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LOVE'S LABOUR'S LOST.

PERSONS REPRESENTED.

Ferdinand, king of Navarre,

IA Forester.
Biron,
Longaville, lords, attending on the king. Princess of France.
Dumain,

Rosaline,
Sovet,

lords, attending on the princess of Maria, ladies, attending on the princess. Mercade, France.

Katharine,
Don Adriano de Armado, a fantastical Spaniard. Jaquenetta, a country wench.
Sir Nathaniel, a curate,
Holofernes, a schoolmaster.

Officers and others, allendants on the king ana Dull, a constable.

princess. Costard, a clown. Moth, page to Armado.

Scene, Navarre.

ACT I.

And, one day in a week to touch no food;

And' but one meal on every day beside ; SCENE I.Navarre. A park, with a palace And then to sleep but three hours in the night,

The which, I hope, is not enrolled there : in it." Enter the King, Biron, Longaville, and And not to be seen to wink of all the day; Dumain.

(When I was wont to think no harm all night, King.

And make a dark night too of half the day ;)

Which, I hope well, is not enrolled there : LET

same, that all hunt after in their lives, 0, these are barren tasks, too hard to keep; Live register'd upon our brazen tombs,

Not to see ladies, study, fast, not sleep. And then grace us in the disgrace of death; King. Your oath is pass'd to pass away from these When, spite of cormorant devouring time,

Biron. Let me sav no, my liege, an if you please ; The endeavour of this present breath may buy I only swore, to study with your grace, That honour, which shall bate his scythe's keen And stay here in your court for three years' space, edge,

Long. You swore to that, Biron, and to the rest. And make us heirs of all eternity.

Biron. By yea and nay, sir, then I swore it Therefore, brave conquerors !—for so you are,

jest. — That war against your own affections,

What is the end of study? let me know. And the huge army of the world's desires,

King. Why, that to know, which else we should Our late edíct shall strongly stand in force:

not know. Navarre shall be the wonder of the world ; Biron. Things hid and barr’d, you mean, from Our court shall be a little académe,

common sense ; Still and contemplative in living art.

King. Ay, that is study's god-like recompense. You three, Birón, Dumain, and Longaville, Biron. Come on, then, I will swear to study so. Have sworn for three years' term to live with me, to know the thing I am forbid to know: My fellow-scholars, and to keep those statutes, As thus-To study where I well may dine, That are recorded in this schedule here:

When I to feast expressly am forbid; Your oaths are past, and now subscribe your names; Or, study where to meet some mistress fine, That his own hand may strike his honour down, When mistresses from common sense are hid: That violates the smallest branch herein:

Or, having sworn too hard-a-keeping oath, If you are arm'd to do, as sworn to do,

Study to break it, and not break my troth.
Subscribe to your deep oath, and keep it too. If study's gain be thus, and this be so,

Long. I am resolvd: 'tis but a three years' fast; Study knows that, which yet it doth not know.
The mind shall banquet, though the body pine : Swear me to this, and I will ne'er say, no.
Fat paunches have lean pates; and dainty bits King. These be the stops that hinder study quite,
Make rich the ribs, but bank’rout quite the wits. And train our intellects to vain delight.

Dum. My loving lord, Dumain is mortified; Biron. Why, all delights are vain ; but that The grosser manner of these world's delights

most vain, He throws upon the gross world's baser slaves : Which, with pain purchas'd, doth inherit pain : To love, to wealth, to pomp, I pine and die ; As, painfully to pore upon a book, With all these living in philosophy.

To seek the like of truth ; while truth the while Biron. I can but say their protestation over, Doth falsely blind the eyesight of his look: So much, dear liego, I have already sworn, Light, seeking light, doth light of light beguile : That is, 'To live and study here three years, So, ere you find where light in darkness lies, But there are other strict observances :

Your light grows dark by losing of your eyes. As, not to see a woman in that term; Which, I hope well, is not enrolled there :

(1) Dishonestly treacherously.

decree;

Study me how to please the eye indeed,

Therefore this article is made in vain, By fixing it upon a fairer eye;

Or vainly comes the admired princess hither. Whó dazzling so, that eye shall be his heed, King. What say you, lords ? why, this was And give him light that was it blinded by.

