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EDWARD III.

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John Be Trebisa RICHARD II. Flourished 1385

Geoffrey Chaucer

Born 1328; Died 1400

John Gower

Born about 1326; Died 1402

John Lydgate

Flourished 1430

Sir John Fortescue

Flourished 1470

William Carton Born 1410; Died 1491

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HENRY VI.

EDWARD IV.

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Sir Thomas More HENRY VIII. Born 1480; Died 1535

William Tindall

Born about 1500; Died 1536

PRINCIPAL WORKS, REMARKS, ETC.

Our oldest English prose author. He spent thirty-four years in visiting various countries, and, after his return, wrote his principal work, 'An Account of his own Travels.'

A secular priest, educated at Oxford, supposed to be the author of the celebrated poems entitled Visions of William concerning Piers Plowman.'

Styled the Morning Star of the Reformation.' His writings are chiefly on religious subjects: his principal work is a Translation of the entire Bible into English.

Vicar of Berkeley, and author of several pieces in early English. His principal work is a translation of Higden's Polychronicon' into English.

Styled the Father of English Poetry.' His writings are voluminous; author of the 'Canterbury Tales,' the' House of Fame,' the Court of Love,' and other works.

An English lawyer and poet cotemporary with Chaucer, and generally styled Moral Gower.' His principal work is entitled the Confessio Amantis.'

An Augustine monk of St. Edmund's Bury, whose poetical compositions are numerous. His principal works are The Fall of Princes,' the Siege of Thebes,' the Destruction of Troy,' and the 'Dance of Death.'

An English judge and prose writer of eminence, both in Latin and in English. His principal English work is entitled "The Difference between an Absolute and Limited Monarchy.'

The first English Printer, author of several of the books which he printed, and the reviser of many others. The first book printed in England was on The Game of Chess.'

A polished writer and refiner of the English language. His writings are chiefly on polite literature. Author of a Dialogue concerning Heresies.' He was beheaded for denying the king's supremacy.

A most zealous English Reformer, author of a Translation of the Scriptures into English.' He was afterwards apprehended as a heretic, and burnt at Antwerp. King Henry aided in his persecution. *

It is worthy of remark, that, in the same year in which Tindall was put to death,

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PRINCIPAL WORKS, REMARKS, ETC.

An English prelate, chiefly engaged in the translation of the Bible into the English language. The edition of 1535 goes under his name, though commenced by Tindall.

A charming and agreeable poet, author of a Book of Poems. To this writer, it is said, we owe the introduction of Blank Verse' into our language. He was beheaded in Henry's reign.

One of the leading English Reformers, and principal framer of the Liturgy, Prayer-book, and Articles of the Church of England. He suffered martyrdom in Mary's reign.

A fellow of King's College, Cambridge, celebrated for the politeness of his style and the extent of his knowledge. Author of a System of Rhetoric and of Logic,' considered to be the first critical work of the kind.

An instructive writer, and classical tutor to Lady Elizabeth. He may be considered the first who wrote on education in our language. His most esteemed work is entitled the 'Schoolmaster.'

A celebrated poet and eminent statesman, author of the 'Induction,' and some portions of the Mirror for Magistrates; also of the tragedy of Gorboduc,' acted before Queen Elizabeth.

An illustrious writer, both in prose and poetry Author of the Arcadia,' Astrophel and Stella,' the Defence of Poesy,' &c. His style is elegant, always flexible, harmonious, and luminous.

An English divine, author of Acts and Monuments of the Church,' better known by the name of Fox's Book of Martyrs. His other works are inconsiderable.

An eminent poet, author of the Faery Queen,' the most considerable allegorical poem in our language. Also of the Shepherd's Calendar," Visions of Petrarch,' and other works. A great theological writer, author of Laws of Ecclesias. tical Polity,' in eight books, which King Charles afterwards recommended for the reading of his children.

a copy of the Bible begun by him but finished by Coverdale, was ordered to be placed in every church in England.

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PRINCIPAL WORKS, REMARKS, ETC.

A famous poet who excelled both in tragedy and comedy, He wrote numerous plays and dramas, and is styled the Father of English Drama.' Author of Hamlet,'' Othello,' 'Merry Wives of Windsor,' &c.

An ingenious writer, both in prose and poetry. His writings consist chiefly of certain elegant poems and miscellanies, and a short memoir of Sir Philip Sidney. He was stabbed by his servant.

A famous historian, statesman, and traveller. His greatest performance was the History of the World,' which he wrote in prison. He was afterwards beheaded.

Styled the 'Father of Experimental Philosophy.' Author of The Advancement and Proficiency of Learning,' for which he was made Solicitor-General. He wrote several other works.

