Provincial Taxation and the Ur III State
BRILL, 2004 - 375 páginas
This volume investigates the relationship between the central government and the provinces during the Ur III period (2112-2004 B.C.). Specifically, the book focuses on one system of taxation known as "bala," or "rotation," so called as provinces' payments rotated month by month throughout the year. This work is the first to take an interarchival approach, discussing Sumerian tablets from Umma, Lagash and Puzris-Dagan, and is the first major synthesis of what has long been recognized as a fundamental institution. The book contains six chapters and detailed appendices (including charts, the edition of approximately 150 previously unpublished tablets and bibliographical material).
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Chapter One Introduction l
Chapter Three The Bala of the Province of Lagash
Chapter Four The Bala of the Province of Umma Part II Livestock
Chapter Five The Bala of the Province of Lagash Part II Livestock
Chapter Six Overview and Conclusions
Tablets from Yale
Tablets from the British Museum
Tablets from the Harvard Semitic Museum
Concordance of Tablet Numbers
Photo BM 106 178 GomiSato 536
Abba-Sagga administration akalla Amar-Sin archives AS9 viii AUCT ba-hul bala account bala month bala payments bala system bala-Sè barley beer bidugga boats capitals cereals Chart corvée crown Date Amount Commodity dirig documents Drehem dub-sar dumu Enlil ensi Esagdana expended expenditures fodder giri Girsu Gomi-Sato gub-ba gur grain gurus Ibbi-Sin Inanna Kamu kišib kuruśda lá-NI labor Lagash livestock lugal lugal-ezem lukalla Maekawa min-ès Naram-ili Nibru niga Nippur number of animals OIMA oxen province provincial governor Puzriš-Dagan records reed bundles Seskalla reed mats reeds agu royal SACT Šag4 bala-a Saga sagi Sallaberger Seal Šeškalla sheep Shu-Sin Shulgi Sigrist sila Sippar Steinkeller Šu-nigin Su-numun Sumerian Syracuse tablets TCTI temple Text Date Amount Touz transactions Tummal ugula Umma Umma Text Umma's undated Ur III Period ur-Sara ur-Sulpae Uruk ušmu UTAMI UTAMI SS1 wood workers zi-ga bala-a