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further promises to use all possible diligence in collecting the arrears of Quit Rent, and discharge the remainder out of that fund as soon as possible, and before the term proposed. As this will render the bill less necessary the Governor returns it, being unwilling to make any addition to the paper currency which is already too large." And that the bill was sent back to him with a verbal message, viz. that the proprietaries gift of £5,000 was made in consideration of their being exempted from paying their reasonable proportion of a necessary sum of money, long since expended in the service of the province; and by the act entitled an act for granting £60,000 to the King's use, &c. the money was to be paid immediately by their Receiver General into the hands of the Provincial Commissioners for that purpose. The Commissioners have repeatedly called on him for money, with so little success, that they have not to this day received one half of the sum given-the payment having been evaded by answers that the Receiver Gen'] could not collect sufficient sums of money from the arrearages of the Proprietaries Quit Rents to discharge their gift-whether this be so or not we shall not positively determine, but are credibly informed that considerable sums of money have been lately paid to the Receiver General by the people in discharge of their Quit Rents. The Governor is pleased to say in his last message "that the Receiver General promises to use all pos sible diligence in collecting the arrears of Quit Rents and discharge the remainder out of this fund as soon as possible and before the term proposed." It is not ma terial to us out of what fund the money is to arise nor have we any thing to do with the collection of the Quit Rents; and we conceive the proprietaries are in honour "The Post-office of America is executed by Mr. bound to discharge the remainder immediately, should Franklin, and Mr. Hunter, of Virginia. It extends from their Quit Rents never be collected, especially as the Georgia to New Hampshire. And they have each £300 public have been and still are in want of the money.sterling per annum, payable out of their own offices. The term proposed was not for the payment of the moBesides the salary, they have the disposal of the Depu-ney into the hands of the Commissioners, but for sinkty Post-masters, 12 in number, said to be one with anoth- ing it; therefore, the Receiver General's promise of dis er above £100 sterling per annum. Mr. Franklin has, charging it before the term proposed is unintelligible, in particular, the great advantage of circulating his pa- and by no means satisfactory to us. Nor do we appre pers free, and receiving intelligence, which he may hend the striking of so small a sum as £2000 can be of make the best or the worst use of, in the present situa- any ill consequences, as exchange is now lower than it tion of affairs. Sir Charles Hardie wrote to the late has been for several years past. Gov. Morris and Gov. Denny to prevent the publication ted to make the payment easy to the proprietaries, and of improper intelligence in newspapers, which (says to give the public the immediate use of the money by Gov. D.) it is impossible for me to do, unless your Lord- striking it though at their own expence, without the ship (Earl of Loudoun) lays your commands on the the least design of depriving the public of the present Post-master to be extremely cautious in that particular; benefit of a sum of money to which they have an unand perhaps it may even be thought necessary for his doubted right. We therefore beg leave to return the Majesty's service that the articles of intelligence should Bill to your honour and desire you would pass it into a receive my approbation and not be published without Law." leave."
The bill was calcula
The new road for Gen. Braddock's use was through Raystown. March 21.-In consequence of intelligence that 800 French were preparing to descend the west branch of the Susquehanna, to attack Fort Augusta, and that the garrison refused to do duty for want of pay, and there was a scarcity of ammunition and provisions, the Governor, at the instance of Lord Loudoun, assented to the £100,000.
N.B. Lord Loudoun concludes his letter on this sub
ject thus-"I do most sincerely wish such measures may
Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, with
April 25-The Governor informed the Council, that Mr. Hockley being of opinion that the Bill for striking money on account of what was unpaid of the proprietary's £5000 was unnecessary, he returned it on the 7th inst. to the House with a verbal message, acquainting them that the Receiver General will pay as much to the Loudoun that there was a plan approved of by his Ma The meeting having been informed by the Earl of Commissioners, for the proprietaries, at their next meet-jesty of employing the greatest part of the troops this ing, as will reduce the sum to £2000. The Receiver campaign to the northward; and that he had invited
dissolved, and have a right to adjourn when, and for as long a time as they please, without the Governor's consent. In fact, they sometimes by message acquaint the Governor with their intention, and ask if he has no objection; sometimes they adjourn without giving the Governor notice; and sometimes contrary to his express order.
