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ing to the restored text of Manetho ;* and a canon of the Assyrian, Persian, Greek, and Roman kings, according to the Ptolemaic Canon, as preserved and continued by Theon, down to the end of the second Sothic Cycle, which terminated A. D. 138 of the common era, or A. D. 135 of the true era. To the first of these we add the year from the Exodus: to the second, the year of the Egyptian empire ; to the third, the year of the era of Nabonassar; and to all the corresponding years B. C.

JUDGES OF ISRAEL AND KINGS OF JUDAH.

B. C.

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Exodus,
Death of Moses, Ex. 7:7, Deut. 34 :7, :
Joshua and elders,
First Servitude, in Mesopotamia, Judg. 3:8,
Othniel, 3:11,
Second Servitude, to Moab, 3: 14,
Ehud, 3:30,
Third Servitude, to Moab, 4:3,
Deborah and Barak, 5:31,
Fourth Servitude, to Midian, 6:

5:1,
Gideon, 8:28,
Abimelech, 9 : 22,
Tola, 10:2,
Jair, 10:3,
Fifth Servitude, to Philistines, 10:8,
Jeptha, 12:7,
Ibzan, 12:9,
Elon, 12:11,
Abdon, 12:14,
Sixth Servitude, to Philistines, 13:1,

1620 1580 1563 1555 1515 1497 1417 1397 1357 1350 1310 1307 1284 1262 1244 1238 1231 1221 1213 1173

65 105 123 203 223 263 270 310 313 336 358 376 382 389 399 407 447

40

3 23 22 18 6 7 10

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8 40

the chronology of St. Paul, Acts xiii, gives to the wanderings in the wilderness, forty years, to the judges four hundred and fifty years, to Saul forty, to David forty, and to Solomon four years; that is, five hundred and seventy years from the Exodus, to the building of the temple, exclusive of the time which Samuel judged Israel

the death of Eli, before the accession of Saul, which is generally reckoned twenty or twenty two years ; making the whole period five hundred and ninety two years. (2.) The chronology which Josephus followed gave five hundred and ninety two years. (Ant. 8:3. 1.) (3.) The Jews in China, who separated from their brethren in the first century of the christian era also read five hundred and ninety two years. Jabn, Heb. Com. c. 4. $33. N. 1; on authority of Michaelis, Alt. Orient. Bibl. Th. V. No. 71, S. 81, etc.

* The correction, or restoration of the text of Manetho, was made in Vol. 9, pp. 198—210. The principle of correction was deduced from the history and present state of the text of Manetho, and consisted in comparing all the copies of his lists of kings, as preserved in the various historians, and assuming the highest number of years given to the reign of each king, as the probable oriGINAL number of Manetho. † This number is no where tely settled

cripture. The best chronologists assign to it 17 years.

*

Eli, 1 Sam. 4:18,
Samuel,
Saul, Acts 13:21,
David, 1 Kings 2:11,
Solomon, 11:42,
Rehoboam, 14:21,
Abijam, 15:2,
Asa, 15:10, .
Jehoshaphat, 22:42,
Jehoram, 2 Kings 8:17,
Ahaziah, 8:26,
Athaliah, 11:3,
Joash, 12:1,
Amaziah, 14:2,
Interregnum,t.
Azariah, 15:2,
Jotham, 15:33,
Ahas, 16:2,
Hezekiah, 18:2
Mannasseh, 21:1,
Ammon, 21:19,
Josiah, 22:1,
Jehoakim, 23:36,
Zedekiah, 24:18,

40 20 40 40 40 17

3 41 25 8 1 6 40 29 11 52 16 16 29 55

2 31 11 11

487 507 547 587 627 644 647 688 713 721 722 728 768 797 808 $60 876 892 921 976 978 1009 1020 1031

B. C. 1133 1113 1073 1033 993 976 973 932 907 899 898 892 852 823 812 760

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699 644 642 611 600 589

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2338

No names are given by Manetho in this dynasty,

1 but its extent is limited by dates in the Cynic Cycle to 257 years,

2081

257 SEVENTEENTH DYNASTY, 284, (alone 160.) 1. Salatis,

19 276 2. Beon,

44 320 3. Pachman,

61 381 4. Staan,

50 431

2062 2018 1957 1907

* The same may be said here, as in the preceding note.

+ The interregnum is rejected by Calmet, but retained by Usher and Hales. But the principles upon which we proceed, that of taking the chronology of the Bible according to the literal reading of the text, compels us to admit it. The proof is made out thus :—Jehoash of Israel, reigned sirteen years, (2 K. 13:10.) Amaziah of Judah began to reign in the 20 year of Jehoash, and reigned twenty nine years, (2 K. 14:1, 2.); that is, fifteen years after the death of Jehoash, (2 K. 14 : 16.) Jehoash was succeeded by Jereboam, who was cotemporary with Amaziah fifteen years. Amaziah was slain by conspirators, and was subsequently succeeded by his son Azariah, in the 27th year of Jeroboam, (2 K. 15:1.); that is, eleven years after his father's death.