An eminent lawyer, author of several law pieces and reports. His Institutes of the Laws of England' are invaluable.

A truly comic poet, author of several plays; as, Every Man in his Humour,' the Silent Woman,' the 'Fox,' and a pastoral entitled 'The Sad Shepherd.'

A dramatic poet who wrote several plays in conjunction with Fletcher. Author of the Masque of the Inner Temple,' 'Gray's Inn,' and other works.

A dramatic poet, author of a comedy, 'The Wild Goose Chase,' but his principal piece is a dramatic pastoral entitled 'The Faithful Shepherdess.'

A dramatic writer, author of numerous pieces. Among his productions are the New Way to pay Old Debts,' the City Madam,' and the 'Virgin Martyr.'

Author of a collection of poems and plays. His famous ballad of the 'Wedding' is the perfection of gaiety. His poems are all short. His sentiments are sometimes too voluptuous.

An eminent divine and man of great wit and learning. His principal work is his Meditations. His writings have gained him the appellation of the English Seneca.'

*Our present translation of the Bible belongs to the literature of this reign. Some of the leading translators were-Dr. Andrews, Dr. Lively, Dr. Harding, and Dr. Smith.

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PRINCIPAL WORKS, REMARKS, ETC.

A dramatic writer and poet of eminence. About forty or his pieces have come down to us. He is said to be one of the last writers of the old drama.

An eminent divine, unrivalled among the masters of eloquence, the Spenser of our prose writers. Author of Holy Living and Dying,' and numerous other works.

A theological writer who produced a considerable number of literary works. Author of the Holy State,' a Church History of Britain,' and the 'Worthies of England.'

One of the most illustrious poets or writers of the English language. Author of Paradise Lost,' and 'Regained,' and several other works, among which are those entitled Comus,' Arcades,' and Ly. cidas.'

A

poet cotemporary with Milton. Author of Poetic Blossoms,' 'Love's Riddle,' the Cutler of Coleman Street,' and a Discourse on the Government of Cromwell.

A great historian, author of the History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars.' His style cannot be recommended for correctness; yet he is never unintelligible or obscure.

A celebrated poet, author of the poem entitled Hudibras,' which abounds in wit and learning; and from its measure comes the term 'Hudibrastic verse.'

An eminent divine, principally known by his valuable Exposition on the Creed. Author also of a defence of the Epistles of Ignatius,' and other learned works.

A courtly and amatory poet, author of a 'Panegyric on Cromwell,' and another on the 'Restoration of King Charles.' His poems are easy, smooth, and generally elegant.

A learned divine, author of the famous work entitled 'The True Intellectual System of the Universe.' Also of a treatise on Eternal and Immutable Morality.' The first work overthrows Atheism.

An illustrious poet, author of 'Alexander's Feast,' a Book of Fables,' an Elegy on the Death of Cromwell.' 'Astrea Redux,' a translation of Virgil, and several other productions.

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CHARLES II.

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WILLIAM III.

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ANNE

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PRINCIPAL WORKS, REMARKS, ETC.

A most distinguished philosopher and chemist, author of numerous philosophical writings, and several works on theology. His 'Considerations on the Usefulness of Experimental Philosophy' is a valuable work.

A distinguished theological writer, the author of a Collection of Sermons,' which long continued to be the most generally esteemed collection in the language.

A celebrated philosopher, author of an Essay on the Human Understanding,' 'Letters on Toleration,' a Treatise on Civil Government,' and Thoughts concerning Education.

One of the most celebrated philosophers and mathematicians that ever lived. The discoverer of the Binomial Theorem. Author of a Treatise on Optics,' a Treatise on Natural Philosophy,' and other works.

A celebrated divine, author of a History of the Reformation,' a History of his own Time,' an Exposition of the Thirty-nine Articles of Religion, and several other works.

A theological writer of great parts and learning, reputed as the wittiest of English divines. The author of a large' Collection of Sermons,' much celebrated at the time, and still retaining a portion of their

renown.

An eminent writer both in prose and poetry, and chief contributor to the Spectator. Author of Travels in Italy,' the Campaign,' the tragedy of Cato,' and a Defence of the Christian Religion.'

The principal writer in the Tatler and the Guardian. Author of •The Christian Hero,' the comedy of the 'Funeral,' the Tender Husband,' the Conscious Lovers,' and other works,

An eminent poet and statesman, author of the poem of 'Solomon,' Henry and Emma,' the English Padlock,' &c. His works consist of odes, songs, epistles, epigrams, and tales.

A miscellaneous writer, author of Poems, Letters, Sermons, Political Treatises, the Tale of a Tub, Gulliver's Travels, and a History of the Four last Years of Queen Anne.'

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