quite forgot Study is like the heaven's glorious sun,

Biron. So study evermore is overshot; That will not be deep-search'd with saucy looks; While it doth study to have what it would, Small have continual plodders ever won, It doth forget to do the thing it should :

Save base authority from others' books. And when it hath the thing it hunteth most, These earthly godfathers of heaven's lights, 'Tis won, as towns with fire; so won, so lost. That gave a name to every fixed star,

King. We must, of force, dispense with this Have no more profit of their shining nights,

Than those that walk, and wot not what they are. She must lied here on mere necessity.
Too much to know, is, to know nought but same; Biron. Necessity will make us all forsworn
And every godfather can give a name.

Three thousand times within this three years' King. How well he's read, to reason against space : reading!

For every man with his affects is born; Dun. Proceeded well, to stop all good pro

Not by might master'd, but by special grace. ceeding !

Ir I break faith, this word shall speak for me, Long. He weeds the corn, and still lets grow the I am forsworn on mere necessity.weeding.

So to the laws at large I write my name : Biron. The spring is near, when green geese

[Subscribes. are a breeding

And he that breaks them in the least degree, Dum. How follows that ?

Stands in attainder of eternal shame : Biron.

Fit in his place and time. Suggestions are to others, as to me; Drem. In reason nothing.

But, I believe, although I seem so loth, Biron.

Something then in rhyme. I am the last that will last keep his oath. Long. Biron is like an envious sneaping' frost, But is there no quicks recreation granted :

That bites the first-born infants of the spring. King. Ay, that there is : our court, you know, Biron. Well, say I am; why should proud sum

is haunted mer boast,

With a refined traveller of Spain; Before the birds have any cause to sing ? A man in all the world's new fashion planted, Why should I joy in an abortive birth ?

That hath a mint of phrases in his brain : At Christmas, I no more desire a rose

One, whom the music of his own vain tongue Than wish a snow in May's new-fangled shows;? Doth ravish, like enchanting harmony; But like of each thing, that in season grows.

A man of complements, whom right and wrong So you, to study now it is too late,

Have chose as umpire of their mutiny: Climb o'er the house to unlock the little gate. This child of fancy, that Armado hight,

king. Well, sit you out: go home, Birón; adieu! For interim to our studies, shall relate, Biron. No, my good lord; I have sworn to stay In high-born words, the worth of many a knight

From tawny Spain, lost in the world's debate. And, though I have for barbarism spoke more, How you delight, my lords, I know not, I ;

Than for that angel knowledge you can say, But I protest, I love to hear him lie,
Yet confident I'll keep what I have swore,

And I will use him for my minstrelsy.
And 'bide the penance of each three years' day. Biron. Armado is a most illustrious wight,
Give me the paper, let me read the same;

A man of fire-new words, fashion's own knight. And to the strict'st decrees, I'll write my name.

Long. Costard the swain, and he, shall be our King. How well this yielding rescues thee from

sport; shame!

And, so to study, three years is but short. Biron. [Reads.] Item, That no woman shall

Enter Dull, with a letter, and Costard. come within a mile of my court.And hath this been proclaim'd ?

Dull. Which is the duke's own person? Long.

Four days ago.

Biron. This, fellow; What would'st ? Biron. Let's see the penalty.

Dull. I myself reprehend his own person, for I (Reads.]-On pain of losing her tongue.- am his grace's tharborough :' but I would see his

Who devis'd this ? own person in flesh and blood. Long. Marry, that did I.

Biron. This is he. Biron. Sweet lord, and why ?

Dull. Signior Arme-Arme-commends you.-Long. To fright' them hence with that dread There's villany abroad ; this letter will tell you

penalty. Biron. A dangerous law against gentility. Cost. Sir, the contempts thereof are as touching

(Reads.] Item, If any man be seen to talk with 4 woman within the term of three years, he shall King. A letter from the magnificent Armado. endure such public shame as the rest of the courl Biron. How low soever the matter, I hope in can possibly derise

God for high words. This article, my liege, yourself must break; Long. A high hope for a low having: God grant

For, well you know, here comes in embassy. us patience! The French king's daughter, with yourself to Biron. To hear? or forbear hearing ? speak,

Long. To hear meekly, sir, and to laugh modeA maid of grace, and complete majesty,– rately; or to forbear both. About surrender-up of Aquitain

Biron. Well, sir, be it as the style shall give us To her decrepit, sick, and bed-rid father : cause to climb in the merriness. (1) Nipping. (2) Games, sports. (5) Lively, sprightly.

