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Committee to consider and report respecting the Legislative Department:
Messrs. Johnson, Presstman, Kilgour, Carter.
Committee to consider and report respecting Judiciary Department, embracing Common Law Courts, Courts of Equity, Orphans’ Courts, JMagistrates’ Courts, and Justices of the Peace, and the mode of appointment and tenure of office:
Messrs. Bowie, Randall, Constable, Schley,
Committee to consider and report respecting the affice of JAttorney-General and his
Deputies: Messrs. Shriver, Brewer, Miller, Colston. Dalrymple, Fiery, Cockey, Committee to consider and report respecting future amendments and revisions of the Constitution: . Messrs. Sollers, Jacobs, Gaither, o Welsh.
Fitzpatrick, Sappington, Hardcastle,
Committee to consider and report a proper basis of Representation in the two Houses of the General Assembly, and a proper apportionment of representation in the same:
Messrs. Merrick, Chambers, of Kent, Lloyd, Harbine,
Committee to consider and report respecting the Regulation of Inspections:
Committee to consider and report such provisions proper to be embodied in a Constitution for the State, as are not embraced in the foregoing resolutions:
Messrs. Jenifer, Dorsey, Blackistone, Johnson,
- Committee of Revision: Messrs. Tuck, Chambers, Grason, Randall, Magraw. JAfterwards added: Messrs. Donaldson, Gwinn.
Committee to consider and report respecting the Militia and JMilitary Affairs:
Messrs. Howard, Shower, Dickinson, Schley.
Committee to consider and report respecting Education:
Messrs. Smith, Magraw, Chandler, George.
Davis, McCubbin, McMaster,
Committee on Printing: -
* Mr. Thomas was excused at his own request from continuing a member of this Committee, and Mr. Morgan was appointed in his place.
WHICH ASSEMBLED AT THE CITY OF ANNAPOLIS, ON THE FOURTH DAY OF
We, the People of the State of Maryland, grateful to Almighty God for our civil and religious liberty, and taking into our serious consideration the best means of establishing a good Constitution in this State, for the sure foundation and more permanent security thereof, declare :
ARTICLE 1. That all government of right or originates from the people, is founded in com- ment pact only, and instituted solely for the good of the whole; and they have at all times, according to the mode prescribed in this Constitution, the unalienable right to alter, reform, or abolish Right of Reform. their form of government, in such manner as they may deem expedient.
ART. 2. That the people of this State ought state's Rights. to have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the internal government and police thereof.
ART. 3. That the inhabitants of Maryland common Law. are entitled to the common law of England, 2 Md. 429.
and the trial by jury according to the course Trial by Jury, o
Acts of Assembly
Charter of the
Right of Reform.
Right of Suffrage,
of that law, and to the benefit of such of the
be free and frequent, and every free white male citizen having the qualifications prescribed by the Constitution, ought to have the right of suffrage. ART, 6. That the legislative, executive and judicial powers of government ought to be forever separate and distinct from each other; and no person exercising the functions of one of said departments, shall assume or discharge the duties of any other. ART. 7. That no power of suspending laws, or the execution of laws, unless by or derived from the Legislature, ought to be exercised or allowed. ART. 8. That freedom of speech and debate or proceedings in the Legislature, ought not to be impeached in any court of judicature. ART. 9. That Annapolis be the place for the meeting of the Legislature; and the Legislature ought not to be convened or held at any other place but from evident necessity. ART. 10. That for the redress of grievances, and for amending, strengthening and preserving the laws, the Legislature ought to be frequently convened. ART. 11. That every man hath a right to petition the Legislature for the redress of grievances in a peaceable and orderly manner. ART. 12. That no aid, charge, tax, burthen, or fees, ought to be rated or levied, under any pretence, without the consent of the Legislature. ART. 13. That the levying of taxes by the poll is grievous and oppressive, and ought to be abolished; that paupers ought not to be assessed for the support of Government, but
Separation of the Departments of Government.
2 Md., 341,
Seat of Govern-
Meeting of Legislature.
Right of Petition.
Poll taxes oppressive.
Paupers not to be taxe d.
Right to have justice.
Trial of facts where they arise.
every other person in the State, or person