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tremest shore of my modesty; but my brother jus-'is come, even now. I shall crave your forbearance tice have I found so severe, that he hath forced me a little; may be, I will call upon you anon, for to tell him, he is indeed-justice.

some advantage to yourself. Duke. If his own life answers the straitness of Mari. I am always bound to you. (Erit. his proceeding, it shall become him well; wherein, Duke. Very well met, and welcome. if he cnance to fail, he hath sentenced himself. What is the news from this good deputy ? Escal. I am going to visit the prisoner: Fare Isab. He hath a garden circummurd with brick,

Whose western side is with a vineyard back'd; Duke. Peace be with you!

And to that vineyard is a planched gate, (E.reunt Escalus and Provost. That makes his opening with this bigger key: He, who the sword of heaven will bear,

This other doth command a little door, Should be as holy as severe;

Which from the vineyard to the garden leads ; Pattern in himself to know,

There have I made my promise to call on him, Grace to stand, and virtue go;

Upon the heavy middle of the night. More nor less to others paying,

Duke. But 'shall you on your knowledge find Than by self-offences weighing.

this way? Shame to him, whose cruel striking

Isab. I have ta'en a due and wary note upon't ; Kills for faults of his own liking !

With whispering and most guilty diligence, Twice treble shame on Angelo,

In action all of precept, he did show me To weed my vice, and let his grow!

The way twice o'er. 0, what may man within him hide,


Are there no other tokens Though angel on the outward side!

Between you 'greed, concerning her observance? How may likeness,' made in crimes,

Isab. No, none, but only a repair i' the dark; Making practice on the times,

And that I have possess’ds him, my most stay Draw with idle spiders' strings

Can be but brief: for I have made him know, Most pond'rous and substantial things!

I have a servant comes with me along, Craft against vice I must apply:

That stays upon me; whose persuasion is, With Angelo to-night shall lie

I come about my brother. His old betrothed, but despis’d;


'Tis well borne up. So disguise shall, by the disguis'd,

I have not yet made known to Mariana Pay with falsehood false exacting,

A word of this :—What, ho! within ! come forth! And perform an old contracting.


Re-enter Mariana.
I pray you, be acquainted with this maid;

She comes to do you good.


I do desire the like.

Duke. Do you persuade yourself that I respect SCENE I.-A room in Mariana's house. Mariana discovered sitting; a Boy singing. Mari. Good friar, I know you do ; and have

found it. SONG,

Duke. Take then this your companion by the Take, oh take those lips away,

hand, That so sweetly were forsworn;

Who hath a story ready for your ear:
And those cyes, the break of day,

I shall attend your leisure ; but make haste;
Lights that do mislead the morn :
But my kisses vring again,

The vaporous night approaches.

Will't please you walk aside ?
bring again,
Seals of love, buł sea!d in vain,

(Exeunt Mariana and Isabella. seald in vain. Duke. O place and greatness, millions of false Mari. Break off thy scng, and taste thee quick are stuck upon thee! volumes of report

away; Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice

Run with these false and most contrarious quests Hath often still’d my brawling discontent.

Upon thy doings! thousand 'scapes of wit
(Exit Boy.

Make thee the father of their idle dream,
Enter Duke.

And rack thee in their fancies !-Welcome! How

I cry you mercy, sir ; and well coulu wish
You had not found me here so musical :

Re-enter Mariana and Isabella.
Let me excuse me, and believe me so,-
My mirth it much displeas'd, but pleas'd my wo.

Isab. She'll take the enterprise upon her, father, Duke. 'Tis good : though music oft hath such a

If you advise it.

It is not my consent,
To make bad, good, and good provoke to harm.

But my entreaty too.
I pray you, tell me, hath any body inquired for me when you depart from him, but, soft and low,


Little have you to say, here to-day? much upon this time have I promisd Remember now my brother. here to meet. Mari. You have not been inquired after: I have


Sear me not. sat here all day.

Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at all: Enter Isabella.

He is your husband on a pre-contract:

To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin; Duke. I do constantly believe you :-The time Sith that the justice of your title to him

Doth Nourish the deceit. Come, let us go; (1) Appearance. (2) Trained. 13) Walled round. (4) Planked, wooden. (7) Inquisitions, inquiries, (8) Sallies. Informed. (6) Waits.