(6) Called. (3) Reside. (4) Temptations. (17) i. e. third-borough, a peace-officer.

with you:

more.

me.

Cost. The matter is to me, sir, as concerning 'swain,) I keep her as a vessel of thy lav's fuery, Jaquenetta. The manner of' it is, I was taken and shall, at the least of thy sweei nolice, bring her with the manner.'

to trial. Thine, in all compliments of devoted and Biron. In what manner?

heart-burning heat of duty, Cost. In manner and form following, sir ; all

DON ADRIÁNO DE ARMADO. those three: I was seen with her in the manor house, sitting with her upon the form, and taken the best that ever I heard.

Biron. This is not so well as I looked for, but following her into the park; which, put together, is, in manner and form following. Now, sir, for King. Ay, the best for the worst. But, sirrah, the manner,—it is the manner of a man to speak what say you to this ? to a woman: for the form,-in some form.

Cost. Sir, I confess the wench. Biron. For the following, sir ?

King. Did you hear the proclamation ? Cost. As it shall follow in my correction; and little of the marking of it.

Cosi. I do confess much of the hearing it, but God defend the right! King. Will you hear this letter with attention?

King. It was proclaimed a year's imprisonment, Biron. As we would hear an oracle.

to be taken with a wench. Cost. Such is the simplicity of man to hearken

Cost. I was taken with none, sir, I was taken after the flesh.

with a damosel. King. (Reads.), Great deputy, the welkin's vice- King. Well, it was proclaimed damosel. gerent, and sole dominator of Navarre, my soul's

Cosl. This was no damosel neither, sir; she was tarth's God, and body's fostering patron,

a virgin. Cost. Not a word of Custard yet.

King. It is so varied too; for it was proclaimed, King. So it is,

virgin. Cosi. It may be so: but if he say it is so, he is, taken with a maid.

Cost. If it were, I deny her virginity; I was in telling true, but so, so. King. Peace.

King. This maid will not serve your turn, sir.

Cost. This maid will serve my turn, sir. Cost. be to me, and every man that dares not fight!

King. Sir, I will pronounce your sentence; You

shall fast a week with bran and water. King. No words. Cost. of other men's secrets, I beseech you.

Çost. I had rather pray a month with mutton

and porridge. King, So it is, besieged with sable-coloured melancholy, I did commend the black-oppressing Mina And Don Armado shall be your keeper.humour to the most wholesome physic of thy health- My lord Biron see him deliverd o'er.giving air ; and, as I am a gentleman, belook my

And go we, lords, to put in practice that self to walk. The time when? About the sixih

Which each to other hath so strongly sworn. hour; when beasts most graze, birds best peck, and

(Exeunt King, Longaville, and Dumain. men sit down to that nourishment which is called

Biron. i'll lay my head to any good man's hat, supper. So much for the time when. Nour for the -Sirrah, come on.

These oaths and laws will prove an idle scorn. ground which; which, I mean, I walked

upon : it is ycieped thy park. Then for the place wh

Cost. 'I suffer for the truth, sir: for true it is, I ehere, I

was taken with Jaquenetta, and Jaquenetta is a I did encounter that obscene and

mean, most preposterous event, that draweth from my

true girl; and therefore, Welcome the sour cup of 51100-white pen the ebon-coloured ink, which heré prosperity! Afliction may one day smile again, thou viewest, beholdest, surveyest, or seest : but to and üll then, Sit thee down, sorrow! (Exeunt the place, where, -It standeth north-north-east and SCENE II.-Another part of the same. Armaby east from the west corner of thy curious-knotted

do's house. Enter Armado and Moth. garden: there did I see that low-spirited swain, That base minnow of thy mirth,

Arm. Boy, what sign is it, when a man of great Cost. Me.

spirit grows melancholy? King. that unletler'd small-knowing soul, Moth. A great sign, sir, that he will look sad. Cosi. Me.

