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be adopted for the flooring of the Rail Road way, under the flooring of the present structure, that would bear its own weight.
March 6th, 1830.
It must therefore be suspended to the present super-some official duties induced him to go back to Germanstructure, as weakened by the cuttings proposed, and town; on his return it being dark, he had concluded to depend upon it entirely for support. This would not stay for the remainder of the night at a public house astrengthen, but weaken the present structure; and, by bove Germantown, kept then by a man, who was called the increased burden of the two travelling ways, the vi- Butcher Michael; he had not been long there before a bration of this bridge would be so great, as in the course detachment of 15 American horsmen arrived. Pastor of time to render the upper and lower bridges entirely Schmidt now concluded it best to continue his journey unfit for use. home; the officer warmly pressed him to remain, stating FREDERICK GRAFF, that he considered the road dangerous for travellers at FREDERICK ERDMANN. night; he at length partly consented to stay and strongly advised the officer to place sentinels on the road below, and above the house; this the officer declined do ing, as quite unnecessary, but at length was persuaded to place a sentinel on the road below the house; the horsmen were soon asleep on the floor. Pastor Schmidt became so uneasy, that he determined to depart, and im mediately ordered his horse to be saddled, and rode way; half an hour after his departure, a troop of British horse came by the road above the house, surprized the American detachment, and killed all but one man, who after firing his pistol, was so fortunate as to make his escape.
Opinion of Major Wilson.
PHILADELPHIA, March 6, 1830. Having been applied to by the President of the Permanent Bridge Company, to give my opinion respect. ing the proposed plan of making an opening through the abutments and piers, for the purpose of constructing a tailway bridge, to be suspended or supported by the arches of the present bridge, I have no hesitation in saying, that the execution of such a plan would be decidedly injurious to the Permanent Bridge, and, at the same time, would fail in answering the purpose for which it is designed. JOHN WILSON,
City Surveyor's Certificate.
1 do hereby certify, that the medium height of Ashten street, at its intersection with Market strect, as fixed by law, is
13-5 feet, 27.5
and of Schuylkill Third street,
making a rise of
in that distance, and the distance from the west side of Ashton street, to the west side of Schuylkill Third street, both of which are 50 feet streets, is 1324 feet.
I do also certify, that the medium height of Schuylkill Sixth street, at its intersection with Market street, as fixed by law, is
making a rise from Schuylkill Third to that street, of
and that the distance from the west side of
A quaker lady advised pastor Schmidt to leave Germantown, so earnestly, that he without delay availed himself of her kind and friendly advice; the day after
The tract of land adjoining, containing 90
A tract of 98 acres in West Fallowfield, from
And the cut-down timber thereon, for
300 00 30.00 Making this amount, 12,505 00 for the real estate of Mr. Parker; which left a large a mount of debt unsatisfied.
At the public sale, on Saturday last, of lots belonging to the estate of William Hemphill,dec. in West-Chester. Lot No. 1-Situated in Gay-street, near the Catholic Chapel, 50 feet in front, sold for 16 dollars and 6 cents per foot-$802 50 for a building lot.
No. 2, same dimensions-$15 10 per foot in front.
The following anecdote belongs to the article on the Lutheran Congregation at Germantown, in the present number—but not being received until the first form had gone to press-it conld not be placed in its appropriate situation.
EXPENSES OF GOVERNMENT. On page 142 of the present volume, we published a General Table of the Expenses of "Government," from 1791 to 1829 excepting 1804, which was omitted in consequence of not being able to procure the auditor The house in which pastor Schmidt lived, was general's report of that year. This we have, however, one of two houses which now form the double by the kindness of a friend at Harrisburgh, since obtain. house at present, or lately occupied by Mr. Billed, and in order to render the whole series complete myer, printer. A party was sent by the enemy to burn the house, but with orders to spare the one next to his, then belonging to Mr.- a good and loyal subject of his majesty; accordingly they made a large fire in the kitchen chimney, before which they placed a large door, which taking fire communicated the flames to the building; the fire raged so furiously, that the next house was in iminent danger of being destroyed, which being reported to the commanding officer, he sent a detachment to extinguish the fire, which was done; but the house had been so much injured, that on pastor Schmidt's return to Germantown, he could not occupy it, but rented the house next to his old dwelling, where he continued until he left Germantown.
