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the composition of Kansas oils and gases, of the flow of gases through nozzles, of the lubricating value of Kansas oils, of the application of chemistry to manufacturing industries, etc.
Much of this kind of material lies incomplete and unused in department records for the lack of funds to complete the investigations and an efficient organization to stimulate the work and bring out results.
The field to be covered includes such subjects as coals, structural materials, ores of lead and zinc, gypsum, clays, hydraulic cements, oils, gases as they are used for illuminants or as they produce explosions in mines or elsewhere, the waters of the state, water supplies for potable and mechanical uses, the character and disposal of sewage and other wastes, the influence of bacterial action on the design and operation of public sanitary works, hydraulic power plants, applications of electricity to service, etc.
Four bulletins have been issued to date.
UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI.
The Engineering Experiment Station of the University of Missouri was established in 1909 in response to a demand for an investigation of the resources of the state. Prior to that time they had carried on investigations relating to lighting of country homes, and providing water and sewage for same. This opened up the possibilities for such work, and led to the agitation which resulted in the formation of their Station.
The present budget is $5,000 annually, provided from State funds. The station staff consists of the heads of the engineering departments concerned, together with six full time research assistants.
To date they have published twelve bulletins on such subjects as Acetylene for lighting country homes; water supply for country homes; sanitation and sewage disposal for country homes; heating value and proximate analyses of Missouri coals; friction and lubricating testing apparatus; investigation of road making properties of Missouri stone and gravel; use of metal conductors to protect buildings from lightning; firing tests of Missouri coals; report of steam boiler trials under operating conditions; economics of rural distribution of electric power; comparative tests of cylinder oils; artesian waters of Missouri; friction tests of lubricating oils and greases.
The principal work of the Missouri Station is tests and analyses; technical investigations of the problems peculiar to Missouri, and the giving of expert advice.
UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA.
There is maintained at the University of Nevada the State Mining Laboratory, established by Act of the State Legislature in 1895, to perform the same service for the mining industry that the Engineering Experiment Station would for the industries in general. Five technical men devote their time to this work, which is designed pri. marily to assist prospectors and promoters of development projects.
The several engineering departments are carrying on work looking toward the establishment of an Engineering Experiment Station, for which they claim there is a great field. Co-operative work is under way with the State Public Service Commission, the State Industrial Commission, the State Board of Health and other state departments.
OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY.
In Ohio the Legislature passed a law requiring the Board of Trustees of Ohio State University to establish an Engineering Experiment Station. Although the Station has thus been created, the Board of Trustees have as yet been unable to secure an appropriation for the work. In spite of this fact the University is continuing to perform such services for the industries of the State as is possible with the regular force and department appropriations.
To date twelve technical bulletins have been published as an engineering series, in addition to many more which have been issued through various channels by individual members of the teaching force of the College of Engineering.
OREGON AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE.
The principal field for engineering experimentation work in Oregon appears to be in assisting to develop natural resources, such as minerals, road materials, clay, and cement manufacture. That work is now taken care of by the State Bureau of Mines at the Oregon Agricultural College. This Bureau has an annual appropriation of $10,000 from the state legislature. The Director of the Bureau is also Dean of the School of Mines. He and some of his faculty devote part of their time to this outside work, working in harmony with the Geological Survey. This is in addition to a regular staff devoting full time to the work.
PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLEGE. The Engineering Experiment Station at Pennsylvania State College was established by action of the legislature and the College Board of Trustees in 1909. It was organized in response to a demand for co-operative work with other State Departments, and with the various industries of the State.
At the present time it has an annual budget of $3,200, equipment and quarters valued at $13,000, and a working force composed of the heads of six engineering departments, and four members of the instructional force.
The principal work of the Station is along the three main lines common to most Stations, i. e., tests and analyses, technical investigations, and the rendering of expert advice. Such work is done in the interests of the various State departments, railroad corporations, manufacturers, millers and private individuals. In their work they have adopted the policy of doing only such commercial testing as will not compete with commercial laboratories, and that at cost; of carrying on such research work as will both add to the common stock of technical and scientific knowledge, and be of direct benefit to the layman of that community; and of rendering only general advice of a preliminary character which will not interfere with the practice of consulting engineers.
AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS.
The Texas Station was organized in August, 1914, by voluntary action of the heads of the engineering departments of the college. The purpose of the department is to investigate those subjects whose solution will be helpful to the industries of the State. All members of the teaching staff are committed to the undertaking, and, though no funds other than department current expenses are as yet available for the purpose, a great field is open and the opportunity for valuable work is before them.
UNIVERSITY OF UTAH.
The authorities of the University of Utah have always had a desire to maintain a close working relation between the School and the industrial interests of the State. To encourage this work and to give it due recognition, the Legislature of 1909 established by law the Utah Engineering Experiment Station in connection with and as a part of the State School of Mines.
The Station Staff consists of the heads of the engineering and some other departments in the University. In addition, five members of the instruction force devote part time to the work, seven research fellows are engaged, and four technically trained men are continually employed.
The Station is authorized to carry on experiments and investigations pertaining to any and all questions and problems that admit of laboratory methods of study and the solution of which would tend to benefit the industrial interests of the State, or would be for the public good; to publish bulletins and to employ other feasible means of giving information to the public concerning the results of experiments and other work of the station.
The Legislature of 1913 passed a bill making an annual appropriation of $7,500 to maintain a metallurgical research department in the Station. As one result of this the co-operation of the U. S. Bureau of Mines has been secured. The professorship of Metallurgical Research is maintained by the Bureau and the investigations are directed by the Bureau. This arrangement brings the work of the Station into harmonious relationship with all the work of the Federal Bureau. All told, there is about $18,000 annual expenditure in engineering experimental work at the University.
UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN.
