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Their battering cannon, charged to the mouths ; To our fast-closed gates ; for, at this match, Till their soul-fearing clamours have brawl'd down With swifter spleen than powder can enforce, The finty ribs of this contemptuous city: The mouth of passage shall we ding wide ope, I'd play incessantly upon these jades,
And give you entrance; but, without this match, Even till unfenced desolation
The sea enraged is not hall so deaf, Leave them as naked as the vulgar air.
Lions more confident, mountains and rocks That done, dissever your united strengths, More free from motion; no, not death himself And part your mingled colours once again; In mortal fury half so peremptory, Turn face to face, and bloody point to point : As we to keep this city. Then, in a moment, fortune shall cull forth
Here's a stay, Out of one side her happy minion;
That shakes the rotten carcase of old death Tu whom in favour she shall give the day, Out of his rags! Here's a large mouth, indeed, And kiss him with a glorious victory.
That spits forth death, and mountains, rocks, and . How like you this wild counsel, mighty states ? Smacks it not something of the policy?
Talks as familiarly of roaring lions, K. John. Now, by the sky that hangs above our As maids of thirteen do of puppy-dogs! heads,
What cannoneer begot this lusty blood ? I like it well ;-France, shall we knit our powers, He speaks plain cannon, fire, and smoke, and And lay this Angiers even with the ground;
Bast. An if thou hast the mettle of a king, Our ears are cudgeld; not a word of his,
Zounds! I was never so bethump'd with words,
That yon green boy shall have no sun to ripe K. John. We from the west will send destruction The bloom that promiseth a mighty fruit. Into the city's bosom.
I see a yielding in the looks of France; Aust. I from the north.
Mark, how they whisper: urge them, while their K. Phi.
Our thunder from the south, souls
Bast. O prudent discipline! From north to south, Lest zeal, now melted, by the windy breath
(Aside. Cool and congeal again to what it was. I'll stir them to it:-Come, away, away!
1 Cit. Why answer not the double majesties 1 Cit. Hear us, great kings : vouchsafe a while This friendly treaty of our threatend town? to stay,
K. Phi. Speak England first, that hath been And I shall show you peace, and fair-faced league; forward first Win you this city without stroke, or wound; To speak unto this city: What say you? Rescue those breathing lives to die in beds,
K. John. If that the Dauphin there, thy princely That here come sacrifices for the field :
son, Persever not, but hear me, mighty kings. Can in this book of beauty read, I love, K. John. Speak on, with favour; we are bent Her dowry shall weigh equal with a queen: to hear.
For Anjou, and fair Touraine, Maine, and Poictiers, 1 Cit. That daughter there of Spain, the lady And all that we upon this side the sea Blanch,
(Except this city now by us besieg’d,) Is near to England; Look upon the years Find liable to our crown and dignity, of Lewis the Dauphin, and ihat lovely maid: Shall gild her bridal bed; and make her rich If lusty love should go in quest of beauty, In titles, honours, and promotions, Where should he find it fairer than in Blanch? As she in beauty, education, blood, If zealous' love should go in search of virtue, Holds hand with any princess of the world. Where should he find it purer than in Blanch? K. Phi. What say'st thou, boy? look in the lady's If love ambitious sought a match of birth,
A wonder, or a wondrous miracle,
Which, being but the shadow of your son,
I do protest, I never lov'd myself, He is the half part of a blessed man,
Till now infixed I beheld myself, Left to be finished by such a she;
Drawn in the flattering table of her eye. And she a fair divided excellence,
[Whispers cith Blanch. Whose sulness of perfection lies in him.
Bast. Drawn in the flattering table of her eye!O, two such silver currents, when they join,
Hang'd in the frowning wrinkle of her brow!Do glorify the banks that bound them in : And quarter'd in her heart !-he doth espy And two such shores to two such streams made one, Himself love's traitor: This is pity now, Two such controlling bounds shall you be, kings, '|That hang'd, and drawn, and quarter'd,' there To these two princes, if you marry them.
should be, This union shall do more than battery can, In such a love, so vile a lout as he.