we now publish the expenditures of that year. Agree. ably to promise we now offer another table exhibiting the expenses of the "Legislative department," more in detail, and a second table, showing the duration of the sessions, laws passed &c. &c. We will hereafter furnish similar tables, of the other departments. Though embraced in a small compas, these tables, cost us much time, labor and research, but when completed, will we think furnish such a view of the statistics of our state, as has never been presented to the public, since the organ ization of the government.
EXPENSES OF THE LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT
OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA FROM THE YEAR 1791 TO 1829 INCLUSIVE.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
7781 66 1346 13
8763 34 2037 10
9145 60 2634 00
1806 9575 10
1814 15017 50 2505 62
Sergt. at Printing Transc'b. Contin
1791 24690 74
1456 00 4762 14
968 29 31877 17
1800 00 10496 63 66906 90|| 98268 75
LENGTH OF SESSIONS & No. OF LAWS. The following Table shews the dates of the commence. ment and termination of each session of the legislature from 1790 to the present period; as also the number of members in each house-the number of acts passed at each session.
Dec. 7, 1790 to April 13,
do 1, 1812 to
1797 120 49
1801 114 65 25 86
117 129 31 95
do 7, 1813 to
do 7, 1824 to April 12,
do 6, 1825 to do
do 5, 1826 to
do 4, 1827 to do do 2, 1828 to do Nov. 3, 1829 to do 7, 1830 156
Although there has been a gradual increase of expenditure within ten years, yet the average daily expenses of the Legislature appear to be less than the aver age of the whole series, and the cost of each act is not very materially increased; this arises from the circumstance of the greater length of the sessions and the greater number of laws now passed at each, than the whole average gives.
The shortest regular session was 97 days in 1814-15. The present session, if the Legislature adjourn at the time now fixed, will have been the longest session.Of the number of acts passed we have as yet no account.
RAIL ROAD REPORT,
97 132 32 97 Made by Mr. MORGAN, chairman of the committee on
1821 119 165
Whereas the board of canal commissioners did by their resolution passed the ninth day of December, eighteen hundred and twenty eight, with the approba. 119 174 33 100 tion of John Wilson their engineer, and with the con119 178 sent of the Governor, locate the Pennsylvania rail-way, beginning at the termination of the eastern division of the Pennsylvania canal at the borough of Columbia, and extending thence according to the report and draft of the said engineer through the northern part of the city of Lancaster, across the gap of Mine Ridge to the sta tion marked for an inclined plane near the residence of the late Judge Peters, on the Schuylkill river, thence by a bridge across the Schuylkill and by the line of the old Union canal to the corner of Broad and Callowhill insur-long the middle of Broad street until it crosses the line streets in the district of Spring Garden, and thence aof the city of Philadelphia.
And whereas during the sitting of the last legislature with a view to satisfy the public of the propriety of said location, two engineers in the service of the state were directed to examine the line from the inclined and the said engineers, to wit: Moncure Robinson and plane as located by the board of canal commissioners,
Hopkins, did examine the same, and also a route on the western side of the Schuylkill, and did reboard of canal commissioners, by the resolution of the port in favour of the original location as adopted by the ninth day of December, eighteen hundred and twenty eight. And whereas, the legislature in order to remove all difficulties and objections made to such original loca day of April, eighteen hundred and twenty nine, alltion, did by their joint resolution, passed the twentieth thorise the canal commissioners to cause to be made a re-examination and survey of the line of the Pennsylva nia rail road, commencing at the foot of the inclined plane near the farm of the late Judge Peters, and termi nating at Broad and Vine streets; and also to cause ex
According to adjournment.
† Extra Session, in consequence of Western
+ Extra Session to prescribe the manner of electing President and Vice President U. S.
EXPENSES OF GOVERNMENT FOR 1804.
