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Soldiers who are actuated by the spirit of adventure, the He presents his thanks, in the most serious and affectionFisheries will afford ample and profitable employment : ate manner, to the General Officers, as well for their counAnd the extensive and fertile regions of the West will yield sel on many interesting occasions, as for their ardour in a most happy asylum to those who, fond of domestick enjoy- promoting the success of the plans he had adopted ; to the ment, are seeking personal independence. Nor is it pos- Commandants of Regiments and Corps, and to the Officers sible to conceive that any one of the United States will for their zeal and attention in carrying bis orders promptly prefer a national bankruptcy, and the dissolution of the into execution; to the Staff, for their alacrity and exactUnion, to a compliance with the requisitions of Congress, ness in performing the duties of their several departments; and the payment of its just debts ; so that the Officers and and to the Non-commissioned Officers and Private Soldiers, Soldiers may expect considerable assistance in recommenc- for their extraordinary patience in suffering, as well as their ing their civil occupations, from the sums due to them from invincible fortitude in action. To the various branches of the publick, which must and will most inevitably be paid. the Army the General takes this last and solemn opportu

In order to effect this desirable purpose, and to remove nity of professing his inviolable attachment and friendship: the prejudices which may have taken possession of the He wishes more than bare professions were in his power, minds of any of the good people of the States, it is earnestly that he was really able to be useful to them all in future life; recommended to all the Troops, that, with strong attach- He flatters himself, however, they will do him the justice ments to the Union, they should carry with them into civil to believe, that whatever could with propriety be attemptsociety the most conciliating dispositions ; and that they ed by bim, has been done. And being now to conclude should prove themselves not less virtuous and useful as ci- these his last publick Orders, to take his ultimate leave, in tizens, than they have been persevering and victorious sol- a short time, of the military character, and to bid a final diers. What though there should be some envious indi- adieu to the Armies he has so long had the honour to comviduals, who are unwilling to pay the debt the publick have mand, he can only again offer, in their behalf, his recomcontracted, or to yield the tribute due to merit; yet let mendations to their grateful country, and his prayers to the such unworthy treatment produce no invective, or any in- God of armies. May ample justice be done them here, stance of intemperate conduct; let it be remembered, that and may the choicest of Heaven's favours, both here and the unbiased voice of the free citizens of the United States hereafter, attend those who, under the Divine auspices, has promised the just reward, and given the merited ap- have secured innumerable blessings for others ! With these plause ; let it be known and remembered, that the reputa- wishes, and this benediction, the Commander-in-Chief is tion of the Federal Armies is established beyond the reach about to retire from service. The curtain of separation of malevolence; and let a consciousness of their achieve- will soon be drawn—and the military scene, to him, will be ments, and fame, still excite the men who composed them closed forever. to honourable actions, under the persuasion that the private virtues of economy, prudence, and industry, will not be

To his Excellency General WASHINGTON, Commander-inless amiable in civil life, than the more splendid qualities

Chief of the Armies of the United States of America : of valour, perseverance, and enterprize were in the field. We, the Officers of the part of the Army remaining on Every one may rest assured that much, very much, of the the banks of the Hudson, have received your Excellency's future happiness of the Officers and Men will depend upon serious Farewell Address to the Armies of the United the wise and manly conduct which shall be adopted by States. We beg you to accept our unfeigned thanks for them, when they are mingled with the great body of the the communication, and your affectionate assurances of incommunity. And although the General has so frequent- violable attachment and friendship. If your attempts to ly given it as his opinion, in the most publick and expli- insure to the Armies the just, the promised rewards, of their cit manner, that unless the principles of the Federal Go- long, severe, and dangerous services, have failed of success, vernment were properly supported, and the powers of the we believe it has arisen from causes not in Union increased, the honour, dignity, and justice of the cy's power to control. With extreme regret do we reflect Nation would be lost forever; yet he cannot help re

on the occasion which called for such endeavours. But peating, on this occasion, so interesting a sentiment, and while we thank your Excellency for these exertions in faleaving it as bis last injunction to every Officer, and every vour of the Troops you have so successfully commanded, Soldier, who may view the subject in the same serious point we pray it may be believed, that in this sentiment our own of light, to add his best endeavours to those of his worthy particular interests have but a secondary place; and that fellow-citizens, towards effecting these great and valuable even the ultimate ingratitude of the people, (were that pospurposes, on which our very existence, as a Nation, so ma- sible,) could not shake the patriotism of those who suffer terially depends.

