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THE

FARMERS' REGISTER,

A MONTHLY PUBLICATION,

Devoted to the Improvement of the Practice

AND

SUPPORT OFTE STERESTS OF AGRICULTURE.

EDMUND RUFFIN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.

And he gave it for his opinion," that whoever could make two cars of corn, or two blades of grass, to grow upon a spot
of ground where only one grew before, would deserve better of mankind, and do more essential service to his coun-
try, than the whole race of politicians put together."

Swift.

PETERSBURG, VA.

PUBLISHED BY THE PROPRIETOR,

9

1839.

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Agricultural Association, North Anna, proceedings Cabbages, to make head during wintet 342

of 686

Calcareous soils, most advantageous for mulberry trees

Agricultural Society of Albemarle, petition of 616 and grape vines 221
Agricultural Society of Fredericksburg, addresses to Calcareous soil of Southern Florida 683, 684; growth
3, 745 ; premiums awarded by 753

of morus multicaulis on 764
Agricultural Club of Chuckatuck, proceedings of 287 Carrots 254; experiments on 277
Agricultural Convention of South Carolina 511 Cask, leaky, to siop 419
Agricultural geology 494

Cattle, treatment of 153; raising and feeding of 513,

Agricultural meeting in Massachusetts 200

taking care of 134; watering in winter 617; dis.

Agricultural county reports 58

cases of 705; Hereford, extraordinary sale of 287;

Agricultural periodicals, list of in the United States 283 Durham, sales of 175, 338

Agricultural interest 362

Cattle market of London 706

Agriculture, importance of 58; legislation for 39; Cattle. England Durliam short-horns, general account

legislative aid to in South Carolina, recommended of 343, 363

733; in Pennsylvania, and compared with eastern Cauliflower, culture of 555

Maryland 734; systein of in Loudoun 383; neglect Cedar quarries 555

of in Guilford, N. C. 155; in Jamaica, condition of Cheat 144

caused by emancipation 276 ; capital profitably in. Cheese manufactured from potatoes 340

vested in 665

Chinch-bugs $11, 443, 444, 447: in Surry 415

Agriculture and rural economy in France 722 Circular of the Commissioner of the Patent Office in

Agriculture and government in Massachusetts 437 regard to the transmission of seeds 490

Ancient laws and records of Virginia, extracts from Circulars directing aid to the introduction of tropical

181

plants 637

Animalcules, their remains forming earth 76 Climate of Italy, its severity of cold 196 ; compared
Animals, male, selection of for breeding 108

with that of the Valley and Piedmont of Virginia

Apple molasses 767

350

Apples, as food for hogs 150

Clover, early cut 488; gigantic 432
Artesian well, the deepest 278

Clover seed, sowing of 495; Pennsylvania mode of

Artichoke, (Jerusalern,) 533

getting out 390

Coal, Geary's patent 685

B

Coal trade of Virginia 79

Cocoonery, plan of 246 ; fixtures and management for

Bacon, to make good 571

silk-worms 288

Bacon, Nathaniel 527

Cocoons, comparative weights of 377; large 408 ;
Bacon's rebellion 407

successive crops of in Tropical Florida 567
Banking, fraudulent, effects of 276

Coguins' Point farm, the former poor condition, and
Bee, natural history and economy of 474

earliest subsequent improvements on, by marl-
Bees, management of 339, 559 ; wintering of 560, ing 112

628; treatise on practical treatment of 513 Commerce, southern, decline of 378
Beet, (sugar,) for milch cows 211

Commercial (monthly,) reports 64, 128, 192, 255, 447,
Beet culture 587, 686, 756

512, 576, 637, 704, 768
Berkeley, Governor, his account of Virginia 338 Convention, Internal Improvement, of North Carolina,
Birds on farms 39+; usefulness of to agriculture and memorial of 97

gardening 434; tameness of, if encouraged 589 Copper poine in North Carolina 486
Bohan upas of the west, a hoax 110

