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their inhuman cruelty, stood at bay, and with their commanders. It is to the withdrew under cover of night, to begin credit of the English that their reading their long flight, fraught with unspeaka- public is so quick to recognize and reble hardship and suffering, through the cord the services of Sir Frederic Robiron winter weather, to the camp of Crazy erts and Lord Wolseley. Contrast this Horse.

with the attitude of our own reading Not the least of the many admirable public. Only a small fraction thereof qualities of Captain Bourke’s book is 'is acquainted with the campaigns waged its healthy and thorough-going Ameri- against foes more terrible than Pathan canism. It is a good thing to have

infinitely more terrible than some adequate tribute paid to the gen- the contemptible soldiery of Arabi Pasha erals and soldiers who have done honor — by Crook, Custer, and Miles, to mento the nation by their feats of arms tion American soldiers with whose exduring the last quarter of a century of ploits and military standing those of what we are accustomed to consider Roberts and Wolseley can legitimately profound peace. We are, as a people, be compared. Many of our people who curiously ignorant of the noteworthy know well enough by name the Sikh and military deeds performed by our troops Ghoorka auxiliaries of the British army in the grim frontier warfare of this pe-. would be puzzled by a reference to Mariod. In this we offer a by no means jor North’s Pawnee scouts or the Apapleasant contrast to the English, who ches of Captain Crawford ; and it is posalways show a prompt and hearty ap sible that some of them, at least, are preciation of what their soldiers accom better acquainted with the campaigns plish on their Indian and African fron in Ashantee land and Afghanistan than tiers. Mr. Rudyard Kipling has done with those in Montana and Arizona. To nearly as much for Tommy Atkins and these good persons we recommend Caphis Indian friends and foes as Bret tain Bourke's book as an urgently needHarte before him did for the Califor ed piece of missionary work concerning nian miners; but no such writer has their own history and their own land; arisen to bring home to us the life work and we earnestly hope that we shall see of our own Western soldiers. So it is more such books in the future.

COMMENT ON NEW BOOKS.

History and Biography. My Threescore cidentally of Boston in the middle of the Years and Ten, an Autobiography, by century is often one of interest from its beThomas Ball. (Roberts.) There is that in trayal of provincial tones. Salem WitchMr. Ball's Autobiography which reminds craft in Outline, by Caroline E. Upham. us a little of Chester Harding's, a frank, (The Salem Press, Salem.) Mrs. Upham kindly account of a life which, with unto has gone mainly to Mr. Charles W. Upward beginnings, seemed to blossom into ar ham's historic work for her material, but tistic success, keeping all the while a good- has aimed to make a brief narrative which natured self-respect in the midst of a clear shall present the facts in the case in a recognition of deficiencies. There are many fresh, vivid manner. This she has done efpleasant passages in this rambling narra fectively, and in a compass more convenient tive, which reads as if it were jotted down than we remember to have found before. at odd moments, in disregard of any very

If she views this terrible outburst with inconsecutive form. The picture it gives in- dignation at the pitiless clergy, and admi