Blanch. My uncle's will, in this respect, is mine (1) Pious. (2) Speed. (3) Picture. lir hu see aughi in you, that makes him like,
That any thing he sees, which moves his liking, That smooth-faced gentleman, tickling commo I can with ease translate it to my will;
dity, Or, if you will, (to speak more properly,) Commodity, the bias of the world; I will enforce it easily to my love.
The world, who of itself is peised well, Further I will not daiter you, my lord,
Made to run even, upon even ground; That all I see in you is worthy love,
Till this advantage, this vile drawing bias, Than this,-that nothing do I see in you This sway of motion, this commodity, (Though 'churlish thoughts themselves should be Makes it take head from all indifferency, your judge,)
From all direction, purpose, course, intent: That I can find should merit any hate.
And this same bias, this commodity, K. John. What say these young ones ? What This bawd, this broker, this all-changing word, say you, my niece ?
Clapp'd on the outward eye of fickle France, Blanch. That'she is bound in honour still to do Hath drawn him from his own determin'd aid, k. John. "Speak then, prince Dauphin; can you To a most base and vile-concluded peace.love ihis lady?
And why rail I on this commodity?'
Not that I have the power to clutch' my hand, K. John. Then do I give Volquessen, Touraine, When his fair angels would salute my palm: Maine,
But for my hand, as unattempted yet, Poictiers, and Anjou, these five provinces, Like a poor beggar, raileth on the rich. With her to thee, and this addition more, Well, whiles I am a beggar, I will rail, Full thirty thousand marks of English coin. And say,—there is no sin, but to be rich; Philip of France, if thou be pleas'd withal, And being rich, my virtue then shall be, Command thy son and daughter to join hands. To say,—there is no vice, but beggary: K. Phi. It likes us well ;- Young princes, close Since kings break faith upon commodity, your hands.
Gain, be my lord! for I will worship thee! (En. Aust. And your lips too; for, I am well assur’d, That I did so, when I was first assur'd.'
K. Phi. Now, citizens of Angiers, ope your gates, Let in that amity which you have made;
ACT III. For at saint Mary's chapel, presently, The rites of marriage shall be solemniz'd. SCENE I. The same. The French king's tent. Is not the lady Constance in this troop?-
Enter Constance, Arthur, and Salisbury. I know, she is not; for this match, made up, Her presence would have interrupted much : Const. Gone to be married ! gone to swear a Where is she and her son ? tell me, who knows.
peace! Lew. She is sad and passionate at your high- False blood to false blood join'd! Gone to be ness' tent.
friends! K. Phi. And, by my faith, this league, that we shall Lewis have Blanch ? and Blanch those prohave made,
vinces ? Will give her sadness very little eure.
It is not so; thou hast misspoke, misheard ; Brother of England, how may we content Be well advis'd, tell o'er thy tale again : This widow lady? In her right we came ; It cannot be; thou dost but say, 'lis so : Which we, God knows, have turned another way, I trust, I may not trust thee; for thy word To our own vantage.
Is but the vain breath of a common man: K. John.
We will heal up all: Believe me, I do not believe thee, man; For we'll create young Arthur duke of Bretagne, I have a king's oath to the contrary. And earl of Richmond ; and this rich fair town Thou shalt be punish'd for thus frighting me, We make him lord of.-Call the lady Constance; For I am sick, and capable of fears ; Some speedy messenger bid her repair
Oppress'd with wrongs, and therefore full of fears ; To our solemnity:-I trust we shall,
A widow, husbandless, subject to fears; If not fill up the measure of her will,
A woman, naturally born to fears ; Yet in some measure satisfy her so,
And though thou now confess, thou didst but jest, That we shall stop her exclamation.
With my vex'd spirits I cannot take a truce, Go we, as well as haste will suffer us,
But they will quake and tremble all this day, To this uplook'd for, unprepared pomp.
