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the reverse. On the whole, they are becoming civilized and christianized as fast as can be expected. The natives appeared in great numbers, (we counted four hundred,) who were attracted to view this unexpected sight on their waters. Their lands terminate eight miles below Olean.



The City Commissioners made a communication sug gesting certain improvements in the mouths of the sew ers in Dock street and Cedar street. Referred to the committee on the drawbridge lot.

The Mayor, Recorder, and City Surveyors, made a report recommending a new regulation of Ninth street, between George and Walnut street, to meet the views of the property holders in that neighbourhood. Referred to Messrs. Boyd, Thompson, Donaldson and Gerhard.

We found many rapids, and generally very strong water, until within twenty miles of our destination, at the Great Valley. Here the mountains began to decrease fast, and the current became easy, until, gradually, we seemed to have reached the top of the mountain which we had been so long ascending; at 11 o'clock, A.M. on Friday, the 21st May, we landed safely at Olean Point, nearly three hundred miles from Pitts-To the Select and Common Councils of the City of Philaburg, amidst the loud and constant rejoicing of the hos pitable citizens of the village. The first person landed was Mr. D. Dick, of Meadville, the principal and enterprising owner of this boat, and the first passenger, Wil. liam, the son of Mr. Nelson, a child of seven years old, who may live to tell, some thirty or forty years hence, the great interest created on this occasion. Here we found ourselves on the highest ground ever occupied by a steam boat, 600 feet above Pittsburg, nearly 1400 feet above the level of, and 2500 miles, by the course of the river, from the Ocean. Olean village is half a mile from the river. Olean creek is navigable 30 miles up, and Allegheny but 4 miles, on account of a mill dam. One hundred and thirty of the inhabitants assembled, and took a pleasant excursion 7 miles down the river and back, which was performed in 30 minutes going, and 55 minutes returning. The trip up from Warren to Olean was performed in about 20 hours, and she returned the next day safely to Warren, in 6 hours running time-thus performing, in this day of wonders, what the most sanguine mind, a few years ago, never anticipated. No doubt but in this same channel, ere long, a valuable trade and free intercourse will be opened for the mutual advantage of the enterprising citizens of the State of New York, and our own prosperous and flourishing city of Pittsburg.

The scenery along the Allegheny river affords the greatest variety, and is in many places truly sublime. It would generally be very much like the celebrated North River scenery, if equally improved and cultivated; more particularly so from Warren up to the Great Valley. Here the hills rise higher, and the river narrows. Its courses are in all directions, and its mountains in all shapes, dressed, at this season of the year, in its richest robes. The wild flowers along the shores, the beautiful evergreens, and towering pines and hemlocks, interspersed with the lighter maple green, give to the whole scenery an indescribable beauty.

One particular spot surpassed all others. In the evening, after a heavy shower, above the Kenjua Island, all at once the sun beamed forth in all its glory, and a brilliant rainbow presented itself. The mountains are unusually high, and the river narrow, so that we could only view these extraordinary works of nature far above us, tinging the tops of these lofty hills, and convincing us that nothing but an Almighty power could furnish the imagination with such a feast. Upon the whole, as a trip of pleasure or health, we would recommend this route before any other now known.


Thursday Evening, May 27th.
Two petitions were presented against the adoption of
the proposed plan of paving the streets by contract.
Referred to Paving Committee.

The following memorial from the vaccine physicians, was referred to Messrs. Troth, Baker, Horn and Thompson.


The undersigned vaccinating physicians for the city, would respectfully ask for an increase of salary, as the salary at present paid them cannot be considered a compensation for the duties they have to perform.

They would at the same time respectfully call the attention of Councils to the circumstance, that the sum paid at the termination of the last quarter to the Collectors of Cases, exceeded the amount received by the Physicians.

Under these circumstances they would respectfully ask, whether the time of the Physicians, or that of the Collectors was of the most value? But even in regard to the time occupied, the Physician gives much more than the collector, for admitting that every case succeeded, on the first insertion of the Virus, (which it is sometimes necessary to repeat several times before the individual, from constitutional peculiarity, will receive the genuine disease) they are obliged to see them twice afterwards. They would therefore respectfully ask of Councils that the salary might be increased so that each Physician would receive two hundred and fifty dollars per annum.


