Identity, Ritual and State in Tibetan Buddhism: The Foundations of Authority in Gelukpa Monasticism

Capa
Psychology Press, 2003 - 404 páginas
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Identity, Ritual and State in Tibetan Buddhism is a major anthropological study of contemporary Tibetan Buddhist monasticism and tantric ritual in the Ladakh region of North-West India and of the role of tantric ritual in the formation and maintenance of traditional forms of state structure and political consciousness in Tibet. Based on 19 months of fieldwork in Ladakh, the ethnography centres on Kumbum monastery, a local Gelupka Order monastery in the village of Lingshed, Southern Ladakh. The book draws upon this and comparative ethnography from the Tibetan cultural area to develop a theoretical overview of ritual life and religious authority in Tibetan Buddhist monasticism, its religious and economic relationships with surrounding society, and the nature of the pre-1950 Tibetan state. Containing detailed descriptions and analyses of monastic ritual, the work builds up a picture of Tibetan tantric traditions as they interact with more localised understandings of bodily identity and territorial cosmology, to produce a substantial re-interpretation of the place of monks as ritual performers and peripheral householders in Ladakh. The work also examines the central and indispensable r
 

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Índice

History and Authority
5
The Face of Monasticism
27
Reassessing Monasticism
53
Iconography Authority and Truth in Buddhist Tantra
85
Tantric Practice at Kumbum
121
Care and Cosmology in Lingshed
147
Relations with the Dharma
176
Pollution Concerns in Lingshed
206
Local Gods and the Embodied Person in Lingshed
243
Characterising Incarnates
263
Hierarchy and Precedent in Gelukpa Monasticism
295
Ideology Ritual and State in Tibetan Buddhism
329
The Ritual Calendar of Lingshed
348
Notes
359
Bibliography
371
Index
386

AUTHORITY AND THE PERSON IN GELUKPA
233

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