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The Garden.

Wit and Humour.

PYRUS MALUS, THE APPLE. Of all the fruits in cultivation this comprises the greatest number of varieties. More than two thousand have been noticed in American and English catalogues, and the Horticultural Society were at one time growing upwards of nine hundred sorts in their gardens at Chiswick. Many of these were worthless; and we are indebted to them for a catalogue, showing that many were so like each other as to be on that account reducible to the best only, and not a few were identical.

For instance-Fry's Pippin, Golden Drop, Knightwick Pippin, Phillips's Reinette, Wood's Huntingdon, Weck's Pippin, and Yellow Pippin, are all neither more nor less than the celebrated Court of Wick. The Golden Reinette is sold under ten different names ; the Golden Pippin under nine, and many other favourites under three, four, and five.

The apple is indigenous in Great Britain, but is cultivated freely all over Europe and North America. We have seen an American trade catalogue with fifteen hundred sorts, so far as names will make them so.

The sorts we have strongly recommended for domestic purposes, and proved for years, are-Alfreston, Aromatic Russet, Blenheim Orange, Court of Wick, Emperor Alexander, Golden Pippin, Golden Reinette, Kerry Pippin, Lamb Abbey Pearmain, Fers Pippin, New Town Pippin, Ribston Pippin, and Boston Russet. From these you cannot select a second-rate fruit. The whole are good for the dessert, and all the larger ones firstrate for the kitchen.

The culture of the apple is so simple that if you have a good loamy soil, they simply want planting with the roots near the surface, and fastening to stakes, to keep them steady in case of wind. It is, however, necessary to look to the roots ; and if there be any that have a tendency to grow downwards, like a carrot, cut them up close, for it is the side roots that are the most useful. With respect to the heads, they have only to be pruned into form by shortening any branches that have grown too long ícr the rest of the tree, and little wiry, weak shoots should be cut off close.

In purchasing these trees, you have to make up your mind what form you wish them--for there are rlwarfs which have branches to the bottom, and grow like large gooseberry or currant trees; espaliers, which are trained Hat and fan-like to woolen frames, or upright stakes, exactly as they would be on a wall; and standards, or regular trees, with stems from four to seven feet long.

In limited gardens wo prefer espaliers, because they take very little room, are easily pruned, or the fruit thinned and gathered without trouble, being all within reach ; and, above all considerations, vermin are easily seen and removed, which, in stan-lard trees, and out of reach, is not the case; the enemy is only seen by its effects when too late.

In buying these espaliers be particular in requiring those which have been grafted on what are called paradise stocks. They do not grow so fast, and come into fruit earlier, and are better adapted for espaliers and walls; but, except the New Town Pippin, there are no apples that are better for wall caltare.

If, at any time during the growth of an apple-tree a branch (or branches) takes the lead, and grows more vigoronsly than the rest of the tree, use the knife, for if allowed to grow its own way, a shoot that is more vigorous than the rest will actually outstrip everything, and take the whole vigour of the plant; therefore, as soon as any part is seen to grow faster than the rest, it must be checked.

If the crop happens to be very heavy, by all means thin the fruit, those remaining will be all the finer.

NAVIGATORS on the sea of life, if their voyage is a long one, generally have to soud at last under bure polls.

"Why do you walk, Bɔb, when you have got a donkey to ride ?” said a gentleman to an Irish lad who was walking by the side of his donkey. “Sure then,” replied the boy, “I'm just walking to rest me legs.”

“Patrick," said a judge, “what do you say to the charge ? Are you guilty or not guilty ?” " Faith, that is difficult for your Honour to tell, let alone myself. Wait till I hear the ividence."

TYPOGRAPHICAL errors come in oddly sometimes. The other day we were reading a description of enthusiastic demonstrations at a political gathering, when the type went on with“ The air was rent with the snouts of three thousand people !”

An attorney brought an immense bill to a lady for some business he had done for her. The lady, to whom he had once paid his addresses, murmured at the charges. “Madam,” replied the limb of the law, “ I wanted to convince you that my profession is lucrative, and that I should not have been a bad match."

In a private conversation, the late Earl of Chatham asked Dr. Henniker, among other questions, how he defined wit. The doctor replied, “My lord, wit is like what a pension would be, given by your lordship to your humble servant-a good thing well applied.”

IN a Scotch parish there was an ancient of the name of Saunders, whose wit was reputed to be very sharp. The laird, who was also a wag, met him one day driving a pig to market. Weel, Saunders," quoth be, "ye're driving yer kizzen (cousin) to the market." Na, na, laird; he's just an old acquaintance, like yoursel'."