Messrs. Troth, Lippincott, Boyd, and Kittera, were appointed a committee to take charge of the property bequeathed to the city, by the late Dr. Elias Boudinot.

The Commissioners were requested to suspend any further proceedings in relation to paving Cordwainer's Alley, till further orders.

the following report.
Mr. Donaldson, from the Paying Committee, made,

To the Select and Common Councils of the City of Philu-
The Paving Committee recommended to Councils the
adoption of the accompanying ordinance and resolution.
Ordinance providing for the paving of certain streets.

Whereas, the City Commissioners did, under the direction of the Paving Committee, advertize in the public papers of this city, for sealed proposals to do certain parts (such as digging out and removing the earth, hauling gravel and paving stones,) of work necessary for paving those streets ordered by Councils to be regulated, curbed and paved the present year, and propos als having been so received, opened and examined, and The boat left Warren on the morning of the 23d, and on examination they find the proposals to haul the pavlanded at Pittsburg at 4 o'clock, P. M. on the 24th, with ing stone and gravel, and digging out the streets and a number of passengers, 18 tons pig metal, and 9 tons removing the earth, are at so high a price that it will bar iron, in perfect safety. The time employed in run-cost more than it can be done for by employing one or ning, during the trip, was 7 days, (running by daylight more persons to do the paving entire and furnish all the only,) exclusive of delays at Franklin, Warren, and O- materials such as stone, brick and gravel, and dig out, lean, but including stoppages for wood, &c. remove the earth, and finish completely in every respect to the purpose of economy therefore.

Sec. 1. Be it ordained and enacted by the citizens of Philadelphia in Select and Common Council assembled, That the City Commissioners be, and they are hereby instructed under the direction of the Paving Committee, to contract with such person or persons as said committee shall direct to dig out and remove the earth, furnish


all the materials and pave entire the following streets,

to wit:

Mulberry street from Broad to Schuylkill Sixth street,
Filbert street from Thirteenth to Juniper street.
Juniper street from High to Mulberry street.
Sheaff street from Twelfth to Thirteenth street.
Cherry street from Tenth to Eleventh street.
Any Ordinance or regulation to the contrary notwith-

Resolved, By the Select and Common Council, that the City Commissioners be and are hereby instructed, under the direction of the Paving Committee to cause the alley running from Water street between Walnut and the Drawblidge and between Cox and Morton's store, to be regulated, curbed and paved, and the expense thereof charged to appropriation No. 1.

The resolution was laid on the table.

The bill was rejected by the Common Council, by a vote of eight to seven.

Mr. Hale, from the Watering Committee, presented the following.

Should Councils conclude to authorize a contract to be made, an early decision will be of importance to the founders, and also as regards fitting up the fixtures necessary for the work. Your humble servant. FRED. GRAFF.

May 15, 1830.

At a meeting of the Watering Committee, held on the 22d inst. the chairman was desired to submit to Council, a resolution authorising the committee to issue proposals and to enter into contract for a supply of iron pipes and castings, to be laid in certain streets where the wooden pipes have become weakened by the continual pressure of water in them. The committee considering the great importance of the subject and that delay in the matter must increase the expenses of the city, in keeping the wooden pipes in repair, independent of the frequent stoppage of the water, and the derangement of the streets which have constantly to be broken up,-recommend that section No. 1 and 2, as stated in Mr. Graff's communication herewith submitted, be laid with iron pipes, as soon as practicable, as the most defective wooden pipes appear to lay in those sections of the city, that is, from Eighth street, including Eleventh street, and from Vine street to Spruce. The estimated cost of the iron pipes and castings, including Lead and the expenses of laying is $44,


Estimate of cost to extend the iron pipes from Eighth
street and including Eleventh street, and frem Vine
street and including Cedar street, viz:
1,338 feet of 16 inch pipes in Ce-
dar st at $5 00

$6,690 00

3,612 00

17,020 00

25,000 00
3,750 00

As the Furnaces are slack of work this season, the committee have no doubt pipes can be obtained on very favourable terms, at a credit until May 1831.