The Engineering Experiment Station of the College of Engineering, University of Wisconsin, was established by action of the Board of Regents, March 4, 1914. The members of the Engineering faculty, together with fellows, scholars and special assistants devoting their time to research work, constitute the members of the staff of the Station.
The purpose of this Station is the promotion of the engineering and industrial interests of the state by the scientific study of problems relating thereto, so far as the facilities of the engineering laboratories will permit. So far as may be, the subjects for experimental study are selected with reference to their importance to the State of Wisconsin, although generally the problems are of wider interest and importance.
The establishment of this department brings together into a definite organization the research work which has hitherto been conducted for many years in the College of Engineering. It is expected that by this means such work will be more systematically developed and come to be of greater value to all interests concerned. The results of the research work done in the past have appeared, in part, in papers before technical societies, and in part in the engineering series of the university bulletin. Up to date about sixty such bulletins have been published. Some of the subjects are the following: Steam ejectors, sewage disposal, corrosion of iron, electric train lighting, water supplies of Wisconsin, tests on reinforced concrete beams and columns (several bulletins), experiments on centrifugal pumps and other hydraulic apparatus (several bulletins), steam engine design, and flow of streams in the state of Wisconsin. At the present time a survey is being made, by the testing laboratory, of the important deposits of sands and gravels in the state with reference to their value for concrete purposes. In the electrical engineering department a laboratory has been equipped for the standardization of electrical measuring instruments, which is being operated for the purpose of testing and standardizing electrical instruments of the public utility concerns throughout the state.
Those institutions carrying on engineering experimental work, and looking forward to the inauguration of systematic organization within a comparatively short time.
ALABAMA POLYTECHNICAL INSTITUTE.
The authorities there have for some time been working toward the establishment of a Station, but funds have not as yet become available. Through the existing facilities they perform occasional tests of materials for companies and individuals; make fuel analyses, and render assistance in the formulation of specifications for purchase of fuel and building materials. Much assistance is rendered the people of the state through correspondence. A nominal fee is charged for tests and analyses.
UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS.
At the University of Arkansas the authorities have been discussing the establishment of an Engineering Experiment Station for eight or ten years, and are asking the coming legislature for special appropriation for this purpose. Up to the present time much testing and investigational work has been done for state, county, municipal and corporation officials, and for individuals. Special problems on the lighting of rural homes, gasoline and oil engine power on the farm, road materials, co-operative investigations and surveys with stated departments, and original research along lines of peculiar interest to Arkansas have been vigorously prosecuted.
COLORADO AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE,
At Colorado Agricultural College the engineering departments work in close co-operation with the Agricultural Experiment Station in the investigation of problems relating to irrigation, use of power on the farm, development of water power resources, road building and drainage. In addition, the different engineering departments carry on separate investigations, make tests of special machines and of materials of construction, and render technical service to the local government officials and individuals. Much of the work being carried on under the auspices of the Agricultural Experiment Station is really engineering work, and the authorities are looking forward to the formation of a definite organization which will give their work recognition in the state.
SHEFFIELD SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL, YALE. Professor L. P. Breckenridge, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, formerly director of the Illinois Engineering Experiment Station, states that as yet there is small demand on the part of the State for work of this kind. He has been endeavoring to create the demand by co-operative research work with various industries of the state. They have been doing considerable work in fuel testing for residence heating, have been experimenting on the pressure required to roll brass and various alloys, and have been measuring the explosive pressure of gunpowder. Professor Breckenridge has made definite recommendation for the establishment of an Engineering Experiment Station there.
GEORGIA SCHOOL OF TECHNOLOGY.
Preparations are being made there for the organization of an Engineering Experiment Station. They are about to erect a new power station building, and will fully equip it with machinery and apparatus along mechanical, electrical, hydraulic and other engineering lines. This will form a nucleus for the Station work.
The authorities are now engaged in a propaganda with the manufacturing interests of the State, seeking to interest them in the Station. The effort is meeting with success, and they hope that within a relatively short time they shall develop a work which will prove of real service to the State.
Purdue University, while having no definitely organized engineering experiment station, is, however, doing a real work along this line, some of it being carried on by instructors and graduate students merely as a matter of scientific interest, and some of it being commercial work for various outside parties. So far the commercial work has been confined largely to tests of railway machinery and apparatus for the various railroads and railway associations of the country, together with tests of materials used in building and other structural work, such as steel, reinforced concrete, etc. No particular attempt has been made to solicit such work. All commercial work done in the laboratories is authorized and guaranteed by the University, the latter receiving one-half the commercial fees in payment for the use of the laboratory, power, light, etc. At the present time they are doing a considerable amount of automobile work for the American Efficiency Survey.
For expert work or experiments conducted without the use of laboratory apparatus, no charge is made by the University, and the professor conducts the work on his own responsibility.
It is the intention, when it can be done successfully, to institute regular engineering experiment station work at Purdue.
The purpose will be to help develop the resources of the State and to stimulate the various home industries.
UNIVERSITY OF MAINE.
At the University of Maine the various departments composing the College of Technology are working earnestly toward the organization of an Engineering Experiment Station. They are constantly carrying on important investigations. Just now they are beginning to compile for possible publication the results obtained in years past covering experimentation and investigation of various engineering problems. This work is being developed along lines that will lead up to the definite organization of a Station when funds are available.
MONTANA STATE COLLEGE.
Montana State College has no Engineering Experiment Station as such. Last June the Engineering Faculty voted that in their opinion a Station should be organized, and unanimously agreed that they would devote as much time as possible to it in case it was established. Dean Richter has recommended the establishment of a Station. Such action must be by the Legislature, and thus is held in abeyance until its meeting.
At the present they are doing a considerable amount of commercial testing for the various interests, are rendering expert advice