Arm. Why, sadness is one and the self-same King. - that shallor vassal,

thing, dear imp. Cosi. Still me.

Moth. No, no; O lord, sir, no. King. — which, as I remember, hight Cos Arm. How canst thou part sadness and melantard,

choly, my tender juvenal ?2 Cost. O me!

Moth. By a familiar demonstration of the work King: sorted and consorted, contrary to thy ing, my tough senior. established proclaimed edict and continent canon, Arm. Why tough senior? why tough senior ? with_wilh, -0 withbut with this I passion to Moth. Why tender juvenal ? why tender juvenal? say wherewith

Arm. I spoke it, tender juvenal, as a congruent Cost. With a wench.

epitheton, appertaining to thy young days, which King. — with a child of our grandmother Eve, we may nominate tender. a female; or, for thy more sweet understanding, a Moth. And I, tough senior, as an appertinent woman. Him I (as my ever-esteemed duty pricks title to your old time, which we may name tough. me on) have sent to thee, to receive the meed of Arm. Pretty, and apt. punishment, by thy sweet grace's officer, Antony Moth. How mean you, sir? I pretty, and my Dull; a man of good repute, carriage, bearing, saying apt? or I apt, and my saying pretty? and estimation.

Arm. Thou pretty, because little. Dull. Me, an't shall please you; I am Antony Moth. Little pretty, because little: Wherefore apt? Dull.

Arm. And therefore apt, because quick. King. For Jaquenetta (so is the weaker vessel Moth. Speak you this in my praise, master ? called, which I apprehended with the aforesaid Arm. In thy condign praise.

Moth. I will praise an eel with the same praise. (1) In the fact. (2) A young man. Arm. What? that an eel is ingenious ?

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Muth. That an eеl 3 quick.

Moth. If she be made of white and red, Arm. I do say, thou art quick in answers : Thou Her faults will ne'er be known; neatest my blood.

For blushing cheeks by faults are bred, Voth. I am answered, sir.

And fears by pale-white shown: Irm, I love not to be crossed.

Then, if she fear, or be to blame, Moth. He speaks the mere contrary, crosses! By this you shall not know; love not him.

(Aside.

For still her cheeks possess the same, Arm. I have promised to study three years with Which native she doth owe.? the duke.

A dangerous rhyme, master, against the reason of Moth. You may do it in an hour, sir.

white and red. Arm. Impossible.

Arm. Is there not a ballad, boy, of the King and Moth. How many is one thrice told ?

the Beggar ? Arm. I am ill at reckoning, it fitteth the spirit on. Moth. The world was very guilty of such a bala tapster.

lad some three ages since : but, I think, now 'tis Moth. You are a gentleman, and a gamester, sir. not to be found; or, if it were, it would neither Irm. I confess both; they are both the varnish serve for the writing, nor the tune. of a complete man.

Arm. I will have the subject newly writ o'er, Moth. Then, I am sure you know how much the that I may example my digression by some mighty gross sum of deuce-ace amounts to.

precedent. Boy, I do love that country girl, that I Arm. It doth amount to one more than two. look in the park with the rational hind Costard; Moth. Which the base vulgar do call, three. she deserves well. Arm. True.

Moth. To be whipped; and yet a better love Moth. Why, sir, is this such a piece of study ? than my master.

\ Aside. Now here is three studied, ere you'll thrice wink: Arm. Sing, boy; my spirits grow heavy in love and how easy it is to put years to the word three, Moth. And that's great marvel, loving a light and study three years in two words, the dancing- wench. borse will tell you.

Arm. I say, sing:
Arm. A most fine figure!

Moth. Forbear till this company be past.
Moth. To prove you a cypher. (Aside,
Arm. I will hereupon confess, I am in love: and,

Enter Dull, Costard, and Jaquenetta. as it is base for a soldier to love, so am I in love. Dull. Sir, the duke's pleasure is, that you keep with a base wench. If drawing my sword against Costard safe'; and you must let him take no delight, the humour of affection would deliver me from the nor no penance; but a'must fast three days a-week: reprobate thought of it, I would take desire pri- For this damsel, I must keep her at the park; she soner, and ransom him to any French courtier for is allowed for the day-woman.* Fare you well. a new devised courtesy. I think scorn to sigh; Arm. I do betray myself with blushing.-Maid. inethinks, I should out-swear Cupid. Comfort me, Jaq. Man. boy: What great men have been in love?

