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Gra. You look not well, signior Antonio: You have too much respect upon the world: They lose it, that do buy it with much care. Believe me, you are marvellously chang'd.

.int. I hold the world but as the world, Gra

tiano;

A stage, where every man must play a part,
And mine a sad one.

Gra. Let me play the fool :
With mirth and laughter let old wrinkles come;
And let my liver rather heat with wine,
Than my heart cool with mortifying groans.
Why should a man, whose blood is warm within,
Sitsike his grandsire cut in alabaster?
Sleep when he wakes? and o into the jaundice
# being peevish 2. I tell thee what, Antonio,
Ilove thee, and it is my love that speaks;–
There are a sort of men, whose visages
Do cream and mantle, like a standing pond;
And do a wilful stillness' entertain,
With purpose to be dress'd in an opinion
Of wisdom, gravity, profound conceit:
As who should say, I am sir Oracle,
Jind, when I ope my lips, let no dog bark 1
0, my Antonio, I do know of these,
that therefore ony are reputed wise,
For saying nothing; who, I am very sure,
Isthey should speak, would almost dimnithose ears,
Which, los them, would call their brothers,

fools.
I'll tell thee more of this another time:
But fish not with this melancholy bait,
For this fool's gudgeon, this opinion.—
Come, good Lorenzo:—Fareye well, a while;
I'll end my exhortation after dinner.
Lor. Well, we will leave you then till dinner-
time:

e:
Imust be one of these same dumb wise men,
For Gratiano never lets me speak.
Gra. Well, keep me company but two years

more, Thou shalt not know the sound of thine own

tongue. .int. Farewell: I’ll grow a talker for this gear. Gra. Thanks, i'faith; for silence is only commendable In a neat's tongue dried, and a maid not vendible. [Eaceunt Gratiano and Lorenzo. .3nt. Is that any thing now Ż Bass. Gratiano speaks an infinite deal of nothing, more than any man in all Venice: His reasons are as two grains of wheat hid in two bushels of chaff; you shall seek all day ere you find them; and, when you have them, they are not worth the search. Ant. Well; tell me now, what lady is this same To whom you swore a secret pilgrimage, That you to-day promis'd to tell me of? Bass. "Tis not unknown to you, Antonio, How much I have disabled mine estate, #.; showing a more swelling port n my faint means would grant continuance: Nor do I now make moan to be abridg’d From such a noble rate; but my chief care Is, to come fairly off from the great debts Wherein my time, something too prodigal, Hath lest me gaged: To you, Antonio, I owe the most, in money, and in love; And from your love I have a warranty To unburthen all o lots and purposes, How to get clear o | the debts I owe. .dnt. I o: good Bassanio, let me know it; And, if it stand, as you yourself still do,

1) Obstinate silence. (2) Ready.

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Within the eye of honour, be assur’d,

person, my extremest means,

Lie all unlock'd to your occasions.
Bass. In my school-days, when I had lost one

shaft,

I shot his fellow of the self-same flight
The self-same way, with more advised watch,
To find the other #. ; and by advent'ring both,
I of found both;, I urge this childhood proof,
Because what follows is pure innocence.
I owe you much; and, like a wilful youth,
That which I owe is lost; but if you please
To shoot another arrow that self way
Which you did shoot the first, I do not doubt,
As I will watch the aim, or to find both,
Or bring §. latter hazard back again,
And thankfully rest debtor for the first.

.dnt. You know me well; and herein spend but

time,

To wind about my love with circumstance;
And, out of doubt, you do me now more wrong,
In making question of my uttermost,
Than if you had made waste of all I have:
Then do but say to me what I should do
That in your knowledge may by me be done,
And I am prest” unto it: therefore, speak.