What dost thou mean by shaking of thy bead? (Exeunt all but the Bastard. - The Citizens Why dost thou look so sadly on my son ? retire from the walls.
What means that hand upon that breast of thine ? Bast. Mad world! mad kings! mad composition! Why holds thine eye that lamentable rheum, John, to stop Arthur's title in the whole,
Like a proud river peering'o nor his bounds ? Hath willingly departed with a part:
Be these sad signs confirmers of thy words ? And France (whose armour conscience buckled on; Then speak again; not all thy former tale, Whom zeal and charity brought to the field, But this one word, whether thy tale be true. As God's own soldier,) rounded“ in the ear Sal. As true, as, I believe, you think them false, With that same purpose-changer, that sly devil ; That give you cause to prove my saying true. That broker, that still breaks the pate of faith ;
Const. O, if thou teach me to believe this sorrow, That daily break-vow; he that wins of all, Teach thou this sorrow how to make me die; Of kings, of beggars, old men, young men, maids ;- And let belief and life encounter so, Who having no external thing to lose
As doth the fury of two desperate men, But the word maid, -cheats the poor maid of that; Which, in the very meeting, fall, and die.(1) Affianced. (2) Mournful. (3) Advantage. (6) Poised, balanced. (7) Clasp. 141 Conspired. (5) Interest.
(8) Coin. (9) Siisceptible. (10) Appearing.
Lewis marry Blanch! O, boy, then where art thou? K. Phi. By heaven, lady, you shall have no cause France friend with England! what becomes of To curse the fair proceedings of this day: me?
Have I not pawnd to you my majesty ? Fellow, be gone; I cannot brook thy sight; Const. You have beguild me with a counterfeit, This news hath made thee a most ugly man. Resembling majesty ; which, being touch'd, and Sal. What other harm have I, good lady, done,
tried, But spoke the harm that is by others done? Proves valueless: You are forsworn, forsworn;
Const. Which harm within itself so heinous is, You came in arms to spill mine enemies' blood, As it makes harmful all that speak of it.
But now in arms you strengthen it with yours: Arth. I do beseech you, madam, be content. The grappling vigour and rough frown of war, Const. If thou, thai bid'st me be content, wert Is cold in amity and painted peace, grim,
And our oppression bath made up this league:Ugly, and sland'rous to thy mother's womb, Arm, arm, you heavens, against these perjurd Full of unpleasing blots, and sightless' stains,
kings! Lame, foolish, crooked, swart, prodigious, A widow cries; be husband to heavens ! Patch'd with foul moles, and eye-offending marks, Let not the hours of this ungodly day I would not care, I then would be content; Wear out the day in peace; but, ere sunset, For then I should not love thee; no, nor thou Set armed discord 'twixt these perjur'd kings ! Become thy great birth, nor deserve a crown. Hear me, 0, hear me! But thou art fair ; and at thy birth, dear boy! Aust.
Lady Constance, peace. Nature and fortune join'd to make thee great: Const. War! war! no peace! peace is to me Of nature's gifts thou may'st with lilies boast, And with the half-blown rose: but fortune, 0! O Lymoges ! 0 Austria! thou dost shame She is corrupted, chang'd, and won from thee; That bloody spoil : Thou slave, thou wretch, thou She adulterates hourly with thine uncle John
coward; And with her golden hand hath pluck'd on France Thou little valiant, great in villany! To tread down fair respect of sovereignty, Thou ever strong upon the stronger side! And made his majesty the bawd to theirs. Thou fortune's champion, that dost never fight France is a bawd to fortune, and king John; But when her humorous ladyship is by. That strumpet fortune, that usurping John :-- To teach thee safety! thou art perjur'd too, Tell me, thou fellow, is not France forsworn ? And sooth’st up greatness. What a fool art thou, Envenom him with words; or get thee gone, A ramping fool; to brag, and stamp, and swear, And leave those woes alone, which I alone Upon my party! Thou cold-blooded'slave, Am bound to under-bear.
