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Of the executive,
of the United States to make any regulation respecting such Indians, their lands, property, or other rights, by treaty, law or otherwise, which it would have been competent to the government to make if this act had never passed.
Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, That the executive power and authority in and over said Territory of Kansas, shall be vested in a Governor, who shall hold his office for four years, and until his successor shall be appointed and qualified, unless sooner removed by the President of the United States. The Governor shall reside within said Territory, and shall be commander-in-chief of the Militia thereof. He may grant pardons and respites for offences against the laws of said Territory, and reprieves for offences against the laws of the United States, until the decision of the President can be made known thereon; he shall commission all officers who shall be appointed to office under the laws of the said Territory, and shall take care that the
laws be faithfully executed. ::: Secretary, du- Sec. 21. And be it Birther enacted, That there shall be a
Secretary of said Territory, who shall reside therein, and hold his office for five years, unless sooner removed by the President of the United States ; he shall record and preserve all the laws and proccedings of the Legislative Assembly hereinafter constitutell, and all the acts and proceedings of the Governor in his 'exccutire department; he shall transmit one copy of the laws and journals of the Legislative Assembly within thirty days after the end of each session, and one copy of the executive proceedings and official correspondence semi-annually, on the first days of January and July in each year, to the President of the United States ; and two copies of the laws to the President of the Senate and to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, to be deposited in the libraries of Congress; and in case of the death, removal, resignation or absence of the Governor from the Territory, the Secretary shall be, and he is hereby authorized and required, to execute and perform all the powers and duties of the Governor during such vacancy, or absence, or until another Governor shall be duly appointed and qualified to fill such vacancy
Sec. 22. And be it further enacted, That the legislative power and authority of said Territory shall be vested in the Governor and a Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Assembly shall consist of a Council and House of Representatives. The Council skall consist of thirteen members, having the qualifications of voters, as hereinafter prescribed, whose term of service shall continue two years. The House of Representatives shall, at its first session, consist of twenty-six members, possessing the same qualifications as prescribed for members of the Council, and whose term of service shall continue one year. The number of representatives may be increased by the Legislative Assembly, from time to time, in proportion to the increase of qualified voters: Provided, that the whole number shall never exceed thirty-nine. An apportionment shall be made, as
Legislative power, &c.
nearly equal as practicable, among the several counties or districts, for the election of the council and representatives, giving to each section of the Territory representation in the ratio
of its qualified voters, as nearly as may be. And the members of the Council and of the House of Representatives shall reside in, and be inhabitants of, the district, or county or counties, for which they may be elected, respectively. Previous to the first election, the Governor shall cause a census, or enumeration of the inhabitants and qualified voters of the several counties and districts of the Territory, to be taken by such persons, and in such mode as the Governor shall designate and appoint; and the person so appointed shall receive a reasonable compensation therefor. And the first election shall be held at such time and places, and be conducted in such manner, both as to the persons who shall superintend such clection and the returns thereof, as the Governor shall appoint and direct; and he shall, at the same time, declare the number of members of the Council and House of Representatives to which each of the counties or districts shall be entitled under this act. The persons having the highest number of legal votes in each of said council districts for members of the Council, shall be declared by the Governor to be duly elected to the Council; and the persons having the highest number of legal votes for the House of Representatives, shall be declared by the Governor to be duly elected members of said Ilouse: Provided, Proviso. that in case two or more persons voted for shall have an equal number of votes, and in case a vacancy shall otherwise occur in either branch of the Legislative Assembly, the Governor shall order a new election ; and the persons thus elected to the Legislative Assembly, shall meet at such place and on such day as the Governor shall appoint; but thereafter, the time, place, and manner of holding and conducting all elections by the people, and the apportioning the representation in the several counties or districts, to the Council and House of Representatives, according, to the number of qualified voters, shall be prescribed by law, as well as the day of the commencement of the regular sessions of the Legislative Assembly: Provided, that no session, in any Proviso. one year, shall exceed the term of forty days, except the first session, which may continue sixty days.
SEC. 23. And be it further enacted, That every free white Eligibility to male inhabitant above the age of twenty-one years, who shall be office. an actual resident of said Territory, and shall possess the qualifications hereinafter prescribed, shall be entitled to vote at the of voters. first election, and shall be eligible to any office within the said Territory ; but the qualifications of voters, and of holding office, at all subsequent elections, shall be such as shall be prescribed by the Legislative Assembly: Provided, that the right of suf- Proviso. frage and of holding office shall be exercised only by citizens of the United States and those who shall have declared on oath their intention to become such, and shall have taken an oath to support the Constitution of the United States, and the provisions of this Act : And provided further, that no officer, soldier, sea
Qualifications Powers, &c.
man, or marine, or other person in the army or navy of the United States, or attached to troops in the service of the United States, shall be allowed to vote or hold office in said Territory, by reason of being on service therein.
Sec. 24. And be it further enacted, That the legislative power of the Territory shall extend to all rightful subjects of legislation, consistent with the Constitution of the United States and the provisions of this Act; but no law shall be passed interfering with the primary disposal of the soil; no tax shall be imposed upon the property of the United States ; nor shall the lands
or other property of non-residents be taxed higher than the lands Proceedings on or other property of residents. Every bill which shall have passed Governor's the Council and House of Representatives of the said Territory,
shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the Governor of the Territory; if he approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it with his objections to the House in which it originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, two-thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But in all such cases, the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, to be entered on the Journal of each House, respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the Governor within three days-Sundays excepted-after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Assembly, by adiournment, prevent its return, in which case it
shall not be a law. Township, dis- Sec. 25. And be il further enacted, That all township, dis17 officers, how trict, and county officers, not herein otherwise provided for, shall
be appointed or elected, as the case may be, in such manner as shall be provided by the Governor and Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Kansas. The Governor shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council, appoint all officers not herein otherwise provided for; and in the first instance the Governor alone may appoint all said officers, who shall hold their offices until the end of the first session of the Legislative Assembly; and shall lay off the necessary districts for members of the Council and House of Representatives, and all other officers.