79) Since. (10) Gild or varnish over.

you ?

Our corn's to reap, for yet our tithe's' to sow. One has my pity; not a jot the other,

(Exeunt. Being a murderer, though he were my brother.

Enter Claudio.
SCENE II.-A room in the prison. Enter
Provost and Clown.

Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, for thy death:

'Tis now dead midnight, and by eight to-morrow Prov. Come hither, sirrah: can you cut off a Thou must be made immortal. Where's Barnardine? man's head?

Claud. As fast lock'd up in sleep, as guiltless Clo. If the man be a bachelor, sir, I can: but ir labour he be a married man, he is his wife's head, and I When it lies starkly" in the traveller's bones: can never cut off a woman's head.

He will not wake. Prov. Come, sir, leave me your snatches, and Prov.

Who can do good on him? yield me a direct answer. To-morrow morning Well, go, prepare yourself. But hark, what noise ? are to die Claudio and Barnardine: here is in our

(Knocking within prison a common executioner, who in his office Heaven give your spirits comfort! (Exit Claudio. lacks a helper: if you will take it on you to assist By and by :him, it shall redeem you from your gyves;a if not, I hope it is some pardon, or reprieve, you shall have your full time of imprisonment, and for the most genile Claudio.-Welcome, father. your deliverance with an unpitied whipping i for you have been a notorious bawd.

Enter Duke. Clo. Sir, I have been an unlawful bawd, țime Druke. The best and wholesomest spirits of the out of mind; but yet I will be content to be a law

night ful hangman. I would be glad to receive some in- Envelop you, good provost! Who call’d here of late ? struction from my fellow partner.

Prov. None, since the cursew rung. Prov. What hó, Abhorson! Where's Abhorson,


Not Isabel? there?

Prov. No.
Enter Abhorson.

Duke. They will then, ere't be long. Abhor. Do you call, sir ?

Prov. What comfort is for Claudio ? Prov. Sirrah, here's a fellow will help you to


There's some in hope. morrow in your execution: if you think him meet,

Prov. It is a bitter deputy. compound with him by the year, and let him abide

Duke. Not so, not so ; his life is paralleld here with you: if not, use him for the present, and Even with the stroke and line of his great justice; dismiss him: he cannot plead his estimation with He doth with holy abstinence subdue you; he hath been a bawd.

That in himself, which he spurs on his power Abhor. A bawd, sir ? Fie upon him, he will dis- To qualify in others : were he meal'ds credit our mystery.

With that which he corrects, then were he tyrannous; Pror. Go to, sir; you weigh equally; a feather But this being so, he's just.-Now are they come. -will turn the scale.


(Knocking within-Provost goes out. Clo

. Pray, sir, by your good favour (for, surely, This is a gentle provost': Seldom, when sir, a good favour® you have, but that you have a The steeled gaoler is the friend of men. hanging look,) do you call, sir, your occupation a How now? What noise ? That spirit's possess'd mystery?

with haste, Abhor. Ay, sir; a mystery,

That wounds the unsisting postern with these Clo. Painting, sir, I have heard sav, is a mys

strokes. Irry; and your whores, sir, being members of my occupation, using painting, do prove my occupa

Provost returns, speaking to one at the door. tion a mystery: but whei mystery there should be in Prov. There he must stay, until the officer hanging, if I should be hang'd, I cannot imagine. Arise to let him in ; he is call’d up: Abhor. Sir, it is a mystery.

Duke. Have you no countermand for Claudio yet, Clo. Proof.

But he must die to-morrow? Abhor. Every trues man's apparel fits your Prov.

None, sir, none. thief: if it be too little for your thick, your true man Duke. As near the dawning, Provost, as it is, thinks it big enough; if it be too big for your thief, You shall hear more ere morning. Pour thier thinks it little enough: so every true Prov.

Happily, 10 man's apparel fits your thief.

You something know; yet, I believe, there comes Re-enter Provost.

No countermand; no such example have we:

Besides, upon the very sicgel of justice, Pror. Are you agreed?

