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election, and a resident of the judicial district,
shall be elected from each of said districts by
the legal and qualified voters therein, as a
Judge of the said Court of Appeals, who shall
hold his office for the term of ten years from
the time of his election, or until he shall have
attained the age of seventy years, which ever
may first happen, and be re-eligible thereto
until he shall have attained the age of seventy
years, and not after, subject to removal for in-
competency, wilful neglect of duty or misbe-
haviour in office, on conviction in a court of
law, or by the Governor upon the address of
the General Assembly, two-thirds of the mem-
bers of each House concurring in such address;
and the salary of each of the Judges of the
Court of Appeals shall be two thousand five
hundred dollars annually, and shall not be in-
creased or diminished during their continuance
in office; and no fees or perquisites of any
kind shall be allowed by law to any of the
said Judges. :
SEc. 5. No judge of the Court of Appeals
shall sit in any case wherein he may be inter-
ested, or where either of the parties may be
connected with him by affinity or consanguinity
within such degrees as may be prescribed by
law, or when he shall have been of counsel in
said case; when the Court of Appeals, or any
of its members shall be thus disqualified to
hear and determine any case or cases in said
court, so that by reason thereof no judgment
can be rendered in said court, the same shall

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be certified to the Governor of the State, who governor to ap

point others to try

shall immediately commission the requisite to

number of persons learned in the law for the trial and determination of said case or cases. on Sec. 6. All Judges of the Court of Appeals, Peace. of the Circuit Courts, and of the Courts for the city of Baltimore, shall, by virtue of their offices, be conservators of the peace throughout the State. . style of commis. SEC. 7. All public commissions and grants *" shall run thus: “The State of Maryland,” &c., and shall be signed by the Governor, with the Seal of the State annexed; all writs and process shall run in the same style, and be tested, sealed and signed as usual; and all indictments shall conclude “against the peace, government and dignity of the State.” state divided in: SEC. 8. The State shall be divided into eight *." Judicial Circuits, in manner and form following, to wit: St. Mary’s, Charles and Prince George's counties shall be the first; Anne Arundel, Howard, Calvert and Montgomery counties shall be the second; Frederick and Carroll counties shall be the third; Washington and Allegany counties shall be the fourth; Baltimore city shall be the fifth ; Baltimore, Harford and Cecil counties shall be the sixth ; Rent, Queen Anne's, Talbot and Caroline counties shall be the seventh ; and Dorchester, Somerset and Worcester counties shall be the one judge to be eighth ; and there shall be elected as hereinaf§." “ter directed for each of the said judicial circuits, except the fifth, one person from among those learned in the law, having been admitted his qualifica to practice in this State, and who shall have ilOIlS. been a citizen of this State at least five years,

and above the age of thirty years at the time of his election, and a resident of the judicial circuit, to be Judge thereof; the said Judges shall be styled Circuit Judges, and shall re

Terms of the

spectively hold a term of their courts at least ot.

to so * te 1852, ch. 34. twice in each year, or oftener if required by To," i. law, in each county composing their respective ... ; circuits; and the said courts shall be called . .

Circuit Courts for the county in which they no. may be held, and shall have and exercise in of the several counties of this State, all the pow- *.*. er, authority and jurisdiction which the county ło,

31

courts of this State now have and exercise, or “..." .

which may hereafter be prescribed by law, and so ho

the said Judges in their respective circuits, o, .

shall have and exercise all the power, autho-isonii.

rity and jurisdiction of the present Court of , ; o Chancery of Maryland; Provided, neverthe- ' " less, that Baltimore County Court may hold its Baltimore counsittings within the limits of the city of Balti-" " more, until provision shall be made by law for iso, h, , the location of a county seat within the limits * * of the said county proper, and the erection of a court house and all other appropriate buildings, for the convenient administration of justice in said court. SEc. 9. The judges of the several judicial oo:: circuits shall be citizens of the United States, Courts. and shall have resided five years in this State, and two years in the judicial circuit for which they may be respectively elected, next before the time of their election, and shall reside therein while they continue to act as judges; they shall be taken from among those who having the other qualifications herein prescrib

ed, are most distinguished for integrity, wis

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Court of Common Pleas.

Its Jurisdiction.

1852, ch. 159. do. 251.

1853, ch. 238.

5 Md., 337.

Superior Court.

Its Jurisdiction.

1852, ch. 198, do. 227, do. 312. do. 323. 1853, ch. 451.

dom and sound legal knowledge, and shall be elected by the qualified voters of the said circuits, and shall hold their offices for the term of ten years, removable for misbehaviour, on conviction in a court of law or by the Governor, upon the address of the General Assembly, provided that two-thirds of the members of each House shall concur in such address, and

the said judges shall each receive a salary of

two thousand dollars a year, and the same
shall not be increased or diminished during
the time of their continuance in office ; and no
judge of any court in this State, shall receive
any perquisite, fee, commission or reward, in
addition thereto, for the performance of any
judicial duty.
SEC. 10. There shall be established for the
city of Baltimore one court of law, to be styled
“ the Court of Common Pleas,” which shall
have civil jurisdiction in all suits where the
debt or damage claimed shall be over one hun-
dred dollars, and shall not exceed five hundred
dollars; and shall, also, have jurisdiction in all
cases of appeal from the judgment of justices
of the peace in the said city, and shall have
jurisdiction in all applications for the benefit
of the insolvent laws of this State, and the su-
pervision and control of the trustees thereof.
SEc. 11. There shall also be established, for
the city of Baltimore, another court of law, to
be styled “the Superior Court of Baltimore
City,” which shall have jurisdiction over all
suits where the debt or damage claimed shall
exceed the sum of five hundred dollars, and in
case any plaintiff or plaintiffs shall recover less
than the sum or value of five hundred dollars,
he or they shall be allowed or adjudged to pay
costs in the discretion of the court. The said
court shall also have jurisdiction as a Court of
Equity within the limits of the said city, and in
all other civil cases which have not been here-
tofore assigned to the Court of Common Pleas.
SEC. 12. Each of the said two courts shall
consist of one judge, who shall be elected by
the legal and qualified voters of the said city,
and shall hold his office for the term of ten
years, subject to the provisions of this Consti-
tution, with regard to the election and qualifi-
cation of judges and their removal from office,
and the salary of each of the said judges shall
be twenty-five hundred dollars a year; and the
Legislature shall, whenever it may think the
same proper and expedient, provide, by law,
another court for the city of Baltimore, to con-
sist of one judge to be elected by the qualified
voters of the said city, who shall be subject to
the same constitutional provisions, hold his
office for the same term of years, and receive
the same compensation as the judge of the
Court of Common Pleas of the said city, and
the said court shall have such jurisdiction and
powers as may be prescribed by law.
Sec. 13. There shall also be a Criminal Court
for the city of Baltimore, to be styled “the Cri-
minal Court of Baltimore,” which shall consist
of one judge, who shall also be elected by the
legal and qualified voters of the said city, and
who shall have and exercise all the jurisdiction
now exercised by Baltimore City Court, and
the said judge shall receive a salary of two

Constitution of Baltimore Courts for civil cases.

Qualification and Term of Office of the Judges.

Their Salary.

Another Court.

1853, ch. 122. do. 391.

Criminal Court of
Baltimore.

1853, ch. 33.

Its Jurisdiction.

1852, ch. 344,

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