Corn, on cultivation of 1, 258; mode of cultivation pur-
Boiler, an economical kind 159

sued by J. H. Steger, esq. 180; experiment in
Borrowers of the Farmers' Register 188

planting 117; cultivated for its stalk and leaf, and

Bots in horses 755

not for grain 651 ; its maturing hastened by ceasing

Bread without yeast or leaven 28

its cultivation early 588 ; mode of havesting in
Breeding of live-stock, essay on 118, 131, of race Ohio 473 ; deep planting of 616
horses, cost of 286

Corn crops, stateinents of cultivation, expenses and
Bricks and brick-making 396

products of 10, 17, 18 ; greatest known yield of 742
Broom corn 3; culture of, in Salem, N. J. 509 ; pro great product of in South Carolina 211; Maryland
duct of a crop stated 229

twin, experiment with 201; Chinese tree, defended
Brooms, manufacture of 28

by Grant Thorburn 693; Baden 598

Brussels sprouts, cultivation of 240

Corn, cultivation of 157

Buckwheat, a safeguard of turnips from the fly 495 Corn cribs and granaries, measurement of 350
Buel, Judge, on death of 638; notice of 695

Correspondence, private, extracts from 511
Building log-houses and fences 340

Cotton, experiments on the porosity of 491

Butter, making and curing 218; on salting 469 ; Cotton, sea-island, defects in management of 28

Dutch 526; winter 767

Cotton, twin or okra, 252, 598, 657, 744

Cotton lice 508

deception 572; multicaulis market 636; to subscri-
Cow, great yield from, in milk and butter 210

bers 638: suspension of payment by the banks 639 ;
Cow, Durham, remarkable yield of inilk from 395 James Wadsworth, a New York farmer 653; marl-
Cows holding up their milk 198

ingin Sussex, and Philips' marl raising machine 670 ;

Crops, alternation of 117

almost purely calcareous soils of Tropical Florida

Crops, state of 332, 447, 511

684; marl near Newbern 687; Grant Thorburn's

Crows, how prevented from pulling up corn 276

defence of his Chinese tree corn” 693; Yuuatts'

Currency (ancient) of Virginia 703

* Treatise on Caitle' 705 ; the calcareous soil of

Tropical Florida, and the fitness of for mulberry

D

trees 764; erasures of subscriptions for non-pay-

ment 768

Daguerrotype 253

Eggs 371

Dairies near London 707

Electro-magnetic power 133

Dairy management 218; statements of in Massachu- Emancipation of slaves, etiects of in Jamaica 254

setts 229

Emigration to the west 437

Dairy products 230

• Essay on Vegetable Physiology,' by Professor George

Dairy stock 249

D. Armstrong, complete in 24 chapters. For the

“Debt-paying nation ” 486

numerous particular subjects treated of see the heads

Deep culture 80

of chapters, at pages 10, 14, 65, 67, 169, 172, 203,

Distemper » of cattle 569, 605, 651, 743

206, 262, 263, 268, 326, 329, 332, 420, 423, 426, 462,

Divining rod 460

164, 467, 617, 621, 622, 641
Dog, to cure from sucking eggs 339

Excavating by steam 134

Dr ining (under) 757

Dust-hole, alchemy of 261

F

E

Farm of E. Phinney, of Massachusetts 531 ; Mr. Ja-

mieson's 678; of Ross-shire, Scotland 759

Earth, is the planet becoming colder? 175

Farm, grass, in England 628

Earth, depth of freezing, in high northern latitudes 487 Farmer of Massachusetts 230

Earths and soils of Virginia 667

Farmer of New York, a distingnished one 653

Eastern Virginia 210

Farmers' Register,deficiency of communications to 413
Edged, (fine) instruments improved in sharpness by Fariners' Register, conditions of publication for vol.
magnetism, and by time 102

vii 255; conditions of for vol. viii 639 ; reprint of

Editorial articles and remarks, on George Henry Wal vol. 1. 190; erasures of subscriptions 768

ler de e'l. 21; calcareous soil of the Floridá islets Farming (improving ) profit of 59 ; profits of in Mas-