From 1790 to the close of last session, there have been, including Holy-days, 4769 days of session-during which time 4958 acts, besides resolutions, were passed. The amount expended in that time for the Legislative Department, per the preceding table is $2,678,317 33-which divided by the number of Laws, gives the cost of each law, viz: $540 20, or divided by the number of days, gives the average daily expense, from 1790 to 1829, $561 61.
In the last 10 years, from 1819 to 1829, there were 1246 days of session, during which 1679 acts were passed, making an average cost per day of $686 87, or per act of $509 74. The whole expenditure having been during those ten years $855,847 96.
House of Representatives,
Secretary of Land Office,
Total expenses for 1804,
394 39 16,604 96
for North America. The Governor communicated this intelligence to the Assembly, April 3, and called upon them by message "to enable him to put the province in a posture of defence, by establishing a regular militia, and providing the necessary stores of war.
The bill to prevent the exportation of provisions and naval or warlike stores to the French, was passed by the Governor.* April 8. Governor Shirley and Governor Delancy arrived and set out (April 9) with Governor Morris to Annapolis, to meet Gen. Braddock, Gov. Dinwiddie, of Virginia, and Gov. Sharpe, of Maryland. An embassy from the Indians dwelling on the Susquehannah, came by way of Bethlehem to Philadelphia, consisting of Scarooyady and seven others. They begged for clothes to enable them to go to Augwick. The Governor recommended this to the Assembly. The latter, in answer, proposed that they should go to Frenchtown as a place of refuge for them and other Indians, who continued to take refuge among us; where they might plant corn and hunt, and occasionally receive help. But the treasury was now much exhausted.
aminations to be made from the said inclined plane, to such other point on the line of the city, and also to such point on the tide water of the Schuylkill at the head of sloop navigation as they may deem expedient; and also to make an estimate of the cost of construction, and ascertain the amount of damages to private property, as far as practicable, on the respective routes, and such other routes as they may deem expedient to survey, and make report to the next legisla ture; and also whether in their opinion it will be the interest of the state to make more than one line of rail road from said Peters' farm, and if so, which: And whereas, the board of canal commissioners did appoint Major Douglass, of West Point, their engineer, to make the re-examinations and surveys required by the foregoing resolution, and the said engineer after making the re-examination sand surveys as aforesaid, did report in favour of the line recommended by Major Wilson, and adopted by the board of canal commissioners, and the said board did by their report made to the present legislature, recommend the location of said rail road down the western side of the Schuylkill, to cross the said Schuylkill at Fair Mount, and thence down its eastern side to sloop navigation, between Market and Chesnut streets, in opposition to the line preferred by the engineer Major Douglass, and to the line recommended by all the engineers employed by the state to survey the same, and without assigning any reasons for the decision at variance with the reports of all the engineers. And whereas, it appears that the crossing the Schuylkill at Fair Mount is now abandoned, and it is proposed to carry the line down the western side to Market street, and cross the river on the permanent bridge, which said line from Fair Mount to Market street and thence to cross the said river has never been recommended by any engineer acting under the authority of the board of canal commissioners. And whereas, there never has been any line of rail road from the The Indians having withdrawn, the Governor commuinclined plane of Peter's farm down the western side of nicated to the Council the minutes of what passed at Schuylkill to Market street, or any other point on said Alexandria, in confidence, not to be divulged. A Counwestern side on which a location could be made with cil was then held on the 14th of April, of this year, at the approbation of a skilful engineer, and with the con- which were present General Braddock, Commodore sent of the governor which is required by the act pass- Keppel, Governors Shirley, Dinwiddie, Delancy, Sharp, ed the twenty-fifth day of February, eighteen hundred and Morris. The General's commission having been and twenty-six. And whereas, it is believed that no ap- read, and the articles of his instructions relative to a propriation is contemplated or intended to be made by common fund, to be established in the Colonies, for carthe legislature during the present session to the said rying on the services under the General's directions,and rail road from the inclined plane to the city, and under also the article relative to the measures to be taken for all circumstances it would be more expedient to author-engaging the Indians to his majesty's interests. The ise private companies, to conduct said rail road from General made the following proposals: the inclined plane on the Schuylkill, to the city or to tide water on the eastern or western side of the Schuylkill, the committee therefore offer the following resolu
April 14. A conference between the Governor's Council and the Indians, at the council chamber in the state house. The latter stated that they had no particu lar business, but to renew the old covenant of friendship with William Penn.