Bass. In Belmont is a lady richly left,
And she is fair, and, fairer than that word,
Of wondrous virtues: sometimes” from her eyes
I did receive fair speechless messages:
Her name is Portia; nothing undervalued
To Cato's daughter, Brutus' Portia.
Nor is the wide world ignorant of her worth;
For the four winds blow in from every coast
Renowned suitors; and her sunny locks
Hang on her temples like a golden fleece;

Which makes her seat of Belmont, Colchos' strand,

And many Jasons come in quest of her.
O my Antonio, had I but the means
to holds of place with one of them,
I have a mind presages me such thrist,
That I should questionless be fortunate.

..]nt. Thou know'st, that all my fortunes are at

sea.

Nor have I money, nor commodity
To raise a present sum: therefore * forth,
Try what my credit can in Venice do;
That shall be rack'd, even to the uttermost,
To furnish thee to Belmont, to fair Portia.
Go, presently inquire, and so will I,
Where money is; and I no question make
To have it of my trust, or for my sake. [Ereunu.

SCE.NTE II.-Belmont. A room in Portia's house. Enter Portia and Nerissa. Por. By my troth, Nerissa, my little body is aweary of this great world. JN'er. You would be, sweet madam, if your miseries were in the same abundance as your good fortunes are: And yet, for aught I see, they are as sick, that surfeit with too much, as they that starve with nothing: It is no mean happiness therefore, to be seated in the mean; superfluity comes sooner by white hairs, but competency lives longer. Por. Good sentences, and well pronounced. JN'er. They would be better, if well followed. Por. If to do were as easy as to know what were good to do, chapels had been churches, and poor men's cottages, princes' palaces. It is a good divine that follows his own instructions: I can easier teach twenty what were good to be done, than be one of the twenty to follow mine own teaching. The brain

(3) Formerly.

may devise laws for the blood; but a hot tempera beast: an the worst fall that ever fell, I hope, I

leaps over a cold decree: such a hare is madness the youth, to skip o'er the meshes of good counsel the cripple. But this reasoning is not in the fashion to choose me a husband:—0 me, the word choose I may neither choose whom I would, nor refuse whom I dislike; so is the will of a living daughter curb’d by the will of a dead father:—Is it not hard Nerissa, that I cannot choose one, nor refuse none War. Your father was ever virtuous; and holy inen, at their death, have good inspirations; theresore, the lottery, that he hath devised in these three chests, of gold, silver, and lead, (whereof who chooses his meaning, chooses you,) will, no doubt, never be chosen by any rightly, but one who you shall rightly love. But what warmth is there in your affection towards any of these princely suitors that are already come 2 Por. I pray thee, over-name them; and as thou namest them, I will describe them; and, according to my description, level at my affection. er. First, there is the Neapolitan prince. Por. Ay, that's a colt," indeed, for he doth nothing but talk of his horse: and he makes it a great appropriation to his own good parts, that he can shoe him himself: I am much afraid, my lady, his mother, played false with a smith. .N'er. Then is there the county? Palatine. Por. He does nothing but frown; as who should say, .dn if you will not have me, choose : he hears merry tales, and smiles not: ik'a. he will prove the weeping philosopher when he grows old, ring so full of unmannerly sadness in his youth. I had rather be married to a death's head with a bone in his mouth, than to either of these. God defend me from these two .N'er. How say you by the French lord, Monsieur Le Bon 7 Por. God made him, and therefore let him pass for a man. In truth, I know it is a sin |. al mocker: But, he why, he hath a horse better than the Neapolitan's ; a better bad habit of frowning than the count Palatine :, he is every man in no man: if a throstle sing, he falls straight a capering; he will fence with his own shadow : if I should marry him, I should marry twenty husbands: Is he would despise me, I would forgive him; for if he love me to madness, I shall never requite him. JWer...What say you then to Falconbridge, the young baron of England 7 Por. You know, I say nothing to him: for he understands not me, nor I him: he hath neither Latin, French, nor Italian ; and you will come into the court and swear, that i have a poor penny-worth in the English. He is a proper man's picture ; But, alass who can converse with a dumb show How oddly he is suited " I think he bought his doublet in Italy, his round hose in France, his bonnet in Germany, and his behaviour every where. JWer. What think you of the Scottish lord, his neighbour? Por. That he hath a neighbourly charity in him; for he borrowed a box of the ear of the Englishman, and swore he would pay him again, when he was able : I think the Frenchman became his surety, and sealed under for another. JN'er. How like you the young German, the duke of Saxony's nephew 7 Por. Very vilely in the morning, when he is sober; and most vilely in the asternoon, when he is drunk: when he is best, he is a little worse than a man; and when he is worst, he is little better than

