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Trevelyan Pierce, widow, towards her present

relief, to be defaulted out of arrears due
to her deceased husband, Maurice Pierce,

late of Major Thomas Brereton's company Joan Cocke, widow, for her present relief,

to be defaulted out of arrears due to her
deceased husband, John Cocke, late of

(apt. Webster's company
Mary Dix, widow of Walter Dix of Capt.

William Bolton's company
Mary Spencer, widow of John Spencer of the

late ('apt. Samuel Wade's company, for
two months' pay, November 21st, 1659,
to January 15th, 1660 ... ... ...

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£ s. d. Sum total of the Payments and Disbursements aforesaid is ...

... 163820 : 17: 0.

£ s. d. And so there remaineth in the hands of the

said Accomptant, the sum of ... ... 82 ; 5: 51 Out of which is allowed to the Deputy Receiver General's Clerks for their extraordinary labour and pains taken about this account, £52, and to the Auditor's Clerks over and above the sums allowed them in the Account for Civil Affairs, £30, And so remains in the hands of the Accomptant, 5s. 5 d.

Ja. Ware.

LETTERS OF

ELIZABETH, DUCHESS OF ORMOND

TO

CAPTAIN GEORGE MATHEW,

1668-1673.

1668, September 12. Moor Park.-Brother: I arrived at Minehead the Sunday after I parted from you, where I was driven to stay until the Wednesday following to give my coach horses one day's rest, that came not into the harbour till two days after me; so as I came not hither till Tuesday last, where I intend to stay until Monday next, and then to go to London.

My Lord has gone this day to wait upon the King, who has been abroad at Bagshot and other places a hunting, ever since my Lord left the town, so as no business could be done. My Lord Arlington being gone to his own house in the country to put preparations on foot when the Court returns to prosecute all the designs that are laid against my Lord and the Lord of Anglesey ; so as a very little time will make a full discovery of what my Lord's enemies are able to do against him, which, for anything that I can yet apprehend, will be more likely to prejudice themselves than ruin him, though there is nothing that they will and does more endeavour, having engaged themselves so far, and therefore will lay the strength of their whole interest upon it.

I found my son Arran in great sadness* when I came, who intends to go for Ireland very suddenly, though I did what I could to dissuade him from it. His chief reason is to settle his affairs there and discharge his debts, and to return hither again when that is done, and attend the Parliament until he sees what will be done for or against his father, and afterwards has I find some thoughts to travel. Your affectionate sister,

E. Ormond. Addressed :—For my brother, Mr. George Mathew.

1668, September 19. Whitehall.-It was Monday last before I came hither, where I have been so employed in paying my duty to my betters, and receiving the ceremony of visits, as I had not time, and scarcely have yet, to write unto any of my friends. The letter of attorney I gave unto

* Lord Arran's first wife--Lady Mary Stewart-died July 4, 1669.

imy Lord so soon as I came to town, who tells me he has signed and returned it to you by the last post. I cannot as yet give you an account of our weekly expenses here, not having yet had an hour's time to look into that affair; but do resolve to make it my business so soon as ever I can. Only I must tell you I have been so good a manager of my own as paying the charge of both the ships, which cost me threescore and five pounds, and ten shillings a head duty for every horse levied, I brought threescore pound of my two hundred with me hither, which has purchased me all that I shall lay out upon myself until Christmas next.

I have not seen your friend and mine as yet, but received a request from her to get the King's letter for passing the fee of all those lands she holds by lease from the Crown, which I immediately moved my Lord in, who told me that he believed it a very improper time for him to desire anything of the King in his own behalf or in any others, when all his actions were ransacked into by his greatest enemies, and that he believed nothing that should come recommended by him of this nature but would be opposed, and not only so, but might more probably be a means to question what was already granted than obtain beyond it; and therefore advised a suspense as much safer at this time unto the person concerned than any further proceeding in that affair could be, which accordingly I have been free to tell your friend by letter.

My son Arran and my Lord of Cahir went hence for Ireland yesterday, of whose safe arrival I much long to hear, being very apprehensive of this season of the year, that for the most part proves stormy; and should be glad to know how you advance in the affair concerning Captain Power's money, that out of it the tradesmen may be satisfied, who are upon that account very much importuning.

1668, November 14. London.-Yours of the 3rd and 7th of November came together to my hands upon Thursday last. So did the account of the weekly expense of the house since my coming away, which I do think (as you do) might be lessened were the clerk of the kitchen as just as he ought to be, but I believe is not. And therefore I do hope to send one over that shall better discharge that employment than he, and is a single man. But I would not advise you to let Conway know that there is an intent of parting with him until I be sure of this other, and then I will send you notice. I am in hope to get Moor Park sold, which would ease us of a good part of our debt, and stop a growing charge. My Lord was in arrear of the first half-year's interest, which was like to have drawn some clamour upon him, which came in all to four hundred and sixty odd pounds, which to discharge I was driven to pawn a pair of diamond pendants, worth £700.*

* See p. 290 supra for a note of this transaction.