SEC. 26. And be it further enacted, That no member of the shall not hold Legislative Assembly shall hold, or be appointed to any office
which shall have been created, or the salary or emoluments of which sh have been increased while he was a member, during the term for which he was elected, and for one year after the expiration of such term, but this restriction shall not be applicable to members of the first Legislative Assembly; and no person holding a commission or appointment under the United States, except postmasters, shall be a member of the Legislative Assembly, or shall hold any office under the government of said Territory.
Members of the
Sec. 27. And be it further enacted, That the judicial power Judiciary. of said Territory shall be vested in a Supreme Court, District Courts, Probate Courts, and in Justices of the Peace. The Supreme Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and two Associate Justices, any two of whom shall constitute a quorum, and who shall hold a term at the seat of Government of said Territory annually, and they shall hold their offices during the period of four years, and until their successors shall be appointed and qualified. The said Territory shall be divided into three Judicial Districts, and a District Court shall be held in each of said districts by one of the Justices of the Supreme Court, at such times and places as may be prescribed by law; and the said Judges shall, after their appointments, respectively reside in the district which shall be assigned them. The jurisdiction of the several Courts herein provided for, both appellate and original, and that of the Probate Courts, and of Justices of the Peace, shall be as limited by law; Provided, that Justices of the Peace shall not have jurisdiction of any matter in controversy when the title or boundaries of land may be in dispute, or where the debt or sum claimed shall exceed one hundred dollars ; and the said Supreme and District Courts, respectively, shall possess chancery as well as common law jurisdiction. Each District Court or the Judge thereof, shall appoint its clerk, who shall also be the register in chancery, and shall keep his office at the place where the Court may be held. Writs of error, bills of exception and appeals shall be allowed in all cases from the final decisions of said District Courts, to the Supreme Court, under such regulations as may be prescribed by law; but in no case removed to the Supreme Court, shall trial by jury be allowed in said Court. The Supreme Court, or the Courte to apJustices thereof, shall appoint its own clerk, and every clerk shall clerks. hold his office at the pleasure of the Court for which he shall have been appointed." Writs of error and appeals from the final Appeals. decisions of said Supreme Court shall be allowed, and may be taken to the Supreme Court of the United States, in the same manner and under the same regulations as from the Circuit Courts of the United States, where the value of the property, or the amount in controversy, to be ascertained by the oath or affirmation of either party, or other competent witness, shall exceed one thousand dollars ; except only that in all cases involving title to slaves, the said writs of error or appeals shall be allowed and decided by said Supreme Court, without regard to the value of the matter, property, or title in controversy; and except also that a writ of error or appeal shall also be allowed to the Supreme Court of the United States, from the decision of the said Supreme Court created by this Act, or of any judge thereof, or of the District Courts created by this Act, or of any judge thereof, upon any writ of habeas corpus, involving the question of personal freedom: Provided, that nothing here- Proviso. in contained shall be construed to apply to or effect the provisions of the “Act respecting fugitives from justice, and persons escaping from the services of their masters," approved February twelfth,
Fngitive glave law in force.
seventeen hundred and ninety-three, and the “Act to amend, and supplementary to the aforesaid act,” approved September eighteenth eighteen hundred and fifty; and each of the said District Courts shall have and exercise the same jurisdiction, in all cases arising under the constitution and laws of the United States, as is vested in the Circuit and District Courts of the United States ; and the said Supreme and District Courts of the said Territory, and the respective judges thereof, shall and may grant writs of habeas corpus in all cases in which the same are granted by the Judges of the United States in the District of Columbia ; and the first six days of every term of said Courts, or so much thereof as may be necessary, shall be appropriated to the trial of causes arising under the said constitution and laws, and writs of error and appeal in all such cases shall be made to the Supreme Court of said Territory, the same as in other cases. The said clerk shall receive the same fees in all such cases which the clerks of the District Courts of Utah Territory now receive for similar services.
Sec. 28. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of the act entitled “An act respecting fugitives from justice, and persons escaping from the service of their masters," approred February twelfthi, seventeen hundred and ninety-three, and the provisions of the act entitled “An act to amend, and supplementary to the aforesaid act," approved September eighteenth, eighteen hundred and fifty, be, and the same are hereby declared to extend to, and to be in full force, within the limits of the said Territory of Kansas.
Sec. 29. And be it further enacted, That there shall be appointed an Attorney for said Territory, who shall continue in office for four years, and until his successor shall be appointed and qualified, unless sooner removed by the President and who shall receive the same fees and salary as the Attorney of the United States for the present Territory of Utah. There shall also be a Marshal for the Territory appointed, who shall hold his office for four years, and until his successor shall be appointed and qualified, unless sooner removed by the President, and who shall execute all processes issuing from the said Courts when exercising their jurisdiction as Circuit and District Courts of the United States; he shall perform the duties, be subject to the same regulations and penalties, and be entitled to the same fees as the Marshal of the District Court of the United States for the present Territory of Utah, and shall, in addition, be paid two hundred dollars annually, as a compensation for extra services.
Sec. 30. And be it further enacted, That the Governor, appointed,
Secretary, Chief Justice and Associate Justices, Attorney and Marshal, shall be nominated, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appointed by the President of the United States. The Governor and Secretary to be appointed as aforesaid, shall, before they act as such, respectively take an oath or affirmation before the District Judge, or some Justice of the