THOMAS HALE, Chairman.

with 10

additional feeder, all the estimates include pipfo

that purpose.

1,338 feet of 12 inch Spruce
street, at 2 70,

7,092 feet of 10 inch in 11th and
Arch streets, at 2 40

20,000 feet of 6 inch in interme-
diate streets, at 1 25
5,000ft. of 3 inch, for alleys,at 75c.


Thos: Hale, Esq.

Chairman of the Watering Committee,

Dear Sir-In compliance with the request of the Watering Committee, I submit an estimate of cost for extending the iron pipes in streets where the wooden have become so weakened by the continued pressure of water in them as to occasion great expense in keeping them in repair, independent of the frequent stoppage of the water, and the derangement of streets which have constantly to be broken up. Section No. 1 reaching from Vine to Chesnut street, and from 8th and including 11th street, the cost of laying which will amount to $25,721 00 19,081 00 13,670 00

Section No. 2 will cost

And section No. 3 will cost

40 tons castings of branches,
&c. at 65 dolls. per ton,

58,472 00

Estimate to extend the iron pipes from Eighth street and including Elventh street, and from Vine to Ches nut street, viz:

2,660 feet 10 inch pipes from

Vine to Chesnut in 11th, 1,783 feet pipes in Arch, from 8th to 12th street,

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2,400 00

13,354 feet.

10,663 00

11,667 00

2,091 00

25,721 00

Estimate to extend the iron pipes from Eighth street
and including Eleventh street, and from Chesnut and
including Spruce street, viz:
1,338 feet of 12 inch pipes from
8th to 11th in Spruce st.
at $2 70,

1,434 feet of 10 inch pipes from
Chesnut to Spruce in 11th,
at 2 40,

6,882 feet of 6 inch pipes for
intermediate sts. at 1 25,
3,700 feet 3 inch for alleys at 75

10 tons of castings at $65,

1,300 00

3,612 00

3,441 00

8,602 00

2,775 00

650 00 19,081 00

No. 1.

No. 2.

No. 3.

As the 3d section passes through streets adjoining 8th to 11th street and ditto from Ches- ditto from the Alms-house and Hospital lots, together with other unimproved squares, it can be dispensed with at present, and should it be thought that section No. 2 will add too much to the expenses of the current year, that can also be dispensed with, as the chief of the defective wooden pipes lay in the space described in section No. 1, which, in my opinion, should be done forthwith.

from Vine to Chesnut to Spruce, Spruce to nut, estimated to $19,081 00 cost $25,721 00 Should No. 1 be laid alone it will cost Should No. 2 be added, it will cost Should Nos. 1, 2, 3 be laid it will cost

Cedar, $13,670 00

As the furnaces are slack of work this season I have

no doubt pipes can be obtained on the most favourable terms at a credit until May 1831.

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Mr. S. Hazard,

SIR-Sometime ago I sent you the state of the Thermometer, when it was above 90°, for 22 years which you published.-I now send you a list of all the Churches of the City, in the year 1793, with the names of the Pastors-if you should think it worth publishing, it is at your service. It is taken from the Directory for the above year. I would wish some of your Correspondents to furnish a list of the Churches, with the names of their Pastors, and where situated, for the present year, in your valuable work. Yours, respectfully, April, 1830.


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PRESBYTERIAN CHURCHES.--1st Presbyterian Church," in High, between Second and Third streets, Rev. Dr. Ewing, pastor. Second Presbyterian Church, corner of Third and Mulberry streets, Rev. Dr. James Sproat and Rev. Dr. Ashbel Green, pastors. The new Presbyteri an Church, corner of Coates and St. John's streets, N. Liberties, is also under the pastoral care of the above two gentlemen. Third Presbyterian Church, in Pine, between Fourth and Fifth streets, under the pastoral care of the Rev. John B. Smith. Presbyterian Associate Church, in Walnut, between Fourth and Fifth streets, north side, Rev. Wm. Marshall, pastor. Scotch Presbyrian Church, in Spruce, between Third and Fourth streets, Rev. Robert Annan, pastor.

ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCHES.-Old Roman Catholic Church, in Willing's alley; there is likewise an entrance to this church in Walnut street, between Third and

This Church is now re-building, and until it is finished, divine service is performed in the University Hall in Fourth street.