"The Assembly never send the Governor their minutes, & have even refused them when he has demanded them; so that except what is contained in their messages, the Governor knows nothing of their daily proceed-ings till they are printed, which is once or twice a year. The Assembly, by a Bill now before the Governor, for the regulation of the Indian trade, have excluded him and his Council from any share in the choice of officers or approbation of their proceedings, or even in the disposal of the presents that are proposed to be made to the Indians out of the profits arising from the sale of goods.
"In short the powers of Governor are almost all taken out of the hands of the Governor and lodged in the Assembly; and as to what little remains, scarce a Bill comes up without an attempt to lessen them.
"A flood of paper currency will finish the ruin of the province and the Assembly does not seem disposed to offer any bill without increasing the quantity of paper
The Assembly have not as yet made any regular complaint against the proprietors, which they might and ought to have done any time these two years. So that it is their fault that the matters in dispute are not brought to an issue which the proprietors desire of all things may be done.
The same day the Governor likewise returned to the House the Militia Bill, with the amendments as agreed to by the Council on the 4th inst. which was sent back to him on the next day with a verbal message "that the House desired him to reconsider it and to pass into a law as it then stood."
And he had again sent to the House both Bills with a message, viz: "that as to the former he would not pass it, and as to the Militia Bill he adhered to all his amend.
some of their members should attend him at the Trea That on his signifying to the House his desire that ty to be held with the Indians, now at Conestogo, they had nominated the Speaker, Mr. Fox, Mr. Hughes and Mr. West. After which they adjourned to the 8th of
RECORDS OF PENNSYLVANIA.
ton, others (Six Nations) invited by Sir W. Johnson. There was a conference at John Harris's, and the Indians declined coming to Philadelphia, for fear of the sickness; but agreed to come to Lancaster where there was a great conference begun.
them to this meeting in order to consult in conjunction with them a plan for the defence of the Southern Provinces, whilst the other operations were carrying on. His Lordship further acquainted them, that he was willing to leave for the defence of the Southern Provinces, one battalion to be completed to 1000 men, and the three independent companies in South Carolina, of 100 men each, which may amount to 200 effective men.And that he thought it necessary for the security of the whole, that the several provinces should furnish by the following proportions: Pennsylvania 1400, Maryland 500, Virginia 1000, North Carolina 400, South Carolina 500, which joined to the King's troops of 1200, make 5000 men. And the several Governors do engage to use their best endeavors with their several provinces to raise and support the above number, to act in conjunction with the regular forces and under the command of his Majesty's General or the officers properly authorized according to his Majesty's regulation.
May 11.-The Governor, Mr. Croghan, Conrad Weiser, &c. and Oneidas, Cayugas, Onondagoes, Senecas, Mohawks, Tuscaroros, Nanticockes, Delawares and Conestogoes, present-men, women, and children. The Governor recapitulated the complaints of the Delawares, and regretted the absence of Tedyuscung.
