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Hunting Poster Made by English Children Cut the animals from black paper and mount on white. Folding the paper and using the creases as a guide
is a great help to the children when cutting out difficult animals. M. W., Liverpool
as form; he must see the emotions displayed, the pictures asked the reason, replied, 'Because these have already presented, the truths which are told, and the point that is taken their fill of me, and do not now suck much blood, made, and he must realize the fable as a short story, as but if you take these away, others will come, and in their setting, as plot, and as characters.
hunger will drain up all the blood that is left.' 'Yes, and The custom of using the fable for a particular motive is in your case, men of Samos,' said Æsop, 'my client will not illustrated by the earliest fable attributed to Æsop by do much further mischief, he has already made his fortune; Aristotle. Æsop, again at Samos, as counsel for a dema- but, if you put him to death, then will come others who are gogue, being tried for capital offence, said the following poor, and who will consume all the revenues of the State fable:
by their embezzlements.' Th Fox, Hedgehog and Dog-Ticks “A Fox, in crossing a river, was swept down into á cleft
The variety of reaction which may be secured from the of rock, and being unable to get out, was for a long time
child is well illustrated by “Æsop's Fables” because so in a sorry plight, and a number of Dog-Ticks fastened on
many minds have reacted famously to the classic and the her body. A Hedgehog strolling by, happened to catch
possibilities of almost any reaction may be illustrated from sight of her, and was moved by compassionate feeling to
genuine literature. inquire if he should remove the Dog-Ticks from her. The painting, he may receive a suggestion from the many
If the child wishes to illustrate a fable in drawing or Fox, however, would not allow him to do so, and being wonderful illustrations of “Æsop's Fables,” from the rude
wood-cuts of the original Caxton, or the old chap-books, or the engravings of the famous Bewick, or the drawings of Kate Greenaway, Tenniel, Randolph Caldecott, Walter Crane, and Boutet de Monvel, or in your own day the more recent illustrations of Boyd Smith, Arthur Rackham, the two Detmolds, Milo Winter, and Richard Heighway.
As the proverb is the moral point to be extracted from the fable, it would be interesting for children to make a collection of proverbs, to keep a class-book of proverbs to be read at the close of the year, having been compiled from the classics used during the year. The study of the fables naturally would stimulate to such a collection which, having been begun, could be extended to include proverbs from fairy tales of the Japanese, Chinese, English, North American, European, and Hindoo nations, “Asop's Fables" and "The Fables of Bidpai," "The Arabian Nights,” the Bible, “Mavor's Spelling-book," "Franklin's Almanac," Shakespeare, "Reynard the Fox," the poets, Thomas a Kempis, Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius, the Greek Phil
osophers, Emerson, William Hazlitt, and many other writers. Cut-outs for Poster
(Continued on page 575)
Let all who this story may happen to hear,
Endeavor to profit by it; How often it happens that children appear
As cross as the ant, ev'ry bit!
rall. Repeat first lime only,
help him down into his
see -ing his neigh - bor in
D.C.for arse 3
a good - na - tured
And this good-natured ant who assisted his brother
May teach those who choose to be taught, That if little insects are good to each other,
Then children most certainly ought!
(From "Songs for Little Children,” by T. W. Stephenson, B.A.
Published by Henry Frowde, (Hodder & Stoughton, London, England.)
Arithmetic in Grade II
Helen F. Driscoll
teaching the number grade, Sometimes isn't time to ing” is monotonous unless it is varied.
stop over and see the "sights” by looking at post cards The following devices are simple but effective, and or scenes of the "country' in which they are stopping. children enjoy the "make believe" element in them. The next day they "fly” back. When I have not been able to draw what I wanted, such Those failing to give right answers mus try again. as an automobile, I took advantage of pictures found in advertisements.
These devices conserve time and energy and materials.
Start and finish
Write initials of winners
18+6 19+2 8+3
in this space
A Visit to the Giant's Castle
Auto Racing Cut from magazine advertisements automobiles in the action of racing. These may be found in advertisements of tire concerns.
Draw race course on the board. Number the autos. Paste autos one ahead of the other, or together, at the same starting point. Write a list of combinations on the board, or use flash cards. Two or three children may be tested at the same time. Those failing have tire trouble and miss a turn. Write winner's names on the board.
5+4 Air-plane Race
3+2 Children are divided into two sections. Draw a line on floor as a dividing line for the two countries. Cut airplanes from magazines. Write a list of combina
Over the Top tions on board. When the contestants have recited the Draw a picture of a trench, as shown. Divide the list of combinations correctly, they step over the line, class into two patrols. Those failing to climb up ladder thus making believe they are in another country. Two by giving concrete answers to combinations, are sent to the children can say combinations at the same time, only hospital as slightly wounded, wounded, or severely wounded. beginning from different starting points in lists. When The degree of wounds is shown by different colored chak the contestants “fly” back to their own starting place when writing initials of those failing. Those_ that go again, they recited different quotations, or the same "over the top” have their initials written on side' if reversed.
the trench or given some other honor.