Fourth streets, on the south side. St. Mary's Church, in Fourth, between Walnut and Spruce streets, on the west side. The pastors of these two churches, are the Rev. Lawrens Groessel, Francis Flemming, and Christopher Keating. Holy Trinity or German Catholic Church, in Spruce, corner of Sixth streets, the Rev. Petrus Helbron, pastor. An English sermon is likewise preached here every Sunday afternoon by the Rev. Lawrence Phelan.

UNIVERSALISTS perform divine worship in the Anatomical Hall, in Fifth, between Chesnut and Walnut streets, under the care of the Rev. Hugh White.

There is likewise now building a Church for the Africans and their descendants, in Fifth, between Walnut and Spruce streets.

[The preceding list contains 27 Churches. In 1824, the number of places for worship was 88. Since that time many more have been added. We hope before long to be able to present a perfect catalogue of them, which we some time since commenced.]


The City Commissioners are authorized and directed to raise and levy forthwith, upon persons legally taxable, and upon the estate, real and personal, within the city of Philadelphia, the full and entire sum of two hundred and eight thousand eight hundred dollars, agreeably to the last county assessment.

The sum of thirteen thousand five hundred and seventy-nine dollars, balance of water rents of the year one fifteen thousand nine hundred dollars of the water rents thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, and also of the present year, after the payment of the anual appropriation of fourteen thousand dollars to the Sinking Fund; and also the estimated amount of the income of the corporate estate, and contingent moneys, for the present year, after the application therefrom of eight thousand dollars to the Sinking Fund, together with so much of the tax directed to be raised, as may be necessary, are appropriated to the following purposes-that is to say:

$24,000 00

5,000 00

13,800 00

5,000 00 47,260 00 2,700 00 900 00

No. 1. For making new Pavements,



For repairing unpaved streets, and carrying off stagnant water,


For cleansing the city, and superintendents' salaries,


For making, cleansing, and repairing
Docks and Sewers,

5. For lighting and watching the city, 6. For Pumps and Wells, 7. For regulating Ascents & Descents, 8. For Salaries of the Officers of the

City, viz--the Mayor, $2,000; the Recorder, 600; the Treasurer, 2,000; the City Commissioners, 3,000; the City Clerk, 1,000; the Recording Surveyor, 750; the Vaccine Physicians, 500; the Clerks of Councils,700; the Corders of Wood 850; the High Constables, 1,200; the Clerks of the Markets, 1,900; the Captain of the Watch, 550; the Lieutenant of the Watch, 400; the the Messenger of Councils, 225, 9. For Fuel, and incidental expenses in the City Hall,

10. For services in the Markets, 11. For Incidental expenses of Councils, 12. For Rewarding persons active in bringing offenders to justice, to be paid or withheld at the discretion of the Mayor,

15,675 00

800 00 550 00 100 00

500 00


13. For re-paving over water pipes, and
re-pairing old pavements,
14. For repairing and improving city

15. For Interest on City Funded Debt,
viz-$540,100, at six per cent. per


16. For repairing over private Water pipes,

17. For distribution among Fire & Hose Companies,

18. For interest on moneys to be borrowed this year, viz--6 months' inter

est on $10,000, at five per




19. For purchase of paving Stone for 1831,


1,433,900, at five per cent.
per annam,

6 months' interest on $30,000
at five per cent.,

20. For repairing footways, in case of default by individuals,

21. For Expenses which may hereafter be authorized by Councils,

5,000 00

9,000 00

1,000 00 2,000 00

80 00 7,500 00 $250,016 00

104,101 00

50 00

5,000 00


The Legislature have passed an act at their last session, authorizing the County Commissioners to purchase the bridge at the mouth of Frankford Creek, that the public may pass it free of toll, as other County Bridges.

The purchase will contribute much to the accommodation of the Kensington District, and also to the inhabitants of the upper townships, who attend the markets. The Point District is also entitled to this accommodation when it is considered that for ten years past its contribution to the public taxes, (about 50 per cent. of the

whole District of the N. Liberties) has been almost exclusively expended on the portion west of the Frankford Road, as will appear from the following statement collaced from the office of the County Commissioners.