The Indians recommended that messengers should be sent to the Senecas who were the regular channel and invite a full meeting of them, the Delawares and Shawanese, and they had no doubt of accommodating matters. May 13.-Letter from Lord Loudoun, New York, 5th May, in answer to one from the Governor written at the instance of the provincial commissioners stating to Lord Loudoun that the Governor was very willing to The meeting taking into consideration the situation bear the expenses of the entertainment, and presents of the several provinces and the intelligence received necessary to be given to Tedyuscung and his party, but from different parts, it appears to them that there is dan hoped his Lordship would, on the part of the Crown, ger of the enemy's making an attack on the province of defray the expenses attending those other Indians enSouth Carolina, either by sea from St. Domingo, or camped near Lancaster, under the care of Mr. Croghan." from the Abama Fort, in the Creek Indians, on the head Lord Loudon's answer is as follows-"As to the deof the Mobile. For which reason they have agreed that mand for the maintenance of the Indians, it is clearly out there ought to be 2000 men employed in the defence of of my province. The fair state of that affair is thisthat valuable province of South Carolina, and to secure The King has seen that his Indian interest has been lost Georgia; and that they should be composed as follows: in a great measure by the management of the different 5 companies regular troops 500, 3 independent compa- provinces in whose hands it was originally placednies 200, provincial troops raised by the province of S. therefore has appointed two persons with large salaries Carolina, 500 do. from N.Carolina 200, from Virg'a 400, for the management of all Indian affairs, one for the Pennsylvania 200-making in the whole 2000 men.- Northern Indians, the other for the Southern, with or That the said troops should be put under the command ders to the commander-in-chief to supply them with of Lt. Col. Boquet, and transported to Charleston, S. C. money, to inspect into their conduct and give proper di as soon as possible; the regular troops and the 200 pro-rections to them; by which means I have seen the imvincial troops of Pennsylvania by sea from hence; the mense expense the crown is put to in this article. Not400 provincial troops of Virginia, by sea; and the 200 withstanding the King's instructions in the management do. from N. Carolina, to march by land. of his Indian affairs, and the letters writ on that subject, The Earl of Loudoun, on the part of the Crown, agrees last summer both by Sir William Johnson and by me to that he will, at the King's expense, supply the 200 men you, the people of your province have obstinately insisfrom N. Carolina, the 400 from Virginia, and the 200 ted in carrying on negotiations with the Indians, and from Pennsylvania, with the King's provisions from the have even sent to negotiate with them separately in the time they arrive in South Carolina, during the time he King's agent's own house. And that the case of the Inkeeps them there; but that he expects the several pro- dians that are now with you is, that on the great eagervinces from whence they are detached, should transport ness your people have expressed for having a separate them there at the expenses of the province from where meeting with those Indians. Sir W.Johnson has for the they are sent, And to prevent any mistake hereafter present acquiesced in it, with my approbation, till I arising in relation to any demand that may be made, it shall receive further directions, in consequence of letis agreed that the several provinces shall maintain the ters writ both by Sir W. J. and me, stating the method remainder of the troops raised by them for the services in which your province were proceeding in relation to in every article, as on this occasion they are entirely Indian affairs. In this situation of things I did not exemployed in the defence and for the security of the respect that the most sanguine of your people could have pective provinces. imagined that I could give any countenance to putting the Crown to any expense for a meeting with the Indians, insisted on by your people, and only acquiesced in by the King's servants till they receive further instructions. I am sure you will see that I am in the right, not to interfere in this expence; and I hope a little consideration will bring your people to the same opinion.And I cannot help thinking that the expense will at last open their eyes, and that they will see that it is their interest as well as their duty to pay obedience to the King's commands and not to interfere with his prerogative of making peace and war."
And it is further agreed that we the Governors shall, in our respective governments, take particular care to form such regulations, and to see them properly executed, that in all time coming carriages for transporting the baggage of his Majesty's troops shall be prepared at stated reasonable rates. And that all the troops of whatever denomination either passing through our provinces, or while in fixed quarters therein, shall in time of peace be properly quartered, and in time of war whatever number of troops the commander-in-chief may judge necessary, shall be quartered according to custom or the exigencies of the service.
William Denny, Robt. Dinwiddie, Horatio Sharpe. The rank of Captains, Generals, Governors, &c, staff officers, field officers, &c. settled. Also of Provincial Generals and field officers in North America-by which all generals and field officers (provincial) acting with regular troops were to take rank as eldest Captains.
Occasional murders, &c. of the Indians in the N. W. Various letters, &c. concerning a large number of Indians of the Six Nations and others, who were coming to treat, some in consequence of an agreement at Eas
And then the Governor requested the advice of the Council, if after having received Lord Loudoun's letter he could comply with the advice of the Indians to invite the Delawares and Shawanese, to a meeting in this province. His Honour said he had communicated this letter to Mr. Croghan, since the conference of this afternoon, and desired his advice, which he said he would give him to-morrow morning. Some of the members advised the Governor to send an express to Sir William Johnson, and leave it to him to make the invitation of the Senecas, with the Delawares and Shawanese or not as he should think proper, and either to his house or to
some place in this province. The Governor, however, service, I cannot doubt of your complying with this reinclined to desire Sir W.Johnson to invite and treat with commendation, and hope if the necessary orders are givthem himself, and that an end should be entirely put toen and strictly obeyed by them, to receive the same any further treaties in this government; our conduct benefit from your militia as we did lately on the enemy's having already given so much offence, and it being attempt on Fort Wm. Henry from the militia in the uplikely that on the representation made of us to the King per part of this country. he will be displeased. One of the members thought that these Indians should not be disobliged, nor their advice slighted; that Mr. Croghan representing Sir W. Johnson at this treaty, might make the invitation and manage the affairs so as not to give any further umbrage to Sir William or Lord Loudoun. The Gov. thought otherwise, and declared he would not invite, nor suffer them to be invited; but the whole should be referred to Sir W. J. and every thing in future be done by him. Mr. Croghan is to be consulted in the morning."