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ration for stout-hearted Rebecca Nourse, of a French classic which has a pecul she is in accord with most readers of the terest to-day, since, written sixty yea day. Yet, blind as our ancestors were to the attitude toward nature and tow: their own cruelty, it is to be said that this ciety found in it is far more com tornado of superstition which swept away educated and sensitive minds than so many souls gathered its irresistible force the journal was penned. The delic from many generations of men, and ex- sensibility which it discloses has a pended it on one. - The Life and Times of and freedom from mawkishness most Niccolò Machiavelli, by Professor Pasquale able to the reader, who ventures uz Villari. Translated by Madame Linda perusal with a little timidity at first Villari. In two volumes. (Scribners.) the fear of encountering a soul to This new edition of a work whose impor- strung to make a partnership in its tance was recognized when the original ap- ence possible. — Peel, by J. R. Thu peared reflects special credit on author, (Macmillan.) One of the Twelve E translator, and publishers. It is a thor- Statesmen Series. The treatment ough English version, unabridged and well subject is of the best order of Eng! equipped, of a history which covers the most litical writing. It is a study, acut genetic period of Italian life. The subject criminating, and resolute, of a chi of the biographical treatment offers an ex- simple in its lines, but set in such ci cellent starting - point for a consideration relations as itself to seem complex of the modern state in its relation to the Thursfield, in the course of his nai Renaissance, and Professor Villari, whose makes some capital reflections upor mind is scientific in its cast, has perceived than strictly biographical phases of h with great clearness the movement of the ject, as when, for example, he touch political, religious, and artistic thought of few sentences upon the characteris Italy in the time of Machiavelli. He the eighteenth century. It may b writes with modern Italy for a background in general, of political subjects in 1 to his thought; that is, his history is meant history that they have a special cha for people of this day to read, and he the student, since no other natic has fortified his position with abundant given such singular opportunity f documents. It is the philosophic treat practice of statesmanship. The con ment which will most attract readers. The of government have stimulated the illustrations, largely portraits, are admi- opment of men who have worked in rable, and admirably printed. Life of as an artist works in his material. – Jane Welsh Carlyle, by Mrs. Alexander ary Industries, a Memoir, by Hubert Ireland. (Charles L. Webster & Co., Bancroft. (Harpers.) In this mo New York.) Mrs. Ireland's task has been sized volume Mr. Bancroft has gi to separate Mrs. Carlyle from her hus- account of his life and its product band; to collect into one convenient vol- vast work on the Pacific coast, foi ume the letters and memorials which, for he accumulated materials, and wh the most part, lie scattered in several pub- organized as it stands. It has been lications ; and thus to permit one to see said that biography is sure to be false by herself a person who, had she not mar- biography sure to be true : because i ried Mr. Carlyle, might still have made an ing the life of another man the aut impression upon her countrymen and coun- evitably and unconsciously impregna trywomen. We question the wisdom which work with his own personality ; in thus seeks to dispart this remarkable pair. his own life the author in vain su Mrs. Carlyle was Carlyle's wife, and Mrs. conceal his personality ; inevitably a Ireland does not succeed any more than consciously he discloses it. That r death did. The amount of new material able result of business enterprise, a in the book is inconsiderable. — Journal of ing power, and scriptorial ambitior Maurice De Guérin, edited by G. S. Tre found in the History of the Pacific butien, with a Biographical and Literary well deserved to be recorded in deti Memoir by Sainte-Beuve. Translated by no one could have done the task so Jessie P. Frothingham. (Dodd, Mead & as Mr. Bancroft. - In the series of Co.) A new translation, in good English, Hopkins University Studies (the

man.

1892.]
Comment on New Books.

277 Hopkins Press, Baltimore), a recent issue objections, we rule out poem after poem, is Public Lands and Agrarian Laws of the yet we keep on reading, never sure but Roman Republic, by Andrew Stephenson. irritation will give way to delight. The The author's plan bas been to sketch “ the lawless is sometimes more interesting than origin and growth of the idea of private the lawful. — The Golden Treasury Series property in land, the expansion of the ager (Macmillan) is enriched by the addition of publicus by the conquest of neighboring Balladen und Romanzen, selected and arterritories, and its absorption by means of ranged, with notes and literary introduction, sale, by gift to the people, and by the estab by C. A. Bucheim. The title page has a lishment of colonies, until wholly merged pretty vignette of Uhland. The contents in private property.". Harmony of An are grouped chronologically under three cient History, and Chronology of the Egyp periods : from Bürger to Chamisso, from tians and Jews, by Malcolın Macdonald. Uhland to Heine, and from Freiligrath to (Lippincott.) The author's method is first, the present time. The second period is in a series of chapters, to determine Egyp the fullest, including, besides Uhland and tian chronology and establish certain epochs, Heine, Rückert, Körner, Platen, Wilhelm, then to inquire into the technical chronology Müller. Mr. Bucheim has shown good of the Jews and ascertain the chronologic judgment in giving the largest number of epochs from the exodus to the reign of Heze- examples from the acknowledged masters, kiah, and finally to trace the synchronous and in keeping the whole number of names history of the two peoples. He makes use represented small. — Drauss un Deheem, of documents, monuments, astronomical ob- gedichte in Pennsylvänisch Deitsch, bei'm servations, coins, and the like.

Charles Calvin Ziegler von Brush valley, Poetry and the Drama. Lyrical Poems, Pa. (Hesse & Becker, Leipzig.) A thin by Alfred Austin. (Macmillan.) There is book of verse, with an Appendix devoted an affectionate regard for nature in these to the pronunciation of Pennsylvania Gerverses, which is not less genuine that it has The writer points out the considera touch of self-consciousness in it. That is able infusion of English words in this odd to say, Mr. Austin poetizes, though he does naturalization of German. His own poetinot attitudinize. He is in love with nature, cal work embraces several translations from and there is nothing shy about his devotion. Longfellow, Bryant, and Emerson, and his Indeed, there is often a freshness which half serious poems inevitably set one to recallsuggests the Dorset Barnes ; but Mr. Aus- ing Hans Breitmann. Homer in Chios, tin is always the cultivated poet, to whom an Epopee, by Dentou J. Snider. (Sigma nature is a graceful part of a fair life. He Publishing Co., St. Louis.) An ingenious turns, when not in face with nature, to the piece of work. Mr. Snider weaves a hexarefined England of high breeding, and in metrical web about the meeting and martimates by his verse that his associations riage of Hesperion from the northland and are with the best people. The melody of his Praxilla, daughter of Homer. Homer and verse possibly deludes him into a fluency David and Hesiod all take part in the story, of expression which sometimes wearies the which is, if we are not too daring or blunreader. - A second series of Poems by dering in our guesses, a sort of apologue Emily Dickinson has been issued (Roberts), of the blending of Greek and Hebrew inedited, as was the first, by T. W. Higgin fluences in the life of the modern world. son and Mabel Loomis Todd. It has an The hexameters trip along in an amusing interesting preface by Mrs. Todd, and a dance which might make the author of fac-simile of Miss Dickinson's handwriting. Evangeline smile, but would surely make A classification of her verse has been at the author of Empedocles on Ætna frown. tempted under the headings Life, Love, - Modern Love, by George Meredith. Nature, Time, and Eternity. What strikes (Thomas B. Mosher, Portland, Me.) A one afresh, as he takes up the book, is his choicely printed and bound edition of this interest in reading, independent of his po

