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Two branches of the Legislature— Its style.
Election of SenatorS.
Their term of ffice.
Apportionment of Members of House of Delegates.
A R TI C L E III.
L E G IS LATIVE D EP A R T M E N T.
SECTION 1. The Legislature shall consist of two distinct branches, a Senate and a House of Delegates, which shall be styled “The Gen eral Assembly of Maryland.”
SEC. 2. Every county of the State, and the city of Baltimore, shall be entitled to elect one Senator, who shall be elected by the qualified voters of the counties and city of Baltimore, respectively, and who shall serve for four years from the day of their election.
SEC. 3. The Legislature at its first session after the returns of the national census of eighteen hundred and sixty are published, and
in like manner after each subsequent census,
shall apportion the members of the House of Delegates among the several counties of the State, according to the population of each, and shall always allow to the city of Baltimore four more Delegates than are allowed to the most populous county, but no county shall be entitled to less than two members, nor shall the whole number of delegates ever exceed eighty, or be less than sixty-five; and until the apportionment is made under the census of eighteen hundred and sixty; St. Mary’s county shall be entitled to two delegates; Kent, two; Anne Arundel, three; Calvert, two; Charles, two ; Baltimore county, six; Talbot, two; Somerset, four; Dorchester, three; Cecil, three; Prince George's, three; Queen Anne's, two ; Worcester, three; Frederick, six; Harford, three: Caroline, two ; Baltimore city, ten; Washington, five; Montgomery, two ; Allegany, four; Carroll, three, and Howard, two. SEC. 4. The members of the House of Delegates shall be elected by the qualified voters of the counties and city of Baltimore respec
Election of Delegates.
tively, to serve for two years from the day of oom of
Time of Elections.
senators were elected in the year eighteen hun
dred and forty-six.
their places; so that, after the first election,
one-half of the Senators may be chosen every second year; provided, that in no case shall any Senator be placed in a class which shall entitle him to serve for a longer term than that for which he was elected. In case the num
Time of Meetings
ber of Senators be hereafter increased, such
fifty-four, and on the same day in every second
year thereafter, and at no other time unless convened by the proclamation of the Governor.
SEC. S. The General Assembly may continue their first two sessions after the adoption of this Constitution, as long as, in the opinion of the two Houses, the public interests may require it, but all subsequent regular sessions of the General Assembly shall be closed on the tenth day of March next ensuing the time of their commencement, unless the same shall
be closed at an earlier day by the agreement
Qualifications of Senators and Delegates.
of the two Houses.
Persons ineligible as Senators or Delegates.
1853, ch, 280.
POWers of each
Sec. 14. The doors of each House and of son, to is
committees of the whole shall be open, except when the business is such as ought to be kept Secret.
Journals to be published.
Yeas and Nays. 1853, ch. 36.
Style of Laws,
Mode of their enactment,
SEc. 15. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and cause the same to be published. The yeas and nays of members on any question shall, at the call of any five of them, in the House of Delegates, or one in the Senate, be entered on the journal.
SEc. 16. Neither House shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days; nor to any other place than that in which the House shall be sitting, without the concurrent vote of two-thirds of the members present.
SEC. 17. The style of all laws of this State shall be, “Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Maryland,” and all laws shall be passed by original bill, and every law enacted by the
Legislature shall embrace but one subject, and
1852, Res. 4.
that shall be described in the title, and no law
or section of law shall be revived, amended or
repealed by reference to its title or section only; and it shall be the duty of the Legislature, at the first session after the adoption of this Constitution, to appoint two commissioners learned in the law, to revise and codify the laws of this State ; and the said commissioners shall report the said code, so formed, to the Legislature, within a time to be by it determined, for its approval, amendment, or rejection; and if adopted, after the revision and codification of the said laws, it shall be the duty of the Legislature, in amending any article or section thereof, to enact the same as the said article or section would read when amended. And whenever the Legislature shall enact any public general law, not amendatory of any sec