Lord Angelo hath to the public ear Clo. Sir, I will serve him ; for I do find, your Profess'd the contrary. hangman is a more penitent trade than

your bawd; he doth oftener ask forgiveness.

Enter a Messenger. Pror. You, sirrah, provide your block and your

Duke. This is his lordship's man. are, to-morrow four o'clock.

Prov. And here comes Claudio's pardon. Jbhor, Come on, bawd; I will instruct thee in Mess. My lord hath sent you this note; and by my trade; follow.

me this further charge, that you swerve not from Clo. I do desire to learn, sir ; and, I hope, if you the smallest article of it, neither in time, matter, have occasion to use me for your own turn, you nor other circumstance.' Good morrow; for, as I suall find me yare :: for, truly, sir, for your kind-take it, it is almost day. Dess, I owe you a good turn.

Prov. I shall obey him. (Erit Messenger. Pror. Call hither, Barnardine and Claudio : Duke. This is his pardon; purchased by such [Eseunt Clown and Abhorson. sin,

(Aside. (1) Tilth, land prepared for sowing. (2) Fetters. (6) Ready. (7) StiMy. (8) Moderate. (3) Trade. (4) Countenance. (5) Honest (9) Defilcd. (10) Porhaps. (11) Seat.

and say,

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l'or which the pardoner himself is in:

Duke. 0, death's a great disguiser : and you Hence hath ofence his quick celerity,

may add to it. Shave the head, and tie the beard; When it is borne in high authority :

it was the desire of the penitent to be 80 When vice makes merey, merey's so extended, bared before his death; you know, the course is That for the fault's love, is the offender friended.— common. If any thing fall to you upon this, more Now, sir, what news ?

than thanks and good fortune, by the saint whon Prov. I told you: Lord Angelo, belike, think. I profess, I will plead against it with my life. .ng me remiss in mine office, awakens me with this Prov. Pardon me, good father; it is against my unwonted putting on:'methinks, strangely; for oath. he hath not used it before.

Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to the Duke. Pray you, let's hear.

deputy? Prov. (Reads.) Whatsoever you may hear to Prov. To him, and to his substitutes. the contrary, let' Claudio be executed by four ofl. Duke. You will think you have made no offence, tie clock; and, in the afternoon, Barnardine: if the duke avouch the justice of your dealing? ir my better satisfaction, let me have Claudio's Prov. But what likelihood is in that? h.tad sent me by five. Let this be duly perform’d; Duke. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. Yet erith a thought, ihat more depends on it ihan we sice I see you fearful, that neither my coat, in. 1?dest yet deliver. Thus fail not to do your office, tegrity, nor iny persuasion, cau with ease attempt m3 you roill answer it at your peril.

you, I will go further than I meant, to pluck all What say you to this, sir?

fears out of you, Lock you, sir, here is the hand Duke. What is that Barnardine, who is to be and seal of the duke. You know the character, 1 executed in the afternoon ?

doubt not; and the signet is not strange to you. Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nursed up Prov. I know them both. and bred: one that is a prisoner nine years old.? Duke. The contents of this is the return of the

Duke. How came it, that the absent' duke had duke; you shall anon over-read it at your pleanot either deliver'd him to his liberty, or executed sure; where you shall find, within these two days him? I have heard, it was ever his manner to do so. he will be here. This is a thing, that Angelo

Prov. His friends still wrought reprieves for knows not: for he this very day receives letters of him: and, indeed, his fact, till now in the govern- strange tenor ; perchance, of the duke's death; ment of lord Angelo, came not to an undoubtful perchance, entering into some monasterv; but, by proof,

chance, nothing of what is writ.-Look, the un Duke. Is it now apparent ?

folding star calls up the shepherd: put not your Prov. Most manifest, and not denied by himself. self into amazement, how these things should be

Duke. Hath he borne himself penitently in all dilliculties are but easy when they are known. prison? How seems he to be touchd?

Call your executioner, and off with Barnardine's Prov. A man that apprehends death no more head: I will give him a present shrift, and advise dreadfully, but as a drunken sleep; careless, reck- him for a better place. Yet you are amazed ; but less, and fearless of what's past, present, or to this shall absolutely resolve you. Come away; it come; insensible of mortality, and desperately is almost clear dawn.