"The above is my circular letter-but as we can benefit nothing by the militia of your province, it is neces sary to add that as the Constitution of Pennsylvania differs so widely from all the other provinces, and in par. ticular, in having no militia law in force by which either the service can be benefitted in the mean time, or the province protected in case of any sudden attack, I must beg that you will in compliance with his Majesty's com mands, apply in the most earnest manner to your Assembly to collect at least 500 men, to be added to those already agreed on, to supply the want of a militia, which every other province has wisely provided for their defence. I am sorry to be obliged to mention that I am informed that the 200 men that were to be furnished by Pennsylvania for the public service in S. Carolina are not ready to embark along with Lt. Col. Bouquet, from the delays you have met with in that ar ticle, which has obliged me to give Col. Stanwix orders to remain with the troops at Philadelphia, to assist you in getting those 200 men forwarded to South Carolina, by which means they deprive themselves of the assistance of the regular troops under him, who would otherwise now have been in their back country for their protection."!!
Governor informed by Mr. Mifflin that the £45,000 was expended or appropriated, and advised to call the Assembly.
May 14. The Governor expressed himself extremely averse to making any more invitations either to Te dyuscung, or the Senecas, or any other. It appeared to him to be drawing on fresh business and new mat ters, which he thought contrary to Lord Loudoun's let ters. Mr. Croghan might do what he pleased, as agent under Sir W. Johnson; but he would not suffer any message to be sent in the name of the government.
Mr. Croghan said he did not think it was any new matter for the Governor to make the invitation as advi sed by the Indians, or that it would be taken ill by Sir W. Johnson, as it was manifestly for the public service, and might when nothing else could, bring about a peace with the Indians, and that if the Governor was scrupu lous he would give this as his opinion under his hand.
The giving an answer to the Indians was then refer red to Mr. Croghan and Mr. Weiser.
Letter from Lord Loudoun, New York, May 5th: "As I have received a copy of a letter from one of his Majesty's principal Secretaries of State, signifying his Majesty's pleasure that you should apply to your Council and Assembly, in the strongest manner, to raise with the utmost expedition so large a number of provincial troops as may be, for the service of the ensuing campaign, over and above what they shall judge necessary for the immediate defence of their own province. And as I am now preparing, agreeably to his Majesty's orders to me to leave this province with the transports, in order to join the fleet and succours from Europe, it is necessary to acquaint you that I shall leave Major General Webb to command at Albany and the Forts, with a body of his Majesty's regular forces, together with the troops raised by the northern colonies, who will have the command in my absence. And that in consequence of the plan settled at the meeting I had with the Governors of the Southern Provinces at Philadelphia, I leave Col. Stanwix with 5 companies of the 1st battalion Royal Am, Regt. to take post in the back parts of Pennsylvania, and to have the command of the remaining part of the Pennsylvania troops, the troops raised in Maryland, and the remaining part of the troops raised in Virginia.-And that I detach Lt. Col. Boquet with the other 5 companies of that battalion, to South Carolina, who carries with him 200 of the Pennsylvania troops, 400 of the Virginia troops; and have ordered 200 of the troops raised by N. Carolina to meet him at S. Carolina, where he is to take the command of his Majesty's 3 independent companies, and likewise of the troops raised by the province of South Carolina, for the security of that and the most Southerly provinces. And in order to prevent any dispute hereafter, it will be necessary here to remind you, that at the meeting it was settled and is agreeable to his Majesty's orders from the principal Secretary of State, that I should supply the provincial troops detached from Pennsylvania, Virginia, and N. Carolina to South Carolina, but that the provincial troops who remain and are employed for the defence of their respective province should be entirely supported and maintained by the provinces by whom they are raised. As the plan we had settled before the arrival of his Majesty's orders by his principal Secretary of State, I hope, if speedily and punctually executed on your part, will prevent any immediate danger, I must recommend it to you in the most earnest manner (in consequence of his Majesty's orders signifyed to you) to set about raising and getting in readiness a considerable force to be ready to join and support the troops already agreed to be raised for the public service. And that you will in the mean time give orders that the militia of your province should be properly armed and furnished with ammunition, and have a standing order to march to the aid and assistance of the forces already appointed, on the requisition of the commander of them; and that this order should be more particularly given and enforced in such parts of your province as are most nearly situated to those forces or the passes thro' which the enemy can enter, without waiting for any further orders from you. From your zeal for the public
Writ issued for the Assembly, fixed on the 16th for the 30th-to provide money as required by Lord Lou doun's and the Secretary of State's letters.
