Imagens das páginas
[blocks in formation]





Total terminated cases,

Remaining under treatment on the 31 of Dec. 1829,

Monthly Statement of Admissions and Deaths.



















Total under treatment,






It is proper to state, that the Gas was from coal, at the Baltimore Company's works, issuing under a pressure of six tenths of an inch, that the oil was of the best winter strained spermaceti, the mould candles of the best kind, four to the pound, and the dipt candles of good quality, six to the pound. Further, that the Gas Argand was one inch diameter, from aperture to aperture, with eighteen perforations of one thirtieth of an inch, that the oil Argand! was also one inch diameter, the reservoir containing from one quart to six gills of oil, and in the first experiments consumed at the rate of about one pint in ten hours; and in the second course of experiments at the rate of about half a pint in the same time, and that each Argand was fixed with a straight, chimney glass. And, it may be also necessary to observe, that in a gas burner of the above size, or indeed any gas Argand burner, the gas in consuming, shows, and burns, to great disadvantage, when issuing at a rate less than that to which its construction is adapted; and more par Diseases in the Fatal Cases, with the Number of Deaths ticularly in those of large size, for, in the size above from each Disease. Pulmonary Consumption, caused Dropsy of the Chest,

Total Admissions,

279 Total D'ths, 34


stated, the consumption is intended to be from four to five feet the hour.

Chronic Inflammation of the Lungs,

Inflammation of the Bewels,



Disease of the Heart


Inflammation of the Brain,



II. Sick in Quarters.

Remaining on the list of sick in Quarters on

the 1st of January, 1829, Received on the list during the year,

Total under treatment during the year,
Of this nnmber there were-
Transferred to sick in Hospital,



2 34

Total terminated and transferred cases,
Remaining under treatment on the 31st of

December, 1829.
















[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]



The average number of Convicts confined in the prison for the year 1829, has been 511. The deaths having been 34, gives the mortality for 1829, at 6.6 per FRANKLIN BACHE,




The subject of lighting the city with Gas, has been frequently suggested for consideration, and may at some future time again occupy the public attention; when the following experiments, on the comparative merits of gas and oil (inserted in the American Daily Advertiser,) may perhaps be found useful.

The following statement of the comparative consumption of gas, oil,& candles, with equal depth of shadows, & the proportional illuminating powers of each, as shown by experiments, may afford interest to some persons, and (which would be desirable) induce such as have leisure, and the means, to pursue the subject and show how far future experiments shall confirm, or lead to different re


Published by order of the Acting Committee of the
Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of
Public Prison.

The two lamps were placed at the distance of nineteen feet four inches from a wall, on which a sheet of white paper was fixed,-the oil light was urged to its greatest intensity, and the gas graduated till the shadows from an interposed card were ascertained to equal; the gas flame was then one and a quarter inch high,and the metre indicated two and a half feet to the hour: hence about a pint of oil under these circumstances, was found equal to twenty-five feet of gas.

Experiment 2. The gas flame was raised to two inch-
es high, and the consumption was three and a half feet
to the hour; the consumption of the oil as before, and a
mould candle burning at the rate of two and one fourth
inches in one hour, was contrasted with each in succes-
sion, in the manner before described.
The proportions were as follows:

Gas to Oil as 1,820 to 1,000
Gas to Candle as 5,275 to 1,000
Oil to Candle as 2,900 to 1,000

Experiment 3. The gas flame was raised to two inch. es and one quarter high, and the consumption was four feet to the hour; the consumption of oil as before. The proportions were:

Gas to Oil as 2,365 to 1,000 The proportion between the mould candle and the dipt were found to be:

[blocks in formation]


quarter inches, and the consumption four feet to the considered; and the Board have the pleasure to state
that five hundred dollars have been added to the per-
hour. The proportions were:
manent fund from this source.