Arm. I will visit thee at the lodge. Moth. Hercules, master.

Jaq. That's hereby. Arm. Most sweet Hercules !--More authority, Arm. I know where it is situate. dear boy, name more; and, sweet my child, lei Jaq. Lord, how wise you are! them be men of good repute and carriage.

Arm. I will tell thee wonders. Moth. Samson, master: he was a man of good! Jaq. With that face? carriage, great carriage; for he carried the town Arm. I love thee. gates on his back, like a porter: and he was in love. Jaq. So I heard you say. Arm. O well-knit Samson! strong-jointed Sam

Arm. And so farewell." son! I do excel thee in my rapier, as much as thou Jaq. Fair weather after you! didst me in carrying gates. I am in love too,-Who Dull. Come, Jaquenetta, away. was Samson's love, my dear Moth?

(Exeunt Dull and Jaquenetta, Moth. A woman, master.

Arm. Villain, thou shalt fast for thy offences, Arm. Of what complexion ?

ere thou be pardoned. Moth. Of all the four, or the three, or the two; Cost. Well, sir, I hope, when I do it, I shall do or one of the four.

it on a full stomach. Arm. Tell me precisely of what complexion. Arm. Thou shalt be heavily punished. . Moth. Of the sea-water green, sir.

Cost. I am more bound to you, than your fellows, Arm. Is that one of the four complexions ? for they are but lightly rewarded. Moth. As I have read, sir; and the best of them Arm. Take away this villain; shut him up.

Moth. Come, you transgressing slave; away. Arm. Green, indeed, is the colour of lovers: but Cost. Let me not be pent up, sir; I will last, to have a love of that colour, methinks, Samson being loose. had stall reason for it. He, surely, affected her Moth. No, sir; that were fast and loose: thou for her wit.

shalt to prison. Moth. It was so, sir ; for she had a green wit. Cost. Well, if ever I do see the merry days of Arm. My love is most immaculate white and red. desolation that I have seen, some shall seeMoth. Most maculate thoughts, master, are

Moth. What shall some see? masked under such colours.

Cost. Nay, nothing, master Moth, but what they Arm. Define, define, well-educated infant. look upon. It is not for prisoners to be too silent Moth. My father's wit, and my mother's tongue, in their words; and, therefore, I will say nothing : assist me!

I thank God, I have as little patience as another Arm. Sweet invocation of a child; most pretty, man; and, therefore, I can be quiet. and pathetical!

(Exeunt Moth and Costard.

Arm. I do affect the very ground, which is base, (1) The name of a coin once current. (2) of which she is naturally possessed. |(3) Transgression. (4) Dairy-woman. (5) Love.

100.

where her shoe, which is baser, guided by her foot,|Between lord Perigort and the beauteous heir which is basest, doth tread. I shall be forsworn Or Jacques Falconbridge solemnized, (which is a great argument of falsehood, ) if I love: In Normandy saw I this Longaville: and how can that be true love, which is falsely at- A man of sovereign parts he is esteem'd; tempted ? Love is a familiar; love is a devil: there Well fitted in the arts, glorious in arms: is no evil angel but love. Yet Samson was so Nothing becomes him ill, that he would well. tempted: and he had an excellent strength: yet The only soil of his fair virtue's gloss, was Solomon so seduced; and he had a very good (If virtue's gloss will stain with any soil,). wit. Cupid's butt-shafi'is too hard for Hercules' Is a sharp wit match'd with too blunt a will; club, and therefore too much odds for a Spaniard's Whose edge hath power to cut, whose will still rapier. The first and second cause will not serve wills my turn; the passado he respects not, the duello It should none spare that come within his power. he regards not: his disgrace is to be called boy ; Prin. Some merry mocking lord, belike; is't so? but his glory is, to subdue men. Adieu, valour! Mar. They say so most, that most his humours rust, rapier! be still, drum! for your manager is

know. in love; yea, he loveth. Assist me, some extem Prin. Such short-liv'd wits do wither as they poral god of rhyme, for, I am sure, I shall turn son

grow, netteer. Devise wit ; write pen; for I am for whole Who are the rest ? volumes in folio.