(Ereuni. mortal.

SCENE III.-Another room in the same. Enter Duke. He wants advice.

Clown. Prov. He will hear none: he hath evermore had the liberty of the prison; give him leave to escape Clo. I am as well acquainted here, as I was in our hence, he would not: drunk many times a day, if house of profession: one would think, it were mis. not many days entirely drunk. We have very tress Over-done's own house, for here be many of often awaked him, as if to carry him to execution, her old customers. First, here's young master Rash; and show'd him a seeming warrant for it: it hath he's in for a commodity of brown paper and old not mov'd him at all.

ginger, ninescore and seventeen pounds; of which Duke. More of him anon. There is written in he made five marks, ready money : marry, then, your brow, provost, honesty and constancy: If I ginger was not much in request, for the old women read it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles me ; ivere all dead. Then is there here one master Cabnt in the boldness of my cunning, I will lay my-per, at the suit of master Three-pile the mercer, for self in hazard. Claudio, whom here you have a some four suits of peach-colourd satin, which now warrant to execute, is no greater forfeit to the law peaches him a beggar. Then have we here young than Angelo who hath sentenced him: to make Dizy, and young master Deep-vow, and master you understand this in a manifested effect, I crave Copper-spur, and master Starve-lackey the rapier but four days respite; for the which you are to do and dagger-man, and young Drop-heir that killed me both a present and a dangerous courtesy. lusty Pudding, and master Forthright the tilter, and Prov. Pray, sir, in what ?

brave master Shoe-tie the great traveller, and wild Dike. In the delaying death.

Half-cann that stal b'd Pots, and, I think, forty Prov. Alack! how may I do it? having the hour more; all great doers in our trade, and are now for limited; and an express command, under penalty, the Lord's sake. to deliver his head in the view of Angelo? I may inake my case as Claudio's, to cross this in the

Enter Abhorson. smallest.

Abhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither. Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warrant you, ir my instructions may be your guide. Let this hangd, master Barnardine.

Clo. Master Barnardine! you must rise and be Barnardine be this morning executed, and his head Abhór. What, ho, Barnardine! be borne to Angelo. Proo. Angelo hath seen them both, and will makes that noise there? What are you?

Barnar. [Within.) A pox o’your throats! Who discover the favour.:

Clo. Your friends, sir ; the hangman : you must (1) Spur, incitement. (2) Nine years in prison.

(3) Countenance.

seech you,

be so good, sir, to rise and be put to death. Both Barnardine and Claudio: Ere twice

Barnar. [Within.) Away, you rogue, away; 1 The sun hath made his journal greeting to am sleepy.

The under generation, you shall find Abhor. Tell him, he must awake, and that your safety manifested. quickly too.

Prov. Iain your free dependant. Clo. Pray, master Barnardine, awake till you are Duke.

Quick, despatch, executed, and sleep afterwards.

And send the head to Angelo. (Exil Provost. Abhor. Go in to him, and fetch him out. Now will I write letters to Angelo,

Clo. He is coming, sir, he is coming ; I hear his The provost, he shall bear them, -whose contents straw rustle.

Shall witness to him, I am near at home;
Enter Barnardine.

And that, by great injunctions, I am bound

To enter publicly: him I'll desire Abbor. Is the axe upon the block, sirrah? To meet me at the consecrated fount, Clo. Very ready, sir.

A league below the city; and from thence, Barnar. How now, Abhorson ? what's the news By cold gradation and weal-balanced form, with you?

We shall proceed with Angelo. Abhor. Truly, sir, I would desire you to clap into your prayers; for, look you, the warrant's come.

Re-enter Provost. Barnar. You rogue, I have been drinking all Prov. Here is the head; I'll carry it myself. night, I am not fitted for't.

Duke. Convenient is it: Make a swift return; Clo. 0, the better, sir; for he that drinks all For I would commune with you of such things, night, and is hang'd betimes in the morning, may That want no ear but yours. sleep the sounder all the next day.


I'll make all speed. Enter Duke.


