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Jack Hurry, we won't fall
to wait if they could forget how slowly the time was passBilly I can just see the fireplace now
ing. They tried this game and that, but they were too Jack Just see those stockings They are full
excited to play. Mary looked at the clock again. Ten Bally They are stuffed as full as can be
minutes had passed! Jack Let's empty them as quickly as we can
Do you know why the children were so excited?
It was Christmas Eve. What do you suppose was behind those The Injured Kitten
tightly closed doors? There was a Christmas tree. The Anne Ben, come quickly. The kitten is hurt!
children had not seen it, but they knew it must be a big one. Ben Hurt, did you say! How did it happen!
What queer sounds came from the room! Father and Anne An automobile ran over her. Poor kitten, how
mother were having a good time getting it ready. If only she cries!
Uncle Robert and Aunt Ruth would hurry! They could Ben Isn't it too bad! Can we carry her to the house?
not have a Christmas tree without them. Anne We must take her home. Will she die!
What was that! Some one was coming! Uncle and Ben Oh, no! I think it is just her foot.
aunt had really come at last. In ran the cousins. They, Anne Good, there comes father! He will know what
too, were very much excited. They all danced about toto do.
gether laughing and shouting. When Mary looked at the Ben Of course he will: Don't cry, Anne! I am sure
clock, guess what it said! It said only five minutes until
seven! How could they wait! we can help her.
From the story above write the sentences which ask. Here is another dialogue where the children are very much
Some of them are followed by question marks. Tell why. excited. They feel very badly about the hurt kitten.
Some are followed by exclamation points. Tell why. What mark do we use after all sentences to show great periods. Tell why. Some are followed by exclamation
Find the sentences which tell. Some are followed by feeling. Read Ben's first speech. Do these sentences tell some
points. Tell why. thing or ask something? They both ask something. We
Read the story, sentence by sentence, saying whether each did not put the question mark here because Ben is so excited
sentence tells or asks and whether it shows feeling or not; that we wish to show his feeling. Very often we use an ex
as, It was only half past six tells. It does not show feeling, clamation point after a sentence which asks, because the
so it ends with a period. sentence shows great feeling. It makes no difference
The story that follows tells about the Christmas tree whether a sentence asks something or tells something, if it
which the children were so anxious to see. There are no shows much feeling we always put an exclamation point at
marks written after the sentences. Copy the story, putting the end.
in the marks. Whether a sentence asks or tells, if it still There are several sentences which do not show much
shows feeling, it must be followed by what? If it only asks, feeling. Find them. Do they tell something or ask some
it is followed by what? If it only tells, it is followed by
what? thing? What marks are after them? Copy the sentences which tell something, and which also
The Christmas Tree show feeling. Then write the sentences which ask something and yet show so much feeling that we use an exclama- The clock struck seven How the children shouted tion point.
Just at the last stroke Uncle Robert opened the tightly Here is a dialogue between two girls whose mother has closed doors gone to a neighbor's for a few minutes. It is night and What a beautiful tree stood in the center of the room the girls are very timid. When the dogs bark they are very Candles shone from every side Bright balls and tinsel much frightened. Some of the sentences ask and some dangled from the branches Popcorn strings and colored of them tell, but all which show much feeling should be fol- bags of candy hung from top to bottom. lowed by an exclamation point. Copy the dialogue, put- Underneath were many packages Could they really be ting in the marks which have been omitted.
the Christmas gifts There were big ones and little ones Mark the sentences which ask, but which are followed by There were long ones and short ones How the children an exclamation point because they show feeling.
danced for joy Uncle Robert called the names and each Be careful to keep a straight margin.
child came to get his gift Such shouts of delight there were
All the children were very happy Their fathers and The Frightened Girls
mothers were happy too Fannd: What is the matter with Bingo
Would you like to have such a happy Christmas time Faye Can a burglar be about Faye Oh I don't think so
The Christmas Birds Fannie What else can make him bark
Once upon a time the birds who sang the Christmas carols Faye When will mother come home
were all very sad. They did not know how to make chilFannie She's been gone a long time already
dren happy who had no toys and who had very little to eat. Faye Let's call Mrs, Smith
“What shall we do?" said the birds.
