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TOSEPH of Arimathea, or of Ranatha, 1 The Greek church keeps the festival of
Rama, or Ramula, a city between Joppa | Joseph of Arimathea, July 31. and Jerusalem, was a Jewish senator, and privately a disciple of Jesus Christ : he was
We do not meet with his name in the old not consenting to the designs of the rest
Latin Martyrologies ; nor was it inserted in of the Jews, particularly the members of
the Roman till after the year 1585. The the Sanhedrim, who condemned and put
body of Joseph of Arimathea, was, it said, Jesus to death : and when our Saviour was brought to the abbey of Moyenmontier, by dead, he went boldly to Pilate, and desired
Fortunatus, archbishop of Grada ; to which the body of Jesus, in order to bury it. This
Charlemaign bad given this monastery, unhe obtained ; and accordingly buried it,
der the denomination of a benefice. His after an honourable manner, in a sepulchre
remains were honoured till the tenth age : newly made in a garden : which was upon
but then the monastery being given to cathe same mount Calvary where Jesus had
nons, who continued seventy years there, been crucified. After he had placed it there,
the relics were carried away by some foreign he closed the entrance of it with a stone cut
monks ; and so lost with many others. particularly for this purpose, and which exactly filled the open part of it.
ICODEMUS, one of the disciples of | way to eternal salvation. Jesus told him, I our blessed Saviour, was a Jew by na- | that no one would see the kingdom of tion, and by sect a Pharisee. The gospel heaven, except he should be born again. calls him a Ruler of the Jews ; and Christ Nicodemus, taking this in the literal sense, gives him the name of a Master of Israel. I made answer, How can a man be born When our Saviour began to manifest him. / agaiu ? Can he enter a second time into bis self by his miracles at Jerusalem, at the mother's womb ? To which Jesus replied, li first passover which he celebrated there after a man be not born again of water and the his baptism, Nicodemus made no doubt but spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of that he was the Blessiah, and came to him God. That which is born of the resh, is by night, that he might learn of bim the flesh ; and that which is born of the spirit, No. 24.
prophet come out of Galilee. After this the council was dismissed. At last Nicodemus declared himself openly a disciple of Jesus Christ, when he came, with Joseph of Arimathea, to pay the last duties to the body of Christ crucified : which they took down from the cross, embalmed, and laid in the sepulchre.
is spirit. Nicodemus asked him, How can these things be ? Jesus answered ; 66 Art thou a master of Israel, and ignorant of these things? We tell you what we know, and you receive not our testimony. If you believe not common things, and which may be called earthly, how will you believe me if I spake to you of heavenly things ? And as Moses lifted up the brazen serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up on high : for God has so loved the world that he has given his only Son ; so that no man who believes in him shall perish, but shall have eternal life : for God sent his Son into the world, that the world through him might be saved.”
Nicodemus received baptism from the disciples of Christ; but it is uncertain whether before or after his passion.
After this conversation, Nicodemus became a disciple of Jesus Christ; and there is no doubt to be made but he came to hear him, as often as our Saviour came to Jerusalem. It happened, on a time, that the Priests and Pharisees had sent officers to seize Jesus, who returned to them, and made this report, that never man spoke as he did ; to which the Pharisees replied, 6. Are you also of his disciples ?. Is there any one of the Elders or Pharisees that have believed in him ?" Then Nicodemus thought himself obliged to make answer, saying, does the law permit us to condemn any one before he is heard ? To which they replied, Are you also a Galilean ? Read the scriptures, and you will find that never any
The Jews being informed of this, deposed him from his dignity of senator, excommunicated, and drove him from Jerusalem. It is said also, that they would have put him to death : but that in consideration of Gamaliel, who was his uncle, or cousin-german, they contented themselves with beating him almost to death, and plundering his goods.
Gamaliel conveyed him to his countryhouse, and provided bim with what was necessary for his support; and when he died, Gamaliel buried him honourably near St. Stephen.
His body was discovered in 415, together with those of St. Stephen and Gamaliel ; and the Latin church pays honour to all three, on the third of August.
TOHN MARK, cousin to St. Barnabas with John Mark, to the isle of Cyprus.
and a disciple of his, was the son of a What John Mark did after this journey we Christian woman, named Mary, who had a do not know, till we find him at Rome in house in Jerusalem, where the apostles and | the year 63, performing signal service for the faithful generally used to meet. Here St. Paul during his imprisonment.. they were at prayers in the night, when St.
The apostle speaks advantageously of him Peter, who was delivered out of prison by
! in his epistle to the Colossians, Marcus, the angel, came and knocked at the door :
sister's son to Barnabas, saluteth you. If and in this house the celebrated church of
he cometh unto you, receive him. He makes Sion was said to have been afterwards esta
mention of him again in his epistle to Phileblished.
mon, written in the year 62, at which time John Mark, whom some very improper he was with St. Paul at Rome; but in the ly confound with the evangelist, St. Mark, year 65 he was with Timothy in Asia. And adhered to St. Paul and St. Barnabas, and St. Paul writing to Timothy, desires him to followed them in their return to Antioch ; bring Marcus to Rome ; adding, that he he continued in their company and service was useful to him for the ministry of the till they came to Perga, in Pamphylia, but gospel. then seeing that they were undertaking a longer journey, he left them, and returned
In the Greek and Latin churches, the festito Jerusalem. This happened in the year
val of John Mark is kept on the 27th of Sep45 of the common æra.
tember. Some say that he was bishop of Bi
blis, iu Phæpicia. The Greeks give him the Some years after, that is to say in the title of a postle ; and say that the sick were year 51, Paul and Barnabas preparing to cured by the shadow only. It is very probareturn into Asia, in order to visit the ble that he died at Ephesus, where his churches, which they had formed there, tomb was very much celebrated and resorted Barnabas was of opinion, that John Mark to. He is sometimes called simply John, should accompany them in this journey ; or Mark. The year of his death we are but Paul would not consent to it ; upon strangers to; and shall not collect all that is which occasion these two apostles separat said of him in apocryphal and uncertain aued. Paul went to Asia, and Barnabas, 1 thors.