41: kandolnh's Treatise on Gardening' 41; progress sachusetts 501; in Pennsylvania, and compared with

ul morus mundicawis trade and prospect of prices 60, eastern Maryland 734

103, 190; A uans Carrier's diary of feeding silk- Feeding milch cows 371

worms 87; his estimates of expense and profit 91, Fish ponds in France 214

95 ; C! of blue color of marl 106; Geo. E. Har- Flax, new mode of preparing described 22

rison 106; 11. ho x of the bohm upas” 130; the Fler, garden 753

early and consisieni arration suck-cuture by Florida Keys 565

the editor 123; Com. Jones' farming 155 ; weeds as | Flowers, properties of 310

manure, and the origin of the use 161; ancient Fluvanna, county of 218

laws, &c. of Virginia 181; borrowers of the Far- Free-martins 172

mers' Register 158; reprint of vol. 1. 190; hun- Fruit trees 551, 756

bugs, multicaulis seed and Chinese corn 190 ; Smith

G
fund 190; answers to inquiring subscribers 191;
Loudon's advertised prices for advice 199; highly Gardening, Randolph's Treatise on, republished 41
calcareous soils for mulberry and grape culture 222; Gas, inflammable, discharge of 278
alleged effects of slavery on the agriculture of Vir- Geese, as barometers 340
ginia 235; Sir William Berkeley and his statistical Glanders and blind staggers in horses 302
account of Virginia 233; tables of silk-worm rear- Gloucester, improvements in by marling and marsh
ing 241 ; climbing of silk-worms 246; twin or okra mud 575
cotton, and the high prices of new and valued seeds Graduates of the University of Virginia, for 1839, 417;
252 ; morus multicaulis seed 254 ; account of Amans of William and Mary College 418
Carrier's white mulberry plantation, applied to the Graft, influence of the stock on 459
circumstances of this country 302; remarks on ob- Grafting 151
jections to silk-culture 355 ; marl indicator 360; on Grass sown on wood-land 221
different kinds of silk-worm eggs, and the grounds Grass husbandry, improvement of land by 162
of choice .77; progress of silk culture in Virginia Grass lands, management of 632, 619
380; mulberry crop and prices 331; Osage orange Grasses, experiments on 156 ; observations on the
seeds 33t'; deficiency of communications to Farin. character and quality of different kinds 390
ers’ Register 413; “gigantic clover” humbug 432; Green crops for manure 556, 742
feeding silk-worms on wet leaves 433; importance Green manuring, its advantages for cleansing land of

of proper selection of silk-worms'egis 441; diffe. weeds and of insects 561

rence of healthiness of silk-worms from southern Grub-worm 370

and northern eggs 415 ; Hinssey's reaping inachine Grubs in the heads of sheep, cure for 363

455; the puting system 456; on the abuse of pa- Gypsum 117; cause of its greater value on limed

tent-rights 505; early introduction (before Perrot. land 189

tet's) of morus milticanlis into France, and possi.

bly into North Carolina also 507; cattle and milk in

H

Alabama 503 ; morus multicaulis crop and prices
510; Agricultural Convention of South Carolina Harrison, George E., of Brandon 107
511 ; season and crops 511; green crops for manure Hay and roots for feeding, compared 241
556 ; on fraudnlent discontinuances of subscriptions ay making 162
and failures of obligation 564; mulberry market and Hay racks 212
prices 570 ; the “ Chinese tree corn hubug and Hen coops 36 1

Magnesia, influence of on the growth of vegetables 491 Piedmontese reel, advantage of the general adoption

Herbag plants, new 3-0

Mammoth silkworms' eggs 320

Hozsuing system substituted for the borrowing system Manure, farm-yard, essay on management of 401;
of governments 214

Jautfret's, artificial 82 ; from peat and lime 496

Hogs 696; of large size 743 ; breeding 604; and rear- Manures, experiments on 308 ; (human excrements)

ing 578; keeping, feeding and fattening 134, 117, town, 626, 627 ; of hogs 743 ; compost, effects of 759

251 ; improved breeds of 176 ; in a fruit orchard Manuring with rotten logs and brush 110

505 ; on fattening by cold soaked and fermented Marl 80; of South Carolina (or calcareous rock,)

food 529; statement of cost and profit in feeding analyses of 78

257; value of their manure 743; considerations on Marl, boring for, a cheap and convenient mode 78

raising or buying 648

Marl, blue, 105; color caused by organic matter 106 ;

