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bout the power of the company after the 8th day of March next, to alter, extend, and to, enlarge, and improve their works, in such manner as might be required to meet the increasing exigencies of trade. legislature pomptly and liberally complied with the reThe quest, and by an act passed on the 14th day of December last, conferred upon the Company, in comprehensive terms, all the needful powers to continue for fifteen years from the time just mentioned. Under this act the company will be enabled, without any doubt, to employ that whole period in finally determining the extent and character of the work, and completing it with the benefit of the light which experience may afford. The importance of this improvement to the city and the state can scarcely be now appreciated: but there is every reason to believe that the utmost extension which can be given to the exercise of the privileges and powers of the Company, will not go beyond the demands of trade. The same act fixes the period for making the dividends of the Company on the 1st of February and the 1st of August, periods more equally dividing the business part of the year. A copy of the supplemental act is herewith submitted.
REPORT OF SCHUYLKILL NAVIGATION COMPANY.
The works heretofore constructed, have been constantly becoming more solid. Their capacity may be greatly enlarged by an additional set of locks where the locks are at present combined. The actual state of the trade being such as to indicate that this has already become necessary at some points, and will soon be requi red at others, the President and Managers have commenced the addition at Flat Rock, and it is expected that the new locks will be finished by the 1st of September next. They are making arrangements also for similar works at other places, and they will go on with the whole as rapidly as circumstances will allow.
The necessity of having some means of accurately ascertaining the tonnage of boats and the weights of their cargoes, has become so evident and pressing, as to induce the Board to prepare for erecting a weight lock at the Fair Mount canal. Contracts have accordingly been entered into, and it is expected it will be completed by
the 1st of March next.
The tow-paths and channels in Fair Mount and Flat Rock pools, have been so nearly completed as to leave very little to be done to finish them early in the season. The tolls and rents having amounted to a sum more than sufficient in the past year to meet the current expenses and the interest on the loans, the President and Managers felt themselves at liberty to distribute among the Stockholders the amount of the reserved dividend fund, equal to three dollars and a half per share, and accordingly on the 30th Noeember notice was given to that effect.
The reserved dividend fund having been held until divided, as a loan from the Stockholders, a sale to repay it was made of 1075 shares of the stock of the company, at an advance of 43 per cent. equal to 71 dollars per share. Previous to the distribution, the Board availed themselves of the state of the market to sell the forfeited shares, 274 in number, at an advance of 50 per cent. or 75 dollars per share, with a right to the proportion of three and a half dollars per share of the reserved dividend fund.
And from merchandise, &c. other than coal,
There is shown to be an increase of
Equal to about 38 per cent.
Of the tolls of 1829 there arose from the as-
Leaving for the descending trade
Making the whole tonnage in 1829
Of the tonnage conveyed on the canal in 1829, there And of the descending trade was of the ascending trade Tons 21,820 112,704
The amount of rents from real estate and water and ground rents received in 1829, was And the arrears of rent amount to
The 1075 shares were sold without that righ'. Of the loan of two hundred thousand dollars authorized by the ordinance of the 21st of January, 1828, a farther sum was raised in the early part of last year, amounting to nineteen thousand nine hundred dollars, at an interest of 5 per cent. making the whole sum raised on this account one hundred and twenty-three thousand five hundred and thirty dollars.
The increase in the coal trade has been greater than in any previous year, being equal to near 70 per cent. advance on that of the year 1828. The whole quantity brought down in 1829 was 79,973 tons.
The amount of tolls received in 1829 from coal, was $77,032
Statement of Articles and Tonage Ascending and De-
.5068 Coal.... .2288 Flour. ..2239 Whiskey... ..3320 Grain..
.3,139 .230 Lumber... .......5,091 .740 Iron.. ...958 ..227 Blooms of Iron......1,184 .146 Castings...
..31 Leather.. ..709 Butter.
.456 .3931 2 Iron Ore.. .1763 Sundries.. ..624 Stone passing Fair M.3,615
From the Reports published by the Company, we have made the following abstract-shewing the quantities of the principal articles which descended in the years specified.-In some cases where the reports do not show the number of bushels &c. we have made the calculation by the printed estimates of quantities to the Ton.