“Tars tenement to let. Enquire next door." The place was in a dilapidated, wretched condition. Bannister, however, enquired the rent, &c. These particulars gained, he asked, "Do you let anything with it?" "No," was the reply; “why do you ask?" Because," said tho wit, "if you let it alone it will tumble down !"

In the time of Sir John Macpherson's government, most of his staff consisted of Scotch gentlemen, whose names began with Mac. One of the aides-de-camp used to call the government honse Almack's; “For," said he, “if you stand in the middle of the court and call Mac, you will have a head popped out of every window."

A PHYSICIAN having finished the amputation of a leg of one of his patients, a near relative of the latter took him aside, and said anxiously to him, “Doctor, do you think your patient will recover?" « Recover! there has never been the least shadow of a hope for him." " Then what was the use of making him suffer?" “Why, my dear fellow, could you say brutally to a sick man that he is dying? He must be amused a little.

THE Roman matron who, when asked to display her treasures, brought forward her sons, saying, “These are my jewels," has been the constant theme of admiration on account of her modesty, no less than of her maternal affection. For our own part, we must confess to a strong objection to the proceeding. We don't like a woman who is in the babit of

showing off her heirs."

LORD BROADLANDS asked Mr. Justice Mellow, of convivial memory, if there was any truth in that old saying, “ As sober as a judge?“It is perfectly true," replied the judge, “as most of those old saws are. They are characteristic, at least; for sobriety is the attribute of a judge, as inebriety is of a nobleman. Thus we say,

As sober as a judge,' and 'As drunk as a lord!'

"My birthday!”- what a different sound

That word had in my youthful ears !
And how, each time the day comes round,

Less and less white its mark appears !
When first our scanty years are told,

It seems like pastime to grow old !
And as Youth counts the shining links

That Time around him binds so fast,
Pleased with the task, he little thinks

How hard that chain will press at last. “Will you have the kindness to open that street-door for me, to save me disturbing my landlady?” asked young Jenkinson of a party of Christmas “waits" who were playing most discordantly in front of his lodgings, as he got home very late the other night. “How can we open it, sir?” said the leader of the band. “Why,'' Jenkinson replied, " there seems to be such e variety of keys amongst you in your playing, that I thought one of them would be sure to fit-that's all.” Jeukivson afterwards declared he thought it a thousand pities that fellows should attempt to go out as weights" when they ought to be only practising their “scales."



Gardening out of doors cannot be depended on in winter time: excess of wet or frost suspends operations, except under glass,

Hot-heds may be made up for the growth of cucumbers, and when the heat is general, seeds may be sown, three in a pot, or sprinkled over a pan, and, as soon as they are up and strong, pricked off or potted off singly in three-inch pots; when they have made four rough leaves, the tops may be pinched out to Inake thein tlırow out lateral shoots.

If, however, they are to be grown in a stove, or on a trellis, the top must remain until the plant has grown long enough to reach its full destination. The best of all methods for those who have a stove is to train them up the rafters. Put the plants in fourteen-inch pots sunk in the tan, and do not stop their growth till they reach the top of the roof; you may then tako off the top.

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(For Table of Contents, see next page.)

POETRY (continued.)



3, 28



Page All Saints' Church. Oxford.

204 Addison's Walk, Mazdalen Col. lug, Oxford

84 Architeciural and Historical so:

ciety Frenchman's (4) Notes on Oxford bv II. TAINE

3 Iffey Church, near Oxford . Ify Mill near Oxford

2+ Lenten Sermons (Th.)

3 Magdalen ('olle:e, Oxford 28, 44, 8+ Nav Morning on Magdalen Tower Monthly Loral Calendar 1, 21, 41,61.&c Notices to Corr spondents. &c. 2, 22 &c. Oxford School of science and Art, Local Exhininations

104 St. Friple-wide's Shrine, Ch. Ch. Cathedral, Oxford

16+ St. John's Colleve, Oxford .

124 Taylor Institution (The), Oxford, By John MACRAY

83, 103 Thanksgiving Day in Oxford University Collegii

. Oxford. The Tradition of the Foundation Examined




117 Rose, To the

85 Scotti-h Ballad By J, MacRA 163 Sentinel, The

157 Siting Suns. The

163 Snow in March

74 Sonnets 4, 24, 43, 64, 84, 103, 135, 144

164, 184, 204 Spring

43 Story (1) Young Maidens

176 Summer

103 Sun, The Song of the

89 Sunshine and Shade

125 “ Takt me where the flwers are

72 Taking Leave

77 · The Sight cometh when no man can work"

67 The Ol Year

204 Those Footsteps

18 To l'hee

223 Tranquillity

217 Village Church, Å

84 Winter's Evening. A




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TALES & SKETCHES, Alice Elliott's New Dress

