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of his prizes in vol. i. of the ‘Herd Book.” The third bull from Princess, Noble 245, was a pretty good bull, though inferior to his brother. He was, however, decidedly hard in the hair. Princess 47 has two recorded daughters— viz., Bracelet 50, by Joseph 53, and Maggie of Balwyllo 433, by Maynooth 58. The former, Bracelet, was a prizetaker, but I have no personal recollection of her. I remember, however, a very pretty daughter of hers, Bracelet 2nd 455, by Stanley 2nd 198, who was sold at the sale at Powis in 1859. The other daughter of Princess—viz., Maggie of Balwyllo 433—I remember well. She was rather smaller than many of the rest of the stock, but she was neat, and what I call “ladylike.” Her stock were all good. Her son, Tom 310, by Windsor 221, was a very fine bull, and was second at the Highland Society's show at Perth in 1861 as a yearling, besides taking first prizes at local shows. He was bought at the Balwyllo sale in 1863 by Mrs Scott for 40 guineas, and died of rinderpest. Maggie of Balwyllo's three daughters were Balwyllo Queen 445, by Rob Roy 56; Princess Balwyllo 459, also by Rob Roy; and Heather Bell 717, by President 3rd 246. Of these the second was sold to Mr Lyell, Shielhill, as a yearling, and a very nice one she was. The other two were both bought by the Earl of Southesk. These two sisters were not unlike, both being very favourable specimens of the herd. Balwyllo Queen 445 took many prizes both at the Highland Society and local shows, and was the dam of Jupiter 471, and Quadroona, both by Windsor 221, and both Highland Society first-prize winners. Balwyllo Queen was also the dam of Bessie Bell of Balwyllo 710, by Rob Roy, a very nice cow, sold to Mr Collie, Ardgay, along with her bull calf, Arthur of Balwyllo 478, at the 1863 sale, for 40 guineas and 25 guineas respectively. Neither Balwyllo Queen nor Heather Bell bred after the rinderpest, except the latter, who, as already stated, had one deformed calf. I much

fear that this most valuable strain of blood is now absolutely extinct, except through the male line. The Isabella Family.—The cow Isabella of Balwyllo 423, bred by Mr Fullerton, Ardestie, after Earl o’ Buchan 57, was, at the time I first saw her, a somewhat aged cow. She was, however, of good shapes and quality, fine in the bone, and with a good head. At the time of the sale in 1863 she was over fourteen years old, and was bought by Mrs Scott for eighteen guineas. She was a regular breeder, and eight of her calves were recorded in the ‘Herd Book.’ One of these, Rob Roy 56, by Prince Edward 55, was used a great deal in the herd, and got very good stock. He himself, though large and fleshy, had rather rough hard hair, and a very big belly, which somewhat disfigured him. Another son of Isabella, President 3rd 246, by President 2nd 54, was a far finer animal. He was a bull of very true shape, and large, but his hair was not so good as it might have been. He was a noted prize-taker, but was, except once at a local show, always second to Windsor 221. He was sold at the Powis sale in 1859, to Mr Watson of Keillor, for, I think, 40 guineas. He got good stock both at Balwyllo and Keillor, and many of the best of the present race of cattle have his blood in their veins. Of two other sons of Isabella, Raglan of Balwyllo 247, by Stanley 2nd 198, and Robert the Bruce 309, by Noble 245, I have no recollection. Four heifers are entered in the ‘Herd Book” as daughters of Isabella. Balwyllo Nightingale 439, who was sold at the Powis sale to Mr Glennie, Fernyflatt, was a very sweet beast, though not so big as most of the family; but Heiress of Balwyllo 461 and Peerless 711, both by Noble 245, were magnificent heifers, and both of them were first-prize yearlings at the Highland Society. The former was sold at the Powis sale to Mr M'Combie of Tillyfour for over 70 guineas, and she afterwards passed into the possession of the late Mr Walker, Montbletton; and I am glad to say that this fine strain of blood is in no danger of being lost, there being several descendants of this heifer worthy of their ancestry. Peerless 711 was to my mind the finer heifer of the two, but was not so fortunate. In 1862 she had a calf, Eglantine, by Sir William Wallace 308. She was a very nice one, and was bought by Mr M'Combie of Tillyfour for 45 guineas, but I do not know what became of her. She had twin-calves in 1863 (bull and heifer), and being a doubtful breeder, was sold to me for £30 at the sale. She proved not to be in calf, but afterwards bred one calf. She was slaughtered at the rinderpest time, and her calf died. There was a calf of Isabella's, called Rosabella, sold to Mr Goodlet, Bolshan, at the sale, for 22 guineas. She, I believe, also died of rinderpest. Another daughter of Isabella's is given in the ‘Herd Book’—viz., Lucy of Balwyllo 830. She is only mentioned there as the dam of a bull, Napoleon of Balwyllo 113, and I know nothing of her or him. The Victoria Family.—Of this family the foundress, Victoria 45, a prize heifer, seems to have been of an old Balwyllo strain. She was got by Joseph 53, out of Tibbie of Balwyllo 46, both of whom have no record except that they were Balwyllo-bred. Victoria 45 was the dam of Prince Edward 55, by President 205, a bull that was much used in the herd, and of Victoria 2nd 428, also by President 205. Victoria 2nd, who took prizes both as a heifer and cow, was a large, fleshy, handsome animal, but decidedly spatchy. There are three daughters of hers entered—viz., Princess Royal 444, by Cup-Bearer 59; Topsy 447, by President 2nd 54; and Eugenie 458, by Rob Roy 56. Princess Royal 444 was not much to look at, but was a most wonderful breeder. She was a good deal smaller than most of the Balwyllo cattle, and had a little white on her hind-legs and tail. Her first two calves were Lord Clyde 249 and The Doctor 307, both by Rob Roy 56, and both winners of first prizes at the Highland Society as