shall make shift to go without him. .N'er. If he of offer to choose, and choose the right casket, you should refuse to perform your father's will, if you should refuse to accept him. Por. Therefore, for fear of the worst, I pray thee, set a deep glass of Rhenish wine on the contrary casket: #: is the devil be within, and that temptation without, I know he will choose it. I will do any thing, Nerissa, ere I will be married to a spunge. or. You need not fear, lady, the having any of these lords; they have acquainted me with their determinations: which is, indeed, to return to their home, and to trouble you with no more suit; unless you may be won by some other sort than your sother's imposition, depending on the caskets. Por. If I live to . as old as Sybilla, I will die as chaste as Diana, unless I be obtained by the manner of my father's will: I am glad this parcel of wooers are so reasonable; for there is not one among them but I dote on his very absence, and I pray God grant them a fair departure. .N'er. Do you not remember, lady, in your sother's time, a Venetian, a scholar, and a soldier, that came hither in company of the Marquis ol Montserrat 7 Por. Yes, yes, it was Bassanio; as I think, so was he called. .N'er. True, madam; he, of all the men that ever my foolish eyes iooked upon, was the best deserving a fair lady. Por. I remember him well; and I remember him worthy of thy praise.—How now ! what news?

Enter a Serrant.

Sert. The four strangers seek for you, madam, to take their leave : and there is a forerunner come from a fifth, the prince of Morocco; who brings word, the prince § master, will he here to-night.

Por. If I could bid the fifth welcome with so good heart as I can bid the other four farewell, I should be #;" of his approach: if he have the condition” of a saint, and the complexion of a devil, I had rather he should shrive me than wive me. Come, Nerissa.-Sirrah, go before.—Whiles we shut the gate upon one wooer, another knocks at the door. [Ereunt.

SCE.N'E III-Venice. A public place. Enter Bassanio and Shylock.

Shu. Three thousand ducats, well. Bass. Av, sir, for three months. Shu. For three months, well. Bass. For the which, as I told you, Antonio shall be bound. Shu. Antonio shall become bound,—well. Bass; May you stead me? Will you pleasure me? Shall I know your answer? Shy. Three thousand ducats, for three months, and Antonio bound. Bass. Your answer to that. Shy. Antonio is a good man. Bass. Have you heard any imputation to the contrary 7 . Shu. Ho, no, no, no, no ;-my meaning, in sav ing he is a good man, is to have you understand me, that he is sufficient: yet his méans are in supposition : he hath an argosy bound to Tripolis, another to the Indies: I understand moreover upor. the Rialto, he hath a third at Mexico, a fourth for England,-and other ventures he hath, squan

(1) A heady, gay youngster. (2) Count.

. (3) Temper, qualities.

dar'd abroad: But ships are but boards, sailors but men: there be land-rats, and water-rats, waterthieves, and land-thieves; I mean, pirates; and len, there is the peril of waters, winds, and rocks: The man is, notwithstanding, sufficient;-three thousand ducats;—I think I may take his bond. Bass. Be assured you may. Shy. I will be assured. I may be assured, I will bethink me: Antonio ! Bass. If it please you to dine with us. Shy. Yes, to smell pork; to eat of the habitation which your prophet, the Nazarite, conjured the devil into: I will buy with you, sell with you, talk with you, walk with you, and so following; but I will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray with you. What news on the Rialto Who is he comes here 7

Enter Antonio.

Bass. This is signior Antonio.
Shy. [..lside..] How like a fawning publican he
looks .