Hast thou not spoke like thunder on my side ? Sal.
Pardon me, madam, Been sworn my soldier ? bidding me dépend I may not go without you to the kings.
Upon thy stars, thy fortune, and thy strength ? Const. Thou may'st, thou shalt, I will not go with And dosi thou now fall over to my soes ? thee :
Thou wear a lion's hide! dofis it for shame, I will instruct my sorrows to be proud ;
And hang a call's-skin on those recreant limbs. For grief is proud, and makes his owner stout. Ausl. O, that a man should speak those words To me, and to the stales of my great grief,
to me! Let kings assemble ; for my grief's so great, Bast. And hang a call's-skin on those recreant That no supporter but the huge firm earth
limbs. Can hold it up: here I and sorrow sit;
Aust. Thou dar'st not say so, villain, for thy life. Here is my throne, bid kings come bow to it. Bast. And hang a call's-skin on those recreant (She throws herself on the ground. limbs.
K. John. We like not this ; thou dost forge! Enter King John, King Philip, Lewis, Blanch,
thyself. Elinor, Bastard, Austria, and allendants. K. Phi. 'Tis true, fair daughter; and this bless
Enter Pandulph. ed day,
K. Phi. Here comes the holy legate of the pope Ever in France shall be kept festival:
Pand. Hail, you anointed deputies of heaven iTo solemnize this day, the glorious sun
To thee, king John, my holy errand is. Stays in his course, and plays the alchemist; I Pandulph, of fair Milan cardinal, Turning, with splendour of his precious eye, And from pope Innocent the legate here, The meagre cloddy earth to glittering gold: Do, in his name, religiously demand, The yearly course, that brings this day about, Why thou against the church, our holy mother, Shall never see it but a holyday.
So wilfully dost spurn; and, force perforce, Const. A wicked day, and not a holyday! Keep Stephen Langton, chosen archbishop
[Rising. Or Canterbury, from that holy see? What hath this day deserv'd ? what hath it done ; This, in our 'foresaid holy father's name, That it in golden letters should be set,
Pope Innocent, I do demand of thee. Among the high tides, * in the kalendar?
K. John. What earthly name to interrogatories Nay, rather, turn this day out of the week; Can task the free breath of a sacred king ? This day of shame, oppression, perjury: Thou canst not, cardinal, devise a name Or, if it must stand still, let wives with child So slight, unworthy, and ridiculous, Pray, that their burdens may not fall this day, To charge me to an answer, as the pope. Lest that their hopes prodigiously be cross'd: Tell him this tale; and from the mouth of Englano But on this day, let seamen fear no wreck ; Add thus much more,- That no Italian priest No bargains break, that are not this day made : Shall tithe or toll in our dominions ; This day all things begun come to ill end; But as we under heaven are supreme head, Y'a, faith itself to hollow falsehood change! So, under him, that great supremacy, 4) Unsightly. (2) Portenlous. (3) Seated in state. (4) Solemn seasons.
(5) Do oft,
Where we do reign, we will alone uphold, That need must needs infer this principle,-
Keep my need up, and faith is trodden down. K. Phi. Brother of England, you blaspheme in K. John. The king is mov'd, and answers not this.
to this. K. John. Though you, and all the kings of Const. O, be remov'd from him, and answer well. Christendom,
Just. Do so, king Philip; hang no more in doubt. Are led so grossly by this meddling priest,
Bast. Hang nothing but a call's-skin, most sweet Dreading the curse that money may buy out;
lout. And, by the merit of vile gold, dross, dust,
K. Phi. I am perplex'd, and know not what to say, Purchase corrupted pardon of a man,
Panil. What can'st thou say, but will perplex Who, in that sale, sells pardon from himself:
thee more, Though you, and all the rest, so grossly led, If thou stand excommunicate, and curs'd ? This juggling witchcraft with revenue cherish; K. Phi. Good reverend father, make my person Yet I, alone, alone do me oppose
yours, Against the pope, and count his friends my foes. And tell me, how you would bestow yourself.