by it. Still, with pleasing wonder and with grateful joy, The Commander-in-Chief conceives little is now want- shall we contemplate the glorious conclusion of our labours. ing to enable the soldier to change the military character To that merit in the Revolution which, under the auspices into that of the citizen, but that steady and decent tenour of Heaven, the Armies have displayed, posterity will do of behaviour, which has generally distinguished not only the justice ; and the sons will blush whose fathers were their Army under bis immediate command, but the different De- foes. tachments and separate Armies, through the course of the Most gladly would we cast a veil on every act which War. From their good sense and prudence he anticipated sullies the reputation of our country-never should the page the happiest consequences : And while he congratulates of history be stained with its dishonour-even from our them on the glorious occasion which renders their services memories should the idea be erased. We lament the opin the field no longer necessary, he wishes to express the position to those salutary measures wbich the wisdom of strong obligations he feels himself under for the assistance the Union has planned ; measures which alone can recover he has received from every class, and in every instance. and fix, on a permanent basis, the credit of the States; mea

your Excellen

us.

sures which are essential to the justice, the honour, and the previous to divesting himself of the supreme command, he interest of the Nation. While she was giving the noblest was about to bid adieu to his comrades in arms. proofs of magnanimity, with conscious pride we saw her This affecting interview took place on the fourth of Degrowing fame; and, regardless of present sufferings, we cember. At noon, the principal Officers of the Army aslooked forward to the end of our toils and dangers, to sembled at France's tavern; soon after which their beloved brighter scenes in prospect. There we beheld the Genius Commander entered the room. His emotions were too of our country dignified by sovereignty and independence, strong to be concealed. Filling a glass, he turned to them supported by justice, and adorned with every liberal virtue. and said, “With a heart full of love and gratitude, I now There we saw patient Husbandry fearless extend her cul- “take leave of you; I most devoutly wish that your lattured fields, and animated Commerce spread her sails to ter days may be as prosperous and happy, as your former every wind. There we beheld fair Science lift her head, “ones have been glorious and honourable.” Having drunk, with all the Arts attendant in her train. There, blest with he added, “I cannot come to each of you to take my leave, Freedom, we saw the human mind expand; and, throwing “but shall be obliged to you, if each of you will come and aside the restraints which confined it to the narrow bounds “take me by the hand.” General Knox, being nearest, of country, it embraced the world. Such were our fond turned to him. Incapable of utterance, WASHINGTON hopes, and with such delightful prospects did they present grasped his hand, and embraced him. In the same affec

Nor are we disappointed. Those animating prospects tionate manner he took leave of each succeeding Officer. are now changed and changing to realities; and actively to In every eye was the tear of dignified sensibility ; and not have contributed to their production is our pride, our glo- a word was articulated to interrupt the majestick silence, ry. But justice alone can give them stability. In that and the tenderness of the scene. Leaving the room, he justice we still believe. Still we hope that the prejudices passed through the Corps of Light Infantry, and walked to of the misinformed will be removed, and the arts of false White-Hall, where a barge waited to convey him to Powles and selfish popularity, addressed to the feelings of avarice, Hook. The whole company followed in mute and solemn defeated : Or, in the worst event, the world, we hope, will procession, with dejected countenances, testifying feelings make the just distinction : We trust the disingenuousness of delicious melancholy, which no language can describe. of a few will not sully the reputation, the honour, and dig- Having entered the barge, he turned to the company, and nity, of the great and respectable majority of the States. waving his bat, bade them a silent adieu. They paid him

We are happy in the opportunity just presented, of con- the same affectionate compliment, and after the barge had gratulating your Excellency on the certain conclusion of left them, returned in the same solemn manner to the place the Definitive Treaty of Peace. Relieved, at length, from where they had assembled. long suspense, our warmest wish is to return to the bosom of our country, to resume the character of citizens; and it will be our highest ambition to become useful ones.

