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some "commodity" to offer which shall draw sustain this laceration, and that the effects them
should pass away when Constance quits the "To a most base and vile-concluded peace." stage? The remembrance of Constance can With what skill has Shakspere, whilst he never be separated from the after-scenes in thus painted the spirit of the chivalrous which Arthur appears; and at the very last, times,-lofty in words, but sordid in acts, when the poison has done its work upon the given us a running commentary which in- guilty king, we can scarcely help believing terprets the whole in the sarcasms of the Bas that the spirit of Constance hovers over him, tard! But amidst all the clatter of conven- and that the echo of the mother's cries is tional dignity which we find in the speeches even more insupportable than the "burn'd of John, and Philip, and Lewis, and Austria, bosom” and the “parch'd lips," which neithe real dignity of strong natural affections ther his "kingdom's rivers" nor the "bleak rises over the pomp and circumstance of winds” of the north “can comfort with regal ambition with a force of contrast which cold.” By the magic of the poet, the interis little less than sublime. The maternal val of fourteen years between the death of terror and anguish of Constance soon be-Arthur and the death of John is annihilated. come the prominent objects; and the rival Causes and consequences, separated in the kings, the haughty prelate, the fierce knights, proper history by long digressions and tethe yielding citizens, appear but as puppets dious episodes, are brought together. The moved by destiny to force on the most bitter death of Arthur and the events which marked sorrows of that broken-hearted mother. the last days of John were separated in their Matchless as is the art of the poet in these cause and effect by time only, over which scenes ;-matchless as an exhibition of ma- the poet leaps. In the chroniclers we have ternal sorrow only, apart from the whirlwind manifold changes of fortune in the life of of conflicting passions that are mixed up John after Arthur of Brittany has fallen. In with that sorrow;-are we to believe that Shakspere, Arthur of Brittany is at once Shakspere intended that our hearts should revenged.
JAMES GURNEY, servant to Lady FaulconAppears, Act I. sc. 1. Act II. sc. 1; sc. 2.
Appears, Act I. sc. 1.
PETER OF POMFRET, a Prophet.
Appears, Act IV. sc. 2.
PHILIP, King of France.
Appears, Act II. sc. 1; sc. 2. Act III. sc. 1; sc. 4. ARTHUR, Duke of Bretagne, son of Geffrey,
LEWIS, the Dauphin. late Duke of Bretagne, the elder brother of Appears, Act II. sc. 1; sc. 2. Act III. sc. 1; sc. 4. * King John.
Act V. sc. 2; sc. 5.
ARCHDUKE OF AUSTRIA.
Appears, Act II. sc. l; sc. 2. Act III. sc. 1. WILLIAM MARESHALL, Earl of Pembroke. CARDINAL PANDULPH, the Pope's legate. Appears, Act I. sc. 1. Act II. sc. 1. Act IV. sc. 2; sc. 3. Appears, Act III. sc. 1; sc. 4. Act V. sc. 1 ; se. 2. Act V. sc. 2; sc. 4.
MELUN, a French lord. GEFFREY FITZ-PETER, Earl of Essex, chief
Appears, Act V. sc. 2; sc. 4. justiciary of England.
CHATILLON, ambassador from France to Appears, Act I. sc. 1.
King John. WILLIAM LONGSWORD, Earl of Salisbury.
Appears, Act I. sc. 1. Act II. sc. 1. Appears, Act I. sc. 1. Act III. sc. 1. Act IV. sc. 2; sc. 3. ELINOR, the widow of King Henry II., and Act V. sc. 2; sc. 4; sc. 7.
mother of King John. ROBERT Bigot, Earl of Norfolk.
Appears, Act I. sc. 1. Act II. sc. 1; sc. 2. Appears, Act IV. sc. 3. Act V. sc. 2; sc. 4; sc. 7.
Act III. sc. l; sc. 3. HUBERT DE BURGH, chamberlain to the King. CONSTANCE, mother to Arthur. Appears, Act II. sc. 2. Act III. sc. 2; sc. 3.
Appears, Act II. sc. 1. Act III. sc. 1; sc. 4. Act IV. sc. 1; sc. 2; sc. 3. Act V. sc. 3; sc. 6. BLANCH, daughter to Alphonso, King of ROBERT FAULCONBRIDGE, son of Sir Robert
Castile, and niece to King John.
Appears, Act II. sc. l; sc. 2. Act III. sc. l.
| LADY FAULCONBRIDGE, mother to the Bastard PHILIP FAULCONBRIDGE, half-brother to Ro
and Robert Faulconbridge. bert Faulconbridge, bastard son to King
Appears, Act I. sc. 1. Richard I.
Lords, Ladies, Citizens of Angiers, Sheriffs, Appears, Act I. sc. 1. Act II. sc. 1; sc. 2.
Heralds, Officers, Soldiers, Messengers, and Act III. sc. 1; sc. 2; sc. 3. Act IV. sc. 2; sc. 3. Act V. sc. 1 ; sc. 2; sc. 6; sc. 7.
SCENE,-SOMETIMES IN ENGLAND; SOMETIMES IN FRANCE.
*** In the original edition we have no ‘Names of the Actors.'
Enter King Johx, QUEEN ELINOR, PEMBROKE, Essex, SALISBURY, and others,
King John. Now say, Chatillon, what would France with us?
In my behavioura, to the majesty,
The borrow'd majesty of England here.
• Behaviour. Haviour, behaviour, is the manner of having, the conduct.
Chat. Philip of France, in right and true behalf
Of thy deceased brother Geffrey's son,
Thy nephew and right royal sovereign.
To enforce these rights so forcibly withheld.
Controlment for controlment: so answer France.
The farthest limit of my embassy.
Be thou as lightning in the eyes of France;
[Exeunt CHATILLON and PEMBROKE. Eli. What now, my son ? have I not ever said,
How that ambitious Constance would not cease,
With fearful bloody issue arbitrate.
Or else it must go wrong with you and me :
Enter the Sheriff of Northamptonshire, who whispers Essex.
a Manage lias, in Shakspere, the same meaning as management and managery,—which, applied to a state is equivalent to government. Prospero says of Antonio:
“He whom, next thyself,
Come from the country to be judg'd by you,
That e'er I heard : Shall I produce the men ? K. John. Let them approach.
Our abbeys, and our priories, shall pay
Re-enter Sheriff, with ROBERT FAULCONBRIDGE, and Philip, his bastard Brother.
This expedition's charge.—What men are you?
Born in Northamptonshire ; and eldest son,
Of Cour-de-lion knighted in the field.
You came not of one mother then, it seems.
That is well known : and, as I think, one father:
Of that I doubt, as all men's children may.
And wound her honour, with this diffidence.
That is my brother's plea, and none of mine;
Heaven guard my mother's honour, and my land !
Doth he lay claim to thine inheritance ?
But once he slander'd me with bastardy:
a Wher. This in the original is where; it is sometimes wher. The word, however spelt, has the meaning of whether, but does not appear to have been written as a contraction either by Shakspere or his contemporaries.