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ARMS AND GREAT SEAL OF THE STATE.

ARTICLE III.

(Chap. 678, L. 1892, as amended by chap. 229, L. 1896.)

SECTION 40. Description of the arms of the state. 41. Painted devices of arms in certain public places.

42. Prohibition of other pictorial devices

43. Great seal of the state.

44. The use of the great seal.

40. Description of the arms of the state and the state flag. The device of arms of this state, as adopted March sixteenth, seventeen hundred and seventy-eight, is hereby declared to be correctly described as follows:

Charge. Azure, in a landscape, the sun in fess, rising in splendor or, behind a range of three mountains, the middle one the highest; in base a ship and sloop under sail, passing and about to meet on a river, bordered below by a grassy shore fringed with shrubs, all proper.

Crest. On a wreath azure and or, an American eagle proper, rising to the dexter from a two-thirds of a globe terrestrial, showing the north Atlantic ocean with outlines of its shores.

Supporters. On a quasi compartment formed by the extension of the scroll.

Dexter. The figure of Liberty proper, her hair disheveled and decorated with pearls, vested azure, sandaled gules, about the waist a cinture or, fringed gules, a mantle of the last depending from the shoulders behind to the feet, in the dexter hand a staff ensigned with a Phrygian cap or, the sinister arm embowed, the hand supporting the shield at the dexter chief point, a royal crown by her sinister foot dejected.

Sinister. The figure of Justice proper, her hair disheveled and decorated with pearls, vested or, about the waist a cincture azure, fringed gules, sandaled and mantled as Liberty, bound about the eyes with a fillet proper, in the dexter hand a straight sword hilted or,

erect, resting on the sinister chief point of the shield, the sinister arm embowed, holding before her her scales proper.

Motto. On a scroll below the shield argent, in sable, excelsior.

State flag. The state flag is hereby declared to be buff, charged with the arms of the state in the colors as described in the blazon of this section.

41. Painted devices of arms in certain public places.The device of arms of the state, corresponding to the blazon hereinbefore given, shall be painted in colors upon wood or canvas, and hung upon the walls of the executive chamber, the court of appeals, the office of the sectary of state and the senate and assembly chambers.

$42. Prohibition of other pictorial devices. — No pictorial devices other than the arms of the state shall be used in the public offices at the capitol for letter headings and envelopes used for official business. Persons printing and circulating public documents under the authority of the state, when they use a vignette, shall place upon the title pages of the documents the standard device of the state arms without alterations or additions.

43. Great seal of the state. The secretary of state shall cause to be engraved upon metal two and one-half inches in diameter the device of arms of this state, accurately conformed to the description thereof given in this article, surrounded with the legend, "The great seal of the state of New York." It alone shall be used as the great seal of the state, and the secretary of state shall have the custody thereof.

44. The use of the great seal. All such matters as have issued under the great seal of the state since March 16, 1778, shall continue to be issued under such seal, except copies of papers and records certified by the secretary of state or his deputy and authenticated under his seal of office.

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THE GOVERNOR.

The Constitution of the State vests the executive power in the Governor. He is elected by the people and no person is eligible to the office, except a citizen of the United States, of the age of not less than thirty years, who shall have been five years, next preceding his election, a resident of the State. The Governor is Commander-in-Chief of the military and naval forces of the State, a trustee of certain of its public buildings, a Regent of the University, a trustee of the Soldiers' Home, Union College, Cornell University, Syracuse University. He is required to communicate, by message to the Legislature at every session, the condition of the State, and recommend such matters to them as he shall judge expedient. He is also required to transact all necessary business with the officers of government, civil and military, and expedite all such measures as may be resolved upon by the Legislature, and take care that the laws are faithfully executed. The Governor may convene the Legislature-or Senate only, in extraordinary sessions, and may grant reprieves, commutations and pardons after conviction, for all offenses except treason and cases of impeachment. He appoints (by and with the advice and consent of the Senate), certain officers connected with the government of the State not elective by the people, and fills vacancies occurring therein during the recess of the Senate. He also may suspend or remove many officers under certain restrictions prescribed by statute. During the session of the Legislature he has the power to veto any bill passed by the Senate and Assembly. In the event of two-thirds of the members elected to each house agreeing to pass a vetoed bill the same becomes a law notwithstanding the objections of the Governor. After the final adjournment of the Legislature, no bill becomes a law unless approved by the Governor within thirty days, and he has power to disapprove items in any bill appropriating money. The Governor bolds his office for the term of two years and receives an annual salary of $10,000, and the use of a furnished executive residence. He is authorized to appoint a private secretary, clerks and mesBengers, and to a limited degree the Executive Chamber is an office of Record. The Privy Seal is the Arms of the State surrounded by the inscription, "State of New York - Executive Privy Seal."

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