yearlings. The former was sold to Mr. M'Combie of Tillyfour at the Powis sale for 81 guineas, and his name appears in many good pedigrees. The latter was used in the Balwyllo herd. Princess Royal's next calf was Alice Maud 724, by Black Prince of Balwyllo 248. She grew into a very large, fleshy cow, a little wanting perhaps in beauty, but of grand substance. She was sold for 63 guineas at the sale in 1863, to Mr Walker, Portlethen, and has left a numerous progeny. A yearling bull, Wellington of Balwyllo, who does not appear to have been entered in the ‘Herd Book, was sold to the late Mr Erskine, Wemyss, for 40 guineas; and the bull calf Balwyllo Eclipse 781, by Sir William Wallace 308, was bought for 23 guineas by Mr Cran, Morlich, and his name appears in almost every pedigree in that flourishing herd. Princess Royal 444 herself was lame at the sale, and was bought by me for 20 guineas. She and her heifer Helena, an animal of great beauty, died of rinderpest, but her calf Princess Louisa, by Legislator 489, survived, and was sold at the Arratsmill sale in 1868 to Mr Paxton, Broomknowe, for £35. A yearling named Lorelei, and a calf, Laura, were sold at the same sale to Lord Clinton and Mr Lindsay, Dunimald, respectively, but I am not aware that they have left any descendants. Topsy 447, Victoria 2nd's second daughter, was a large beefy animal, but though a prizetaker, was decidedly deficient in style, her head being rather clumsily set on. She was bought at the Powis sale for Lord Southesk, who, however, sold her at the Kinnaird sale in 1861 for about half the money he gave for her. Eugenie 458, the third daughter, was a large but somewhat rough cow. She was bought at the sale in 1863 by Sir Thomas Gladstone; and though there is some doubt in the matter, owing to the pedigrees not having been accurately kept, I have every reason to believe that she was either the dam or granddam of Eugenie of Fasque 3910, and she has left goodly descendants. L

The Keepsake Family.—Keepsake 427 was bred at Balwyllo. She was got by President 205, dam Mapsie 76, who seems to have been of old Balwyllo blood, and to have been also the dam of the bull President 2nd 54. Keepsake was the broadest-backed cow for her height I ever saw. This at first made her look a little out of proportion, but she was (though perhaps wanting a little in sweetness, and a trifle hard in the hair) a cow that you always came back to, and her history shows that good judges were not blind to her merits. Being lot 1 of the Powis sale, she was sold very cheaply to me for 21 guineas. I then transferred her to the Earl of Southesk, having, as has already been explained, decided not to form a herd at that time. She was sold at the Kinnaird sale two years afterwards to Mr Collie, Ardgay, for 30 guineas. He afterwards sold her to Mr. M'Combie of Tilly four for £40, and in her seventeenth year she was sold in 1868 to Sir George Macpherson Grant for 27 guineas, with a bull calf at her foot. With Keepsake's numerous descendants since she left Balwyllo, I need say nothing here. At Balwyllo she had three daughters—Trial 228, by President 205, of whom I know nothing; Edith 2nd 464, by Rob Roy 56, sold at the Powis sale as a yearling; and Ruby 713, by Noble 245, a large but somewhat rough cow, sold at the sale in 1863 to Mr Walker, Portlethen, for 22 guineas. A son of Ruby 713, named Rudolph, by The Doctor 307, was sold to Sir T. Gladstone for 24 guineas. He was a fair animal, and probably some of the Fasque stock are descended from him.

The Annie Laurie Family. — Annie Laurie 424, by President 205, out of Jessamine 66, seems to have been of the old Balwyllo strain, and I have some recollection of seeing her as a good useful sort of an old cow. There is one bull entered as out of her—viz., Prince of Devon 315. She is also entered as the mother of three daughters. Rosa of Balwyllo 438, by President 2nd 54, was an enor

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