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buying her, whatever the price might be. Since she went to Bridgend, she has become a heifer breeder, and has had two female calves, that of 1882 being a very beautiful animal, after Knight of the Shire. Pride of Aberdeen 9th was got by Sir Garnet 684, who was also sire of the champion cow Sybil 2nd of Tilly four 3526, and was half brother on the dam's side to Gaily 1793, the only cow comprised in the Paris group. Mr Auld also owns Pride of Aberdeen 10th 3250, got by Sir Garnet 684, and out of that splendid breeding cow Pride of Aberdeen 5th 1174. Four bulls have been bred from Pride 10th, one of them, Knight of St Patrick, the first polled animal bred by Mr Auld, having been selected by Messrs Gudgell and Simpson as stock sire of their very fine herd in Kansas, U.S. He was sold for 120 guineas, and is an animal of rare quality and style. The other branches of the Queen tribe represented at Bridgend are the 1)aisies, Duchesses, Charmers, Windsors, Charlottes, Crinolines, and Tosys. There are three Daisies in the herd. One of them is the cow, Vine 10th 3288, by the Daisy bull Dragon 1178, sire of Knight of the Shire 1699, and out of Vine 8th 3252 by Sir Garnet 684. She had gone from Tilly four to Moresdale Hall, thence to Storrs, and, having again been brought to the North of Scotland by Mr Wilken, was acquired from him by Mr Auld. The other Daisies are the heifer Vampire Queen and the bull Wedgewood, bred by Lord Tweedmouth. The Duchesses, so well known at Westertown, are represented by Duchess 3rd 943 and her son and daughter. Duchess 3rd is a very closely bred cow, and an analysis of her pedigree shows a most wonderful concentration of Queen and Panmure blood together, with a slight dilution of the old Matchless strain through her dam's sire, President 354, thus preserving the St John's Wells blood. The Crinoline family is represented by

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oline 204, and her bull calf. The Rosys trace from Rosy, by President 4th 368, sold at the Tilly four sale in 1871 to Mr Ross, Annesley. Rosy was a daughter of Charlotte 203, and her grand-daughter Rosy Queen is now at Bridgend. The Windsor family is represented by Nugget of Morlich 207 9, and a heifer and bull. We need say nothing here regarding this branch, the foundress of which, Windsor 202, is so frequently referred to in these pages. The Sylph branch has four specimens headed by Blooming Queen, after Heir of Glory. The pedigree embraces the names of those very fine cows—Bloomer 201 and The Belle 205. There is a heifer calf of the Dandy branch, tracing through Dandy of Drumin 949, and Empress of France 578, to Charlotte 203. In addition to these descendants of Mr. M'Combie's Queen Mother, there are members of the Kinnaird Fanny, Mains of Kelly Jennet (which, as elsewhere noticed, goes back to Mr. M'Combie's Jenny Lind 27), and several other families. As already stated, the stock-bull is Knight of the Shire 1699, after Dragon 1178 and out of Pride 3rd of Mulben 3249. He was the first-prize two-year-old at the Highland Society's show last year, and also won those coveted honours—the Challenge Cup and the M'Combie prize—at the Royal Northern at Aberdeen. We understand that an offer of 300 guineas has been refused for him.

From the Bridgend herd a large number of animals have been disposed of to go abroad. The Queen cow Matilda 3270 went to the Hon. Mr Pope, Canada; Dandy 2nd 3266 to Mr G. W. Henry, Kansas; Pride 20th to the Hon. M. H. Cochrane, Canada; and Knight of St Patrick to Messrs Gudgell & Simpson, Kansas. Very high prices were paid for these.

Burnshangie.

A small select herd has been kept at Burnshangie, Strichen, for the past twelve years. It was founded by Mr Smith by the purchase of some animals in the Alford district. One of these, Black Bess of Burnshangie 1943, and several of her progeny, still remain in the herd. This family is of Keillor extraction, the granddam of Black Bess having been bred at Keillor; and as the bull Fyvie 737, descended from Mr Watson's stock, was used as stock-bull for seven years, the herd is largely impregnated with Keillor blood. The animals have never been forced for show-yard competition, the best females having been used as dairy cows. The herd has nevertheless taken a good position at the Buchan Society's shows. Black Bess 1943 was first as a two-year-old, and her daughters Stumpie 2297 and Stumpie 2nd 3150 were first as one-year-olds; and the one first and the other second as two-year-olds— Stumpie having been second last year as a cow. Another family in the herd—the Rompies—has produced several prize-winners, amongst them Rompie 3rd 4145, first as a yearling and two-year-old at Mintlaw. Her elder sister Rompie 2298 was second as a yearling and two-year-old, and first as a cow. She is now in good breeding form in the herd of Mr Skinner, Drumin. The stock-bull used last season was Lord Maurice 1881, bred by Mr Tayler of . Glenbarry, after Sir Maurice 1319 and out of the Georgina cow Kate Darling 3573.

CHAPTER XI.
EXISTING SCOTCH HERDS–CONTINUED.

CAIRDs EAT—CLINTERTy—Collithie—Mr Pirie's early herd—Mr Bruce's herd—CoNGLAss–Celebrated breeders in the Garioch forty years ago –Mr Stephen's champions at fat stock shows–ContAchy-Lord Airlie's purchases at Mr M Combie's sale in 1874—The magnificent heifer Pavilion 3772–Three animals acquired at Tillyfour in 1878 at an average of £93–The Ballindalloch bulls Juryman 404 and Elcho 595 used—Lord Airlie's efforts to develop the milking qualities of the breed—DRUMFERGUE—Established thirty-five years ago, but records lost–DRUMIN–Mr Skinner's Lucys and Beautys—Marshal 399, gave the herd its characteristic of size—Mr Skinner's success in the showyard–EARNsidE—EAst Town—The herd commenced prior to 1822– Longevity of the Patricia family—EAstER SkeNE–Mr. M'Combie lays its foundation forty-two years ago—Another testimony to the impressiveness of Panmure 51—Show-yard victories with his descendants—Over 300 prizes won by the herd–EAstER TULLoch—The largest herd in existence—Superiority of the blood contained in it—FASQUE —A noteworthy breeding cow, Eugenie 3910–FINTRAY-GAv EN wood —Mr Hannay's efforts towards the improvement of the breed—The Highland Society first-prize winners, Young Viscount 736, Innes 1934, and Blackbird of Corskie 2nd 3024–Large and successful sales– GLAM is -An excellent herd of six years' standing.

Cairdseat.

Mr Argo's herd at Cairdseat was founded by the purchase in 1874, at Mr M'Combie's sale at Alford, of Sophia 1978, by Derby 377. Her daughter Snowflake 4049, by Ballot of Wellhouse 634, and her granddaughter Sunshine 2nd 4383, by Wellhouse 1311, are now in the herd. Caroline 3rd 3581, by the Erica bull Emperor 396, came from

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