May 15.-Accounts from Fort Littleton, of the arrival of a party of about 60 Cherokees, who came to assist the English, and had attacked and killed some enemy Indians.
May 16.-Governor answered the Indians that he would follow their advice.
May 17.-Governor delivers speeches to the Indians, urging the Six Nations to state their complaints, if any they had, about their lands, as stated by Tedyuscung, or of any other sort.
May 18.-This day 4 persons that were killed on the frontiers in the settlement of Swata ra, by the enemy Indians were brought at this town. speech, stating that it was no doubt done by the French King, to breed a difference between the whites & them.
The Indians made a
May 19.-Little Abraham (a Mohawk sachem) spoke as follows: "Brothers-Some years ago in the Jersey's, one of the head men of the Delawares had been out a hunting. On his return, he called to see a gentleman, great friend of his, one of your people, who he found in his field. It was rainy weather, and the Delaware chief had his gun under his arm. They met at a fence, and as they reached out their hands to each other, the Delaware's gun went off by accident and shot him dead.
He was very much grieved at the accident, and went to the house, and told the gentleman's wife what had happened, and said he was willing to die, and did not choose to live after his friend. She immediately sent for a number of the inhabitants. When they were gathered, some said it was an accident and could not be helped. But the greatest number were for hanging him; and he was taken by the Sheriff and carried to Amboy, where he was tried and hanged.-There was a nother misfortune that happened. A party of Shawa-ple. nese who were going to war against their enemies, in their way through Carolina, called at a house, not suspecting any harm, as they were amongst their friends.A number of the inhabitants rose and took them prisoners on account of some mischief that was done there about that time, suspecting them to be the people that had done the mischief; and carried them to Charleston, and put them in prison, where the chief man, called Pride, died. The relations of these people were much exasperated against you (our brethren) the English, on account of the ill treatment you gave their friends and have been continually spiriting their nations to take
recommend it heartily to you to do justice. We are much concerned to see how you are used by them and the French: every day having your people killed, and you sitting with your hands between your legs, and receiving the blow without resisting it, as if you could not or would not fight to defend yourselves.
“Brother Onas—We desire that you may not think of great expeditions far off. Use your best endeavours to defend your frontiers and protect the lives of your peoIt is better for you to give up some point to them than to contend, provided they should be in the wrong and settle all differences subsisting between'you as soon as possible. He added, Brother Onas take pattern by Sir William Johnson. He always keeps large parties patroling across the country where he lives; and you do not hear of any murders being committed there. That is the way to defend yourselves. The enemy is afraid to enter the settlements there; and if you pursue the same measures they will be afraid to come into your settlements."
Thomas King (Oneidas) made a short speech, part of which was thus-"Brethren: It is true we were present when the Delawares and Shawanese brightened the Brothers-You desired us to open our hearts and in- chain of friendship with Sir W. Johnson, and promised form you of every thing we knew, that might give rise to turn the edge of their hatchets against the French. to the quarrel between you and our nephews and broth-But you must know that last fall though they went out to war with us they always turned back, and did not perform what they had promised; so that we cannot account for what they will do now. But for our part, (the Six Nations) we have been engaged in the war with you, and are always ready when we see an English flag, to join our brethren, and go with them and share the same fate."