CLEMENT is mentioned by St. Paul, in us, that this apostle chose St. Clement for his
his epistle to the Philippians, where successor. But Epiphanius believes, that the apostle says that Clement's name is after he had been made bishop of Rome written in the book of life. The generality by St. Peter, he refused to exercise his of the fathers, and other interpreters, make office, till, after the death of Linus and no question but that this is the same Cle Anaclet, he was obliged to take upon him ment, who succeeded St. Paul, after the care of the church : and this is the most Linus and Cletus, in the governinent of generally received opinion. St. Peter's imthe church of Rome; and this seems to mediate successor was Linus : Linus was be intimated, when, in the office of St. Cle succeeded by Anacletus ; and Anacletus ment's day, that church appoints this part by Clement, in the year of Christ ninetyof the epistle to the Philippians to be read. one, which was the tenth of Domitian's
reign. We find several things relating to Clement's life in the recognitions and consti During his pontificate, the church of Cotutions called apostolical ; but as those | rinth having been disturbed by a spirit of works are not looked upon as authentic, division, St. Clement wrote a large letter though there may be truths in them derived to the Corinthians, which is still extant, and from the tradition of the first ages, little was so much esteemed by the ancients, that stress is to be laid upon their testimony. they read it publicly in many churches ; St. Chrysostom thinks that Clement, men and some have been inclined to range it tioned by St. Paul in his epistle to the among the canonical writings. The empePhilippians, was one of the apostle's con ror Domitian intended to declare war stant fellow-travellers. Irenæus, Origin, | against the church of Christ ; bis design Clemens of Alexandria, and others of the was made known to Hermas, and he orancients assert, that Clement was a disci dered to give a copy of it to Clement, that ple of the apostles ; that he had seen them, he might communicate it to other churches, and heard their instructions. St. Epiphanius, . and exhort them to provide against the storm. Jerome, Rufinus, Bede, and some others, We have no certain account of what hapwere of opinion, that as the apostles St. Pe pened to St. Clement, during this perseter and St. Paul could not be continually at cution ; but we are very well assured that he Rome, by reason of the frequent journies lived to the third year of Trajan. His festiwhich they were obliged to make to other val is set down by Bede, and all the Latin places, and it was not proper that the Martyrologies, on the twenty-third of city of Rome should be without a bishop, November. The Greeks honour him on there was a necessity to supply the want the twenty-fourth and twenty-fifth of the of them by establishing Linus, Anaclet, same month. Rufinus, and pope Zozimus, and Clement there. The constitutions in give him the title of Martyr; and the Roformi us, that Linus was ordained by St. man church, in its canon, places him among Paul: Tertullian and Epiphanius say, that tue saints who have sacrificed their lives for St. Peier ordained Clement. Rufinus tells Jesus Christ. We read in ancient history to the authenticity of which however, there are some exceptions, that St. Clement was banished by Trajan to the Cherseneśus,
beyond the Euxine Sea; besides other particulars in the history, which we shall not mention, as not being well authenticated.
MTARY Magdalene was á nátive either Modestus, archbishop of Constantinople in V1 of Magdala a town in Galilee, on the seventh century, tells us, that she conthe other side Jordan, or Magdalos, a town tinued at Jerusalem till the death of the situated at the foot of Mount Carmel, and Holy Virgin, after which she retired to had her sirname from the place of her birth. Ephesus, and resided with St. John, till she Some will have it that she was the sinner sealed the faith she had so long professed mentioned by St. Luke, chap. vii. 37, &c. with her blood. She was buried by the but this opinion is built only on conjecture. Christians at Ephesus, where her tomb was The evangelists Luke and Mark tell us, that shewn in the seventh century. Jesus had cast out of her seven devils : which some understand in a literal, and But the emperor, Leo the Wise, caused others in a figurative sense.
her body to be removed from Ephesus to
Constantinople, the latter end of the ninth But however this be, she became a con century, in order to its being interred in the stan't attendant on the blessed Jesus, after church erected to the honour of the she had removed her plague. She followed apostles. hím to mount Calvary, continued amidst the Roman guards at the foot of the cross, Thus have we given the fullest account with the Holy Virgin, and saw his precious of the followers of the blessed Jesus; the body laid in the tomb. After which she re persons who spread the light of the gospel turned to Jerusalein, to purchase spices to over the whole world, removed the veil of embalm him, as soon as the sabbath was ignorance and superstition drawn over the over.
kingdoms of the earth, and taught us the me
thod of attaining eternal happiness in the It was she who carried' the welcome courts of the New Jerusalem. tidings to Peter and John ; and to her our blessed Lord himself first appeared after bis May we all follow their glorious example! resurrection. The apostles did not, however, · May we imitate their faith, their charity, believe her report till it was confirmed by and their love! Then shall we pass others, and they themselves had seen the " through things temporal, in such a manSaviour of the world.
ner that we shall finally gain the things
eternal," and, through the merits of an allWe have no farther account of Mary perfect Redeemer, be admitted as wortby Magdalene in the sacred writings. But I guests at the marriage supper of the La nib