1 hate him, for he is a Christian:
But more, for that, in low simplicity,
He lends out money gratis, and brings down
The rate of usance here with us in Venice.
If I can catch him once upon the hip,
I will seed fat the ancient grudge I tour him.
He hates our sacred nation ; and he rails,
Even there where merchants most do congregate,
Qn me, my bargains, and my well-won thrist,
Which he calls interest: Cursed be my tribe,
If I forgive him!
tiss

: and, that I may May i speak wi

Bass. Shylock, do you hear?

* I am debating of my present store; And, by the near guess of my memory, I cannot instantly raise up the gross Of full three thousand ducats: What of that? Tubal, a wealthy Hebrew of my tribe, Wilfurnish me. But soft; How many months Do you desire?—Rest you fair, good signior;

[To Antonio.

Your worship was the last man in our mouths.

.int. Shylock, albeit I neither lend nor borrow, By taking, nor by giving of excess, Yet, to supply the ripe wants' of my friend, !!! break a custom:-Is he yet possessed,” How much you would 7

Shy. Ay, ay, three thousand ducats.

-hit. And for three months.

Shy. I had forgot,-three months, you told me so. Well then, your bond; and, let me see,_But

hear you; ". you said, you neither lend, nor borrow, Upon advantage. ..?nt I do never use it.

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And in the doing of the deed of kind,”
He stuck them up before the fulsome ewes;
Who, then conceiving, did in eaning time
Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Jacob's.
This was a way to thrive, and he was blest;
And thrift is blessing, if men steal it not.
.int. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob serv'd

or : A thing not in his power to bring to pass, But sway’d and fashion'd, by the hand of heaven. Was this inserted to make interest good? Or is your gold and silver, ewes and rams ?

Shy. I cannot tell: I make it breed as fast:— But note me, signior.

.int. Mark you whis, Bassanio, The devil can cite scripture for his purpose, An evil soul, producing holy witness, Is like a villain with a smiling cheek; A goodly apple rotten at the heart; 0, what a goodly outside falsehood hath! Shy. Three thousand ducats, ’tis a good round

sumn.
Three months from twelve, then let me see the rate.
.int. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to you?
Shy. Signior Antonio, many a time and oft,
In the Rialto you have rated me
About my monies, and my usances:*
Still have I borne it with a patient shrug;
For sufferance is the badge of all our tribé:
You call me—misbeliever, cut-throat dog,
And spit upon my Jewish gaberdine,
And . for use of that which is mine own.
Well then, it now appears, you need my help:
Go to then ; you come to me, and you say,
Shylock, we would have monies ; You say so;
You, that did void your rheum upon my eard,
And foot me, as you spurn a stranger cur
Qyer your threshold ; monies is your suit.
What should I say to you? Should I not say,
Hath a dog money 2 is it possible,
..? cur can lend three thousand ducats 7 or,
Shall I bend low, and in a bondsman's key,
With o breath, and whispering humbleness,
Say this,
Fair sir, you spit on me on Wednesday last;
You spurn'd me such a day; another time
You call'd me—dog; and for these courtesies
I'll lend you thus much monies.

.dnt. I am as like to call thee so again,
To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too.
If thou wilt lend this money, lend it not
As to thy friends (for when did friendship take
A breed for barren metal of his friend ?
But lend it rather to thine enemy;
Who is he break, thou may'st with betterface

xact the penalty.

Shy. Why, look you, how you storm I would be friends with you, and have your love, Forget the shames that you have stain'd me with, Supply your present wants, and take no doit Of usance for my monies, and you'll not hear me: This is kind I offer.

..?nt. This were kindness.

Shy. This kindness will I show:Go with me to a o seal me there Your single bond; , in a merry sport, If you repay me not on such a day, In such a place, such sum, or sums, as are Express'd in the condition, let the forfeit Be nominated for an equal pound Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken In what part of your body pleaseth me.

(l) Wants which admit no longer delay.

(2) Informed. (3) Note: (4) Interest. 2

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