We must now inform you that in former times our forefathers conquered the Delawares and put petticoats on them. A long time after that they lived among you our brothers, but upon some difference between you and them we thought proper to remove them, giving them lands to plant and hunt on at Wyoming and Juniata, on Susquehanna. But you, covetous of land, made plantations there and spoiled their hunting grounds. They then complained to us; and we looked over those lands and found their complaints to be true. At this time they carried on a correspondence with the French, by which means the French became acquainted with all the causes of complaint they had against you. And as your people were daily increasing their settlements; by this means you drove them back into the arms of the French-and they took the advantage of spiriting them against you by telling them, 'Children, you see we have often told you, how the English, your brethren, would serve you. They plant all the country, and drive you back; so that in a little time you will have no land. It is not so with us. Though we build trading houses on your land we do not plant it. We have our provisions from over the great water.' We have opened our hearts and told you what complaints we have heard they had against you, And our advice to you is, that you send for the Senecas and them. Treat them kindly; and rather give them some part of their fields back again than differ with them. It is in your power to settle all the differences with them, if you please. As to what has passed between you and Tedyuscung last fall, concerning the purchase of lands, we know nothing of. They are not here; and if we inquire, we can only hear what you say on that head. We should have been glad our nephews, the Delawares, and brothers the Shawanese had been here at this time, that we might have beard the complaints on both sides. Then we should have been able to judge who was in the fault, & we are determined to see justice done to the party aggrieved. As they are not here, we can say nothing about it. But you yourselves between whom the business was transacted must be the best judges.
"Brothers-You acquaint us that there are certain persons empowered by the King to purchase lands here from the Indians. We are unacquainted with this. Neither do we know how our father the King of England, has divided his provinces. You say if you have done the Indians any injustice you are willing to make them satisfaction. We are glad to hear it. And as you have writings to refresh your memories about every transaction that has happened between you and our nephews and brothers, the Delawares and Shawanese, we
May 20.-The Governor thinking it necessary to invite the Delawares to live at Shamokin, wrote the fol lowing letter to the Commissioners:-"Gentlemen, I think it would be very much for the public service to invite some of these Indians to live at Shamokin, and I should like to know if it's agreeable to you to provide for their settlement and support," &c.
The Governor thanked the Indians, in a speech, for their advice. That he would refer the matters they had mentioned to Sir W. Johnson. Inviting as many as chose to live at Shamokin.
May 21. Various matters settled such as sending a messsge to Tedyuscung-providing for the Indian set. tlement at Shamokin under Thos. M'Kee.
[TO BE CONTINUED IN OUR NEXT.]
PENN'A. HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY, Established in Philadelphia, offers the following Premiums for Esculent Vegetables, Fruit and Fruit Trees. 1st. For the best early Cauliflowers, not less than three in number, to be produced from the first of May, to the first Monday in June, 1830, a premium of 5 dolls. or a gold medal of that value.
2d. For the best early Potatoes, not less than one peck, to be produced on or before the first Monday in June, 1830, a premium of 3 dolls., or a silver medal of that value.
3d. For the best early Cabbage, not less than six heads to be produced on or before the first Monday in June, 1830, a premium of 2 dolls., or a silver medal of that value.
4th. For the best early Peas, not less than half a peck in quantity,to be produced on or before the 31st of May, 1830, a premium of 2 dolls., or a silver medal of that value.
5th. For the best early Peas, not less than half a peck in quantity, to be produced on or before the first Satur. day in June, 1830, grown in Pennsylvania, a premium of 2 dolls., or a silver medal of that value.
6th. For the best Broccoli, not less than three in number, to be produced on or before the 1st Monday in November, 1830, a premium of 3 dolls., or a silver me dal of that value,
15th. For the best Gooseberries, not less than one
quart, to be produced on or before the first Monday in July, 1830, a premium of $3, or a silver medal of that
16th. For the best Cherries not less than two pounds, to be produced on or before the first Monday in June, 1830, a premium of $3, or a silver medal of that value.
17th. For the best Apricots, not less than two dozen, to be produced on or before the first Monday in July, 1830, a premium of $3, or a silver medal of that value.