Pand. Then, by the lawful power that I have, This royal hand and mine are newly knit;
With all religious strength of sacred vows; And meritorious shall that hand be call’d, The latest breath that gave the sound of words, Canonized, and worshipp'd as a saint,
Was deep-sworn faith, peace, amity, true love, That takes away by any secret course
Between our kingdoms, and our royal selves; Thy hateful life.
And even before this truce, but new before,
No longer than we well could wash our hands,
Heaven knows, they were besmeard and overTo my keen curses ; for, without my wrong,
stain'd There is no tongue hath power to curse him right. With slaughter's pencil; where revenge did paint Pand. There's law and warrant, lady, for my The fearful difference of incensed kings:
And shall these hands, so lately purg'd of blood, Const. And for mine too; when law can do no So newly join'd in love, so strong in both, right,
Unyoke this seizure, and this kind regreet ?? Let it be lawful, that law bar no wrong:
Play fast and loose with faith ? so jest with heaven, Law cannot give my child his kingdom here; Make such unconstant children of ourselves, For he, that holds his kingdom, holds the law : As now again to snatch our palm from palm; Therefore, since law itself is perfect wrong,
Unswear faith sworn; and on the marriage bed How can the law forbid my tongue to curse? Or smiling peace to march a bloody host,
Pand. Philip of France, on peril of a curse, And make a riot on the gentle brow
Of true sincerity ? O holy sir,
Out of your grace, devise, ordain, impose Eli. Look'st thou pale, France ? do not let go Some gentle order; and then we shall be bless'd thy hand.
To do your pleasure, and continue friends. Const. Look to that, devil! lest that France. Pand. All form is formless, order orderless, repent,
Save what is opposite to England's love. And, by disjoining hands, hell lose a soul. Therefore, to arms! be champion of our church!
Hust. King Philip, listen to the cardinal. Or let the church, our mother, breathe her curse, Bast. And hang a calf's-skin on his recreant A mother's curse, on her revolting son. limbs.
France, thou may'st hold a serpent by the tongue, Aust. Well, ruffian, I must pocket up these A cased lion by the mortal paw, wrongs,
A fasting tiger safer by the tooth, Because
Than keep in peace that hand which thou dost hold. Bast. Your breeches best may carry them. K. Phi. I may disjoin my hand, but not my faith. K. John. Philip, what say'st thou to the car Pand. So mak'st ihou faith an enemy to faith; dinal ?
And, like a civil war, set'st oath to oath, Const. What should he say, but as the cardinal? Thy tongue against thy tongue. O, let thy Fow
Lew. Bethink you, father; for the difference First made to heaven, first be to heaven performid; Is, purchase of a heavy curse from Rome, That is, to be the champion of our church! Or the light loss of England for a friend : What since thou swor'st, is sworn against thysell, Forego the easier.
And may not be performed by thyself: Blanch.
That's the curse of Rome. For that, which thou hast sworn to do amiss, Const. O Lewis, stand fast; the devil tempts Is not amiss when it is truly done; thee here,
And being not done, where doing tends to ill, In likeness of a new untrimmed' bride.
The truth is then most done not doing it: Blanch. The lady Constance speaks not from The better act of purposes mistook her faith,
Is, to mistake again; though indirect, But from her need.
Yet indirection thereby grows direct, Const.
0, if thou grant my need, And falsehood falsehood cures; as fire cools fire. Which only lives but by the death of faith, Within the scorched veins of one new burn'd.
It is religion, that doth make vows kept; (1) “When unadorn'd, adorn'd the most.' Thomson's Autremn, 206.
(2) Exchange of salutation.