WASHINGTON'S SPEECH ON RESIGNING HIS COMMISSIONTo your Excellency this great event must be peculiarly pleasing: For, while at the head of her Armies, urged by

Annapolis, December 23, 1783. patriot virtues and magnanimity, you persevered, under the

General WASHINGTON having informed Congress of his pressure of every possible difficulty and discouragement, in the pursuit of the great objects of the War—the freedom

intention to resign the Commission he had the honour to and safety of your country; your heart panted for the tran

hold in their service, during the Revolutionary War, they quil enjoyments of Peace. We cordially rejoice with

resolved that it should be done in a publick audience; and

you that the period of indulging them has arrived so soon. In appointed this day for the interesting scene. contemplating the blessings of liberty and independence, moment, General Washington appeared and addressed the rich prize of eight years' hardy adventure, past suffer

the President in the following words: ings will be forgotten; or if remembered, the recollection

Mr. President : will serve to heighten the relish of present happiness. We

The great events,.on which my resignation depended, sincerely pray God this happiness may long be yours ; having at length taken place, I have now the honour of and that when you quit the stage of human life, you may offering my sincere congratulations to Congress, and of receive from the unerring Judge, the rewards of valour ex

presenting myself before them, to surrender into their hands erted to save the oppressed, of patriotism, and disinterested the trust committed to me, and to claim the indulgence of virtue.

retiring from the service of my country. West-Point, November 15, 1783.

Happy in the confirmation of our Independence and Sovereignty, and pleased with the opportunity afforded the United States of becoming a respectable Nation, I

resign, with satisfaction, the appointment I accepted with WASHINGTON TAKES LEAVE OF THE OFFICERS OF THE diffidence; a diffidence in my abilities to accomplish so

arduous a task, which, however, was superceded by a conNew York, December, 1783.

fidence in the rectitude of our cause, the support of the The guards having been posted for the security of the supreme power of the Union, and the patronaye of Heacitizens, General WASHINGTON accompanied by Governour Clinton, and attended by many civil and military Offi- The successful termination of the War has verified the cers, and a large number of respectable inhabitants on horse- most sanguine expectations; and my gratitude for the inback, made his publick entry into the city, where he was terposition of Providence, and the assistance I have rereceived with every mark of respect and attention. His ceived from my countrymen, increases with every review military course was now on the point of terminating; and of the momentous contest.

ANSWER OF THE PRESIDENT OF CONGRESS.

At a proper

ARMY IN NEW-YORK.

ven.

While I repeat my obligations to the Army in general, JNAUGURATION OF GENERAL WASHINGTON, AS PRESIDENT I should do injustice to my own feelings not to acknow

OF THE UNITED STATES-THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH

ANSWER OF THE SENATE-PRESIDENT'S REPLY-ANledge, in this place, the peculiar services and distinguished

SWER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES—THE PREmerits of the gentlemen who have been attached to my SIDENT'S REPLY. person during the War. It was impossible the choice of

New.York, April 30, 1789. confidential Officers, to compose my family, should have

This day the great and illustrious WASHINGTON, the been more fortunate. Permit me, sir, to recommend in

favourite son of Liberty, and deliverer of his country, enparticular, those who have continued in the service to the

tered upon the execution of the office of First Magistrate present moment, as worthy of the favourable notice and

of the United States of America; to which important patronage of Congress.

station he had been unanimously called by the united I consider it as an indispensable duty to close this last

voice of the people. The ceremony which took place solemn act of my official life, by commending the interests

on this occasion was truly grand and pleasing, and every of our dearest country to the protection of Almighty God, heart seemed anxious to testify the joy it felt on so memoand those who have the superintendence of them, to his

rable an event. His Excellency was escorted from his holy keeping

house, by a Troop of Light Dragoons, and the Legion under Having now finished the work assigned me, I retire from

the command of Colonel Lewis, attended by a Committee the great theatre of action, and bidding an affectionate

of the Senate and House of Representatives, to Federal farewell to this august body, under whose orders 1 have so

Hall, where he was formally received by both Houses of long acted, I here offer my Commission, and take my leave

Congress, assembled in the Senate Chamber; after which of all the employments of publick life.

he was conducted to the gallery in front of the Hall, acTo which the President of Congress returned the fol companied by all the Members, when the oath prescribed

by the Constitution was administered to him by the Chanlowing Answer:

cellor of this State, who then said, “ Long live GEORGE

WASHINGTON, President of the United States ;" which Sir: The United States in Congress assembled, receive, with emotions too affecting for utterance, the solemn resig- bled on the occasion, by the loudest plaudit and acclama

was answered by an immense concourse of citizens, assemdation of the authorities under which you have led their tion, that love and veneration ever inspired. He then Troops with success, through a perilous and a doubtful

made the following Speech : War.

Called upon by your country to defend its invaded rights, you accepted the sacred charge, before it had formed Felloro-Citizens of the Senate, and alliances, and whilst it was without funds or a Government

of the House of Representatives : to support you.

