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Qualifications of
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SECTION 1. Every free white male person, of twenty-one years of age or upwards, who shall have been one year next preceding the

election a resident of the State, and for six

Vote by ballot.

Division of counties, &c.

Change of Resi. dence.

months a resident of the city of Baltimore, or of any county in which he may offer to vote, and being at the time of the election a citizen of the United States, shall be entitled to vote in the ward or election district in which he resides, in all elections hereafter to be held ; and at all such elections the vote shall be taken by ballot. And in case any county or city shall be so divided as to form portions of different electoral districts for the election of Congressmen, Senator, delegate, or other officer or officers, then to entitle a person to vote for such officer, he must have been a resident of that part of the county or city which shall form a part of the electoral district in which he offers to vote, for six months next preceding the election; but a person who shall have acquired a residence in such county or city entitling him to vote at any such election, shall be entitled to vote in the election district from which he removed, until he shall have acquired a resi

CONSTITUTION OF IMARYLAND. 19

dence in the part of the county or city to

which he has removed. .
SEc. 2. That if any person shall give, or

offer to give, directly or indirectly, any bribe,

Bribery.

present or reward, or any promise, or any se

curity for the payment or delivery of money

or any other thing, to induce any voter to refrain from casting his vote, or forcibly to prevent him in any way from voting, or to obtain or procure a vote for any candidate or person proposed or voted for, as elector of Presi

dent and Vice-President of the United States,

or representative in Congress, or for any of fice of profit or trust created by the Constitution or laws of this State, or by the ordinances or authority of the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, the person giving or offering to give, and the person receiving the same, and any person who gives or causes to be given an illegal vote, knowing it to be so, at any election to be hereafter held in this

State, shall, on conviction in a court of law,

in addition to the penalties now or hereafter to be imposed by law, be forever disqualified

Penalties.

to hold any office of profit or trust, or to vote

at any election thereafter.
Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the General
Assembly of Maryland to pass laws to punish
with fine and imprisonment any person who
shall remove into any election district or ward
of the city of Baltimore, not for the purpose
of acquiring a bona fide residence therein,
but for the purpose of voting therein at an
approaching election, or who shall vote in any
election district or ward in which he does not

Laws againstille gal Voting,

1853, ch. 133.

Oath of Office.

1852, ch, 172. 1854, ch. 18. 4 Md. 189.

reside, (except in the case provided for in the first article of the Constitution,) or shall, at the same election, vote in more than one election district or ward, or shall vote or offer to vote, in any name not his own, or in place of any other person of the same name, or shall vote in any county in which he does not reside.

SEC. 4. Every person elected or appointed to any office of profit or trust under the Constitution or laws made pursuant thereto, before he shall enter upon the duties of such office shall take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation: I, A. B., do swear (or affirm, as the case may be...) that I will support the Constitution of the United States, and that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to the State of Maryland, and support the Constitution and laws thereof; and that I will, to the best of my skill and judgment, diligently and faithfully, without partiality or prejudice, execute the of fice of according to the Constitution and laws of this State, and that since the adoption of the present Constitution, I have not, in any manner, violated the provisions thereof in relation to bribery of voters or preventing legal or procuring illegal votes to be given; (and if a Governor, Senator, member of the House of Delegates, or Judge.) “that I will not directly or indirectly receive the profits or any part of the profits of any other office during the time of my acting as .” And if any person elected or appointed to office as aforesaid, shall refuse or neglect to take the said oath or affirmation, he shall be considered as having refused to accept the said office, and a new election

or appointment shall be made as in case of refusal or resignation, and any person swearing or affirming falsely in the premises, shall, on conviction thereof in a court of law, incur the penalties for wilful and corrupt perjury, and be thereafter incapable of voting at any election, and also incapable of holding any office of profit or trust in this State.

SEc. 5. That no person above the age of twenty-one years, convicted of larceny or other infamous crime, unless he shall be pardoned by the Executive, shall ever thereafter be entitled to vote at any election in this State, and no person under guardianship as a lunatic, or as a person non compos mentis, shall be entitled to WOte. *

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term of office shall commence on the second
Wednesday of January next ensuing his elec-
tion, and continue for four years, and until his
successor shall have qualified.
SEc. 2. The first election for Governor un-
der this Constitution shall be held on the first
Wednesday in November, in the year eighteen
hundred and fifty-three, and on the same day
and month in every fourth year thereafter, at
the places of voting for delegates to the Gen-
eral Assembly, and every person qualified to
vote for delegates shall be qualified and entitled

Persons disqualified to vote.

The Governor; his term of OfC6,

Time, place, and manner of elect– ing Governor,

to vote for Governor; the election to be held in - the same manner as the election of delegates, 1858, ch. 184 and the returns thereof, under seal, to be addressed to the Speaker of the House of Delegates, and enclosed and transmitted to the Secretary of State, and delivered to the said Speaker at the commencement of the session of the Legislature next ensuing said election. logorous Sec. 3. The Speaker of the House of Delegates shall then open the said returns, in the presence of both Houses, and the person having the highest number of votes, and being constitutionally eligible, shall be the Governor, and shall qualify in the manner herein prescribed, on the second Wednesday of January next ensuing his election, or as soon thereafter as may be practicable. o og Sec. 4. If two or more persons shall have ***, the highest and an equal number of votes, one of them shall be chosen Governor by the Senate and House of Delegates; and all questions * : *. in relation to the eligibility. of Governor, and Fo of to the returns of said election, and to the number and legality of votes therein given, shall be Inose of inell, determined by the House of Delegates. And

o" if the person, or persons, having the highest vote jointly viva number of votes be ineligible, the Governor VOCG. shall be chosen by the Senate and House of Delegates. Every election of Governor, by the Legislature, shall be determined by a joint majority of the Senate and House of Delegates, and the vote shall be taken viva voce. Molo.’, Yoo But if two or more persons shall have the high

est and an equal number of votes, then a second vote shall be taken, which shall be con

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