The County Map will show, on inspection, that the Frankford road divides the District into two parts nearly equal:—hence the District has been divided into east and west, the line of division being the Frank The triennial assessment of 1829, states the whole amount of property assessed at

ford road.


Of which, the Eastern, or Point District,
The Western District amounts to

amounts to




Consequently, the Point District, at the present time,

40 per cent. on the whole.

As the course of improvement for the last ten years has run much more through the Western than through the Eastern District, it may fairly be assumed, that du

District, was 50 per cent. or one half of the whole.

The triennial assessments during this period were


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We were the other day forcibly struck with the facil ity and dispatch in putting coal wagons down the Chate and loading the coal into the boats. We were there fore, desirous of knowing how many wagons were let down in a day, and were informed that they frequently let down and loaded into boats 200 wagons per day, being more than 300 tons of coal. On calculation we find, that allowing the Chute to be used only 250 days per year, 75,000 tons of coal can be passed down this single one and loaded into boats; and for our part, we see no reason why a dozen of these Chutes may not 514,248 be made by extending the Rail Road further along the hill, and to supply that number, a back set of tracts for 845,728 the empty wagons, to return on is all that is necessary times the pres for the Company to do any amount of business that the ent demand. It is believed that the Morris Canal to New York, and the Delaware Canal to Philadelphia, will both be finished in two or three months-when we believe none need cry with the pains of cold fingers.


ring this period, (1829, inclusive,) the ratio of the Point occasioned by the want of Lehigh Coal.-Lehigh Pi

During the same period, the following County bridg es have been erected for the accommodation of the Western District

Bridge on Second street near Logan's Mill cost $6,000
west of Frankford, near Oxford,



14,000 5,000 18,000 $43,000


Frankford creek, head of Front st.,

It follows, therefore, that the Point District has contributed towards the improvement of the Western District, in County and Road taxes, since 1819, 18,338 64 dollars, without receiving any return except in the gene eral application of the county tax to judicial purposes and other matters of minor concern.

Beach street, in Kensington, is now ordered to be ex tended one mile along the river to Richmond-this in addition to the pleasant ride in summer, will afford to people attending market the opportunity to supply themselves in returning with coal, lumber, and other commodities brought for sale by water carriage. Poulson.


Printed every SATURDAY MORNING by WILLIAM F GEDDES, No. 59 Locust Street. Philadelphia; where, and at the PUBLICATION OFFICE, IN FRANKLIN PLACE, second door back of the Post Office, (back room) subscriptions will be thankfully received. Price FIVE DOLLARS per annum, payahle

whole District during the same period, were—

The amount of County and Road taxes paid by the annually by subscribers residing in or near the city, or where

there is an agent. Other subscribers pay in advance.




VOL. V.-NO. 24.





Abstract of the state records at Harrisburg, made by Thomas Sergeant, Esq. when Secretary of the Commonwealth, and by him presented to the Historical Committee of the American Philosophical Society, Nov. 3,

1819.-1748 to 1758.

NO. 128.

the provincial commissioners for interfering, and prohibiting their carrying on "the least intercourse with the Indians on matters of public concern; as they would answer the contrary to his majesty at their peril."

July 25.-Governor spoke to Tedyuscung, & agreed the public treaty began, &c. to his having a clerk-for which T. thanked him. Then

"Memorandum. As soon as the Governor and Council and Indians had taken their seats, Tedyuscung, by his interpreter John Pumpshire, called for Charles Thompson, master of the public Quaker school in the city of Philadelphia, placed him by Mr. Trent (who was appointed by the Governor to take the minutes,) at the table, and said he had chosen him for his clerk; whereupon he sat down and began to take minutes, without asking permission of the Governor, who took no far

(Concluded from p. 362.)