Y. E. E.

B. C.

(with) EIGHTEENTH DYNASTY,

124.* 1. Amosis,

25 442 1896 2. Chebron,

13

455 1883 3. Amenophis,

24 479 1858 5. Arcbles,

49 480 1859 4. Amersis,

22 501 1837 5. Mephres,

13

514 1824 6. Mephramuthosis,

26 540 1798 7. Tethmosis,

1 541 1797 6. Aphobis,

61 541 1797 EIGHTEENTH DYNASTY, (alone) 178. 7. Tethmosis (alone),

7 548 1790 8. Amenophis,

31 579 1759 9. Horus,

37 616 1722 10. Acherres, Pithom ?

32 648 1690 11. Rathos,

12 660 1678 12. Acencheres I, Raamses?

18 678 1660 13. Acencheres II,

15 693 1645 14. Armais,

5 698 1640 15. Ramesses,

1 699 1639 16. Menophes,

19 718 1620 NINETEENTH DYNASTY,

264

years. 1. Sethos, Sesostris,t

55 774 1565 2. Rhapsis,

66 840 1499 3. Amenophis,

40 880 1459 4. Ramses,

60 940 1399 5. Ammemnes,

26 966 1373 6. Thouris,

973 1366 TWENTIETH DYNASTY, 228.1 No names are given in this dynasty. The old

chronicle gives 228— Afric. 135—Euseb. Gr. text, 178–Arm. 172.

1201 1138 TWENTY FIRST DYNASTY, 135. 1. Smendes,

26

1227 1112 * See Vol. 9, pp. 204—206, for the reasons of this classification. † For the authority for making Sethos and Sesostris identical, see ante pp. 281–285, Sesostris the Hornet of Exodus, 23 : 28, Deut. 7:20, Josh. 24 : 12. Comp. also Ker. B. 2: cc. 102–210.

# This dynasty covers the era of the Trojan war; and hence it is in vain to seek the Proteus of the Greeks, or any of his immediate predecessors or successors, in any of Manetho's lists. This dynasty, according to the chronology of Manetho, extended from B. C. 1366 to B. c. 1138; and Troy was taken, according to Eratosthenes, Dionysius Argivus, P. Cato, Dionysius Halicar., Diod. Sic., Tatian and Eusebius, B. C. 1103 ; according to Apollodorus Solinus, and the Greek chronologists referred to by Eusebius, 1184 ; but Timæus says, 1193; Parian Chronicle, 1209 ; Diæarchus, 1212; the life of Homer, ascribed to Herodotus, 1270; and Duris Samis, 1335. Of these fifteen historians, it will be seen that all place the Trojan war within the period covered by this dynasty.

.

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7. 8. 9,

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2. Psousenes I,

46 3. Nepherceres,

4 4. Amenophes,

9 5. Osochor,

6 6. Psinaches,

9 7. Psousenes II,

35 TWENTY SECOND DYNASTY, 116. 1. Sesonchis or Shishak,

21 2. Osorthon or Zerah,

15 3. 4. 5, .

25 6. Tacellothis,

13

42 TWENTY THIRD DYNASTY, 90. 1. Petubastes,

40 2. Osorthon,

9 3. Psammis,

10 4. Zeet, .

31 TWENTY FOURTH DYNASTY, 46. Bocchoris [Bocchoris, Diod. S. 1:5.),

46 TWENTY FIFTH DYNASTY, 46. 1. Sabacon, [Saback. Diod. S. 1:5.), 12 2. Sevechus, So (Sethos. Her. 2: 141.), 14 3. Taracus, Tirhahah,

20 TWENTY SIXTH DYNASTY, 185. 1. Ammeris,

18 2. Stephanathis,

7 3. Nechepsus,

6 4. Necho I,

8 5. Psaminetichus,

54 6. Necho II,

6 7. Psammuthis,

17 8. Vaphres, Hophrah,

25 9. Amasis,

44 TWENTY SEVENTH DYNASTY, 117. 1. Darius I, Hystaspes,

36 2. Xerxes, Ahasuerus, 3. Artaxerxes, Longiamus,

41 4. Darius II, Nothus,

19 TWENTY EIGHTH DYNASTY, 6. Amyrtæus,

6

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21

1855 1876 1917 1936

422

403

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14 16

21

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1 Nabonassar, from 746 B. C. 2. Nadius, 3. Chinzirus and Porus, Shalmanasar, , 4. Jugæus, 5. Mardocempadus, Senacherib, 6. Archianus, 7. Interregnum, 8. Belibus, 9. Apronadius, 10. Rigebelus, 11. Messessimordachus, 12. Interregnum, 13. Assaradinus, 14. Saosduchæus, 15. Chunilidanus, 16. Nabocolassarus, 17. Nabocolassarus, or Nebuchodnezzar, 18. Iluarodamus, or Evil-Merodach, 19. Niricassolassarus, or Belshazzar, 20. Nabonadius, or Darius Astyages

26 38 43 45 48 54

14 2 5 5 12 5 2 3 6 1 4 8 13 20

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పనిని 20నించాలని

732 730 725 720 708 703 701 698 692 691 687 679 666 646 624 603 560 558 554 537

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22

59 67 80 100 122 143 186 188 192 209

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