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The Law of Freedom and Bondage in the United States, Volume 1
John Codman Hurd
Visualização integral - 1858
according alien allowed applied attributed authority become called chapter character Christian cited civil colonies comity common law Compare condition considered Constitution continued court derived determined distinction distinguished domicil duties effect enforced English established existence fact force foreign laws founded freedom given held historical independent Indians individual international law judgment judicial juridical jurisdiction jurisprudence justice known law of nations law of nature legislative liberty limits master meaning moral municipal municipal law national law natural law natural reason necessary negroes objects operation origin particular persons political positive law principles private law private persons question received recognition recognized reference regarded relations respect rights and obligations Roman rule of action sense servants slavery slaves society sovereign power sovereignty statutes supposed taken term territorial therein things tion tribunals United universal universal jurisprudence
Página 472 - The general words above quoted would seem to embrace the whole human family, and if they were used in a similar instrument at this day would be so understood. But it is too clear for dispute that the enslaved African race were not intended to be included and formed no part of the people who framed and adopted this Declaration...
Página 520 - The purposes for which men enter into society will determine the nature and terms of the social compact ; and as they are the foundation of the legislative power, they will decide what are the proper objects of it. The nature and ends of legislative power will limit the exercise of it.
Página 127 - It hath sovereign and uncontrollable authority in the making, confirming, enlarging, restraining, abrogating, repealing, reviving, and expounding of laws concerning matters of all possible denominations, ecclesiastical or temporal, civil, military, maritime or criminal; this being the place where that absolute despotic power which must in all governments reside somewhere is intrusted by the Constitution of these kingdoms.
Página 128 - law itself, (says he,) [*91] you at the same time repeal the prohibitory clause, which guards against such repeal ( />)." 10. Lastly, acts of parliament that are impossible to be performed are of no validity : and if there arise out of them collaterally any absurd consequences, manifestly contradictory to common reason, they are, with regard to those collateral consequences, void (32).
Página 280 - That the laws made by them for the purposes aforesaid shall not be repugnant, but, as near as may be, agreeable to the laws of England, and shall be transmitted to the King in Council for approbation, as soon as may be after their passing; and if not disapproved within three years after presentation, to remain in force...
Página 514 - And to be commanded we do consent, when that society whereof we are part hath at any time before consented, without revoking the same after by the like universal agreement. Wherefore as any man's deed past is good as long as himself continueth ; so the act of a -public society of men done five hundred years sithence standeth as theirs who presently are of the same societies, because corporations are immortal ; we were then alive in our predecessors* and they in their successors do live still.
Página 246 - That all men are by nature equally free and independent, and have certain inherent rights, of which, when they enter into a state of society, they cannot by any compact deprive or divest their posterity; namely, the enjoyment of life and liberty, with the means of acquiring and possessing property, and pursuing and obtaining happiness and safety.
Página 463 - But the power of Congress over the person or property of a citizen can never be a mere discretionary power under our Constitution and form of Government.
Página 118 - Our American plantations are principally of this latter sort, being obtained in the last century either by right of conquest and driving out the natives (with what natural justice I shall not at present enquire) or by treaties. And therefore the common law of England, as such, has no allowance or authority there; they being no part of the mother country, but distinct (though dependent) dominions.