I have furnished the house from Moor Park with bedding and goods from thence, and have avoided as much as I could devise the laying out of money as to what I have the ordering of, which I keep a particular account of.

I am of opinion that you will see my Lord return Lord Lieutenant again in spite of all his enemies; this, in brief, is as much as I shall venture to say, and what I suppose will satisfy you. I could wish that in rating the weekly expense that was sent me, I could have known how much in ready money was disbursed for the care of the table and other necessary charges.

Your friend went from hence on Monday last to Acton, and from thence intends for Ireland with the first opportunity, which I wish may be safe and speedy.

1668, November. London. . . . . . .-Here is great discourse of my Lord's being to leave the Government, but the King has never spoken unto him as yet concerning it; and truly I think will not upon that subject, though there is a very great portion that presses him to it. But as yet I do not hear they have prevailed. . . . . .

1668, November.--My Lord's enemies are very industrious to get him out of the Government, and all his out of command in Ireland; till when, they say, they cannot go on in their business (what that is I cannot tell, but what is generally believed is the destruction of all, if God's mercy and the King's wisdom does not prevent them).

1668, November 2.2.-There is transmitted to you by my Lord's directions, an account of what money he has paid for my son Ossory since his coming last over, that was due before that time for the keeping of his horses and the charge of his stables, with what he has laid out since, that some account may be made with him. I find him indebted to many tradesmen here, who complain of him to be a bad paymaster; and I cannot but fear and suspect him so, because that neither he nor his lady does know what their debts are, or to whom they owe, though the greatest part is hers, who gave so large a power unto her servants to go on the score, without looking nor correcting the bills herself. And this prejudice will be still, unless you can prevail with one or both of them to manage their expenses with more care, and to be concerned in the government of the family, which I do fear my daughter will not apply herself to, for I hear she eats more in her chamber than at the table, which is not the way to live with that decency that both now is and will be hereafter expected from her. And I believe her debts at Dublin are great, so as I know not what course of life they can propose unto themselves if they run out of all compass, after all the help they have had from us both in Ireland and here. This I tell you, that by understanding how their condition is, you may give them both some advice from yourself without naming me, to avoid my daughter taking any exceptions, as possibly she might, at my finding fault; though I do assure you I may very justly [complain] of her neglect and want of conduct in her affairs, which has made a great discovery of her weakness here and is generally taken notice of at the Court, at which I am much troubled. . . . .

I am still of the same opinion I was in my last letter, that you will see my Lord return in the same power that he left you.

But it see, so great believed bohe Gover

1668, December 5. London. . . - I cannot tell you for certain that my Lord will be continued in the Government, though it is generally so said and believed both in the Court and town, by reason I see so great changes as I cannot believe anything sure. But if this shall happen to prove so, it may be owed to his innocency in not having proved negligent or corrupt in his government, rather than from any favour he has found from any man that does yet appear. But let this be kept to yourself, for it may perhaps be better the world should believe him better befriended than I doubt he is.

I am endeavouring to get one in ('onway's place, and to look the best I can that my Lord be not cozened here; though I have so little help as I much fear we are wronged, for all the care I can take to the contrary. So strange a time this is for servants, as people of all degrees complain that they were never so bad as now. I pray you send me word how they are there in my son's family, and what order is kept by them, with what other account you shall think fit to be transmitted concerning domestic affairs.

1668 [-9], January 28. London.—My Lord and I both does so much apprehend the danger of the roof of the old hall of the Castle of Kilkenny, as he desires it may be secured, repaired, and mended with as much speed as may be, there being timber enough there to do it, which was left of [from] other works. And I do believe that Taylor, the carpenter, would contrive it as well or better than any other workman that is there, provided he be articled with and give security to perform the agreement; and Mr. Archer is to oversee the work and deliver out the materials for it, that such an account may be kept thereof that we may not be cozened by the workmen, nor be betrayed into a greater expense than there is a necessity for.

I send you here enclosed a note of some pieces of plate that I desire to have sent me, to be changed for what is now more in use and better for show. Here is little news but that the Duchess* was brought to bed on Wednesday last of a daughter, and that Mr. Simmons, who did very barbarously kill my cousin Brovicke in a tavern, and the two accessories are all fled. The weather here is cold unto so great a degree that I have

* The Duchess of York. Anne Hyde's third daughter, the Princess Henrietta, was born in Jan. 1668-9, and died in the November following:

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