States with what nickel it may need proved by the Treasurer of the United States little as they like and then we shall get a in its mints. I do not think there is such a thing and by the Director of the Mint. This bill | standard. If you say the “best," then you in commerce as pure nickel. I believe all the passed the examination of all these parties, refer it to the Director, and he can give the con nickel has to be assayed after it goes to the and was sent to us with a letter commending tract to you or me or anybody he likes, inde- | Mint; and then the assayer must decide what it. I think the gentleman had better permit | pendent of advertisements. Let him buy the amount of alloy is necessary in order to render us, as we have got rid of the three-cent and pure metal and then alloy it.

it fit for use. five.cent notes, to get rid also of the ten-cent Mr. KELLEY. If you put in the bill that

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. My amendnotes, so that we shall have nothing below the he shall buy the pure metal you put in a con• ment only requires the Director of the Mint to twenty-five.cent notes in circulation. dition that he cannot comply with.

pay the cheapest price for what pure nickel Mr. MAYNARD. In that case I would sug. Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Cannot there is. gest whether it would not be wiser to have your he purchase it?

Mr. McCORMICK, of Missouri. I do not ien-cent coin made of metal of more intrinsic Mr. KELLEY. No; because it must be

know that I have any objection to the amendvalue, so as to be able to reduce the size. worked in alloy.

ment of the gentleman from Massachusetts. Mr. KELLEY. That opens a wide field for

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I am not

When we speak of pure nickel we speak of the discussion, wbich was thoroughly examined by saying a word about working, I am saying

best quality of the metal known to commerce. the committee, and it was found to be the ex

I think that all the nickel interests of our coun: when he purchases let him purchase pure metal perience of nations that debased silver coinage and alloy it as much as he chooses.

try should have an opportunity to bid for supnever was successful, that it ceases to be coin.

Mr. KELLEY. If I am correctly informed || plying the Government with this metal. age of commercial value.

Mr. KELLEY. I now call the previous Mr. MAYNARD. I suggest to the gentle.

you cannot buy nickel in its purity.
Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. You can

question. man that, though this is a small matter in one

Mr. GARFIELD. Before the gentleman point of view, yet in auother it is of very great buy of the lowest bidder for a percentage of

calls the previous question I desire to ask him the pure metal. consequence.

a question. Mr.‘KELLEY. I yield to the gentleman Mr. KELLEY. I therefore ask that the

Mr. KELLEY. Very well. from lowa.

amendinent may be so modified, if it is to be Mr. GARFIELD. Does this bill propose to Mr. ALLISON. I only desire to ask a ques. voted on, as to provide that the Director of the

make these coins a legal tender ? tion. When this bill passed last session there

Mint may take the most valuable or the best Mr. KELLEY. It makes them legal tender was a provision in it requiring the directors of material that is offered.

for the sum of one dollar, and redeemable in the Mint to purchase metal of American pro

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. That

sums of not more than fifty dollars at the variduction, provided it did not cost more than

would give it, in my judgment, directly to one ous sub-Treasuries of the United States. Your

set of works in this country. (wenty per cent. more than the foreign metal.

base coinage now is not redeemable. PostIs that provision in this bill ?

Mr. KELLEY. It cannot give it to one masters, small dealers, railroad companies, &c., Mr. KELLEY. It is not now in the bill.

set of works in the country when the market | get these coins now, and are obliged to retain I would remind the gentleman that the com

abounds with Euglish and with French nickel, || them until they can dispose of them in their mittee did not report it in the former bill, but and you require the Director of the Mint to

business operations. This bill proposes to it was put in on the motion of Mr. Pile against

take that which is cheapest and best. I am make these coins redeemable. I now insist upon the argument of the committee, the gentleman

working in the interest of no establishment | the previous question, from New York (Mr. FERRISS] on the com

here. I want to relieve the country of its four The SPEARER. Does the gentleman admit mittee opposing the amendment.

teen representatives of value under ten cents, the amendment of the gentleman from MassaMr. ALLISON. The proposition, then, was

which are disagreeable to the touch, taste, and chusetts (Mr. BUTLER) to be voted on? not an original proposition on the part of the

smell, and to supply in lieu thereof a token Mr. KÈLLEY. Not in the form in which committee ?

coinage that will compare in beauty, in purity, || it is presented. Dr. KELLEY. No; it was put in by the and in intrinsic value with that of the most

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Then I House.

enlightened nations of the world, with the hope the previous question will not be seconded. Mr. ALLISON. I understand that this will coins of England, France, Belgium, and Swit. Mr. KELLEY. I repeat that if the gentle. provides that the Director of the Mint shall zerland, whose coinage has hitherto been so man will put in his amendinent the words parchase this as other materials are purchased. far in advance of ours as to make ours dis “best material" instead of ".

pure metal" I Mr. KELLEY. Exactly. graceful to so refined a nation.

will allow a vote upon it. Mr. ALLISON. Now, if other materials

Mr. McCORMICK, of Missouri. I would are purchased at public levy, then I see no like to hear the amendment of the gentleman | vious question.

The question was upon seconding the prenecessity for the proposition of the gentleman

from Massachusetts (Mr. BUTLER] again read. Mr. SCOFIELD. Is a motion to adjourn from Massachusetts; but if they are not so pur

The amendment was read, and was to add now in order ? ehased it seems to me we ought not to pass this to the bill the following:

The SPEAKER. It is. bill without some provision requiring that the

Provided. That the material purchased under this Mr. SCOFIELD. I desire to make that

act shall be by public advertisement for contracts at material shall be purchased of the lowest and the price offered by the lowest bidder for pure metal.

motion; but before doing so I will yield to the best bidder, taking into account the character

Mr. KELLEY. If the gentleman will say

gentleman from Utah, [Mr. Hooper.] who of the bids.

desires to introduce some bills for reference. Mr. KELLEY. The gentleman from Masfor the best material" instead of " for pure

His Territory was not reached in the call this sachusetts having so modified his amendmentas metal" I am willing there shall be a vote of

morning, and the committees to which he to include the best" as well as the "lowest": the House upon his amendment. But I do

desires to have his bills referred meet to-mor"bidder, I am willing that a vote shall be taken not wish to stultify this bill by putting in it a

row morning. on his amendment. provision which will render the whole thing


iinpracticable. amendment be read as I have modified it.

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. It is not

Mr. HOOPER, of Utah, by unanimous conThe Clerk read the amendment, as modified, impracticable to buy pure metal.

sent, introduced a bill (H. R. No. 126) grantas follows:

Mr. K EY. Pure nickel is not an article

ing land to aid in the reclamation of desert land Add to the end of section two the following: known to commerce.

in the Territory of Utah ; which was read a first I appeal to the gentle.

and second time, referred to the Committee ou Provided, That all material purchased under this man from Rbode Island, [Mr. JENCKES,] who act shall be by public advertisement for contracts at the price offered by the lowest bidder for pure metal. sits near to me, and who has made these mat

the Territories, and ordered to be printed. ters a study, and he will tell the gentleman

CITIES AND TOWNS IN NEW MEXICO, ETC. Mr. DICKEY. Say " for the best material.” from Massachusetts [Mr. BUTLER] that he is Mr. HOOPER, of Utah, also by unanimous

Jir. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. No; trying to buy that which commerce does not consent introduced a bill (H. R. No. 127) for "pare metal.” If you want pure metal let us know as a commercial article,

the relief of the inhabitants of cities and towns say pure metal.

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. If the in the Territories of New Mexico, Arizona, and The SPEAKER. Does the gentlemau from gentleman from Rhode Island (Mr. JENCKES]" Utah; which was read a first and second time,

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