69 .119 ...957 ...8968
In again presenting their annual statement, the Man-
Flour Tons Bbls.
Tons of Whiskey.
39,272 2644 105,712 3139 125,560 Tons. Iron. Tons. Nails. Tons. 1827 526
Tons of Coal.
132 00 432 86 188 50
Do on Schuylkill Permanent Bridge stock 20
Repairs at Dispensary and water rent
Taxes and repairs on Zane street property
Union canal loan
Repaid cash borrowed
Commissions on collecting
The expediency of locating a branch of this Dispensary in the western districts has been fully confirmed by the experience of the past year, as nearly one third of the whole business has been done at that establishment to the great accommodation of the neighboring poor.
But whilst we acknowledge with satisfaction the extended utility of this Dispensary, commensurate as it is, with the extent and population of the city, it becomes our duty to state, that it is attended by an increased deThe managers, mand on the funds of the institution.
462 82 1144 00 24 04 400 00 31 96
therefore, while they ask for a continuance of the aid of
The annual contributions-donations-and legacies
20 75 2001 25 250 00 27 00
Published by order of the Board of Managers.
CASPAR WISTAR, Secretary.
529 17 Medicines,
Of whom the number recovered is
Relieved and irregular,
The Receipts and Expenditures have been as follows:
Balance in Treasury from last year,
New England Society of Philadelphia,
Interest from Kensington Loan,
Sharpening Surgical Instruments,
Balance in Treasury, Jan. 1, 1830,
74 92 130 00 13 50 153 00
80 00 137 37 100 4.00
7 50 1 20 12 97 418 71
In making their Annual Report for 1829, the Managers of the Northern Dispensary are desirous of exciting a much more intense interest in their fellow-citizens towards this Institution, than has yet been displayed. It is well known that general pecuniary pressure is felt not
only in this country, but almost throughout the civilized world, among the labouring classes. Many who have heretofore been enabled to remunerate the Physician, are now compelled to apply to the Charitable Institutions, and particularly to the Dispensaries; such individuals we are especially bound to succour.
The Managers, therefore, most respectfully solicit aid from the benevolent, believing that charity cannot be better disposed than in relieving those who suffer from disease. They acknowledge with great pleasure and unfeigned thankfulness the receipt of $74 92 from the New England Society of Philadelphia, as also 25 dollars from a person "unknown."
Published by direction of the Managers.
GEORGE BOYD, President.
Inward, coast wise.-Vessels 41-Tonnage 4255
Outward for December, 1829.
26 10 3 7433 Outward, coastwise.-Vessels 79-Tonnage 9570_ts. [Morning Journal.
STATEMENT of the number of vessels from Foreign
The Coal Trade --The water has now been drawn off the canal, and our transportation for the present suspended. It may perhaps be interesting to draw a par allel between the state of trade now, and what it was at this period last year. During the season of 1828, 47,417 tons were sent down, and in 1829, the quantity was increased to 78,708 tons, making nearly double the amount. Although the quantity is still insufficient for the demand, still we think that the approaching season 760 will remedy the former difficulties, and bring an ade747 quate supply to the market. Many of the rail roads in our vicinity will be completed, if not by the beginning, 668 at least during the summer, and the canal will be nearly 292 occupied to the full extent of its capacity. The state of 400 affairs will assume a new complexion when those powNew openings 325 erful assistants to industry are finished. 321 will be made, new tracts of valuable coal land brought 122 into actual usefulness, and new energies given to all the Miner's Journal. 441 operations in our vicinity.
PITTSBURGH, January 1.
Steam Navigation.-Some time ago we noticed the arrival of a quantity of pig metal from Tennessee. Since then another boat has brought to our wharves a considerable quantity of blooms from the same works. A more forcible exemplification of the advantages conferred upon the western country by the introduction of steam power could not be given, than is afforded by this single circumstance. Fifteen years ago, thousands of tons might have lain at the works on the Cumberland, and the foundries and the steam engine factories might have 509 remained idle for months, for want of materials. Indeed, 11441 if the metal hsd been delivered gratuitously on board 593 keel boats and barges at the mouth of Cumberland, the 1279 prices here would not have paid the freight. Descend1544 ing navigation could then be carried on cheaply and 389 advantageously; the natural current of the river was a 279 sufficient moving power. One great advantage which 572 we derive from the use of steam is in equalizing the as301 cending and descending navigation, and removing the 334 obstacles, presented by the previously almost irresistible 192 current.