Isab. (Wilhin.) Peace, ho, be here! Al hor. Look you, sir, here comes your ghostly Duke. The tongue of Isabel :-She's come to father; do we jest now, think you ?

know, Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hearing Ir yet her brother's pardon be come hither : how hastily you are to depart, I am come to advise But I will keep her ignorant of her good, you, comfort you, and pray with you.

To make her heavenly comforts of despair, Barnar. Friar, not I; I have been drinking hard When it is least expected. all night, and I will have more time to prepare me, or they shall beat out my brains with billets: I will

Enter Isabella, not consent to die this day, that's certain. Duke, O, sir, you must: and therefore, I be

Isab. Ho, by your leave.

Duke. Good morning to you, fair and gracious Look forward on the journey you shall go.

daughter. Barnar. I swear, i will not die to-day for any Hath yet the deputy sent my brother's pardon?

Isab. The better, given me by so holy a man. man's persuasion. Duke. But hear you,

Dike. He hath releas'd him, Isabel, from the Barnar. Not a word; if you have any thing to

world; say to me, come to my ward; for thence will not 1 His head is off, and sent to Angelo. to-day.


Isab. Nay, but it is not so.

It is no other:
Enter Provost.

Show your wisdom, daughter, in your close paDike. Unfit to live, or die: 0, gravel heart!

tience. After him, fellows; bring him to the block.

Isab. O, I will to him, and pluck out his eyes. [Exeunt Abhorson and Clown.

Duke. You shall not be admitted to his sight. Prov. Now, sir, how do you find the prisoner ? Isab. Unhappy Claudio! Wretched Isabel !

Duke. A creature unprepard, unmcet for death; Injurious world! Most damned Angelo! And, to transport him in the mind he is,

Duke. This nor hurts him, nor profits you a jot Were damnable.

Forbear it therefore; give your cause to Heaven. Prov. Here in the prison, father,

Mark what I say; which you shall find, There died this morning of a cruel fever

By every syllable, a faithful verity: One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate,

The duke comes home to-morrow;-nay, dry you A man of Claudio's years; his beard, and head,

eyes; Just of his colour: What if we do omit

One of our convent, and his confessor, This reprobate, till he were well inclin'd;

Gives me this instance: Already he hath carried And satisfy the deputy with the visage

Notice to Escalus and Angelo; Of Ragozinc, more like to Claudio ?

Who do prepare to meet him at the gates, Duke. 0, 'tis an accident that Heaven provides ! There to give up their power. li you can, pace Despatch it presently; the hour draws on

your wisdom Prefix'd by Angelo : See, this be done,

In that good path that I would wish it go ; And sent according to command; whiles I

And you shall have your bosom? on this wretch, Persuade this rude wretch willingly to die.

Grace of the duke, revenges to your heart, Pror. This shall be done, good father, presently. And general honour.


I am directed by you.
But Barnardine must die this afternoon:
And how shall we continue Claudio,

Duke. This letter then to friar Peter give;
To save me from the danger that might come,

'Tis that he sent me of the duke's return: If he were known alive?

Say, by this token, I desire his company Duke. Let this be done ;-Put them in secret At Mariana's house to night. Her cause, and yours holds,

I'll perfect him withal; and he shall bring you

Before the duke ; and to the head of Angelo (1) The antipodes. (2) Your heart's desire. Accuse him home, and home. For my poor self,

ye well.

I am combined by a sacred vow,

The law against it!-But that her tender shame And shall be absent. Wend' you with this letter : Will not proclaim against her maiden loss Command these fretting waters from your eyes How might she tongue me? Yet reason dares With a light heart; trust not my holy order,

If I pervert your course.—Who's here ? For my authority bears a credent bulk,

That no particular scandal once can touch,
Enter Lucio.

But itconfounds the breather. He should havelivd, Lucio,

Good even ! Save that his riotous youth, with dangerous sense, Friar, where is the provost ?

Might, in the times to come, have ta'en revenge, Duke.

Not within, sir. By so receiving a dishonour'd life, Lucio. O, pretty Isabella, I am pale at mine With ransom of such shame. 'Would yet he heart, to see thine eyes so red: thou must be pa

had liv'd! tient: I am fain to dine and sup with water and Alick, when once our grace we have forgot, bran; I dare not for my head hill my belly; one Nothing goes right; we would and we would not. fruitful meal would set me to't: But they say the

(Eril. duke will be here to-morrow. By my troth, Isabel, I lov'd thy brother: if the old fantastical' duke of SCENE V.-Fields without the town. Enter dark corners had been at home, he had lived. Duke in his own habit, and Friar Peter.