18th. For the best Pears, not less than half a peck in quantity, to be produced on or before the first Monday in October, 1830, a premium of $5, or a gold medal of that value.
19th. For the best late Pears, not less than half a peck in quantity, to be produced in a ripe state, from December 1830, to first Monday in March 1831, a premium of $5, or a gold medal of that value.
20th. For the best Grapes, not less than 4 bunches, to be produced on or before the first Monday in October 1830, a premium of $5, or a gold medal of that value. 21st. For the best Plums, not less than two dozen, to be producad on or before the first Monday in October 1830, a premium of $3, or a silver medal of that
22d. For the best New Zealand Spinach, (Tetragona Expansa,) not less than one peck in quantity, to be produced in 1830, a premium of $5, or a silver medal of
23d. For the best early Apples, not less than half a peck, to be produced on or before the first Monday in August 1830, a premium of $3, or a silver medal of that value.
24th. For the best Winter Apples, not less than half a peck, to be produced on or before the first Monday in January 1831, a premium of $3, or a silver medal of
26th. For the best late Peaches, not less than half a peck, to be produced from the first September to first Monday in October, 1830, a premium of $3, or a silver
medal of that value.
27th. For the best Sea Kale brought to the Philadel phia market, not less than twelve bunches, of one pound each; to be produced on or before the first Monday in July, 1831, a premium of $10, or a gold medal of that value.
28th. For the best nursery of Fruit Trees, regard to be had to the number of trees and varieties thereof, a premium of $10, or a gold medal of that value.
29th. For the second best nursery of Fruit Trees, premium of $5, or a gold medal of that value.
30th. For the introduction of any new and valuable fruits or esculent roots, a premium of $5, or a gold me dal of that value.
The object of the society in offering these premiums, is to excite a spirit of emulation among cultivators, to improve the varieties of fruits and vegetables, and dis seminate a knowledge of the art of gardening. There fore all persons, whether members of the society or not, are eligible as competitors, and are invited to become
N. B. The Society holds its stated meetings on the 2d Monday evening of each month, in the Phoenix Hose House, Zane, above Seventh street, which affords good opportunities for submitting the articles to the inspecting Committee; it is not, however, absolutely necessary to produce them at those periods, but the Committee will attend for examination every Wednesday and Saturday morning, from 8 to 9 o'clock, at the Seed Store of Messrs. D. & C. Landreth, No. 85, Chestnut street,
It is desirable that each kind of fruit offered for com
petion may be as numerous as possible, regard being had to produce none but of a fine quality; for instance, the first fruit on the list for premium is strawberries, the two quarts of which may consist of numerous kinds, though a single variety excelling all others offered would be successful. Each kind should be accompani ed by its name:
It is also desirable that the vegetables exhibited should be accompanied by short observations on the mode of cultivation, if peculiar, together with any other remarks of utility.
If of any article for which a premium is offered, no specimen be submitted worthy of distinction, the society reserve the power to withhold the premium.
It is to be clearly understood that any fruits and vege tables brought forward for competition are to be the growth of the competitor.
Any further information that may be desired, can be had on application to any member of the society, or at
No. 85 Chestnut street.
May 19th, 1830.
25th. For the best early Peaches, not less than half a peck, to be produced on or before the first Monday in August 1830, a premium of $3, or a silver medal of that
J. R. INGERSOLL, President.
We understand Mr. William Bate of the city of Camden, New-Jersey, had in the Philadelphia market, on Saturday the 15th May, Early Potatoes, taken from vines grown from potatoes planted this spring; the ear liest perhaps, ever produced in a field or lot in our cli
From the American Star.
Messrs. Enirons.-I read a communication in your paper, of the 12th inst. headed "Early Productions." setting forth that "Green Peas were offered for sale in the Philadelphia market on the 7th inst. grown by Mr. Hugh Hatch of Cooper's Grove, N. J." and that "Mr. Hatch has for the last twenty-seven years successively, market, except those of Southern growth." Now, all I have to say in reference to the above, is merely this, that others of our industrious agriculturists and towns. dleton, also, had Green Peas in the Philadelphia men, to wit. Mr. William Bate and Mr. Amos A. Midket for sale on the 7th instant, the products of their res pective farms in this city.
Camden, May 15th, 1800,