“How can we Fannie I'd hate to do that
make all the world happy when so many children are sad? Faye There is some one on the porch now
Our singing cannot do it alone." Fannie What shall we do
Then one little bird said, “Let us go now before ChristFaye Who can it be
mas and tell all the little boys and girls who have many Fannie Why she's here It's mother
things. Surely the dear children will help us.' Faye How frightened we were, mother
So the little birds flew before the windows of the boys and
girls who had many things. They sang sweet songs. They Christmas Eve
told about the other unhappy boys and girls and asked It was only half past six. The children were watching the happy children to help them. Then the little birds the hands of the clock. How slowly they moved! Would seven o'clock never come! Bob ran to the window. He The happy boys and girls began to plan. Few of them could see no one. When would Uncle Robert and Aunt had money to give. Besides, the birds did not want money. Ruth come with the children!
They wanted something better. All the children had toys. The children tried to play. It would be so much easier Some they loved dearly. Of these each child decided to
Fables for Supplementary
give one. Very carefully he wrapped it up for some other “What have I had?” asked the Crane. child who had none.
“You had your head in my mouth and I did not bite What a Christmas that was! The birds sang more it off. Is that not enough?' Get out of my sight, or I sweetly than ever before. The children who were poor were may get my paws on you.” happy in their toys and in the love that each child had sent
Away went the Crane as fast as he could go. “I don't with his gift. The rich children were happy because they think I'll ever help you again, Mr. Wolf," he said, “and knew they had given a real gift when they sent something you may get into trouble again.” they loved dearly.
Presentation Were there ever such sweet Christmas carols! The birds sang because they were so happy. The children sang, too.
To classes able to read the material readily at sight. Soon the whole world joined in that very beautiful song of joy.
MATERIAL Pictures of wolves, rabbits, cranes.. Copy from this story two sentences which ask and do not
METHODS Name the animals shown. What can you show feeling. Copy two sentences which show feeling. tell about wolves? What is their food? How do they Tell about each one, whether it asks or tells. Copy two catch it? What does the rabbit like? Where do cranes sentences which tell and do not show feeling.
live? How do they catch their prey? Which of these Then write of your own one sentence which tells and does would you fear? Why? Do they fear each other? Why? not show feeling; one that tells and shows feeling; one that asks and does not show feeling: one that asks and yet
*Our story to-day is about the wolf and the crane. shows feeling.
We will see which we like the better. (Pass copies of the story.) Read silently till you learn what the wolf saw. Do you think he was glad to see him? Why? Read aloud.
I think that the wolf who is coming is a relative. Read till you learn what the first wolf planned to say to him. Tell me what it was. What do you think of him? Yes,
those are all good words to describe him. Anna may Grace Norton Whittaker
write them on the board. Read aloud.
Read silently till you learn what happened to the wolf THE WOLF AND THE CRANE
and who walked past him. Tell me. Do
think his A Wolf had been out hunting one day and had caught
cousin will help him? Why? Read aloud. a fine rabbit.
The wolf said something after his cousin went past.
Find out what it was. Tell me. “What a grand dinner I shall have!” said he, as he sat
What do you think of down under a tree to eat it. Just then he saw another
the cousin? Read aloud. wolf coming through the woods.
Some one is coming. Perhaps he will help the wolf. “There comes that lazy cousin of mine. He is sure to
Read to learn if I am right, and to find out what the newwant part of my dinner. I want it all myself. I'll eat
comer thought. Tell me what you read. Do you think as fast as I can. There will be nothing left by the time
the crane will decide to help? Why? Read aloud. he gets here.” The Wolf ate as fast as he could all the
Read till you learn what the wolf did as soon as he felt time he was talking. “Then I will say that I am very
better. What do you think of the wolf now? Read aloud.
Read till sorry that he did not come earlier so as to dine with me."
you find what reply the wolf made to the crane. Alas! the old Wolf hurried so fast that one of the bones
What did he say? Of what reward do you suppose he stuck fast in his throat. He tried to swallow it. It
was thinking? Read aloud. would not go down. He tried to cough it up. It would
Finish the story. How do you like the ending? How not move.
would you like to have it end? James thinks he would “Oh, oh!” he cried. “How it hurts! Help! Help!
like to make the story longer and have the wolf get into I shall die if I can't get it out soon.”
trouble again. How many like that idea? Nearly all of Just then his cousin walked by:
To-morrow you may finish the story as you like. “Why don't you help me? Don't you see I am dying?” b To classes requiring the presentation of new words cried the Wolf.
or ideas, or both. His cousin knew that if he had not been so greedy he would have had no trouble, so he said, “Oh, I don't think
MATERIAL As in a I could do it, and besides, I am in a hurry to get my dinner.