[Erit Isabella.

Duke. These letters at fit time deliver me. Duke. Sir, the duke is marvellous little beholden

(Giring letters. to your reports; but the best is, he lives not in them. The provost knows our purpose, and our plot.

Lucio. Friar, thou knowest not the duke so well The matter being aloot, keep your instruction, as I do: he's a better woodman than thou takest And hold you ever to our special drift; him for. Duke. Well, you'll answer this one day. Fare As cause doth minister. Go, call at Flavius' house,

Though sometimes you do blench' from this to that

And tell him where I stay: give the like notice, Lucio. Nay, tarry; I'll go along with thee; I To Valentinus, Rowland, and to Crassus, can tell thee pretty tales of the duke.

And bid them bring the trumpets to the gate; Duke. You have told me too many of him al- But send me Flavius first. ready, sir, if they be true; if not true, none were F. Peter.

It shall be speeded well. enough.

(Exit Friar. Lucio. I was once before him for getting a wench

Enter Varrius. with child.

Duke. I thank thee, Varrius; thou hast made Duke. Did you such a thing? Lucio. Yes, marry, did I : but was fain to for- Come, we will walk: There's other of our friends

good haste; swear it; they would else have married me to the Will greet us here anon, my gentle Varrius. (Ere. rotten medlar.

Duke. Sir, your company is fairer than honest : SCENE VI.--Street near the city gate. Enter Rest you well.

Isabella and Mariana. Lučio. By my troth, I'll go with thee to the lane's end : If bawdy talk offend you, we'll

havel, Isab. To speak so indirectly, I am loath; very little of it: Nay, friar, I am á kind of burr, i would say the truth; but to accuse him so, shall stick.


That is your part: yet I am advis'd to do it;

He says, to veil sulle purpose. SCENE IV.A room in Angelo's house. Enter Mari.

Be rul'd by him. Angelo and Escalus.

Isab. Besides, he tells me, that, if peradventure Escal. Every letter he hath writ hath dis- I should not think it strange: for 'tis a physic,

He speak against me on the adverse side, vouch'da other.

That's bitter to sweet end. Ang. In most uneven and distracted manner. His

Mari. I would, friar Peter,actions show much like to madness: pray Heaven, Isab. his wisdom be not tainted! And why meet him at

0, peace; the friar is come. the gates, and re-deliver our authorities there?

Enter Friar Peter. Escal. I guess not.

F. Peter. Come, I have found you out a stand Ang. And why should we proclaim it in an hour most fit, before his entering, that if any crave redress of injus- Where you may have such vantage on the duke, tice, they should exhibit their petitions in the street ? He shall not pass you: Twice have the truripets Escal. He shows his reason for that: to have a

sounded; despatch of complaints; and to deliver us from The generouslo and gravest citizens devices hereafter, which shall then have no power Have hent" the gates, and very near upon to stand against us.

The duke is ent'ring; therefore hence, away. [ Ang. Well, I beseech you, let it be proclaim'd: Betimes i' the morn, I'll call you at your house : Give notice to such men of sort and suit,»

ACT V. As are to meet him.

Escal. I shall, sir : fare you well. (Exit. SCENE I.A public place near the city gate. Ang. Good night.

Mariana (veiled,) Isabella, and Peter, at a disThis deed unshapes me quite, makes me unpreg tance. Enter at opposite doors, Duke, Varrius, nant,

Lords ; Angelo, Escalus, Lucio, Provost, Olli And dull to all proceedings. A deflower'd maid ! cers, and Citizens, And by an eminent body, that enforc'd

Duke. My very worthy cousin, fairly met:(1) Go. (2) Contradicted. (3) Figure and rank. (4) Calls, challenges her to do it.

(7) Start off. (8) Availful.

(9) Advantage Credit unquestionable. (6) Uuterer. (10) Most noble. (11) Seized.

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