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HISTORY

OF

POLLED ABERDEEN OR ANGUS
CATTLE

GIVING

AN ACCOUNT OF THE ORIGIN, IMPROVEMENT,
AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BREED

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CHAPTER IV.

IMPROVEMENT OF THE BREED.

Little inducement to improve cattle a hundred years ago—Beef at

one penny per pound—Rearing cattle for farm-work—Introduc-

tion of Holderness and Fife breeds—Demand for beef-Working

cattle abandoned — Improvement of native races — Choice of

polled variety as beef cattle—Improvement of polled cattle in

Angus—Operations of Mr Hugh Watson, Lord Panmure, Earl of

Southesk, Mr William Fullerton, Messrs Mustard, Mr Bowie,

and others — Improvement of the breed in Kincardineshire—

Operations of Mr Walker, Portlethen, and others—Improvement

in Aberdeenshire—The efforts of Mr William M'Combie of Tilly-

four, and others—Introduction of Shorthorns—The crossing

craze – Improvement in Banff and Moray — The Ballindalloch

and other herds — Encouragement by Agricultural Societies to

improvers of polled cattle — The ‘Polled Herd Book’—The

Polled Cattle Society, . - - - - -

45
CHAPTER V.

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CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BREEI).

Early characteristics of the northern polls—Two varieties in Buchan

—The effect of early crosses with Shorthorns—The colour of n

breed—“ Scurs"—shapes, size, and symmetry—Increase in size

—General improvement in form, &c.—Comparison of polled and

Shorthorns-Full description of a typical polled animal—Com-

parison with Galloways—The breed's surpassing beef-properties

—Excellent quality of its beef-High value of polled crosses—

Early maturing-Weights and prices of polled oxen—Milking-

properties—Wide and growing reputation of the breed–Great

increase in value, . -

CHAPTER VI.

NOTES ON SOME EARLY POLLED CATT i.e.

Inaccurate entries in vol. i. of ‘Polled Herd Book’—

the late Mr Fullerton, Mains of Ardestie, on wo." ".

Black Meg 766 and bull Panmure 51—Communication from Dr

Simpson, Marykirk, regarding sire of Panmure 51—Mr Collier

Hatton, on the breeding of Panmure 51—Errors in entries ot

Keillor cattle — Confusion as to bulls Old Jock 1 and Gre

breasted Jock 2—Account of the Keillor Jocks—The Rio,

o and Beauty—Supplementary information re-
four ** of the wo Monarch 44 and the Tilly-

CHAPTER VII.

EXTINCT HERDS.

The KE - -

list . o Grannie 1-Her remarkable career, and

Emilys—Mr W. Kinnochtry Princesses, Baroneo. and

Kinnochtry Fav no cows Old Favourite and Favourite glū.

Wellhouse R ourites—Beauty of Tillyfour 2nd 1180–Tl

uths and Ballindalloch Jilts. Mr Watson's o,

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