Among the vicissitudes incident to life, no event could You have conducted the great military contest with wis- | have blled me with greater anxieties than that of which dom and fortitude, invariably regarding the rights of the the notification was transmitted by your order, and receivcivil power, through all disasters and changes. You have, ed on the fourteenth day of the present month : on the by the love and confidence of your fellow-citizens, enabled one hand, I was summoned by my country, whose voice them to display their martial genius, and transmit their I can never hear but with veneration and love, from a refame to posterity. You have persevered, till these United treat which I had chosen with the fondest predilection and, States, aided by a magnanimous King and Nation, have in my flattering hopes, with an immutable decision, as the been enabled, under a just Providence, to close the War in asylum of my declining years, a retreat which was renfreedom, safety, and independence; on which happy event dered every day more necessary, as well as more dear to we sincerely join you in congratulations.

me, by the addition of habit to inclination, and of frequent Having defended the Standard of Liberty in this new interruptions in my health, to the gradual waste committed world: Having taught a lesson useful to those, who inflict, on it by time. On the other hand, the magnitude and diffiand to those who feel oppression, you retire from the great culty of the trust, to which the voice of my country called theatre of action, with the blessings of your fellow-citi- me, being sufficient to awaken in the wisest and most exzens; but the glory of your virtues will not terminate with perienced of her citizens, a distrustful scrutiny into his your military command; it will continue to animate re- qualifications, could not but overwhelm, with despondence, motest ages.

one, who, inberiting inferiour endowments from nature, and We feel, with you, our obligations to the Army in gen- unpractised in the duties of civil administration, ought to eral, and will particularly charge ourselves with the inter- be peculiarly conscious of his own deficiencies. In this ests of those confidential Officers, who have attended your conflict of emotions, all I dare aver, is, that it has been person to this affecting moment.

my faithful study to collect my duty from a just appreciaWe join you in commending the interests of our dearest tion of every circumstance by which it might be affected. . country to the Almighty God, beseeching him to dispose All I dare hope, is, that if, in executing this task, I have the hearts and minds of its citizens, to improve the oppor- been too much swayed by a grateful remembrance of former tunity afforded them of becoming a happy and respectable instances, or by an affectionate sensibility to this transcenNation. And for you, we address to him our earnest dent proof of the confidence of my fellow-citizens, and prayers, that a life so beloved, may be fostered with all have thence too little consulted my incapacity as well as his care; that your days may be happy as they have been disinclination for the weighty and untried cares before me, illustrious; and that he will finally give you that reward my errour will be palliated by the motives which misled which this world cannot give.

me, and its consequences be judged by my country, with some share of the partiality in which they originated.

Such being the impressions under which I have, in obe- and the solid rewards of publick prosperity and felicit;: dience to the publick summons, repaired to the present since we ought to be no less persuaded, that the propitious station, it would be peculiarly improper to omit in this first smiles of Heaven can never be expected on a Nation that official act, my fervent supplications to that Almighty disregards the eternal rules of order and right, which HeaBeing who rules over the Universe—who presides in the ven itself has ordained : and since the preservation of the Councils of Nations and whose Providential aids can sacred fire of Liberty, and the destiny of the republican supply every human defect, that his benediction may con- model of Government, are justly considered as deeply, secrate to the liberties and happiness of the People of the perhaps, as finally staked, on the experiment intrusted to United States, a Government instituted by themselves for the hands of the American People. these essential purposes: and may enable every instrument, Besides the ordinary objects submitted to your care, it employed in its administration, to execute with success will remain with your judgement to decide, how far an the functions allotted to his charge. In tendering this exercise of the occasional power, delegated by the fifth homage to the great Author of every publick and private article of the Constitution, is rendered expedient at the good, I assure myself that it expresses your sentiments present juncture, by the nature of objections which have not less than my own, nor those of my fellow-citizens at been urged against the system, or by the degree of inlarge, less than either. No people can be bound to acknow- quietude which has given birth to them. Instead of underledge and adore the invisible hand, which conducts the taking particular recommendations on this subject, in which affairs of men, more than the People of the United States. I could be guided by no lights derived from official opporEvery step by which they have advanced to the character tunities, I shall again give way to my entire confidence in of an independent Nation, seems to have been distin- your discernment and pursuit of the publick good; for I asguished by some token of providential agency. And, in sure myself that whilst you carefully avoid every alteration the important revolution just accomplished, in the system which might endanger the benefits of an united and effectof their united Government, the tranquil deliberations and ive Government, or which ought to await the future lesvoluntary consent of so many distinct communities, from sons of experience; a reverence for the characteristick which the event has resulted, cannot be compared with the rights of freemen, and a regard for the publick barmony, means, by which most Governments have been established, will sufficiently influence your deliberations on the question, without some return of pious gratitude, along with a hum- how far the former can be more impregnably fortified, or ble anticipation of the future blessings which the past seems the latter be safely and advantageously promoted. to presage. These reflections, arising out of the present To the preceding observations I have one to add, which crisis, have forced themselves too strongly on my mind to will be most properly addressed to the House of Reprebe suppressed. You will join with me, I trust, in thinking sentatives. It concerns myself, and will, therefore, be as that there are none under the influence of which, the pro- brief as possible. When I was first honoured with a call ceedings of a new and free Government can more auspi- into the service of my country, then on the eve of an ciously commence.