Hobby Horse Race
cut around it. When the child says the combinations, hə The cut-outs are found in the advertisements for this shoots (in make believe). If he fails to give the correct plaything. I use the advertisement that illustrates a boy answer, then we say his shot went astray. The boys like and girl racing. Draw the race course and paste cut-outs this game. The girls like to use a ball or bean bag, and try in the position desired.
to hit the right circle when they give the answers. Playing Teacher
See How Strong You Are! Write a list of combinations on the board. The teacher If the child can say all the numbers, he hits the bell. points to numbers in order and then “skipping” about. Every time the child says an equation, he hits the cross If the child, being tested, does not fail, then he becomes with the pointer which he has in his hand. Of course the teacher and chooses his pupil and so on.
every time he strikes the spot where the cross is, the black
block in the center "rises higher and higher." We try to teach the children to be kind to animals. If children must be given shot guns, let us show them that
Over the line first shooting at a target is better fun because no one is killed.
Girl Draw a picture of a target.
is the winner.
6 + 4 6 +50
Playing Poison 3+2)
Children try to cross the brook by stepping on "stones” and giving the correct answer of combination on each stone.
Those failing are “poisoned.” 973
Reading the Message 7+2
Cut a pattern of a carrier pigeon in motion of flying, 8+9
Then trace around pattern on the board.' Trace several
birds. On each attach a message in form of a combination. For the weapon, find a picture of a shot un among the The children read the messages by giving correct answer advertisements. Paste cut-out on a piece of cardboard and to each combination.
Seasonal Problems for Grade Four
A Thanksgiving Dinner
"Alice, which would you rather have, canned corn or
peas?” H, ! I have just a letter from
, Mother, you remember with us.'
24 cans in it, and it cost $2.75. What did 2 cans of corn “Well, Mother, isn't that just lovely? Let's give her a little Thanksgiving party while she is here. I will help $.24 a can. At that rate, what would we have to pay for
cost? If we bought it at the store, we would have to pay you prepare the dinner and decorate the dining-room. Harry and Dick can gather some autumn leaves, and we
a case of corn at the grocer's?"
“As long as we did not have to buy the corn, I think we will make them into garlands and hang them across the
can have another vegetable in addition. Let us have some room. Our lovely chrysanthemums will be in bloom by creamed asparagus, as that is delicious. It costs only $.40 that time, and we can use them for a center-piece. At the
a can." base of the vase we can bank plenty of fruit.”
“Don't forget we shall need a relish, so we had better "To-morrow is market day and I think we had better buy some celeryand olives. Celery is $.15 a bunch and decide what we are going to have for the dinner. First
olives are $.40 a quart. What will 2 bunches of celery and and most important is the turkey. We need not worry
a pint of olives cost?” about the turkey, as Father has bought a live one, weighing What shall we have for dessert? A Thanksgiving 15 pounds, for $7.50. In market they are selling for .$53
dinner seems incomplete without pumpkin and mince pie. a pound. How much money did we save? Dressed
Let us estimate how much a pumpkin pie would cost.' A turkeys sell for $.64 a pound. If our turkey loses 3 lbs.
small pumpkin will cost $.25; a pint of milk, at $.18 a in dressing, what would it cost dressed? We will stuff our
quart; 4 eggs, at $.66 a dozen; 1 lb. of sugar, at $.24 a lb. turkey with oyster dressing, so we shall need 14 pints of oysters. If they cost $1.50 a gallon, what must we pay instead of making one?”
How much would we save, if we bought a pie for $.40, for them?
“For the mince pie we shall need a pound of mincemeat "Sugar is so scarce this year that I think we had better
at $.40 a pound. How much more would the home-made do without cranberries." “Oh, no, Mother! A turkey dinner would not be pumpkin pie cost than the mince pie?"
“We must not forget to buy some fruit for our centrecomplete without cranberries. If we buy a quart of them piece. We can use 1 dozen oranges at $.60 a dozen; at $.10 a pint, and a pound of sugar at $.25 a pound, what i dozen apples, at $.60 a dozen; 1 dozen bananas, at $.45 would the cranberry sauce cost?” “We shall need + peck of white potatoes at $2.50 a bushel, will our fruit cost?"
a dozen; 2 lbs. of malaga grapes, at $.30 a lb. How much and the same amount of sweet potatoes at $3.00 a bushel. What shall we have to spend for potatoes?"
(Continued on page 601)