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the quality in every class was not quite as good as it afterwards became, there were numbers enough, and a sufficiency of general merit to stimulate breeders of polls, and from that period onwards the northern polled breed has steadily risen in public favour and increased in numbers over the country. For first honours in the old bull class there was a keen contest between Odin 2nd 499, from Bognie, and Clansman 398, from Rothiemay. The latter was the more lengthy, bigger bull of the two, but the former was rather finer in bone and more compact, and won accordingly. Clansman, however, rather improved during the next twelve months, and topped a very good class of aged bulls at the Edinburgh Highland show in 1869. He was a lengthy, level bull of great substance, with massive quarters, and a little white in the underline. After several years of valuable service at Rothiemay, he was transferred to Drumin, where he proved a splendid “getter.' Easter Skene triumphed in the two-year-old bull class with Caledonian 2nd 409, a straight shapely bull of Mr M'Combie's own breeding. The yearling class was to some breeders specially interesting in that it was headed by the first animal that the late Mr George Brown, Westertown, exhibited after his valuable herd had been reduced almost to complete annihilation by pleuro-pneumonia, caught at the Dumfries Highland show in 1860. The animal referred to was March 355, a bull of exceedingly fine bone, great gaiety, well-covered rump, and deep hind quarters. He was not, however, very successful in after years at the Highland shows. His head was too short and thick for the Angus taste, and, excepting second at the Dumfries Highland show in 1870, he was not further noticed by the Highland Society's judges. He stamped his deep chest, strength of shoulders, perfection of hind quarters, and, it must be added also, clumsiness of head, on his numerous progeny, several of which, nevertheless, were

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first Highland Society's prize-winners, including Baron
Settrington 356, the first yearling at Dumfries in 1870,
as well as leading two-year-old at Perth in 1871; Duke
of Perth 357, second aged bull at Stirling in 1873, and
first at Glasgow in 1875; and Duchess 4th 944, the first
two-year-old heifer at Kelso in 1872.
“The three-year-old Castle Fraser cow Lily 1114,
looking blooming and ladylike, took the lead worthily in
a good class of cows at the Highland show at Aberdeen
in 1868, where Mina 1009 got the gold medal, and would
have been able for something more if permitted to try
for it. The two-year-old heifer class was noteworthy, in
respect that it contained the first animal that was sent
from the Drumin herd of Mr Skinner to the Highland
Society's shows. This was a remarkably good heifer,
nicely rounded in rib, well slanted in shoulder, and
displaying a beautiful head and neck. If not long
pedigreed, she had all the polled characteristics, and was
shown in very high condition. She won the first ticket;
and since then, with a trifling exception or two, the
Drumin herd has been annually one of the best contri-
butors to the national show. The Aberdeen heifer did not
by her breeding properties augment the herd. Her rare
symmetry and quality captivated the late Mr M'Combie's
eye, and she went to Tillyfour for fat show purposes,
where, however, she was not after all very fortunate.
“At the Edinburgh Highland show in 1869 there
was numerically a smaller turnout of blacks, but merit
did not suffer thereby. Clansman 398, as already ex-
plained, took the coveted ticket for aged bulls to IRothie-
may. In the two-year-old bull class there was a serious
derangement of anticipations. March 355, from Wester-
town, who had just returned from first honours at the
Manchester Royal show, was expected by several breeders
to keep his place. But no. The judges—a majority of
them old Angus men—would not have his head at any