arduous struggle for its liberties, the light in which I conBy the article establishing the Executive Department, it templated my duty required that I should renounce every is made the duty of the President “ to recommend to your pecuniary compensation. From this resolution I have in " consideration, such measures as he shall judge necessary no instance departed. And being still under the impres“ and expedient." The circumstances under which I now sions which produced it, I must decline, as inapplicable to meet you, will acquit me from entering into that subject, myself, any share in the personal emoluments, which may farther than to refer you to the great constitutional charter be indispensably included in a permanent provision for the under which you are assembled; and which, in defining Executive Department; and must, accordingly, pray that your powers, designates the objects to which your attention

the pecuniary estimates for the station in which I am is to be given. It will be more consistent with those cir-placed, may, during my continuance in it, be limited to cumstances, and far more congenial with the feelings which such actual expenditures as the publick good may be actuate me, to substitute, in place of a recommendation of thought to require. particular measures, the tribute that is due to the talents, Having thus imparted to you my sentiments, as they the rectitude, and the patriotism which adorn the charac- have been awakened by the occasion which brings us toters selected to devise and adopt them. In these honour-gether, 1 shall take my present leave; but not without reable qualifications, I behold the surest pledges, that as, on sorting once more to the benign Parent of the human race one side, no local prejudices, or attachments, no separate in bumble supplication, that since he has been pleased to views, nor party animosities, will misdirect the comprehen- favour the American People, with opportunities for delibsive and equal eye which ought to watch over this great erating in perfect tranquillity, and dispositions for deciding assemblage of communities and interests; so on another, with unparalleled unanimity on a form of Government, for that the foundations of our national policy will be laid in the security of their Union, and the advancement of their the pure and immutable principles of private morality; and happiness; so his divine blessing may be equally conspithe pre-eminence of free Government, be exemplified by cuous in the enlarged views, the temperate consultations, all the attributes which can win the affections of its citizens, and the wise measures on which the success of this Goand command the respect of the world. I dwell on this vernment must depend.

Go. WASHINGTON. prospect with every satisfaction, which an ardent love for my country can inspire: since there is no truth more tho- Sır. We, the Senate of the United States, return you roughly established, than that there exists in the economy our sincere thanks for your excellent Speech, delivered to and course of nature, an indissoluble union between virtue both Houses of Congress, congratulate you on the comand happiness, between duty and advantage, between the plete organization of the Federal Government, and felicigenuine maxims of an honest and magnanimous policy, tate ourselves and our fellow-citizens, on your elevation to the office of President, an office highly important by the GENTLEMEN : I thank you for your Address, in which powers constitutionally annexed to it, and extremely hon- the most affectionate sentiments are expressed in the most ourable from the manner in which the appointment is made. obliging terms. The coincidence of circumstances which The unanimous suffrage of the elective body in your fa- led to this auspicious crisis ; the confidence reposed in me vour, is peculiarly expressive of the gratitude, confidence by my fellow-citizens, and the assistance I may expect and affection of the citizens of America, and is the highest from counsels which will be dictated by an enlarged and testimonial at once of your merit, and of their esteem. We liberal policy, seem to presage a more prosperous issue to are sensible, sir, that nothing but the voice of your fellow- my administration, than a diffidence of my abilities had citizens could have called you from a retreat, chosen by taught me to anticipate. I now feel myself inexpressibly the fondest predilection, endeared by habit, and consecra- happy in a belief, that Heaven, which has done so much ted to the repose of declining years. We rejoice, and with for our infant Nation, will not withdraw its providential inus, all America, that, in obedience to the call of our common Auence before our political selicity shall have been complecountry, you have returned once more to publick life. In ted; and in a conviction that the Senate will, at all times, you all parties confide, in you all interests unite, and we co-operate in every measure which may tend to promote have no doubt that your past services, great as they have the welfare of the confederated Republick. been, will be equalled by your future exertions; and that Thus supported by a firm trust in the great Arbiter of your prudence and sagacity as a statesman, will tend to avert the Universe, aided by the collected wisdom of the Union, the dangers to which we were exposed, to give stability to and imploring the divine benediction on our joint exertions the present Government, and dignity and splendour to that in the service of our country, I readily engage with you in country, which your skill and valour as a soldier, so emi. the arduous but pleasing task of attempting to make a Nanently contributed to raise to independence and empire. tion happy