Holkham, the seat of the Earl of Leicester (formerly its supposed superiority 280

"the great farmer" Coke) 534

Marl beds near Newbern, N. C. 687

Holy land, ancient and present agricultural condition Marl indicator 80; supposed not to be a new species

of 647

279 ; a new species, 359

Horse, treatment of 7; stubborn, how managed 703 Marl-raising machine 668
Horses, slabbering 581; wild, formerly in Virginia Marling in Sussex 663 ; Gloucester 575; improve-
663; on breeding and rearing for agricultural pur ment by on Coggins' Point farm 112; in Priuce
poses 719; diarrhea of 756

George county, first views which led to 659

Horticultural excursion in Greece 223

Marsh mud 105

Humbugs, multicaulis seed, and Chinese corn 190; Meadows, reclaimed, reports and statements on 391
the newest and greatest yet announced, “gigantic Memoranda of farmning 530
clover” 432; Thorburn's “ Chinese Tree corn" 572 Mignonette, cultivation of 558

Hunting in Virginia 663

Milk, city 692

Hydrangea, changing the color of flowers of 556 Milk-sickness 527

Husbandry in China 369

Millet 474

Morus multicaulis, see Mulberry, Chinese

I

Mowing 406

Mud for manure 417

Ice houses 130

Mulberry, opinions of different species 6; compara-

Improving worn-out lands 556 ; of poor land in Fair tive values of different kinds 310; Canton 499

fax, profit of 153

Mulberry, Chinese, value of for feeding silk-wormg

Incubation, artificial 614

alone 85; its value for feeding compared with other
Indian Key, description of 758

kinds 416; the several claims of the first introduc-
Inoculation 151

tion of 54; introduced from Asia long before dis-
Insects, increase of by not grazing land 710

covered by Perrottet 506

Insect depredators 193

Mulberry, Chinese, crop, trade, speculation in, and

Irrigation of Lombardy 185, 193 ; in Spain 215 prices 60, 62, 108, 109, 403, 510, 570, 636; seed

254, 381

J

Mulberry culture, counter estimates in regard to its

Jalap plant, account of 435

profits 351; remarks thereon 355

Jamestown, reminiscences of 407

Mulberry leaves, product of 439

Mulberry plantation, Amans Carrier's, expense and

net profits of 302

K

Mulberry trees on highly calcareous soils 221, 222

Murrain in cattle 755

Kyanizing wood 233

Mushroom, culture of 436

Mutton 471

L

N

Labor, the great want of in the tide-water country 393

Leaves, the use made of in Italy, for fodder 280

Letters from an agricultural apprentice to his father

Negroes, preservation of the health of 372

535, 539, 590, 594; from a young farmer to Mr. Ja-

0

mieson 671, 674, 711, 714

Lice on cattle, to destroy 510

Lime 131; as manure 63 ; effect in improving land Oat-pasture, for improvement of land 581

Oak trees, large 184

209, 116; suggestions for extending the use of 79; Oats, not an exhausting crop 631

statement of effects in Scotland 331; for mountain Oats, skinless, 55

Lime, oyster-shell, alleged inefficacy of 166

Olla podrida 226

Osage orange seeds wanted 384

Lime, imported, proposed for lower Virginia 108

Orchard grass 658; preparation of for sowing 134

Lime and peas as manure 576, 636

Oxen, new mode of breaking to work 369

Lime-stone in Stokes, N. C: 455

Lime-stone (rotten) soils in Alabama 617

P

Liming 382 ; effects of 440; in Norfolk county, 501 Pattern farming township 605

Patent rights, abuse of 505
Live-stock, prices of in Kentucky 590.

Peach trees, heading down 261
Live-stock of improved blood, high prices of 9, 25

Pear trees propagated from roots 95
Loudon, his advertised prices for advice 199

Peas, green, how to save 343
Peat, review of Essays' on 37

Pennsylvania farmers, remarks on 19

M

Perfect agriculture advei se to fences 340

Perforating glass 278

Periodicals (agricultural,) affect those who do not

read them 360

lands 744

Lime for hogs 108

Lime-water, anti-septic property of 508
Liquid leather 188

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