METHOD Follow a to I hope you get the bone out. Good-bye.”
Before we begin to read we must study some of the hard “I think I'm dying,” howled the Wolf, “and no one words that are found in the story so that we may read will help me."
smoothly. First I will write the crane's name for you. Just then along came the Crane. "What's the matter, (Write crane) In this story of a wolf, he meets another Friend Wolf?” he asked. “You seem to be ill.”
wolf. It is not a brother or a sister, but it is his cousin. “I have a great bone in my throat. No one will take Have you a cousin? Are you kind to him? Do you
think it out for me. I will give you anything that you wish the wolf would be kind to his cousin? No, he wanted all if you will pull it out.'
the good things for himself. He was greedy. Something “What shall I do?” thought the Crane. "I am sorry happened to this greedy wolf. It hurt him so that he for the poor fellow, but I shall have to reach down his thought he was dying. The trouble was right here. (Point throat. What if he should bite off head?”
to throat.) Yes, in his throat. If some one cured him, “Please, oh, please do try to get it!” begged the Wolf. what do you think he would do for them? Perhaps he
"I will try," said the Crane. He put his long bill down would not. What would you do? You would do somethe Wolf's throat. He pulled and pulled. At last out thing for them or you would reward them. Let us study it came.
the words. Jane may read the list. (Drill. Pass copies “Out at last!” cried the Wolf. "I didn't have enough of the story.) Look for this word. What is it? Look for dinner. I'll go now to find something more. Good-bye." each word in the list. How many did you find? Read He turned to go.
them to me. “Here! Wait!” called the Crane. “Where's my re- The motive questions found in a may be used unless ward? You said could I have anything I wished.” it is desirable to have shorter reading units. The other
“Reward! Reward!” howled the Wolf. “You had questions may be added as desired. Always have some reward enough.
child read the entire story as an ending to the lesson.
The children did as they were bidden. But the man' afraid to go back to his wicked wife with them, tied a hard gourd to the tree-trunk, so that when the wind stirred
it, it beat against the tree. This sound the little ones An Italian Fairy Tale
heard as they gathered sticks all the day, and they said
to themselves, “That is father's axe.” But when evenNCE upon a time there was a poor man whose ing came and he did not call them, they ran back to the
wife died leaving him two children to care for, a place where they supposed him to be working, and lo! little girl called Bona and a little boy called Nello. he was not there.
They were both beautiful children, and their Nello began to cry. But Bona said, "Don't cry, little father was very fond of them. He made a living for them brother! We have only to follow the track of the lupins by going into the forest and cutting wood to sell in the we ate on our way, and we shall reach home all right. town; but as he never was happy when parted from And so it was. In an hour they were tapping at their them, he used to take them with him every day. They own house-door, and calling, “Here we are, father! Let gathered twigs and fallen branches, and made them into us in!” And the poor man, who was sitting weeping, little bundles for firewood.
and groaning aloud, "It is dark. My children are alone After some years the man took to himself a second in the woods, where wild beasts may be prowling about,” wife. The stepmother was a cunning, wicked woman, hearing their voices, flung the door open, embraced them, and she had a daughter as bad as herself, and very ugly. set them down at the table, and fed them with all that For a time all went well enough, but it was not long before was best in the house. she began to beat poor Bona and Nello, and to grudge You may think how angry the stepmother was! And them each mouthful of food. Nor was that all.
she was very obstinate, too. Every day for weeks and so to hate the very sight of them that she began to urge weeks she urged their father to send them away. He her husband to send them away, saying they ate too refused and refused; but her will was stronger than his; much, and were naughty, idle children. Of course, their and he gave in at last. Again he told them to come with father would not hear of it; but when month after month him into the far woods to make fagots for selling in the he heard his wife rage and scold all day long, and saw town. They obeyed, but Bona remembered what had his little son and daughter ill-treated and unhappy, he happened before, and filled her pockets and little Nello's gave way. “Take them intɔ the thickest part of the with beans. They ate the beans on the road and threw wood,” said the wicked woman, "and leave them there. away the pods. And all took place as before. Their Perhaps some grand gentleman may pick them up. Ha! father sent them farther and farther into the wood, saying ha! ha! At least it will be a good riddance for us poor he was going to hew down a great tree-stump. He tied folk!"