63 Antiquary, The

169 ('hristmas Tree, The

191 Clara Lisle Discovery of a Murder

105 Dollie Gray's Experience

174 Drifting Away

29 Good Son, a

85 Haunted Closet, A

149 II rman Mayvil

125 Inc dent and Adventure

234 Kite Elden

129 Little Things

69 Lost Bank Notes (The), Å Tale of College Life

10 Mary Ray

3+ Majesty of Kindness, The

225 Margaret's Story

209 Moustache ( A), and what come of it 2015 Mrs. Stirling's Reception

5 No time for Reading

136 Nurse's 'I ale, A

19 Old Wailer, l'he

27 Old House (The) in Juden Strasse 223 Pioneer's Daughter (The), A Tale uf the Barkwoods

109 Presented at Court

76 Restless Night, a

156 Reverses

49 Saved by a Barrei

25 Schiller. The Love of

4.5 Senge of Duiy, A

154 Tale ( + ) of the lardanger Fjord 145 Three Isabels, The

90 Travelling for P «asure

214 Turning the Tables Two Pictures, The

49 POETRY. At the Well

5 Autumn

164 • Behold the Man!"

17 Bessie

18+ Birthday Sonnet'

135 Changeiul (1 he) and the Changeless Spring

32 Cherwell Weids. By the Rev. II. WILLIAMSON.

84 Christmas Roze, The

185 Chrisumas

184, 192 Chillrn's Gift, The

218 Country Scene, A Crocus, The

21 Disy'rises Echoey

,27 Evening IIymn, The :

94 Forsaken

20 I Think of Thee

112 Innocence

24 I have no Mother now

15 In Memorjain


137 Linlehs Little Longings

197, 23:3 Love Links Mabil

152 Man's First Emporment

192 Jlay Mornigon Magtalen Tower.

Br the Rev. J. W. BURGON,
BD , Oriol College, Vicar of

St. Mary-the-Virgin's, (Wxford 44 Max, The Song of

45 Mother, The

145 Niver Say Fail.

10.5 Night Thoughts

20.5 Ocean. To the

64 old Wite's Song, The.

05 Ore Year ago

218 l'arted!

23 Peace


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American Independence, Signing the Declaration of

151 Ancient Table Customs

196 Anne (Queen) and the Duchess

of Manib ro'yh Assaye, The Batile of

232 Ba h of Blood, The

56 Bayard (Chevalier), The Goosi Knight

114 Cameron (Richard), The Death of 94 Clive (I rii) and the Great Mogul 34 Duels and Dineling

232 Edward VI. (King) Entering London

114 Fletcher (Rev. John) of Madeley 2:25 Firzymald, Lord Edward

134 Fontler y's Gigante Fraud

134 Georgelll'st King) Tbank-giving at St Pauls'

14 George III.(King) and the Quaker 76 Henrietta (Princ -s), Landing of 174 Henry VIII's (King) lei

75 History, Facts and Fictions of James I (king) An Anecdute of. 26 A Favourite of

214 Joseph II., Emperor of Austria, An Anecdote of

14 Ker (Robert), King James's Favourite

214 London in the Seventeenth l'entury

92 Mirabenu, The Death of

72 Rothschild, A Sketch of the House of



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Rev. 11. WILLIAV-Ox 43, 64, 104,



123, 143 Tue l'OFTICA LTFRATURE (-RMANY. By John Mac

203, 222 Acting l'harade, An Original

183 Ancient Table Customs

196 Anecdotes.

25, 32, 36, &C. dva ire

16 l'eginnings (The) of Great Men:

96 Christmas Pastimes, Charades, Emgmas, &c

198 Congen'a ity

107 ('outes v

176 Crakers l'ured by Kindness

147 Elephani, Traits in the Character of the

176 El ciric Eel, The

225 Flowers, The Colour of

145 Force of Imaginarion, The

27 Garden The, 19, 39, 59, 79, 99, 119, &c. Great Men

53 Honesty the best Policy

47 llow to make both ends meet

15 Ingratiiude to l'arents

192 Let them till it

105 Life in Earnest

145 literary Extracts 18, 38, 58, 78, &c. Modern Manners

74 Moon, The Mysterious Letter of Introduction 132 of certain Words

96 Over dressed childr n

125 l'a-sing the line

215 Partern Friend, A

116 let Xotions

116 let Wolves, Fawns, &c

156 Piompt Réply, A

36 Recieation.

16 Ruskin (Prof) on the Character of Childhood

165 Tond versus Snake

36 To Young Men starting in life 93 Trial Trips. By favsY FEKS.

147 Vulgar People

13 Widing King, O.igin of the 132 While lies Wit and Ilumour. 19, 39, 59, 79, &o.

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