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tion or article in the said code, it shall be the duty of the Legislature to enact the same in articles and sections, in the same manner as the said code may be arranged; and to provide for the publication of all additions and alterations which may be made to the said code, and it shall also be the duty of the Legislature to appoint one or more commissioners learned in the law, whose duty it shall be to revise, simplify, and abridge the rules of practice, pleadings, forms of conveyancing, and proceedings of the Courts of record in this State. SEc. 18. Any bill may originate in either House of the General Assembly, and be altered, amended or rejected by the other; but no bill shall originate in either House during the last three days of the session, or become a law, until it be read on three different days of the session in each House, unless three-fourths of the members of the House, where such bill is pending, shall so determine. SEC. 19. No bill shall become a law unless it be passed in each House by a majority of the whole number of members elected, and on its final passage the ayes and noes be recorded. SEC. 20. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury of the State, except in accordance with an appropriation made by law, and every such law shall distinctly specify the sum appropriated, and the object to which it shall be applied, provided that nothing herein contained shall prevent the Legislature from placing a contingent fund at the disposal of the Executive, who shall report to the Legislature at each session the amount expended and the

Rules of Practice,
Pleading and
to be revised.

1852, Res. 14,

Either House may originate Bills.

Passage of Bills.

Appropriations of money to be made by law.

4 Md. 189.

Contingent fund.

statement of purposes to which it was applied; an accurate Receipts and

o " statement of the receipts and expenditures of

1854, ch. 16, the public money shall be attached to and published with the laws after each regular session of the General Assembly.

pivorces not to SEC. 21. No divorce shall be granted by the

be granted by Ge

'al A blv. only. General Assembly.

§o: SEC. 22. N o debt shall hereafter be contractit immie”". ed by the Legislature, unless such debt shall be authorized by a law providing for the collection of an annual tax or taxes sufficient to pay the interest on such debt as it falls due, and also to discharge the principal thereof within fifteen years from the time of contracting the same, and the taxes laid for this purpose shall not be repealed or applied to any other object until the said debt and the interest thereon shall be fully discharged, and the amount of debts so contracted and remaining unpaid shall never oo: exceed one hundred thousand dollars. The given. credit of the State shall not, in any manner, be given or loaned to or in aid of any individual, association or corporation, nor shall the General Assembly have the power, in any mode, to involve the State in the construction of works of internal improvement, or in any enterprize which shall involve the faith or credit of the State, or make any appropriations proceeds of in therefor. And they shall not use or appropri

ternal Improve

jo, ate the proceeds of the internal improvement ojo o companies, or of the State Tax now levied, or which may hereafter be levied, to pay off the public debt, to any other purpose, until the interest and debt are fully paid, or the sinking

fund shall be equal to the amount of the out

standing debt; but the Legislature may, with-
out laying a tax, borrow an amount never to
exceed fifty thousand dollars, to meet tempo-
rary deficiencies in the Treasury, and may
contract debts to any amount that may be ne-
cessary for the defence of the State.
Sec. 23. No extra compensation shall be
granted or allowed by the General Assembly
to any public officer, agent, servant or contrac-
tor, after the services shall have been rendered
or the contract entered into. Nor shall the
salary or compensation of any public officer
be increased or diminished during his term of
office. - -
Sec. 24. No Senator or Delegate, after qua-
lifying as such, shall, during the term for which
he was elected, be eligible to any office which
shall have been created, or the salary or pro-
fits of which shall have been increased during
such term, or shall, during said term, hold any
office or receive the salary or profits of any
office, under the appointment of the Executive
or Legislature.
Sec. 25. Each House may punish by impri-
sonment, during the session of the General
Assembly, any person not a member, for dis-
respectful or disorderly behaviour in its pre-
sence, or for obstructing any of its proceedings
or any of its officers in the execution of their
duties; provided, such imprisonment shall not,
at any one time, exceed ten days.
SEc. 26. The members of each House shall,
in all cases, except treason, felony, or other
criminal offence, be privileged from arrest dur-
ing their attendance at the session of the Gen-

Temporary Deficiences.

Defence of the

No extra Compensation or Increase of Salary to be allowed.

Disqualification of Senators and Delegates to hold certain offices.

Each House may imprison for disrespect.

Exemption from

No liability for words spoken in debate.

Powers of the House of Delegates.

Provision for vacancies in office of Senator or Delegate,

eral Assembly, and in going to and returning
from the same, allowing one day for every thirty
miles such member may reside from the place
at which the General Assembly is convened.
SEc. 27. No Senator or Delegate shall be
liable, in any civil action or criminal prosecu-
tion whatever, for words spoken in debate.
Sec. 28. The House of Delegates may in-
Quire, on the oath of witnesses, into all com-
plaints, grievances and offences, as the Grand
Inquest of the State, and may commit any per-
son for any crime to the public jail, there to
remain until discharged by due course of law—
they may examine and pass all accounts of the
State, relating either to the collection or ex-
penditure of the revenue, and appoint auditors
to state and adjust the same—they may call
for all public or official papers, and records,
and send for persons whom they may judge
necessary in the course of their inquiries con-
cerning affairs relating to the public interest,
and may direct all office bonds which shall be
made payable to the State, to be sued for any
breach of duty. -
SEC. 29. In case of death, disqualification,
resignation, refusal to act, expulsion or removal
from the county or city for which he shall have
been elected, of any person who shall have been
chosen as a Delegate or Senator, or in case of a
tie between two or more such qualified persons,
a warrant of election shall be issued by the
Speaker of the House of Delegates or Presi-
dent of the Senate, as the case may be, for the
election of another person in his place, of which
election, not less than ten days notice shall be

given, exclusive of the day of the publication of the notice and of the day of election; and in case of such resignation or refusal to act, being communicated in writing, to the Governor, by

the person making it, or if such death occur

during the legislative recess and more than ten
days before its termination, it shall be the duty
of the Governor to issue a warrant of election
to supply the vacancy thus created in the same
manner that the said Speaker or President
might have done during the session of the
Legislature; provided, however, that unless a
meeting of the General Assembly may inter-
vene, the election thus ordered to fill such va-
cancy shall be held on the day of the ensuing

election for Delegates and Senators.
SEC. 30. The Senators and Delegates shall
receive a per diem of four dollars, and such
mileage as may be allowed by law, and the
presiding officer of each House shall be allow-
ed an addition of one dollar per day. No book
or other printed matter not appertaining to the
business of the session, shall be purchased or
subscribed for, for the use of the members or be
distributed among them, at the public expense.

SEc. 31. No law passed by the General As

sembly shall take effect until the first day of

June next after the session at which it may be
passed, unless it be otherwise expressly declar-
ed therein.
SEC. 32. No law shall be passed creating
the office of Attorney General. -
SEc. 33. The General Assembly shall have
full power to exclude from the privilege of vot-
ing at elections, or of holding any civil or mili-

Compensation of Senators and Delegates.

Books not to be purchased.

When Laws to take effect.

Office of Attorney General abolished.

General Assembly may disfranchise certain perSOIlS.

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