Imagens das páginas

the vessel ; and “ not a man expect. ed, that man in savage life presents an ed to be quit for less than his life.” imageof genuine innocence and simplie Providentially, however, as the bear city: and that all his powers and feelwas opening his jaws to devour the ings are then most happily unfolded. nearest, his feet were entangled in the Such theories have been confuted in rope; the boldest of the crew then the most decisive manner, by modern sprung forward, and pierced him with observation. Savage man has been a lance, which caused him to fall back found not only stained with all the into the water. The sailors then, crimes to which the most highly civilizdropping their plan of converting this ed society is incident, but abandoned to powerful animal into a toy, dispatch- a fury and frenzy of passion, of which ed him with all speed, and thought even its most depraved members are themselves too happy in being able to never guilty. Of this it now falls to carry his skin to Amsterdam. our lot to record a dreadful instance,

Barentz now proceeded, and even It may be known to some of our readreached lat. 770, which is higher

than ers, that an English vessel, the Boyd, the northern extremity of Nova Zem- Captain Thompson, (George Brown, bla; but the sea here presented a so- Esq. owner,) having sailed from the lid sheet of ice, extending as far as River Thames on the loth March the eye could reach. He returned, 1809, and arrived at Port Jackson therefore, to the coast, and endeavoure on the 14th August, with convicts ed to double its northern point. Here to New South Wales,- had proceedthey fell in with the Orange Islands, ed to New Zealand for a cargo of on which they descried two hundred timber, when it was suddenly atwalrusses lying on the sand, and basking tacked by a body of the natives, themselves in thesun. Imagining these the ship taken, and the crew cut creatures to be formidable only in the off in the most miserable manner. watery element, they determined on We have been favoured by the proattack; but they had ill calculated prietor of the vessel with the letter the prowess with which they had to which details to him the authentic contend. Not only were they com- particulars of this dismal transaction. pletely beat off, but all the sabres, It is accompanied with a portrait of pikes, and hatchets, used in the as- the chief who commanded this savage sault, were broken to pieces. The horde, taken when at Port Jackson ; only trophy carried away was a single and who is here represented in his na“. tooth, which had been broken off tivedress, and savage ornaments, among in the fury of the combat. The which that of tattooing, particularly sailors were so cruelly mortified by in the face, is eminently conspicuous. this discomfiture, that they determined Before proceeding, however, to give to bring up cannon, and open a bat this letter, with some additional de tery against their amphibious anta- tails completing the account of the gonists; but the rolling of the sea transaction, we shall premise a very rendered it impossible to execute this short sketch of the singular country manoeuvre.

and nation, among whom this dread Barentz had now endured several ful adventure took place. heavy storms, in one of which the New Zealand was discovered, in boat had gone to pieces. The ice was 1642, by Abel Tasman, an eminent increasing ; the vessel had suffered Dutch navigator, and its coasts were considerably, and even the crew shew, afterwards visited by Quiros, Roggeed an indisposition to proceed farther. wein, and several others, who all supIn these circumstances, there appeared posed it to form a portion of the great to him no alternative, but to com- imaginary southern continent, or Tere mence his return homeward.

ru Australis. Captain Cook, however, ( To be continued.)

in his first voyage, sailed completely round it, and discovered that it consiste

ed of two large islands, called by the unPARTICULARS OF THE DESTRUCTION

couth names of Poenamoo and Lahei

nomauwee. A great part of both is COAST OF NEW ZEALAND; WITH ANECDOTES OF A NEW ZEALAND tains; but many tracts are level and

composed of lofty and barren moun

capable of cultivation, though at preCERTAIN philosophers have assert- sent they are left entirely to nature.

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The inhabitants subsist by fishing, or

Ship City of Edinburgh, upon fern roots and other spontane

Lima, 20th Oct. 1810. ous productions of the earth. They

Sir, I am very sorry to have the pain.

ful task of introducing myself to you with are, perhaps, the most savage race

an account of the loss of your ship Boyd, known in the world. The small tribes

Captain Thompson. into which the territory is divided,

Towards the end of last year, I was emcarry on war with a férocity which ployed at the Bay of Islands, New Zea

. has no parallel. They reside in small land, in procuring a cargo of spars for the hippahs, or fortified villages on the Cape of Good Hope

. About the middle of tops of hills, where they remain in a December, the natives brought me an accontinual state of watchfulness and count of a ship’s being taxen at Wang alarm. In their combats, the victo- Airooa, a harbour about fifty miles to the rious party proceed invariably to that N, W. At first, we were disposed to most dreadful consummation, the doubt the truth of this report ; but it every tearing to pieces and devouring the day became more probable from the variety flesh of their unfortunate captives. of circumstances of which they informed In almost every cove where Captain us, and which were so connected as apCook touched, he found human bones peared impossible for them to invent.