Of these there were belonging to Great Britain 12, Holland 1, Hanseatic Towns 2, Denmark 3, Colombia 1, Hayti 3, Spain 5-total 26. Americans 348.
There were from England 64, British American Possessions 61, Hayti 25, Cuba 61, Portugal 10, Spain 11, France 20, Sweden 2, Russia 1, Hanseatic Towns 8, Holland 7, Sicily 1, Madeira 4, Trieste 1, Canaries 1, Mexico 9, Guatemala 3, Colombia 23, Curracoa 1, Porto Rico 4, Swedish West Indies 3, Africa 3, China 3, Peru 3, Buenos Ayres and Montevideo 4, Danish West Indies 29, British East Indies 1, Brazils 11-- Total 374.
The following are the appointments made on the 4th
Archibald Randall, and John R. Vodges, counsellors for the collection of Fines and Forfeited Recognizances. William Vallance, Messenger.
Jacob Zelin, Superintendent of Public Buildings.
Further Appointments by the Mayor.
William Roberts, Deputy Corder at the Drawbridge.
John McLean, John Wilson, High Constables.
And may their lives, as slow they roll away,
Dr. Joseph Pancost, do. for south eastern do.
Tho nas Porter, Collector of do. for N. E. District.
Beyond yon azure waste, where ceaseless roam
Or look we to the north; where Scythia flings
Of blacken'd corpses; or yon stranger Frank,
Escap'd such scenes, the righteous doom revere,
Dr. J. K. Mitchell, of this city, has invented a method of manufacturing caoutchouc, or Indian rubber, into thin and almost transparent sheets. When a sheet is folded and cut with scissors, the cut edges adhere with force, and after some hours maceration, as strongly as the uncut portion. The article is made so light that a bag composed of it, more than six feet in circumference weighs only six ounces. A similar invention has been announced by Mr. Hancock, of London; but he has not divul. ged the process. Dr. Mitchell effected it by soaking the caoutchouc in ether, until soft and capable of being rolled out.-Journal.
Statement of Rain fallen from 1810 to 1829 inclusive, the first 14 years by the gage of P. Legoux, Esq. Spring Mill, the following 6 by that kept at the Pennsylvania Hospital.
Pennsylvania Hospital, Dec. 31, 1829.
The depth of rain as indicated by the rain guage kept by the subscriber at No. 132 Coates street, for 1829, was as follows:
34 968 Rain fallen in each month
May, June, July,
6.00 | August,
which was the largest quantity that has fallen since the year 1810, according to Mr. Smith's account, published
REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.
May each young year still bless the growing town,
Aid laws and order to correct mankind;
* General Diebitsch Sabalkansky.
Printed every SATURDAY MORNING by WILLIAM F GEDDES, No. 59 Locust Street. Philadelphia; where, and at the PUBLICATION OFFICE, IN FRANKLIN PLACE, second
door back of the Post Office, (back room) subscriptions will be thankfully received. Price FIVE DOLLARS per annum, payable annually by subscribers residing in or near the city, or where here is an agent. Other subscribers pay in advance.
REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.
DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.
VOL. V.-NO. 3.
EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.
PHILADELPHIA, JANUARY 16, 1830. NO. 107
GEOGRAPHICAL NOTES ON LUZERNE CO.
ren range whose average height may be feet. This extends from the east to the west branch of the Susquehanna river between which it appears to have no other name than those mentioned, except that in a small terLu-ritory on the head of Fishing creek the inhabitants call it the North Mountain. Westward of the waters of the west branch of Susquehanna it forms the main ridge of Allegheny mountains. It crosses the east branch of the Susquehanna at the mouths of Tunkhannock and Bowman's creeks, and extending north eastwardly, it is callThe soil of Luzerne is so various in its fertility as noted Tunkhannock mountain and terminates in Susqueproperly to possess any general character. The vallies hanna county where it is called the Elk Mountain. being generally rich arable land but differing very much in their fertility; and the mountains generally barren and not susceptible of cultivation. The country is very mountainous, and the mountains consist principally of Sugar Loaf mountain is a high conical Pyramid rising ridges running parallel to each other; and like the oth-from the centre of Nescopeck valley. It is not connecter mountains of Pennsylvania extending nearly paralleled with any other mountain and forms a very singular
Mahoopeny Mountain is a spear only of Bowman's mountain and terminates at the mouth of Mahoopeny creek.