Go. Washingtox. When we contemplate the coincidence of circumstances, and wonderful combination of causes, which gradually pre- Sır: The Representatives of the People of the United pared the people of this country for independence; when States, present their congratulations on the event by which we contemplate the rise, progress, and termination of the your fellow-citizens have attested the pre-eminence of your late war, which gave them a name among the nations of merit. You have long held the first place in their esteem; the earth, we are, with you, unavoidably led to acknow- you have often received tokens of their affection; you ledge and adore the great Arbiter of the Universe, by whom now possess the only proof that remained of their gratitude Empires rise and fall. A review of the many signal in- for your services, of their reverence for your wisdom, and stances of Divine interposition in favour of this country, of their confidence in your virtues. You enjoy the highclaims our most pious gratitude. And permit us, sir, to est, because the truest honour, of being the First Magisobserve, that among the great events which have led to the

trate, by the unanimous choice of the freest People on the formation and establishment of a Federal Government, we face of the earth. esteem your acceptance of the office of President, as one We well know the anxieties with which you must have of the most propitious and important.

obeyed the summons, from the repose reserved for your In execution of the trust reposed in us, we shall endea- declining years, into publick scenes, of which you had vour to pursue that enlarged and liberal policy, to which taken your leave forever; but the obedience was due to your Speech so happily directs. We are conscious that the occasion. It is already applauded by the universal the prosperity of each State is inseparably connected with joy which welcomes you to your station, and we cannot the welfare of all, and that in promoting the latter, we shall doubt that it will be rewarded with all the satisfaction, with effectually advance the former. In full persuasion of this which an ardent love for your sellow-citizens must review truth, it shall be our invariable aim to divest ourselves of successful efforts to promote their happiness. local prejudices and attachments, and to view the great as- This anticipation is not justified merely by the past exsemblage of communities and interests committed to our perience of your signal services. It is particularly sugcharge with an equal eye. We feel, sir, the force, and ac- gested by the pious impressions under which you comknowledge the justice of the observation, that the founda- mence your administration, and the enlightened maxims tion of our national policy should be laid in private mora- by which you mean to conduct it. We feel with

you

the lity. If individuals be not influenced by moral principles, strongest obligations to adore the invisible hand which has it is in vain to look for publick virtue, it is, therefore, the led the American People through so many difficulties, to duty of legislators to enforce, both by precept and exam- cherish a conscious responsibility for the destiny of Repubple, the utility, as well as the necessity, of a strict adhe- lican Liberty, and to seek the only sure means of preservrence to the rules of distributive justice. We beg you to ing and recommending the precious deposite in a system of be assured, that the Senate will, at all times, cheerfully co- legislation, founded on the principles of an honest policy, operate in every measure, which may strengthen the Union, and directed by the spirit of a diffusive patriotism. conduce to the happiness, or secure and perpetuate the li- The question arising out of the fifth article of the Conberties of this great confederated Republick.

stitution, will receive all the attention demanded by its We commend you, sir, to the protection of Almighty importance, and will, we trust, be decided under the inGod, earnestly beseeching him long to preserve a lise so Auence of all the considerations to which you allude. . valuable and dear to the people of the United States; and In forming the pecuniary provisions for the Executive that your Administration may be prosperous to the Nation, Department, we shall not lose sight of a wish resulting and glorious to yourself.

from motives which give it a peculiar claim to our regard. Signed by order :

John Adams,

Your resolution, in a moment critical to the liberties of President of the Senate of the United States. your country, to renounce all personal emolument, was IN SENATE, May 16, 1789.

among the many presages of your patriotiok services,

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