Gas to Oil as 4,000 to 1,000

The gas in every instance when the flame was increased in height and consequently in consumption, decreasing, to a disproportionate degree, the relative strength of light from the oil. It was found, that the gas burn. er could be urged with effect to a consumption of six feet to the hour, diffusing a most brilliant and soft light to the eye, but the oil could not be urged beyond about one pint to the ten hours, effectively: and the light was better in proportion to the less consumption between that rate, and about half a pint in the same time.

[blocks in formation]

The result of similar experiments, on gas compound-be ed of equal volumes of rosin and coal gas, and on oil gas, would differ, probably, in proportion to their different densities, as the proportion of light from cach, has been found nearly in that ratio. Experiments to ascertain their relative specific gravities shew the result, in round numbers, nearly as follows:




Of Philadelphia-Read March 8, 1830.

To the Apprentices Library Co. of Philad. The term for which the interests of the institution were committed to their care having expired, the board of managers submit a report of their operations for the past year, and an exposition of the present state of its


Upon the organization of the board, committees were appointed, charged with the purchase and preservation of the books, with the care of the room and furniture, and with the auditing of the accounts; and in the discharge of the duties thus devolved upon them, have materially contributed to the usefulness of the institution.

In conformity with the directions of the company at its last annual meeting, the amount of money received from bequests and donations, has been invested in safe and productive stocks.

In addition to the sum reported at the last annual meeting of the company, $1065 12, have been received from the executors of the will of the late John Grandom, under the decision of the Orphans' Court, as the residuary portion of his estate, except the sum of $20,

yet due from one of the executors.

Believing that the object of the association would be promoted by presenting to the public occasional noti ces of its character, with a record of the number of ap. plicants for its benefits, the publication of a monthly report of its location and uses has been commenced; and it is hoped a more lively interest in its affairs will thus created in the community.

An application was made to the Executors of the late William McKenzie, that in distributing the sum at their disposal for division amongst charitable institutions, the claims of the Apprentices' Library might be

Ten years have now elapsed since the foundation of this institution, and while we regret that it has not received the share of favour to which it is entitled by its acknowledged merit, we rejoice that its usefulness has not been circumscribed by the narrow limits of public bounty, and hope that in a still wider extension of its benefits the most sanguine expectations of its founders will be realized. Having for its object the diffusion of useful knowledge among that class of the community which is most exposed to the injurious influence of vicious associations, and the rendering of the leisure hours of the youth, as conductive to his moral excellence as the time spent in the workshop is to his me chanical skill; the Apprentices' Library recommends itself by every valuable consideration to the most extended public patronage.

Since the last report, upwards of 1450 volumes have been added to the Library, of which number about 1130 were procured by purchase, and 320 have been received as donations, 489 volumes have been rebound. The collection now consists of about six thousand volumes, and comprises a large portion of the best elementary works in the various departments of science and useful literature, with many that can be consulted with advantage by those who have enjoyed the benefits of a good education.

The average monthly number of boys who have used the library during the last year, is about 682, of whom 584 were new applicants. In the regularity of their attendance at the room upon the days appointed for the delivery of books, their correct deportment when there, and the care which is taken of the works entrusted to them, the must satisfactory evidence is afforded of the just appreciation of the institution by the objects of its patronage.

In the same period 65 new members have been add ed to the company. $1001 66, have been expended for the purchase and rebinding of books, salaries of the librarians, and in defraying the incidental expenses of the establishment.


In again appealing to the members of the company,
and through them to their fellow citizens, for their con-
tinued support, the board of managers indulge the
hope that means will not be withheld from an institution
so valuable as an auxiliary in the preservation of public
peace and the promotion of private virtue; and whose
interests are so nearly allied to that system of general
education to which the attention of the inhabitants of
this commonwealth is now ardently directed.
SAMUEL MASON, Jr. Secretary.
Philadelphia, 3d mo. 4th, 1830.