appearance. Its name is derived from its form and the mountain has given name to a township.
to the sea coast from E. N.E.to W.S. W. These mountains are situated at different distances from each other, leaving fertile vallies between in which are fine settlements, forming the population of the county. The principal mountains of Luzerne are the following-The Wyoming Mountains situate on each side of the Susquehanna river forming the valley of Wyoming. That on the east side is called Bullock's mountain. That on West Shawney Range. The average height of the first is one thousand feet, that of the other 850 feet.from the summit of one mountain to that of the other opposite Wilkesbarre measuring by the road is six miles and a quarter. In an air line about 5 miles.
At the foot of each mountain are small hills so that the broken ground occupies more space than the bases of mountains. At Wilkesbarre the level plain extends on the west side about a mile and a quarter from the river,on the east side about half a mile. On this last the town of Wilkesbarre is built. This plain is alluvial formed by the river and is the first quality of land, being extremely productive.
The Nescopeck mountain on the north side of Nescopeck creek is a range of nearly the same height with those of Wyoming and parallel to them. It forms a regular and almost unbroken ridge nearly destitute of timber on its summit. It extends from the Susquehanna nearly to the Lehigh.
The Buck mountain is a range parallel to the Nescopeck situate about five miles to the S.E. of the latter. It is a broken range loosing its name at both ends of Nescopeck Valley.
The character of these mountains is much the same, they are thinly covered with timber, generally steep, and in many places very rocky.
The Wyoming, the Lackawannock and the Buck mountains produce a mineral coal of an excellent quality called in the vicinity Stone coal from its excessive hardness. It is not bituminous and burns without smoke and very little flame. It forms an important article of export from Luzerne county; and is taken down the Susquehanna in arks. This coal was first burnt in grates in the year 1808, and is now in very common use. The Vallies of Luzerne are the following:The valley of Wyoming lying on both sides of the Susquehanna river is about twenty miles long and five miles broad. The Susquehanna enters it at its northeasternmost extremity through a precipitious gap in the Shawnese range of mountains which appear to have been made by the river itself .It flows in a serpentine course through the plains of Wyoming and leaves the valley through a gap similar to that at which it enters; forming as it leaves the valley what is called Nauticoke falls. In this valley stand the towns of Wilkesbarre and Kingston,opposite each other on both sides of the river. This is the most populous valley in the county. The soil is of the first quality and extremely productive.
Lackawannock Valley extends from the mouth of the Lackawannock creek up the same about 30 miles. -The soil is of second quality, the land uneven, forming no level plains of any considerable extent. to Wyoming valley is the most populous.
Nescopeck Valley lies on both sides of Nescopeck creek and between Nescopeck and Bucks Mountains. It is about 20 miles long and 5 miles wide and does not extend to the river. In population it will rank next to the Lackawannock valley and the soil is somewhat bet
Hell Kitchen mountain commences at the head of Nescopeck valley and extending north eastwardly terminates near the Lehigh. This is a very high rocky and barren ridge, having no timber on its top, where fern and small bushes only find support. Down the north side of this mountain falls Hell Kitchen Creek a small branch of Nescopeck.
Lackawannock mountain is a continuation of the Shawnese range of Wyoming mountains. This near the Susquehanna is very high and steep but becomes smaller as it extends north easterly. It terminates in Susquehanna county where it is called the Moosie Moun-near the river. tain, and a part of it Mount Ararat.
Bowmans mountain called the Bald mountain near the western limits of the county is a high regular bar VOL. V.
Bowman's Valley lying on Bowman's creek between Bowman's and Mahoopeny mountains is not very popu lous and the land generally poor. It is about two miles wide and 15 miles long. The principal population is
Tunkhannock Valley is very crooked and irregular, about a mile wide lessening in some places to half a mile; and about 35 miles long. It is, most of it, cultivated, is populous considering its small width.