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tary office in this State, any person who may thereafter be convicted of perjury, bribery, or other felony, unless such person shall have been pardoned by the Executive. * Mode of anoe SEC. 34. Every bill, when passed by the ing Laws. General Assembly, and sealed with the Great Seal, shall be presented to the Governor, who shall sign the same in the presence of the presiding officers and chief clerks of the Senate of and House of Delegates. Every law shall be fied to Courts, recorded in the office of the Court of Appeals, and in due time be printed, published and certified under the Great Seal to the several courts in the same manner as has been heretofore usual in this State. & populung co- SEC. 35. No person who may hereafter be a oo: collector, receiver or holder of public moneys, *** shall be eligible as Senator or Delegate, or to any office of profit or trust under this State, until he shall have accounted for and paid into the treasury all sums on the books thereof, charged to and due by him. SEc. 36. Any citizen of this State who shall, after the adoption of this Constitution, either in or out of this State, fight a duel with deadly weapons, or send or accept a challenge so to do, or who shall act as a second, or knowingly aid or assist in any manner those thus offending, shall ever thereafter be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under this State. o, on Sec. 37. No lottery grant shall ever hereaf. bited. ter be authorized by the Legislature. wo, on SEC. 38. The General Assembly shall pass too laws necessary to protect the property of the *** wife, from the debts of the husband during

Duellists ineligible to office.

her life, and for securing the same to her issue
after her death.
SEc. 39. Laws shall be passed by the Legis-
lature to protect from execution a reasonable
amount of property of a debtor, not exceed-
ing in value the sum of five hundred dollars.
Sec. 40. The Legislature shall, at its first
session after the adoption of this Constitu-

Exemption Laws

Compensation of Clerks and Registers.

tion, adopt some simple and uniform system of is a chaos.

charges in the offices of clerks of courts and registers of wills in the counties of this State and the city of Baltimore, and for the collection thereof; provided, the amount of compensation to any of said officers shall not exceed the sum of twenty-five hundred dollars a year, over and above office expenses, and compensation to assistants; and provided, further, that such compensation of clerks, registers, assistants and office expenses, shall always be paid

out of the fees or receipts of the offices re

spectively.
Sec. 41. The House of Delegates shall have
the sole power of impeachment in all cases,
but a majority of all the members must concur
in an impeachment; all impeachments shall be
tried by the Senate, and when sitting for that
purpose they shall be on oath or affirmation to
do justice according to the law and evidence,
but no person shall be convicted without the
concurrence of two-thirds of all the Senators.
SEc. 42. That it shall be the duty of the
Legislature so soon as the public debt shall
have been fully paid off, to cause to be trans-
ferred to the several counties and the city of
Baltimore, stock in the internal improvement

impeachment.

Internal Improvement Companies.

Master and Slave

No Imprisonment for Debt. 5 Md., 337.

Banks not to be .

chartered. 1853, ch. 441. 1854, ch. 152.

Provisions relat ing to Banks,

Private Property taken for Public use to be paid for.

Corporations to be provided for by General Laws.

companies, equal to the amount respectively paid by each towards the erection and completion of said works, at the then market value of said stock. . Sec. 43. The Legislature shall not pass any law abolishing the relation of master or slave, as it now exists in this State. Sec. 44. No person shall be imprisoned for debt. SEc. 45. The Legislature hereafter shall grant no charter for banking purposes or renew any banking corporation now in existence, except upon the condition that the stockholders and directors shall be liable to the amount of their respective share or shares of stock in such banking institution for all its debts and liabilities upon note, bill or otherwise; and upon the further condition that no director or other officer of said corporation shall borrow any money from said corporation; and if any director or other officer shall be convicted upon indictment of directly or indirectly violating this article, he shall be punished by fine or imprisonment at the discretion of the Court. All banks shall be open to inspection of their books, papers and accounts, under such regulations as may be prescribed by law. SEc. 46. The Legislature shall enact no law authorizing private property to be taken for public use without just compensation as agreed upon between the parties or awarded by a jury, being first paid or tendered to the party entitled to such compensation. SEC. 47. Corporations may be formed under general laws, but shall not be created by spe

cial act, except for municipal purposes, and in cases where, in the judgment of the Legislature, the object of the corporation cannot be attained under general laws. All laws and

1852, ch,231.

1853, ch. 320.

special acts pursuant to this section may be

altered from time to time, or repealed; provided, nothing herein contained shall be construed to alter, change or amend in any manner the article in relation to Banks.

SEC. 48. The Legislature shall make provision for all cases of contested elections of any of the officers not herein provided for.

SEC. 49. That the rate of interest in this State shall not exceed six per cent. per annum, and no higher rate shall be taken or demanded, and the Legislature shall provide, by law, all necessary forfeitures and penalties against usury.

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SECTION I. The Judicial power of this State shall be vested in a Court of Appeals, in Circuit Courts, in such Courts for the city of Baltimore as may be hereinafter prescribed, and in Justices of the Peace. SEC. 2. The Court of Appeals shall have appellate jurisdiction only, which shall be coextensive with the limits of the State. It shall consist of a chief justice and three associate justices, any three of whom shall form a quorum, whose judgment shall be final and con

clusive in all cases of appeals; and who shall

Contested Elections.

1853, ch. 244.

Rate of Interest.

The Judicial
Power—how
Vested.

Court of Appeals, its jurisdiction and constitution. Reports of Decisions to be published.

1852, ch. 55. do. 351. 1854, Res. 5.

Time and place of meeting.

Clerk of Court of
Appeals.

State divided into four Judicial Districts.

One Judge of
Court of Appeals
to be elected from
each district,
His Qualifica-
tions,

have the jurisdiction which the present Court
of Appeals of this State now has, and such
other appellate jurisdiction as hereafter may
be provided for by law. And in every case
decided, an opinion, in writing, shall be filed,
and provision shall be made, by law, for pub-
lishing reports of cases argued and determined
in the said Court. The Governor, for the time
being, by and with the advice and consent of
the Senate, shall designate the chief justice,
and the Court of Appeals shall hold its ses-
sions at the city of Annapolis, on the first
Monday of June, and the first Monday of De-
cember, in each and every year. -
SEc. 3. The Court of Appeals shall appoint
its own clerk, who shall hold his office for six
years, and may be re-appointed at the end there-
of; he shall be subject to removal by the said
court for incompetency, neglect of duty, mis-
demeanor in office, and for such other causes
as may be prescribed by law.
SEC. 4. The State shall be divided into four
Judicial districts: Allegany, Washington, Fre-
derick, Carroll, Baltimore and Harford coun-
ties, shall compose the first ; Montgomery,
Howard, Anne Arundel, Calvert, St. Mary’s,
Charles and Prince George's, the second; Bal-
timore city, the third ; and Cecil, Kent, Queen
Anne's, Talbot, Caroline, Dorchester, Somer-
set and Worcester, shall compose the fourth
district. And one person from among those
learned in the law, having been admitted to
practice in this State, and who shall have been
a citizen of this State at least five years, and
above the age of thirty years at the time of his

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