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Flavia 376, the ancestress of the numerous Floras and Fancys of East Tulloch, was also calved in 1858, but was never exhibited. The most noteworthy of the bull calves of 1858 was King Charles 236, by Druid 225, out of Kathleen 339. As a calf he went to the late Mr Brown, Westertown, as part payment for the bull Windsor 221. Mr Brown afterwards sold him to Sir George Macpherson Grant. At Ballindalloch he seems to have done good service, as many first-class animals, both there and at Advie, have his name in their pedigree. King Charles 236, when seen at the Highland Society's show in Edinburgh in 1859, was a bull of immense size, girthing more than the Shorthorn bulls of the same age. He also had a very good head, and fine quality. He was, however, not quite a true-made bull, and Mr Carnegie was somewhat disappointed with him, as, when a calf, he promised to be very superior. A good bull calf by Cup-Bearer 59, out of Emily 332, called Ethelred 272, was sold to Sir J. S. Forbes; but we are not aware if he has left any living


In 1859 the most prominent bull calf was Black Douglas 311, by the Balwyllo bull President 3rd 246, out of the cow Barbara 337, of the old Kinnaird stock. The late Mr Collie, Ardgay, took a very great fancy to this calf, and offered 80 guineas for him, which, as Windsor 221 had lately been added to the herd, and consequently two infusions of fresh blood were not wanted, was accepted. Black Douglas 311 never quite fulfilled the promise of his youth. He had from the first a complete aversion to oilcake; and though he got some good stock at Ardgay, he did not turn out the wonder Mr Collie expected when he bought him. Another bull calf of the same year was Domino, a rather late calf, by Raven 270, out of Dora 333. He had small scurs, and was sold to Mr Morison of Bognie. As the pedigrees in the Bognie herd were not well kept, it is impossible to say if there is any of his stock left; but from his breeding he ought—bar the blemish before mentioned— to have been a valuable bull. The best heifer of the year was Kalliope 1234, by Raven 270, out of Kathleen 339. She grew into a cow of very fine quality, but was never better than local-show form. She proved a very good breeder, the two bulls Commodore 490 and Cavalier 411, and the heifer Clio, all by Windsor 221, being far above average, the heifer especially having carried all before her both as a yearling and two-year-old; and the bulls having left good stock, Commodore 490 in the Castle Fraser herd, and Cavalier 411, first with Colonel M'Inroy at The Burn, and afterwards at Easter Tulloch. A very perfectly shaped heifer calved late that year was Iris 844, by Windsor 221, out of Irene 311. She was sold to Sir George Macpherson Grant at the same time as Erica, but unfortunately she died in calving, The year 1860 was a good year for heifers. Ophelia, by Windsor 221, out of Oriana 378, was calved a day or two too soon to show; but she was probably the best of the lot, and was intended to have been the show cow in 1866, along with Esmeralda, a daughter of Druid 225, and Emily 332, who was calved in October or November the same year. These two beautiful cows were very good specimens of the get of their celebrated sires. Mr Carnegie says Ophelia was a large-framed, upstanding, Juno-like cow, perfectly level in her flesh, and a fair toucher; while Esmeralda was more of the Venus type, with fine head, deep brisket, small bone, and splendid quality. She was, however, not quite so evenly fleshed as Ophelia. It is melancholy to think that two such animals have left no descendants to perpetuate their excellence. Ophelia succumbed to the rinderpest. Esmeralda, after a desperate battle with the disease, recovered, but proved useless as a breeder. Due to calve in the month of March 1866, she retained her calf till about October 1867, when she calved a dried-up object, about the size and appearance of an over. roasted hare. This remarkable specimen is now in the museum of Dr Mathews Duncan. If, however, Ophelia and Esmeralda could not be shown as heifers on account of their ages, there were others who could. Columbia, by Windsor 221, out of Caroline 562, won the first prize at the Highland Society as a yearling; also, along with Belladonna, by Windsor, out of Barbara 337, the first prize at the local show. Columbia was next year third as a heifer at Battersea, and not being a breeder, was sent to the Smithfield show, where she won the first prize. There were two other very beautiful heifers, calved rather late in 1860, both by Druid 225,-one Kassandra, from Kathleen 330; and the other Perdita 848, from Princess Philomel 269. Both these were sold at the sale in 1861. Kassandra was bought by the late Mr Paterson, Mulben, in whose possession Mr Carnegie saw her in 1866, a very

handsome cow. She has left no recorded descendants.

