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JUSTICE 1462,

PRIDE OF ABERDEEN 16TH 3302,

SPRITE 3796,

KNIGHT OF THE SHIRE 1699, .

SYBIL 4TH 4326,

ENGLISHMAN,

EASTER 4540, .

Essica 4179,

to face page

THE POLLED ABERDEEN OR ANGUS
BREEI) OF CATTLE,

CHAPTER I.

ORIGIN OF DOMESTIC CATTLE.

Disagreement as to origin of domestic cattle—The ox in prehistoric times —The Bos urus–The Bos longifrons—Domestic cattle descended from one or the other, or from both—Opinion of various naturalists: Rutimeyer, Cuvier, Bell, Boyd Dawkins, Darwin, Storer, Owen, Dr John Alexander Smith– Are the urus and the longifrons really distinct

species?—Practical value of the discussion—Probability of domestic cattle coming from “one common source” – Low on variations in cattle.

IT is probable that complete agreement may never be arrived at in regard to the origin of the domesticated races of British cattle. There has been much discussion as to whether they ought to be looked upon as the conglomerate produce of two or more distinctly different species of the genus Bos, or as the variegated offshoots of one great parent stem. The subject, like most other questions re. ceding far into the mists of prehistoric times, would seen to be almost hopelessly entangled in the meshes of scien tific and theoretical speculation. The combined researches of the geologist and the archa ologist have proved that the genus Bos—the generic appe A.

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