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Two branches of the Legislature— Its style.

Election of SenatorS.

Their term of ffice.

Apportionment of Members of House of Delegates.



SECTION 1. The Legislature shall consist of two distinct branches, a Senate and a House of Delegates, which shall be styled “The Gen eral Assembly of Maryland.”

SEC. 2. Every county of the State, and the city of Baltimore, shall be entitled to elect one Senator, who shall be elected by the qualified voters of the counties and city of Baltimore, respectively, and who shall serve for four years from the day of their election.

SEC. 3. The Legislature at its first session after the returns of the national census of eighteen hundred and sixty are published, and

in like manner after each subsequent census,

shall apportion the members of the House of Delegates among the several counties of the State, according to the population of each, and shall always allow to the city of Baltimore four more Delegates than are allowed to the most populous county, but no county shall be entitled to less than two members, nor shall the whole number of delegates ever exceed eighty, or be less than sixty-five; and until the apportionment is made under the census of eighteen hundred and sixty; St. Mary’s county shall be entitled to two delegates; Kent, two; Anne Arundel, three; Calvert, two; Charles, two ; Baltimore county, six; Talbot, two; Somerset, four; Dorchester, three; Cecil, three; Prince George's, three; Queen Anne's, two ; Worcester, three; Frederick, six; Harford, three: Caroline, two ; Baltimore city, ten; Washington, five; Montgomery, two ; Allegany, four; Carroll, three, and Howard, two. SEC. 4. The members of the House of Delegates shall be elected by the qualified voters of the counties and city of Baltimore respec

Election of Delegates.

tively, to serve for two years from the day of oom of

their election.
SEc. 5. The first election for delegates shall
take place on the first Wednesday of Novem-
ber, eighteen hundred and fifty-one ; and the
elections for delegates and for one-half of the
Senators, as nearly as practicable, shall be held
on the same day in every second year thereaf.
ter, but an election for Senators shall be held
in the year eighteen hundred and fifty-one, in
Howard county, and all those counties in which

Time of Elections.

senators were elected in the year eighteen hun

dred and forty-six.
Sec. 6. Immediately after the Senate shall
have convened after the first election under this
Constitution, the Senators shall be divided, by
lot, into two classes, as nearly equal in number
as may be—the Senators of the first class shall
go out of office at the expiration of two years,
and Senators shall be elected on the first Wed-
nesday of November, eighteen hundred and
fifty-three, for the term of four years, to supply

Classification of

their places; so that, after the first election,

one-half of the Senators may be chosen every second year; provided, that in no case shall any Senator be placed in a class which shall entitle him to serve for a longer term than that for which he was elected. In case the num

Time of Meetings
of the General
Assembly. Their
Sessions biennial

ber of Senators be hereafter increased, such
classification of the additional Senators shall
be made as to preserve as nearly as may be
an equal number in each class.
SEc. 7. The General Assembly shall meet
on the first Wednesday of January, eighteen
hundred and fifty two, on the same day, in the
year eighteen hundred and fifty-three, and on
the same day in the year eighteen hundred and

fifty-four, and on the same day in every second

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year thereafter, and at no other time unless convened by the proclamation of the Governor.

SEC. S. The General Assembly may continue their first two sessions after the adoption of this Constitution, as long as, in the opinion of the two Houses, the public interests may require it, but all subsequent regular sessions of the General Assembly shall be closed on the tenth day of March next ensuing the time of their commencement, unless the same shall

be closed at an earlier day by the agreement

Qualifications of Senators and Delegates.

of the two Houses.
Sec. 9. No person shall be eligible as a Se-
nator or Delegate who, at the time of his elec-
tion, is not a citizen of the United States, and
who has not resided at least three years next
preceding the day of his election in this State,
and the last year thereof in the county or city
which he may be chosen to represent, if such
county or city shall have been so long estab-
lished, and if not, then in the county from
which, in whole or in part, the same may have
been formed; nor shall any person be eligible
as a Senator unless he shall have attained the
age of twenty-five years, nor as a delegate un-
less he shall have attained the age of twenty-
one years at the time of his election.
SEC. 10. No member of Congress, or per-
son holding any civil or military office under
the United States, shall be eligible as a sena-
tor or delegate; and if any person shall, after his
election as a Senator or Delegate, be elected
to Congress, or be appointed to any office, civil
or military, under the government of the United
States, his acceptance thereof shall vacate his
SEc. 11. No Minister or Preacher of the
Gospel, of any denomination, and no person
holding any civil office of profit or trust under
this State, except Justices of the Peace, shall
be eligible as Senator or Delegate.
SEc. 12. Each House shall be judge of the
Qualifications and elections of its members,
subject to the laws of the State—appoint its
own officers, determine the rules of its own
proceedings, punish a member for disorderly
or disrespectful behaviour, and with the con-
sent of two-thirds, expel a member; but no
member shall be expelled a second time for
the same offence.
SEc. 13. A majority of each House shall
constitute a quorum for the transaction of bus-
iness, but a smaller number may adjourn from
day to day, and compel the attendance of ab-
sent members, in such manner and under such
penalties as each House may prescribe.

Persons ineligible as Senators or Delegates.

1853, ch, 280.


POWers of each


Sec. 14. The doors of each House and of son, to is

committees of the whole shall be open, except when the business is such as ought to be kept Secret.


Journals to be published.

Yeas and Nays. 1853, ch. 36.

Special Adjournments.

Style of Laws,

Mode of their enactment,

SEc. 15. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and cause the same to be published. The yeas and nays of members on any question shall, at the call of any five of them, in the House of Delegates, or one in the Senate, be entered on the journal.

SEc. 16. Neither House shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days; nor to any other place than that in which the House shall be sitting, without the concurrent vote of two-thirds of the members present.

SEC. 17. The style of all laws of this State shall be, “Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Maryland,” and all laws shall be passed by original bill, and every law enacted by the

Legislature shall embrace but one subject, and

Codification of

1852, Res. 4.



that shall be described in the title, and no law

or section of law shall be revived, amended or

repealed by reference to its title or section only; and it shall be the duty of the Legislature, at the first session after the adoption of this Constitution, to appoint two commissioners learned in the law, to revise and codify the laws of this State ; and the said commissioners shall report the said code, so formed, to the Legislature, within a time to be by it determined, for its approval, amendment, or rejection; and if adopted, after the revision and codification of the said laws, it shall be the duty of the Legislature, in amending any article or section thereof, to enact the same as the said article or section would read when amended. And whenever the Legislature shall enact any public general law, not amendatory of any sec

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