1757-July 21.-Council held at Easton. Governor arrived 20th-had 6 of the Council-Tedyuscung there: and of his company 159, (58 men, 37 women, and 64 children). There since came 119 Senecas and others of the Six Nations, viz: 45 men, 35 women, and 39 children. Two of these were chiefs and principal men deputed by the Seneca nation, and several others of esteemther notice of it." in their tribes. Mr. Croghan Deputy Agent attended. Tedyuscung visited the Governor, and informed him that he came in consequence of the Governor's invitation to come and treat with him; the 10 nations who had joined with him, and some of each of the ten were come. He opened the conference, and afterwards said "his memory was weak, and as he would have things done regularly he desired he might have a Clerk to take minutes along with the Governor's Clerk."

July 22.-Gov.'s answer of congratulation. States that what was said would be interpreted and taken down, and a copy given to Tedyuscung. That he was "told it was the constant practice of Sir W. Johnson, as well as all others, who have the conduct of Indian treaties, to employ their own secretaries, and as this method was settled at Lancaster, as a precedent to be observed in future treaties, he would not take upon him to make any alteration in this respect." Tedyuscung expressed his satisfaction with what the Governor said.

"At a meeting with Tedyuscung, King of the Delawares living on Susquehanna, who is empowered by the ten following nations, viz:-Lenopi, Wename, Munsey, Mawhicken, Tiaweo or Nanticockes, and the Senecas, Onondagoes, Cayugas, Oneidas, and Mohawks, to settle all differences subsisting between them and their brethren the English, and George Croghan, Esq. Deputy Agent to the Hon. Sir W. Johnson, Bart. his Majesty's sole agent and superintendent of the affairs of the Six Nations, their allies and dependants. Indians at present in Easton, about 300. This meeting was in consequence of the agreement of the Indians at Easton in November last."

July 27.-Answer of Commissioners to Governor's request of a list of the presents-that they would in due time prepare.

Governor's reply, requesting it again, and complaining that Mr. Lardner and Mr. Mifflin, two of the commissioners, had no notice of their meeting.

July 23.—The four provincial commissioners, Messrs. The substance of Tedyuscung's complaint is conMasters, Galloway, Fox and Hughes, with Tedyuscung, tained in a statement made by Mr. Croghan. "The came to the Governor; and then the commissioners by complaint I made last fall, I yet continue. I think some letter remonstrated that Tedyuscung on the 21st came lands have been bought by the Proprietor or his agents, to them and demanded a clerk to be appointed by him- from Indians who had not a right to sell, and to whom self; and that he would not proceed to treat without it. the lands did not belong. I think also when some lands They informed him they thought it reasonable and just, have been sold to the Proprietors by Indians who had & and recommended him to the Governor. That they right to sell to a certain place, whether that purchase were this morning informed by him it was refused; that was to be measured by miles or hours walk, that the he was dissatisfied, and declared he would not treat Proprietors have, contrary to agreement, taken in more without it; requesting them to assist in a second appli- lands than they ought to have done, and lands that becation. That as a King or Chief of a nation, they thought longed to others. I therefore now desire you to prohe had an undoubted right to have a clerk. The Inter-duce the writings and deeds, and let them be read in preter declared that this application was what Tedyus- public, and examined, and copies of the whole be laid cung himself had said. The Governor told Tedyuscung before King George, and published to all the provinces. he would consider it. Messrs. Croghan and Weiser What is fairly bought and paid for, I make no further thought this had been suggested to Tedyuscung by Is- demand about, but if any lands have been bought of Inrael Pemberton and others. The Governor left the dians to whom these lands did not belong, and who had matter to Mr. Croghan-expressing his great surprise. no right to sell them, I expect satisfaction; and if the Mr. Croghan spoke with Tedyuscung and endeavoured Proprietors have taken in more lands than they bought to reason on his unprecedented demand, and discovered of true owners, I expect likewise to be paid for them. as he thought, that it was put into his head by white We expect to settle at Wyoming, and want certain people. However, Tedyuscung broke off the discourse boundaries fixed between you and us, and a certain very abruptly, and pulling out a large string delivered tract of land fixed, which it shall not be lawful for us or it to him with a peremptory declaration that he would our children ever to sell, nor you or your children to buy, either have a clerk or desist treating and leave the town. We intend to make a settlement at Wyoming, and build Mr. Croghan recommended it as a matter of absolute different houses from what we have done heretoforenecessity. The Governor wrote a letter, reprimanding such as may last not only for a little time, but for our VOL. V. 47

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