Summary statement of Receipts and expenditures,
from March 12th, 1829, to March 5, 1830, inclusive:
Balance of former account,
Received contributions of members, deducting

$850 95


Interest on loans,
For rent of room,

Of the executors of the will of the late John
Grandom, on account of the residue of his

One year's ground rent,
From the executors of the will of the late Wil-
liam M'Kensie, amount apportioned,
For wired frames sold,
For catalogues sold and fines,

578 80 78.00 112 50

1065 12 75 00

500 00

10 00 120 25 $3,390 63

For books and binding,
Salaries of Librarians,
Rent of room,

Lumber, desk, painting, &c.
Incidental expenses, including furniture of
room, painting, lamp oil, coal, &c.,

Paid-for 1800 dollars Chesapeake and Dela-
ware Canal loan,

1,858 00

share of stock in the bank of North America, 410 00 1 do do. in the Farmers and Mechanics


58 50 487 27

192 50

125 50 95 37

125 13

38 86

$3,390 63

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]



[blocks in formation]

The Chamber of Commerce loses no time in publishing information so satisfactory. They ought, more than ever, to excite the Americans to plant mulberry trees and raise silk, a kind of industry that will afford great advantage to both countries, and may in future give birth to establishments of various kinds, and be a new source of wealth to the United States."


portunity please to communicate the sad intelligence to
Tell them I live, but that my
our friends in Ireland.
To tell you
feelings have been dreadfully wounded.
what I did, I cannot; suffice it that I acted as all brave
men placed like me in a similar situation, would act.
we have lost gallant officers and generous friends, uot
in battle, for that we could bear, but by murder, by sav-
age butchery. The French dared not openly meet us;
our's is the loss, theirs the disgrace. When we meet I
will give you particulars. Captain Conyngham is doing
well. I hope we shall soon be under your hospitable
roof in Philadelphia.


continued over Market street Bridge.

It results from that assay, publicly executed at Lyons, by Pierre Mazel, licensed assayer of silks, that the raw silk obtained in Philadelphia is of an extraordinary quali ty, and is admirably adapted to all the uses of fabrica tion. Its degree of fineness is 16 dwts, so that it would On the route recommended by the Cancl Commissioners, produce singles of 50 dwts; organzine of 32, and tram or woof silk of 30, a quality of silk extremely rare in our country. American silk is fine, nervous, good, regular, clean, of a fine colour; in a word it unites all the qualities that can be wished for. Its market price in the state of raw silk, well reeled, according to its different qualities, well prepared, would be 26 francs a pound, and the sale of it at Lyons, would be very easy, particularly if there was a constant supply of bales weighing from 100 to 150 pounds.


Extract of a letter dated June 27, 1755.

"Captain Jack, on joining General Braddock with his company, requested and obtained, an interview with the General. He told him he was a man inured to hard ships; that he knew the Indians habits; and requested him to let his company act as a reconnoitering party and ascertain the places where the Indian forces were lodged, especially as the Indians preferred stratagems to open warfare. General Braddock told him there was time enough for making arrangements, and that he had experienced troops on whom he could depend with confidence. Captain Jack, finding the General was firm, soon after withdrew into the interior of sylvania."

With great regard, your distressed friend,



Copy of a letter from Major Leslie to a respectable merchant of Philadelphia.


An entrance may be made on each side, and, under CORRESPONDENCE RELATING TO BRAD- the present Road-ways by means of archways through the mound and curtain walls of each abutment to the level floor, without any hindrance or interruption to the entrance on the present curved Roadways; in other words, the Rail-way may be made to pass under the present floor of the bridge, with a clear headway of 11 feet.

From the survey and levels which I have taken, I find that the top of the piers and abutments of the Bridge, strike nine inches below the ground on its surface, at the junction of Ashton with Market street, and that this level is sufficiently high to pass the Rail Road on the east side, both up and down the Schuylkill, turning on the city property upon a radius of 356 feet, towards the Northern Liberties and Southwark on Ashton street. Thus the Delaware may be reached through both districts. The pavement of Market street near the TollPenn-house of the Bridge, is upon the same plane with the top of the piers of the Bridge, and therefore it will not require any alteration to effect the plan above alluded After passing the eastern abutment of the Bridge and the Toll house, the rail tracks may be continued in a straight line on each side of Market street without any difficulty to the public square at Broad street.