April 16. Conference renewed. The purport of the speech made by Scarooyady was, that he desired always to live in friendship with the Governor and the 6 nations. That they made one family; and that if the French should attempt any thing against any of them, they (the Delawares,) would be ready to resist them.
April 23. The Governor (having returned) addressed them in answer: reciprocating their assurances of friendship, and desiring them to remain where they were for the present.
First. That a fund should be established conformably to his instructions and to Sir Thomas Robinson's letter of 26th Oct. 1754.
Secondly. It being of the utmost importance that the nations of Indians and their allies should begained, & secured to the British interest, that a proper person should be sent with full powers from him to treat with them; and that Col. Johnson should be employed in it. And in order to promote the success of the treaty the General proposed that presents should be made to the Indians; in which he desired the opinion of the Coun cil as to the value to which the said presents should be made, and the manner of their being supplied.
Thirdly. His Excellency acquainted the Council that he proposed to attack the French forts at Crown Point and Niagara, and desired their opinion whether it was advisable that the reduction of Crown Point should be undertaken with the forces agreed to be supplied by the several colonies concerned in it, amounting in the whole to 4400 men; and whether it was their opinion that Col. Johnson was a proper person to command in chief in the said service.
RECORDS OF PENNSYLVANIA.
Resolved, That it would be inexpedient for the legis-5 lature at the present session to authorise the extension of the Pennsylvania rail road from the inclined plane, otherwise than that, the committee recommend to the house to incorporate companies to make branches, extending from the inclined plane to the city, and adjoining districts, and to tide water on the eastern and western sides of the Schuylkill.
RECORDS OF PENNSYLVANIA.
Abstract of the state records at Harrisburg, made by Thomas Sergeant Esq. when Secretary of the Commonwealth, and by him presented to the Historical Committee of the American Philosophical Society, Nov. 3, -1748 to 1758.
(Continued from vol. 4. p. 356. )
1755, April 5. Intelligence received by the Govern or, of the French having fitted out 15 sail of the line of battle ships, and sent in them 6000 land forces. destined
Fourthly. His Excellency considering the fort at Oswego as a post of the greatest importance for facilitating the proposed attack of Niagara, and securing the
*See Register, vol. 4. p. 335.
retreat of the troops to be employed in that service; and having been informed of its present defenceless condition, and of the weakness of its garrison, acquainted the Council that he should order it to be reinforced by the independent companies of New-York, and two companies of Sir William Pepperell's regiment; and desired to have their opinion, whether it would not be proper to build one or more vessels upon the Lake Ontario for asserting his Majesty's right to that lake, as well as for a security to the forces to be employed in the attack of Niagara, and of what burthen or force the said vessels should be.
meet him and give him all the assistance in their power. A letter from Sir Thomas Robinson to the Governor, informed him that the troops in America, acting in conjunction with the British forces, should be liable to martial law and discipline.
Accounts arrived from the Commissioners for laying out the road, dated Fort Cumberland, stating that it was laid out to about 18 miles this side the three forks of Youghiohgany, and intimating a wish to know if the Assembly would pay the expense of opening it.
In conformity to the request of Gen. Braddock, the Governor sent a letter to Mr. George Croghan, with a large quantity of Wampum,made up in belts and strings, requiring him to convene as many Indians of the six nations as he could at Aughwick, and inform them that Gen. Braddock was on his march, and intreat them to
April 24. Letter from the Governor to the commit. tee of the Assembly, stating that the flour for the army was not delivered at Fort Cumberland as it ought to have been; desiring it might be done, and the roads be cleared with all possible expedition. (To be continued.)
The writer of the essay on imprisonment for debt, begs leave to correct an error, into which he has fallen through inadvertance.
benefit of the act.