sequence of sonnets.

The book is introetic preferences. The quick contact with duced by an admirable essay by Mrs. another nature, and that a singularly ag

Elizabeth Cavazza, in which, with interpregressive one, makes reading Miss Dickinson tative skill and good taste, she points out an intellectual excitement. We raise our the underlying argument of this splendid

achievement. However impatient one may be, in these days of swift directness, at the When lo! he vanished like the thinnest flake involutions of Meredith's art, here is a work

Of tenuous snow upon a sea of fire." which, subtle and elusive, is yet so impres- There is much exalted imagination a sive by its dignity of speech and its re- spiritual insight in the work, and if t strained power as to take possession of the author always thought clearly and marri mind and give one a sense of the wonder- his imaginations to artistic form, he wou ful possibilities of poetry. The form of a unquestionably make a strong impressi sonnet sequence has much to do with the on his readers. As it is, they find it wor success of the work ; for it enables Mr. their while to surmount the obstacles whid Meredith to concentrate his verse upou

the author raises. Sunshine in Lif each moment of the tragedy, and yet to ex- Poems for the King's Daughters, selecte pand that moment into a rich poetic state- and arranged by Florence Pohlman Le ment. Lovers of poetry owe a debt to with an Introduction by Margaret Bottom editor and publisher for offering them this (Putnams.) A collection of hymns an book in so convenient, beautiful, and in- poems having a religious spirit. An inex telligible a form. — Days and Dreams, by act chronological order has been followed Madison Cawein. (Putnams.) When Mr. and in the last part of the volume a good Cawein is not feverish, when he has some many poems by writers unknown to the simple theme which calls for simple expres- compiler, and by persons whose names are sion, his poetic nature betrays itself. But not yet known to fame, are included. As it must be said that his verse too often the title intimates, the collection is inreads as if it were written late at night, not tended to be cheerful rather than consolaearly in the morning ; under the gaslight, tory. — Odes, Lyrics, and Sonnets, from the and not in the cool shade. Mere lavishness Poetic Works of James Russell Lowell. is not splendor, and his words sometimes (Houghton.) A little volume in the White rush along in a stream too much knocked and Gold Series. The difficulty with such about by the storms to carry safely any a selection is that, however well pleased very costly freight of thought or passion. the reader may be with what he finds in - If one wishes to see what a melodrama- it, he always wants at least one other poem. tist bitten by realism can do, let him read It is a convenience, however, to have in the entertaining Chihuahua, a New and a handy volume the Commemoration Ode, Original Social Drama in Four Acts, by The Courtin', Aladdin, Villa Franca, The Chester Gore Miller. (Kehm, Fietsch & Dancing Bear, Endymion, Under the Old Wilson Co., Chicago.) As one of the char- Elm, Without and Within, and other verses acters “Some people complain of Illustrative of the range of Lowell's power. having a skeleton in their lives ; I feel at Nature and Travel. Land of the Lingertimes as though I owned a graveyard. I ing Snow, Chronicles of a Stroller in New am too weak ; but then these mental strokes England from January to June, by Frank are frightfully realistic.” The returned Bolles. (Houghton.) Mr. Bolles is an dead man in this drama hypnotizes the ras- eccentric stroller ; we hasten to say that we cal, and with a little bottle — for hypno- are using the word in its proper sense, and tism appears to the writer to be a sort of mean only to point out that even the footdrug – rearranges the world in which he path is too much trodden for him. He goes finds himself. An Idyl of the Sun, and off at a tangent, and this habit intimates a Other Poems, by Orrin Cedesman Stevens. certain individuality of observation which (Griffith, Axtell & Cady Co., Holyoke, has its own charm. The precision of his Mass.) The title poem, which is in blank chronicle as to hours and days and places is verse, has a lofty design, and contains at the sign, on the other hand, of his perpenleast one striking passage. A certain splen- dicularity of mind, and one tendency condid apparition named Vivero, formed in stantly corrects the other. If he were only spirit like the ancient Titans, challenged precise, he would be tiresome, he would be Heaven. The on-lookers saw him spread set like a clock; if he were only vagrant, his glorious wings,