The approach of the Rail Road to the Permanent Bridge on the western side of the Schuylkill, may be made with little cost, over ground requiring at the greatest depression, but 12 feet of embankment, and that for a short distance say 600 feet, partly across a meadow of 350 feet, and upon a radius of 650 feet. The ground from this point to the northward being favorable along the west bank of the Schuylkill to Harding's at the upper bridge.

I have examined the Permanent Bridge crossing the Schuylkill at Market street, with reference to the practicability of carrying the Pennsylvania Rail Road into the city of Philadelphia at that point. The piers ef the Bridge, together with the offsets on the abutments, are 12 feet 5 inches above high water mark, and the floors of the wooden superstructure or present road ways, are eleven feet above the top of the piers and abutments. This space is amply sufficient for the passage of two separate tracks of rails, one on each side. It is quite easy to suspend by rigid framing from the arches or ribs of the Bridge, a level floor corresponding with the chord of each arch resting on the piers or abutments; this may be effected by a continuation of the ties and braces from the present ribs, and by cross lateral braces on the lev el floor above mentioned.

July 30, 1755. DEAR SIR-You have heard the disastrous termination of our expedition, with the loss of our General and most of the army. What could bravery accomplish against such an attack, as sudden as it was unexpected? the yell of the Indians is fresh on my ear, and the terrific sound will haunt me until the hour of my dissolution. I cannot describe the horrors of that scene; no pen could do it, or no painter delineate it so as to convey to you with any accuracy our unhappy situation. Our friend, Captain John Conyngham is severely wounded; his horse fell on the first fire, and before he could be disengaged from the animal, which had fallen on From a full investigation of this subject, I am of opinhim, received a wound on his arm; and his life was sa-ion that the plan of crossing beneath the present bridge ved by the enthusiasm of his men, who seeing his dan is altogether feasible and practicable, and may be effect

ger rushed between the savages and him and carrieded at a moderate cost; and that the ground on either him in triumph from the spot. need not tell you that side of the Schuylkill at this point is exceedingly favourthe Captain is indebted for his life to the love his men able for the purpose, without at all affecting any estab had for him. Many had sacrificed their lives before he lished regulations of property or accustomed modes of could be extricated from the horse. If you have an op- travelling. Philada. Feb. 22, 1830.



[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

Bonds and mortgages,
Library, apparatus, Wistar
museum, &c.

U. S. Stock appropriated in
payment of new medical
and college walls,
Tuition money, fuel & grad-
uation fees,number of stu-
deuts in collegiate depart-
ment being about 100,
Cash in bank,

Gross am❜t of personal estate,
Gross am't of real estate,

$40,000 00

97,510 00
61,549 33
8,000 00

Abstract of the state of the funds of the University of|
Pennsylvania, January 1, 1830. Read, March 4, 1830.
Nominal Value. Producing
Buildings occupied by the
public schools,
Medical Hall, houses, lots
and lands in Bucks, co.

Ground rents,

Botanic garden,

Gross amount of real estate, 167,059 33

5,507 01 10,501 42

11,480 25

542 35

28,031 06 167,059 33

Total estate real and personal, 195,090 39

[ocr errors]

39 3
13 5

25 8

$7,331 25
1,183 79
100 00
8,615 04

A new weekly paper, entitled the "American Manu facturer," has just issued from the press at Pittsburg.

By order of the board of trustees,
Sec'ty. and Treasurer.


Carpeting. Mr. Samuel Given, of Cumberland Co. has established a Manufactory of Carpeting, intended to imitate the Brussels and various kinds of ingrain carpeting. A present from his looms has been sent to Gen. Jackson.

Notwithstanding the severity of the winter, the Susquehanna and Juniata are clear of ice, without the least damage having been done to the public works. Boats have already descended the Juniata, and passed the riv er lock at North's Island with expedition and entire safety.