To all which the members of the Council made the following memorable answer-"That they had severally made application to their respective Assemblies for the establishment of the common fund proposed, but had not been able to prevail upon them to agree to it; and gave it as their unanimous opinion, that such a fund can never be established in the, colonies without the aid of Parliament. They likewise declared that having found it impracticable to obtain in their respective govern. The 817 persons stated as being in prison, from June ments, their proportions expected by his majesty to- 1829, to February 1830, were persons against whom exwards defraying the expense of his service in North Aecutions had been obtained, but by far the greater part merica, that they are unanimously of opinion, that it of whom had escaped imprisonment, by giving bond and should be proposed to his Majesty's Ministers, to find out some method of compelling them to do it; and of assessing security to appear at the insolvent court, and take the the several governments in proportion to their respective abilities,their shares of the whole money already furnished, and which it shall be thought proper for them to furnish towards the general expenses of his service. They also as sured the General that they would still continue to use their utmost endeavours to raise all possible supplies, but were unanimously of opinion that the King's service in the colonies and the carrying on the present expedition must be at a stand unless the General shall think proper to make use of his credit upon the governments at home, to defray the expense of all the operations under his direction. They likewise agreed on the propriety of a person being sent to treat with the five nations of Indians, and on the fitnesa of Col. Johnsonand that for that purpose the sum of £800 should be paid him; to procure presents to the amount of £500 for the Northern and Western, and £300 for the West ern Indians, to be given at Oswego. And that if the Governors would advance the money, the Colonies ought to replace it, according to the proportions settled in the plan of Union by the Commissioners at Albany last year, together with all contingent charges; and that it was their opinion the several governments would readily consent to do it within the space of three months. They agreed to the proposed attack on Crown Point and Niagara, and that Col. Johnson was the properest borough from Philadelphia, all crowded with passenOn Thursday evening last, five stages arived in this person to have the command of the attack on Crown Point. They also agreed to the necessity of strengthen-gers.-Pottsville, M. Journal.
ing the fort, and advised the building of two vessels of 60 tons upon the Lake Ontario with all possible dispatch, according to a draught to be sent by Commodore Keppel. In case of the reduction of Fort Duquesne, it was agreed that whatever garrison the General should think proper to leave, there should be defrayed by the governments of Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania; and that if the General should think it necessary to build a fort upon Lake Erie, and to order one or more vessels to be built for the defence of that lake, the expense attending both, those measures should be defray ed by those three governments."
The first SHAD this season was in market on the 15th or 16th instant.
of this borough, a few days since gave birth to a lamb, Singular Anomaly.-A ewe belonging to Mr. Martin, with two heads, two tails, four ears, and six legs. It was born alive, but survived but a short time. We understand it is now in the hands of a person who will stuff and preserve it.-Erie Gaz.
Relations worth counting-We are informe (says the Erie Gazette,) that Mary Marvin, of Waterford, in this county, a grand child of Colonel Henry Colt, has now living seven grand parents and sixty-one uncles and aunts! We wonder how many cousins she will have thirty years hence.
We learn that a number of arks loaded with Anthracite Coal, destined for Baltimore, arrived yesterday at Marietta from the Baltimore Company's Mines on the Sus quehanna. The Coal is reported to be of a superior will become a valuable article of export on account of We believe the day is not far distant when it its vastly superior strength over any other kind.
Ecclesiastical News.-The corner stone of a new church for the congregation of the Rev. Mr. Chambers, was laid on Tuesday last. The edifice is to be built at the cor ner of George and Broad-streets. This congregation now occupy the church in Thirteenth street, called the Ninth Presbyterian, or more usually Mrs. Duncan'shaving been built in pursuance of her last will.
elected Pastor of the First Presbyterian church, in the The Rev. Mr. Barnes, of Morristown, N. J. has been room of Dr. Wilson, resigned. Mr. Winchester, of Balimore, has been elected Pastor of the Sixth Presbyterian church, in the room of Rev. J. H. Kennedy, resigned.Morning Journal.
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