Accordingly, about the end of the month, lying near large fires, which had been when we had finished our cargo, although the scene of these execrable festivities. it was a business of some danger, I deterYet the same writer describes their mined to go round. domestic conduct, and that of the I set out with three armed boats; but we members of the tribe towards each experienced very bad weather, and, after a other, in terms of the highest admi- narrow escape, were glad to return to the ration. He even represents their de- ship. “As we arrived in a most miserable portment as peculiarly mild, placid, condition, I had then relinquished all idea and gentle, and says that they treat of the enterprise ; but, having recruited each other with the tenderest affec- my strength and spirits, I was shocked at tion. The death of their friends and in the hands of these savages, and de

the idea of leaving any of my countrymen relations is bewailed with the most termined to make a second attempt We doleful cries, and they then inflict deep had this time better weather, and reached wounds on their faces, till the blood the harbour without any difficulty. Wang flows down and mixes with their tears. Arrooa is formed as follows: First, a large These mournings leave numerous outer bay, with an island at its entrance; scars, which, with various ornaments in the bottom of this bay is seen a narrr of bone or wood, serve, for life, as me- opening, which appears terminated at the morials of those whom they held dear. distance of a quarter of a mile, but, upon In their intercourse with Europeans, entering it, it is seen to expand into two hostility seems the sentiment' first exa

large basins, at least as secure as any of

the docks on the banks of the Thames, and cited, as they can with difficulty con- capable of containing (I think) the whole ceive any but a hostile motive for British navy. We found the wreck of the coming upon their shores. So soon, Boyd in shoal water at the top of the harhowever, as they are satisfied that bour, a most melancholy picture of wanton these strangers entertain no hostile mischief. The natives had cut her cables, intention, and are willing even to do and towed her up the harbour, till she them good offices, they change to a had grounded, and then set her on fire, friendship and confidence almost un- and burnt her to the water's edge. In her bounded. These dispositions were hold were seen the remains of the cargo ; fully experienced by Captain Cook coals, salted seal skins, and planks. Her and several other navigators, by whom guns, iron, standards, &c. were lying on they have been visited. Unfortu

the top, having had fallen in when her

decks were consumed. nately, in the present instance, circumstances occurred, which called but it appears that the captain, anxious to

The cargo must have been very valuable; forth all the fury of their vindictive make a better voyage, had come to that nature. What these were will ap- port for the purpose of filling up with spars pear in the course of the narrative, for the Cape of Good Hope. which we shall now exhibit to our Not to tire you with the minutiæ of the readers, beginning with the letter al- business, I recovered from the natives, a woready alluded to, which we copy man, two children, and a boy of the name from the original, addressed to Mr of Davies, * one of your apprentices --whe Brown, the proprietor.

Davies is still alive, and in the enti ployment of Mr Brown.

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Irasm frori life by Geo.P. Harris D?Surreyor Gen! -Etched by W.& D. Lizars Edin!



were the only survivors. I found also the present, as he was busy. The proud old accompanying papers, which I hope will savage (who had been a constant guest at prove of service to you. I did all this by the Governor's table at Port Jackson) was gentle measures; and you will at least ad- highly offended at this treatment, immemit

, that bloodshed and revenge would diately left the cabin, and, after stamping have answered no good purpose. The ship a few minutes on the deck, went into his was taken the third morning after her arri- canoe. After breakfast, the captain went val

. The captain, it appears, had been ra- ashore, with four hands, and no other ther too hasty in resenting some slight arms but his fowling-piece. From the actheft