But thou hast sworn against religion ;
France, I am burn'd up with insaning wrath ; By what thou swear'st, against the thing thou A rage, whose heat hath this condition, swear'st;
That nothing can allay, nothing but blood, And mak'st an oath the surety for thy truth The blood, and dearest-valu'd blood, of France. Against an oath : The truth thou art unsure K. Phi. Thy rage shall burn thee up, and thou To swear, swear only not to be forsworn;
shalt turn Else, what a mockery should it be to swear! To ashes, ere our blood shall quench that fire : But thou dost swear only to be forsworn; Look to thyself, thou art in jeopardy. And most forsworn, to keep what thou dost swear. K. John. No more than he that threats.-To Therefore, thy latter vows, against thy first,
arms let's hie !
(Exeunt. Is in thyself rebellion to thyself: And better conquest never canst thou make,
SCENE II.- The same. Plains near Angiers. Than arm thy constant and thy nobler parts
Alarums, Excursions. Enter the Bastard, with Against those giddy loose suggestions :
Austria's head. Upon which better part our prayers come in,
Bast. Now, by my life, this day grows won If thou vouchsafe them; but, if not, then know,
drous hot; The peril of our curses light on thee;
Some airy devil hovers in the sky, So heavy, as thou shalt not shake them off, And pours down mischief. Austria's head lie there; But, in despair, die under their black weight. While Philip breathes. Aust. Rebellion, fat rebellion ! Bast.
Will't not be ?
Enter King John, Arthur, and Hubert. Will not a call's-skin stop that mouth of thine ? K. John. Hubert, keep this boy:—Philip, make Lew. Father, to arms!
up : Blanch.
Upon thy wedding day ? My mother is assailed in our tent,
My lord, I rescu'd her ; Shall braying trumpets, and loud churlish drums, Her highness is in safety, fear you not ; Clamours of hell-be measures to our pomp? But on, my liege: for very little pains O husband, hear me !-ah, alack, how new Will bring this labour to a happy end. (Exeunt. Is husband'in my mouth!—even for that name, SCENE III.-The same. Which till this time my tongue did ne'er pronounce,
sions ; Retreat. Enter King John, Elinor, Upon my knee I beg, go not to arms Against mine uncle.
Arthur, the Bastard, Hubert, and Lords. Const. 0, upon my knee,
K. John. So shall it be ; your grace shall stay Made hard with kneeling, I do pray to thee,
(To Elinor. Thou virtuous dauphin, alter not the doom So strongly guarded.-Cousin, look noi sad : Fore-thought by heaven.
[To Arthur. Blanch. Now shall I see thy love; What motive Thy grandam loves thee; and thy uncle will may
As dear be to thee as thy father was. Be stronger with thee than the name of wise ? Arth. O, this will make my mother die with grief. Const. That which upholdeth him that thee K. John. Cousin, (To ihe Bastard.] away for upholds,
England; haste before :
Lev. I muse, your majesty doth seem so cold, Or hoarding abbots : angels* imprisoned
Pand. I will denounce a curse upon his head. Must by the hungry now be fed upon :
Bast. Bell, book, and candle, shall not drive me Const. O fair return of banish'd majesty!
back, Eli. O foul revolt of French inconstancy! When gold and silver becks me to come on. K. John. France, thou shalt rue this hour within I leave your highness :-Grandam, I will pray this hour.
(If ever I remember to be holy) Bast. Old time the clock-setter, that bald sexton For your fair safety; so I kiss your hand. time,
Eli. Farewell, my gentle cousin. Is it as he will ? well then, France shall rue. K. John.
Coz, farewell, Blanch. The sun's o'ercast with blood : Fair
[Exit Bastard day, adieu !
Eli. Come hither, little kinsman; hark, a word. Which is the side that I must go withal ?
[She takes Arthur aside. I am with both : each army hath a hand;
K. John. Come hither, Hubert. O my gentle And, in their rage, I having hold of both,
Give me thy hand. I had a thing to say,
Hub. I am much bounden to your majesty K. John. Cousin, go draw our puissance to K. John. Good friend, thou hast no cause to say gether.
so yet : (1) Music for dancing. (2) Wonder.
(4) Gold coin.