his desultoriness would weary one by its " And, like a wingèd avalanche in air,

aimlessness. As it is, the reader who folHurl himself straight upon the awful goal. lows him in his strolls always comes back

ays :

and is refreshed as by a breezy companion ; by Mrs. Francis J. A. Darr. (Lovell.) Beand now and then there is a phrase, a pas- tween the Spanish and the English, this tale sage struck out on the moment, which is like belongs to the fizz, pop, bang! school of lita staff plunged into a snow bank, reveal- erature. There is a catharine wheel coning color and depth not to be seen by one stantly whirling before the reader's eyes, merely brushing the surface of the bank. - and the result is much dazzle, little light, A Year in Portugal, 1889–1890, by George and total darkness after the show is over. B. Loring. (Putnams.) Dr. Loring has Master William Mitten, or A Youth of printed the journal which he kept during Brilliant Talents who was Ruined by Bad his brief career as United States minister to Luck, by Rev. Augustus B. Longstreet, Portugal. His own interest in agriculture D.D., LL. D. (J. W. Burke & Co., Macon, led him to be somewhat more specific in his Georgia.) The unsuspecting reader who study of this industry, but his observations takes up this book fancies, very likely, that generally are those of a traveler with a wide he has come upon a burlesque of the oldrange of tastes, and a readiness to hear and fashioned moral tale. But the reader who see whatever came in his way, whether of his- remembers Georgia Scenes, that delicious torical or of contemporaneous consequence. bit of old-fashioned humor, and discovers – The Business of Travel, a Fifty Years' that this book is by the same author, will Record of Progress, by W. Fraser Rae. prefer to think it a curious survival, with (Thos. Cook & Son, New York and Lon- its italicized words and phrases, its highdon.) A jubilee volume, in which the note dicky style, its genuine love of fun, and its of exultation over the fifty years of Cook's reflection of a bygone period of Southern Tours is sounded, not with a trumpet, but society. The book is a most interesting with a whole orchestra. The record is document for the sociologist, and a surprise really a very interesting one to any who to the hardened novel-reader. — From Timwould see an illustration of organization ber to Town, down in Egypt, by an Early applied to one of the most difficult branches Settler. (McClurg.) “One day, arter me of human pleasure. It is safe to say that an' mother was a livin' by ourselves agin, Thos. Cook and Son have been the means our chillern all marri'd an' gon', one o' of moving a larger number of persons to a them ar scribblin' fellers step'd in wi' a larger number of historical shrines than paper he wanted me ter sine, a settin' forth ever Peter the Hermit incited to go to the thet he was a gittin' the names o’ the leedHoly Land, and Mr. Thomas Cook may in' c'aracters o' the kounty wi' the intenwell content himself with the thought “that, shun o' ritin' a passel uv 'em up es repreon the whole, he will leave the world a sentatives o' the balence, an' bring 'em out pleasanter place to travel as well as to live in a big book tergether wi' ther rale steal in."

plate picturs," and so on for nearly three Fiction. Ursula is the latest in the se- hundred pages. This is realism gone to ries of Balzac's novels, translated by Miss seed. We wonder if the residents of southWormeley. (Roberts Bros.) Ursule Mi- ern Illinois, a hundred years from now, will ronët bears marks of the author's studies be using this book with annotations as in clairvoyance. It was written in 1841, textbook in reading, with incidental use as not long before its author put forth his a picture of manners in this antediluvian programme of the Comédie Humaine, and period ? — St. Katherine's by the Tower, when thus he was bringing into a systematic by Walter Besant. (Harpers.) A spiritwhole the separate studies in human life ed tale of English life as affected by the which to the readers had been so far quite French Revolution. Mr. Besant gives his independent of any connection with one an- historical novels a just realism by the power other. It is quite possible that in writing which he has of vivifying persons and it Balzac had in mind its constituent part scenes, materials for which are derived in his scheme; it is certain that he pleased alike from books and from human nature. himself with the reflection that he was por- Rabbi and Priest, by Milton Goldsmith. traying the contact of a young woman with (Jewish Publication Society of America, life without loss of her virtue. - Brunhilde, Philadelphia.) Mr. Goldsmith states that or The Last Act of Norma, by Pedro A. he is indebted for some of the more perDe Alarcón. Translated from the Spanish sonal material out of which he has woven

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