. Early in the morning, the ship was count of the savages, as soon as he landed, surrounded by a great number of canoes, they rushed upon him; he had only time and many of the natives gradually insinu- to fire his piece, and it killed a child. As ated themselves on board. Tippahee, a soon as the captain left the ship, Tippahee, chief of the Bay of Islands, and who had who remained alongside in his canoe, came been twice at Port Jackson, also arrived. again on board. A number of the sailors Tippahee went into the cabin, and, after were repairing sails upon the quarter-deck, paying his respects to the captain, begged and the remainder were carelessly dispersed a little bread for his men ; but the captain about the decks, and fifty of the natives received him rather slightingly, and desired were sitting on the deck. In a moment, bine to go away, and not trouble him at they all started up, and each knocked his

man on the head. A few ran wounded bea * The Journal, &c. of the Voyage to Bo- low, and four or five escaped up the rig tany Bay, now in Mr Brown's possession. ging, and in a few seconds the savages had



possession of the ship. The boy Davies es. in New Zealand, received some particaped into the hold, where he lay conceal- culars respecting the origin of this ed for several days, till they were fairly horrible massacre. A New Zealand glutted with human blood, when they chief, to whom the English gave the spared his life. The woman says, that she was discovered by an old savage, time at Port Jackson, in New South

name of George, had resided for some and that she moved his heart by her tears and embraces ; that he (being a sub- Wales. Wishing to return to his naordinate chief) carried her to Tippahee, tive country, he engaged to Captain who allowed him to spare her life. She Thompson to work as a sailor, on consays, that at this time the deck was cover- dition of obtaining a free passage. ed with human bodies, which they were em- According to the account given by ployed in cutting up; after which, they himself, he fell sick on the voyage, exhibited a most horrid song and dance, in and was unable to work ; but the honour of their victory, and concluded by a captain, treating this illness as feignhymn of gratitude to their god.

ed, ordered him to be tied up to the Tippahee now took the speaking trumpet, and, hailing the poor wretches at the gangway, and most severely flogged. mast-head, told them that he was now cap

George urged his character of chiet as tain, and that they must in future obey

a claim to better treatment, which his orders. He then ordered them to was treated by the captain with deriunbend the sails, they readily complied; sion as an insolent and unfounded but when he ordered them to come down, pretension. George muttered, with they hesitated, but he enforced prompt dreadful emphasis, that, when they obedience, by threatening to cut away the arrived, they would find him to be a mast. When they came down, he received chief; but the import of this speech them with much civility, and told them he

was not perceived; and be afterwards would take care of them ; he immediately carefully' disse mbled his resentment. ordered them into a canoe, and sent them It is suspected to have been at his ashore. A few minutes after this, the woman went ashore with her deliverer. The suggestion that the captain fan the first object that struck her view, was the ship into Wang Arrooa, where George's dead bodies of those men lying naked on

tribe resided. As soon as they arrirthe beach. As soon as she landed, a num. ed, the captain stripped George of ber of men started up, and marched to- every thing English which he had awards her with their patoo patoos; a num

bout him, and sent him on shore alber of women ran screaming betwixt them, most naked. The chief presented covered her with their clothes, and, by himself in this state before his tribe, their tears and entreaties, saved her life. and gave them a full detail of his The horrid feasting upon human Hesh wrongs ; upon which a cry for venwhich followed would be too shocking for description. The second mate begged his the plan formed, which so fatally suc

geance was immediately raised, and life at the time of the general massacre ; ceeded. It seenis, the captain, when they spared him for a fortnight, but afterwards killed and eat him.

he came on shore, was immediately I think had the captain received Tippa- knocked down by Tippouie, the brohec with a little more civility, that he would ther of George; and the sailors achave informed him of his danger, and saved companying him speedily shared the the ship; but that, from being treated in same fate. Tippahee is here reprethe manner I have mentioned, he entered sented as having used every effort to into the plot along with the others.

save the sailors, whom he invited I think it is likely that I will receive down from the mast head; and the little thanks for this ample detail of such a whole of his conduct appears in more melancholy businesss ; but I can assure favourable colours than in Captain you, it has been very unpleasant for me to write it; and I could only have been in- Berry's narrativc. In fact, though, duced to do it, from a sense of duty, and a from the general tenor of the letter, desire to give you all the information in we might suppose that chief to have my power, which, I suppose, may be of been å ringleader in the massacre,

I am, Sir, your most obedient this does not appear to have been realhumble servant, ALEX. BERRY. ly the case, since Captain Berry, at Mr George Brown, Owner

the end, gives it as his opinion, that, of the Ship Boyd.

had this chief been civilly treated, he Mr Nicholas, * during his residence might have informed of the danger,

and not entered into the plot along * Narrative of a Voyage to New Zea, with the others. land. 2 vols. 8vo. 1817.