[Erit. Kath. The young Dumain, a well-accomplish'd

youth,
of all that virtue love for virtue lor'd:

Most power to do most harm, least knowing ill;
ACT II.

For he hath wit to make an ill shape good, SCENE 1.-Another part of the same. A pavi- I saw him at the duke Alencon's once ;

And shape to win grace though he had no wit. lion and lents at a distance. Enter the Princess And much too little of that good I saw, of France, Rosaline, Maria, Katharine, Boyet, Is my report, to his great worthiness. Lords, and other attendants.

Rós. Another of these students at that time Boyet. Now, madam, summon up your dearest? Was there with him: if I have heard a truth, spirits :

Biron they call him: but a merrier man,
Consider who the king your father sends ; Within the limit of becoming mirth,
To whom he sends; and what's his embassy : I never spent an hour's talk withal:
Yourself, held precious in the world's esteem, His eye begets occasion for his wit ;
To parley with the sole inheritor

For every object that the one doth catch, or all perfections that a man may owe,

The other turns to a mirth-moving jest; Matchless Navarre; the plea of no less weight Which his fair tongue (conceit's expositor,) Than Aquitain; a dowry for a queen.

Deliver's in such apt and gracious words, Be now as prodigal of all dear grace,

That aged ears play truant at his tales, As nature was in making graces dear,

And younger hearings are quite ravished, When she did starve the general world beside, So sweet and voluble is his discourse. And prodigally gave them all to you.

Prin. God bless my ladies ! are they all in love ; Prin. Good lord Boyet, my beauty, though but That every one her own hath garnished mean,

With such bedecking ornaments of praise ?
Needs not the painted flourish of your praise; Mar. Here comes Boyet.
Beauty is bought by judgment of the eye,
Not utter'd by base sale of chapmen's tongues :

Re-enter Boyet.
I am less proud to hear you tell my worth,

Prin.

Now, what admittance, lord ? Than you much willing to be counted wise Boyet. Navarre had notice of your fair approach ; In spending your wit in the praise of mine. And he, and his competitors) in oath, But now to task the tasker, ---Good Boyet, Were all address'd* to meet you, gentle lady, You are not ignorant, all-telling fame

Before I came. Marry, thus much I have learnt, Doth noise abroad, Navarre hath made a vow, He rather means to lodge you in the field Till painful study shall out-wear three years, (Like one that comes here to besiege his court, No woman may approach his silent court: Than seek a dispensation for his oath, Therefore to us seemeth it a needful course, To let you enter his unpeopled house. Before we enter his forbidden gates,

Here comes Navarre.

(The ladies mask. To know his pleasure; and in that behalf, Bold of your worthiness, we single you

Enter King, Longaville, Dumain, Biron, and al

tendants. As our best-moving fair solicitor : Tell him, the daughter of the king of France, King. Fair princess, welcome to the court o! On serious business, craving quick despatch,

Navarre. Impórtunes personal conference with his grace. Prin. Fair, I give you back again ; and, wel Haste, signify so much; while we attend, come I have not yet: the roof of this court is too Like humble-visag'd suitors, his high will. high to be yours; and welcome to the wild felds Boyet. Proud of employment, willingly I go. too base to be mine.

(Exit. King. You shall be welcome, madam, to my Prin. All pride is willing pride, and yours is 80.

court. Who are the votaries, my loving lords,

Prin. I will be welcome then; conduct me That are vow-fellows with this virtuous duke ?

thither i Lord. Lungaville is one.

King. Hear me, dear lady; I have sworn an oath. Prin.

Know you the man? Prin. Our lady help my lord! he'll be forsworn. Mar. I know him, madam; at a marriage feast, King. Not for the world, fair madam, by my will. (1) Arrow-to shoot at butts with. (2) Best. (3) Confederates. (4) Prepared.

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