price, and he was, to the astonishment of many, turned ticketless to his stall, and the first prize bestowed on the Mulben bred bull Madeira, from Dunmore, who was second to March the week before at Manchester, as also at Aberdeen in 1868. Madeira had a stylish head and neck, and stood higher than March, but he was not so well put together nor quite so fine in the bone. “It was a day of surprises. In the cow class the heavy, handsome, level-fleshed Sybil 974, from Castle Fraser, bred at Bogfern, was looked upon as a safe winner. The Angus men, however, seemed to think her rather less feminine-looking than Duchess 1st 930, from Westertown, who, being in a comparatively unfed state, was preferred, most unexpectedly by the lookers-on, for the coveted ticket. When examined after the judging, her thoroughly ‘cow character' and good milking properties, with mice shoulders and neck, went far to satisfy the critics. Next year she gained the challenge cup as the best polled animal at Aberdeen, though beaten in her class by Sybil, who, however, had gained that trophy in 1869, and was not again eligible. A massive, thickly-fleshed, heavilycoated heifer from Tillyfour topped the two-year-old class at Edinburgh, but she also failed as a breeder, and ‘finished' at the English fat shows. “Sybil 974 lived to fight another day, and won in a good class of cows at Dumfries in 1870, where she looked her best, and was followed by the three-year-old Erica cow Eisa 977, from Ballindalloch. Sir George Macpherson Grant shortly afterwards brought Sybil to Ballindalloch, paying 63 guineas for her at the Castle Fraser dispersion in the autumn of 1870. In the twoyear-old heifer class Colonel Fraser's Lively 1164, out of the prize cow Lily 1114, made a hard tussle to repeat her first Edinburgh honours. She was rather small in size, but exceedingly neat and feminine-looking, and afterwards went at 67 guineas to found the valuable but too short-lived herd of the Marquis of Huntly. Eventually, however, she had to give way at Dumfries to Fuschia 979, from Ballindalloch, a very deep, shortlegged heifer of rare quality under the hand. Mr Skinner got to the front in the yearling class with Heather Bell 962, a tidy, smart heifer, not big, but well brought out, and displaying a little white in her face and in the underline. “In the bull classes the cream of the honours, so to speak, went to Portlethen, Ballindalloch, and Westertown. Palmerston 374 was the best aged bull. His hind legs came rather far in below him when he stood “at ease,' and he had rather much of bone; but his quality and wealth of flesh were remarkable, and he was a popular first. After leaving Portlethen, where he, like many other notable animals, was bred, he did good service in Lord Fife's herd. The subsequently famous Juryman 404 of the Jilt tribe, from Ballindalloch, the place of his birth, made his first appearance in the national show at Dumfries. His frame was then, as always, just a trifle narrow, and his hind quarters drooped rather too much ; but his quality under the hand, his head, neck, and shoulders and chine atoned for any defects, and he was popularly placed first, a Ballindalloch-bred bull from Castle Fraser getting second honours. Baron Settrington 356, from Westertown, was a grandly furnished yearling, and was not to be denied in his class any more than he was at Perth in 1871, where Juryman, looking nobly although rather restlessly,–he was nervous and keen, proved too heavy for a large class of old bulls. The Ballindalloch herd made a complete sweep of the three money prizes for cows on the South Inch of Perth in 1871. Eisa was easily first, and a remarkably sweet, ladylike, evenly - balanced cow she was. Indeed, I hardly think that for genuine cow-character, quality, and symmetry combined, any of the Highland Society's winners since would favourably compare with her. To the Ericas yet another premier honour went on that eventful occasion. Enchantress 981 of Ballindalloch, an animal of no great substance or size, but of extraordinary sweetness, quality, and style, won the first ticket in the two-year-old heifer class. A neat little heifer, considerably under size, from Rothiemay, unpopularly won in the yearling class. The favourite for first honours was Duchess 4th 944, from Westertown. She had revenge at Kelso the following year, where she was clearly the first two-year-old. The Rothiemay heifer had not growth enough to enable her to keep her place.

“The cow class at Kelso in 1872 was a very good one. Six cows came from Ballindalloch on that occasion, the like of which I have never at any other time seen exhibited from one herd. They included Sybil and Eisa for the gold medals, and four beauties headed by Enchantress in the ordinary class. After a close pull, however, substance prevailed, and a Tillyfour, Charmer 1172, was placed first. She was very thick through the heart, and had a good, hardy-looking head, but she lacked the sweetness of the Ballindalloch cows that pressed her so closely. The Tillyfour herd was fortunate that day, for it finished with the best of a hard struggle in the yearling heifer class, the combatants having been Pride of Alford 1778, from Tillyfour, and Kate 2nd 1482, from Rothiemay. The former was as plump and as ripe as a pear, but the latter had more feminine character and a grand head and ears, and great promise. In fact, I considered her one of the best yearlings that have appeared since Pride of Aberdeen came on the scene at Aberdeen in 1858. The tables were turned as between these two heifers at Stirling in 1873, and Kate 2nd finished her National Society's career at the early age of three years, with full honours in a good class of cows at Inverness Highland show in 1874.

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