The apparatus for repairing ships has been made on an approved plan, and substantial structure; the yard is spacious and dry, the sheds, staging, &c. are all calculated for the rapid despatch of business; and the company presume that these circumstances, connected with the fact that the ship wrights of Philadelphia being excellent workmen, and employ good materials, our mer chants will be induced to bestow additional attention to having their vessels in good order, and the owners of those that come from other ports will find it their inter 295 35 est to take advantage of these circumstances, and get their vessels repaired while here.

Boats, Arks, and other craft, may now pass up the Conestoga, to Lancaster, from the Susquehanna, the injured Lock having been completely repaired.


Jefferson Medical College.-The additional Trustees of this College have unanimously chosen DANIEL DRAKE, M. D. of Cincinati, to be their Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine, and he has accepted of that Professorship. Philadelphian.

Doylestown, Bucks Co. Feb. 22.

February Court.-At the late session of the Court of Quarter Sessions, for this county, not one criminal cause came before the Court. But one bill was sent to the Grand Jury, and that was marked and returned ignoramSuch a state of things has very rarely occurred at the Session of our Court heretofore, and probably there are few living who can remember an instance where there was so little business for our Judges, Juries and Lawyers.


The establishment is provided with a complete iron crane for loads of two or three tons. This will be a good convenience for steam boats in putting in, or taking out, boilers, rocking beams, &c. The crane will also be hired for discharging cargoes.


6,675 35 8,615 04 15,290 39

It is the opinion of men well acquainted with the prin ciples of commerce, that the expense of taking a vessel 6,380 00 on the Rail Way to ascertain the state of her bottom, and if necessary repair the same, will be saved on her own, and cargo's insurance the following voyage. a proof of the smallness of the expense of using the Rail Way, of twenty vessels that have employed it, the highest bill of expense any of them has had to pay, did not amount to one hundred & six dollars, and no vessel has paid so high as one hundred and fifteen, wharfage inclu ded. It is proper to remark that in all cases where salt has been put between the ceiling and plank for the preservation of the timber the same remains uninjured, which cannot be the case when vessels are "Hove out."


The Philadelphia Marine Rail Way Company have completed their works, and request the attention of the Shipping interest and Carpenters to the establishment.

The company have not been sparing of labor or expense, in the efforts to make this an expeditious, confor repairing vessels. venient, and cheap agent in the hands of the carpenter

The printers of newspapers in the sea ports of the United States, who take an interest in diffusing coumer. cial information are invited to publish this address. RICH'D RONALDSON, President.

Printed every SATURDAY MORNING by WILLIAM F GEDDES, No. 59 Locust Street. Philadelphia; where, and at the PUBLICATION OFFICE, IN FRANKLIN PLACE, second door back of the Post Office, (back room) subscriptions will be thankfully received. Price FIVE DOLLARS per annum, payable annually by subscribers residing in or near the city, or where there is an agent. Other subscribers pay in advance.





PHILADELPHIA, MARCH 27, 1830. NO. 117.

VOL. V.-NO. 13.

[Communicated for the Register of Pennsylvania.] GERMAN LUTHERAN CONGREGATION

[ocr errors]



A Colony, principally of Wirtenbergers, settled in and about Germantown, as early as 1684, and numbers of German emigrants were added every year to this settlement; a great many of these settlers were Lutherans, they were situated, with respect to religious institutions like their brethren in other parts of the Province; among them too, were found adventurers, who called themselves Ministers of the Gospel, and who, filled the office of pastors as long as the different congregations could submit to the degradation, of having such men to officiate for them in their churches. Many of the better class, of the Germantown congregation, soon felt the state to which they had been reduced; for, wearied and disgusted with the conduct of these pretended ministers, they like many others, were induced to avail themselves, as much as possible, of the services of the Swedish Lutheran Ministers.

pastor Muehlenberg, to take the congregation under his care; he accordingly held divine service at Germantown, on a week day, during the term allotted for his officiating in the Philadelphia congregation; this he continued to do until the commencement of 1745, when pastor Brunholtz arrived from Germany, to whose care the congregation was committed; he preached his first sermon at Germantown on the 5th of February 1745, and so arranged it, that he officiated alternately in Philadelphia and Germantown; on the Sunday when he was absent, the schoolmaster of Philadelphia, Mr. Vigero, was instructed to read a sermon, for the members. After the arrival of pastors Hentzelman, F. Schultze, and Mr. Schaum, they occasionally supplied Mr. Brunholtz's place. Having now regularly, every other Sunday, divine service, the congregation increased considerably, the number of families belonging to it at this time, being about seventy ;and it was found necessary to enlarge the church.