Perdita 848 was sold to the late Mr Walker, Portlethen, and seems to have done well with him, as the celebrated Palmerston 374 was a descendant of hers. Of the bulls calved in 1860, Delaware 457 has been mentioned already. The only other noteworthy one was Diodorus, the thirdprize two-year-old at the Battersea show. He was by Windsor 221, out of Dora 333, and was afterwards sold to go to Denmark. In 1861 was calved Rosetta, by Druid 225, out of Rosebud 460, the first prize yearling at Battersea, and second two-year-old at the Highland Show; and Quadroona, by Windsor 221, out of Balwyllo Queen 445, the first-prize Highland Society's two-year-old heifer. The latter was fed, being no breeder, and won first prizes at Birmingham and Smithfield shows. Thalia 1233, by Druid 225, out of Thetis 568, was also a nice heifer, but was spoiled by having a calf when little more than a year old. Thalia 1233 was the mother of the Easter Tulloch bull, Theodore 393, by Jupiter 471. Of the bull calves of that year, Damascus

495, and Draco 338, have been already noticed. The two
most promising calves were, however, considered to be
Don Fernando 514, by Windsor 221, out of Dulcinea 334,
and Julius Caesar, by Lord Clyde 249, out of Empress of
France 578. The former was sold as a calf to the late
Mr. M'Combie of Tillyfour. He was the sire of Hero
400, from whom many good things are descended. Mr
Carnegie was much pleased with the stock from him at
Mr. M'Combie's sale in 1867. He was, it is believed,
foundered in his legs, otherwise he might have been a show
bull. Julius Caesar was retained in the herd. He was
third as a yearling at Battersea, and second at the High-
land Society's show the following year, and was a bull of
great substance and considerable merit, though by no
means a perfect animal. His stock, however, were so
good, that it was a matter of regret that he was not kept
longer in the herd. King Henry 390, by Windsor 221,
out of Kathleen 339, was also sold as a calf in 1861. He
was a May calf; and Mr Scott, Easter Tulloch, got him for
fourteen and a half guineas. Mr Carnegie never saw him
after the sale, but has heard that he turned out very well.
He certainly has left very worthy descendants.
In 1862 the heifers were again to the front—Clio, by
Windsor 221, out of Kalliope 1234, and Clarissa, by a
young bull, Don Roderick, a son of Dulcinea, out of
Caroline 562, carrying all before them, at the Highland
Society and local shows, both as one and two year olds.
Clio was exposed for sale in 1865, but was bought in.
She was afterwards slaughtered, some of the other cattle
in the same building with her being supposed to have rin-
derpest. Clarissa was sold at the same sale to Mr Good-
let, at the reserve price of 40 guineas. She, however,
died of rinderpest in his possession. The most promising
bull calf of 1862 was one by Druid 225, out of Barbara
337. He was sold to Mr Holmes, Mataura l’lains, New
Zealand, and named Southesk 2nd. Mr Carnegie has rea-



son to believe it to be probable that it was a descendant of this bull that found its way to the Sandwich Islands, where it is said to have done much to improve the breed of cattle. In November 1862 was calved the bull Jupiter 471, by Windsor 221, out of Balwyllo Queen 445. This excellent bull recovered from the rinderpest, and took the first prize at Dundee, and afterwards at the Highland Show. He was then sold to Mr Paterson, Mulben, in whose possession he got a great many stock. He was a bull of large size and good substance; but, like other Balwyllo animals, was a trifle rough in the hair—not enough, however, to be a very grave defect. Of the calves of 1863, 1864, and 1865, it is almost needless to write. There were many of them that were as good as any of those before them; but the record almost invariably is, “died of rinderpest.” The bulls Commodore 490 and Cavalier 411, calved respectively in 1863 and 1864, have been noted ; as has also been Theodore 393, calved in 1865. There was, however, a calf—Gustavus, by Wellington, a young Balwyllo bull, out of Gem 719, calved in 1864, of whom Mr Carnegie has heard it said that he improved the stock of a whole glen. In 1865 the rinderpest came, and practically annihilated the Kinnaird herd. Of the nature of this disease, it is not within the scope of this volume to deal. It is sufficient to say that it seems to yield to no treatment, and that female animals who have recovered from it seem never to be of any use as breeders. In the case of the Kinnaird herd, the recoveries were only five—viz., the bull Jupiter 471, and the cows Dulcinea 334, Esmeralda, Heather Bell 717, and Balwyllo Queen 445. Dulcinea 334 had one calf, a bull called Don Sebastian, by Jupiter 471. This animal, the sire of Southesk of Kelly 465, promised to be a very fine one; but was afterwards obliged to be slaughtered, owing to an internal tumour which probably was congenital. Heather Bell 717 had a

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