the hard gourd to the stump. It stirred in the wind, and So one morning he said to them, “Come, my children, he slunk away home, ashamed, while they worked blithely we will go to the forest to-day.” They each took a piece all day long. In the evening they came back to the place of bread for their dinner, and set off merrily, glad to be where they had left their father. No father there! Little out of reach of their stepmother. On the way they met Nello began to cry; but his sister said, "Do not cry,
"Give us a halfpenny, father!" little brother. We'll find the way back very easily. We they cried. And with the halfpenny they bought lupins, have but to follow the track left by the bean-pods." So ate them, and threw away the pods. At last they reached they did, and reached home safely, to their stepmother's the thick woods, and their father said, “Here is a fine wrath, to the joy of their father, who embraced them, set tree-stem I am going to cut down. It will take time; them down at the table, and fed them with all that was but go you farther along, and you will find plenty of small best in the house. wood. You'll hear my axe, and know that I am not far off.” But do you think their stepmother gave way? Not for a moment! And once more, at her urging, did their “Yes,” she answered, "if my little sheep may come father set off with them, and this time to a still darker, too and never leave me. thicker, farther part of the forest. Bona could find no So the King set her before him on his horse; and the beans that morning, but she took handfuls of bran in chief huntsman took the little sheep; and they all set her pocket, and as they went along she dropped it by off to the King's Castle. the way. Just as before, their father sent them farther "Who is this you bring home?” asked his mother. on, and said he was going to fell a great tree. And just “My Queen," he replied. And though his mother as before, he tied the gourd to the tree-trunk, and waited thought he had acted hastily, she saw that Bona was very till the wind stirred and it flapped against the tree. Then, beautiful at least. Soon she learned that she was good more ashamed than ever, he slunk away home.
and clever too: and made no objection to her son's marWhen it grew dark the children returned to the spot riage. It was celebrated in splendid fashion, and Bona with their bundles, to find their father gone. Nello looked every inch a Queen. But wherever she was, there began to cry. “Don't cry, little brother," said Bona. was the little sheep with the golden horns. “We'll find our way home quite easily by the bran I Now, Bona, -was too good-hearted to bear malice. She strewed along our path.” But alas! the day had been often thought of her father who had loved them so much very windy; the wind had scattered the bran; and they before he married their wicked stepmother; and she wandered about the trackless wood, getting more and sent kind messages and gifts to him, and told him she more more bewildered every minute. This time they was now a Queen. The wicked heart of her stepmother both began to cry. At last, after long wanderings, they was filled with envy when she heard the news; and she sat down against a tree, clinging to each other and sobbing began to plot mischief once more. Taking her ugly themselves to sleep.
daughter along with her, she set out for the distant Palace, Next day they tried again to find their way, and in where she was welcomed by Bona, who showed her everyvain! "
“Ah, but I am so thirsty!” said poor Nello. thing, and took her in to see her own room. "If only we could find a little stream!” And soon they "Why is that window blocked up?" she asked came to a brook. But just as the boy was stooping down “Because right below it is the sea, and
husband to drink, Bona heard a voice say:
thinks if it were open I might fall out and be drowned.”
"How foolish!" said her stepmother. “Are you a "Who of my shining water doth partake, Shall change at once to glittering, gliding snake."
baby? Let it be opened at once, I beg. The view must
be magnificent! I long to look over the sea. “Nello! Nello! do not drink!” cried Bona. "It is So the Queen goodhumoredly called her attendants, evil water. Wait a little." And she pulled him back. and ordered them to do her stepmother's bidding. Then
A little while after they came to another stream, and they both looked out, and as Bona gazed into the water Nello, who was thirstier than ever, stouped down to drink. the wicked woman gave her a push, and down she fell But his sister heard a voice say:
into the sea. A great shark was floating in the water
at that moment, and the force of the water carried her "Of my clear water, passer-by, beware!
right into its open mouth. She was swallowed by the Unless you'd turn at once into a hare!”