On the 15th of April 1746, the corner stone of the additional building was laid; this addition to the church was in length 30 feet and in breadth 6 feet wider, than the old church, the cost was estimated at £160 curren cy: of this sum the members had subscribed £60, the balance was borrowed upon interest. The pews and sacristy cost £55 in addition.

The Lutheran clergymen were always deservedly held in the highest estimation, by the Swedish Ger. Lutherans in the province; these gentlemen, actuated by truly christian motives, were ready, and willing to grant and give their services to their religious brethren, no matter of what country, (they were sent to the provinces expressly, for the Swedish settlers and their salaries paid out of the treasury of the king of Sweden.) The spirit of kindness shown by them, to the destitute German Lutherans, was so pleasing and congenial to the feeling, of the Arch Bishop of Sweden, that he expressed the highest satisfaction on being made acquainted therewith, and subsequently instructed his clergy in the provinces to continue their services to all Lutherans; and some time after, to cultivate particularly, a good understand. ing with the German Lutheran Synod; these instructions were so liberally construed, that the Swedish and German Lutheran ministers in the province, (after the ar-chial church of Philadelphia; the congregation had now rival of pastor Muehlenberg,) for a considerable time become strong enough to support a minister, and pastor formed one Synod. Handschuch was appointed; he preached his first sermon at Germantown, as the pastor of the place on the 29th of May, 1751, he and Mr. Brunholtz, however, often officiated for each other, in Philadelphia and Germantown.

Valentine Kraft, was a disowned minister of Deux On his arrival in Pennsylvania, he alledged that be was sent, by the Consistory of Darmstadt, to regulate




In 1748, the debt of this congregation was £236 cur. the congregation, 300 florins, which were applied toIn 1749, the consistory of Wirtenberg, presented to wards paying the debt.

In 1750, much dissatisfaction was shown, by the Philadelphia congregation, at Mr. Brunholtz, officiating every other Sunday at Germantown, and a complaint to this effect presented to the Synod. The services of pastor Brunholtz continued until 1751, in which year the organ was finished.

To this time Germantown was considered as a Paro

It was by the advice of the Swedish minister, pastor Dylander, that the German Lutherans of Germantown, were induced to build their first stone Church, (or that part which stood nearest to the street,) the building of this church took place in 1737, the before mentioned Mr. Dylander, laid the corner stone of it and when finished officiated for some time as the pastor; he was therefore, the first regularly ordained Lutheran minister in Germantown; how long he continued his services, is not exactly known.

New Colonists continued to arrive, many settled at Germantown, and caused a great increase of members of this Church. Among these new members, were some factious, turbulent and intemperate men, who soon succeeded in attaching to themselves a strong party of the congregation, in opposition to pastor Handschuch, and the smaller orderly part of the congregation who were his friends; this party succeeded in getting possession of the parsonage house and church, (in the erecting of which, they had neither trouble nor ex

In 1740, this congregation had so much diminished, that those who professed to belong to the church, amounted only to 6 or 7 persons.

After the arrival of pastor Muehlenberg in 1742, Valentine Kraft, (who had been dismissed by the Phila-pense,) and in 1753, they elected for their minister, the delphia congregation,) had taken up his abode in Germantown, and was chosen minister of that place, but retained as such, only about a year, when this congregation also thought proper to dismiss him; and entreated

and organize the German Lutheran congregations in Pennsylvania; on his arrival, he connected himself with the vagrant shoolmasters. The falsity of his pretended mission, was only discovered, on the arrival of Mr. Muehlenberg; after he left Germantown, it is not known whither he went-but he was in 1748, minister in Cannawaka.

« AnteriorContinuar »