Captain Berry, in his letter, alludes

some use.

to Tippahee having been twice at Port if the man had stolen an axe or any thing Jackson. Mr Nicholas gives some else of essential utility, he ought to suffer particulars of his deportment at that death, but not for stealing a pig, to which settlement, which appear worthy of he was prompted most probably by hun. being extracted.

ger. He interested himself very warmly

in favour of the culprit, and earnestly “ Among the different New Zealanders pressed the Governor for his pardon, while thus brought to Port Jackson, some were dining one day with a large party at his chiefs or kings, supposed to have consider. Excellency's table; but he was told it was able influence with their countrymen, who impossible it could be granted, as the man yielded a ready obedience to their autho. had acted in direct violation of the laws of rity. The most remarkable of these was his country, which secured to each indi. Tippahee, who came to the colony during vidual the safe possession of his property, the time of Governor King, from the Bay and punished with death all those who of Islands, where, by the account he gave would deprive him of it by theft or robbeof himself, he was a ruler of great power ry. Then,' said Tippahee, 'why you and extensive possessions. Both the Go. not hang Captain - ? pointing to vernor and the gentlemen of the colony the commander of a vessel, whose name I were particularly attentive to him, nor do not immediately recollect, but who was were they a little surprised to find in a man then sitting at table ;

-Captain, he come totally unacquainted with any one rule of to New Zealand, he come ashore, and tihi civilized comportment, an acute shrewdness (stole) all my potatoes--you hang up Capof remark, and nicety of discrimination, tain

The company were much which they had never before thought com- pleased with strong and pointed reapatible with a state of rude barbarism. soning of Tippahee, and the Captain apThe colonists still hold in remembrance peared quite abashed at so sudden an exmany of his remarks, which equally shew posure of his conduct, for he had in reality the solidity of his understanding and the acted as the chief represented ; having sent justness of his conceptions. On our re a boat's crew on shore with orders to dig monstrating with him on the absurdity and up his potatoes, which they did, without inconvenience of liis customs, he imme. offering to make the least remuneration for diately censured some of our cwn as far them. more ridiculous, and many of his argu " Tippahee, however tenacious at first of ments were both rational and convincing his own manners and customs, becoming, Like most of the New Zealand chiefs, he during his short residence, more habituatwas highly tattooed, a mode of disfiguring ed to ours, and acquiring a clearer knowthe face which is generally practised by ali ledge of their convenience and utility, gave the savage tribes in the Pacific Ocean. them a decided preference. He also evinThe barbarous process consists in pricking ced an anxious desire to profit by them as on the face with a sharp instrument, a va- much as possible ; while he held the hariety of semicircular and other figures, bits in which he had been educated him. and rubbing into the punctures a kind of self, in the most sovereign contempt. Be. blue paint, or sometimes charcoal, which ing taken one day to see a rope-walk, and gives to the countenance a most disgusting shewn the method of making small twine, appearance, and makes it truly hideous to some of which was spun before him and the eye of an European. On being laugh- the process explained, he was so affected ed at one day by a gentleman for having by the contrast of our enlightened knowdisfigured his face in so unnatural a man- ledge, with the barbarous ignorance of his ner, the sagacious chief immediately re own countrymen, that he burst into tears, torted with pointed sarcasm ; telling him and exclaimed in the bitterness of his rehe was quite as much an object of derision gret, “ New Zealand no good!' This fine himself for having put powder and grease instance of sensibility can only be apprein his hair, a practice which he thought ciated by the man whose soul is equally was much more absurd than the tattooing. susceptible of noble impressions, and who

66 He could not reconcile the rigour of being blessed himself with the light of ci. our penal code with his own ideas of jus. vilization and refinement, can feel for the tice, which were certainly regulated by · mind that, wrapped in the darkness of strong feelings of humanity. A person barbarism, is still but too conscious of the who had been sent out to the colony as a gloom that surrounds it. Had this chief convict, having stolen some pigs during made a longer stay at Port Jackson, and the time the chief happened to be there, been properly instructed in agriculture, was condemned to death, and Tippahee, there is no doubt but he would on his reon being made acquainted with the crime turn have made considerable improvements and the punishment, inveighed against among his people, and given them a turn the latter as unnecessarily cruel and un for habits of industry and laudable exerjustly severe. Reasoning on the subject tion, which are the first and most necessary with a great deal of natural logic, he said, steps towards a state of humanized culture.

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