shark! “Nello! Nello!” she cried. “Do not drink! It is
Quick as lightning, the cruel woman led her ugly evil water. And she pulled him back.
daughter to Bona's bedchamber, put her to bed, and They went on a little farther, and they came to a third
bade the maidens tell the King the Queen was ailing. brook. But as Nello ran to drink, she heard a voice say:
Then she hurr.ed away as fast as she could from the Castle,
and went back to her husband's cottage. In a little “Drink of my waters, Bona, as they run,
while home came the King; and when he heard the news Thou shalt be fairer than the moon or sun!
of the Queen's illness he went to her room, much disBut from my stream thy little brother hold, Else shall he turn to sheep with horns of gold!”
tressed. “What is the matter with my beloved?” he
said. And the ugly young woman, turning her face to “Nello! Nello! Nello! Do not drink! The water the wall, said, “I am much hurt. That horrid little sheep is evil!" she cried. But Nello, who could restrain him- ran one of its horns into my eye and put it out. Havi self no longer, had already drunk. And lo! on the instant, the creature killed at once!” he stood before her the prettiest little sheep that ever Great was the King's wrath! He ordered the little was seen, with white curly wool and twisted golden horns! sheep to be taken down to the lowest dungeon of the
"Oh!” cried Bona, in despair, “if it has come to that, Castle which lay under the sea, and said the cook was to I may as well drink too!” Só she stooped down and kill it and serve it upon the Royal table. But a sentry, drank, and rose up the loveliest of maidens, fairer than placed outside the dungeon door, heard a voice from the moon, fairer than the sun! But she did not know within, crying out in piteous tones: the change in herself; and to her little brother she was still the same kind sister Bona.
“Little sister, little sister mine, Well, after wandering lonely and tired for a long time,
In dungeon dark I lie and pine. they came to a great cavern. They went in, found it
And soon they'll come to take my life;
The cook is sharpening the knife!” clean and lofty and airy. “What a fine house for us!” cried Bona. She made beds of dried leaves for them to sleep on at night, and in the daytime they gathered herbs
Then another voice, as if from the water, answered: and berries to eat, and played the merriest games. It was a fine life they led in the beautiful forest. If they
"What can I do for thee, brother dear?
Helpless I am, though very near, missed their father, at least there was no wicked step
I grope in the dark, mother to scold and beat them. And so years passed.
Inside the shark!” Now, one day the royal hunt was in the forest; and the King pursuing the game, came suddenly on a beautiful It was an astonishing thing! The sentry ran and told maiden who vanished at the sight of him into a great it to the King, who came running down the deep dungeon cave. He called to her, and she came out and stood stairs, and stood where the sen try had been when he heard before him, fairer than the sun, fairer than the moon. the voices. In a little while came the piteous voice from
“Will you come with me home to my Castle,” he said, the dungeon: "and be my Queen?”
(Continued on page 55)
The Story Stand-Ups - Robinson Crusoe
Ruth Ash In studying this story nothing makes it as real to the to strengthen them wiih a double thickness of paper of children as to have the miniature figures that can be cardboard. The bodies are pasted together about halfway moved around and enact the events as they read or tell down, the laps on the feet are bent inward, lapped on top of of them. This story can be very successfully worked out each other and pasted on the bottom to a small square or in a sand-table, or if that is not attainable, a table top will cardboard so that they easily stand upright. do. Small sticks can be gathered to make the fence, Robinson Crusoe is tan, his goat-skin suit white, his ladder and house, and the arrangement can be studied umbrella and shoes light brown, basket and hatchet brown, from the text.
gun dark brown and saw gray. Put on his suit and shoes
first, then his basket on his back, his saw on one side of his Directions for Making
belt and hatchet on the other, his gun in one hand and
umbrella in the other. The figures for this Story Stand-up are made from col- Friday is dark brown and goat-skin suit white. He can ored paper or from white paper and colored as suggested carry a gun or a hatchet in his hand. The visiting cannibelow. The figures are made double so as to be reversible bals may be made by using the same pattern but leaving and that they may stand on two legs. So fold the paper in off the goat-skin suit. the middle and put the pattern on with dotted line on The cat is gray, the dog brown, the parrot green and the the fold and cut on outside line, thus making the two sides, goats white. except in the case of Robinson Crusoe, where a single paper These patterns can be used very successfully in making is used. In some cases where the legs are slender it is best