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voked his vengeance. He accordingly signalized himself in the war which ensued.
3. In the autumn of the same year, a decisive battle was fought at the mouth of the great Kanhaway, between the collected forces of the Shawanese, Mingoes and Delawares, and a detachment of the Virginia militia. The Indians were defeated, and sued for peace. Logan, however, disdained to be seen among the suppliants; but, lest the sincerity of a treaty should be disturbed, from which so distinguished a chief absented himself, he sent by a messenger the following speech, to be delivered to lord Dunmore.
4. • I appeal to any white man to say, if ever he entered Logan's cabin hungry, and he gave him no meat; if ever he came cold and naked, and he clothed him not. During the last long and bloody war, Logan remained idle in his cabin, an advocate for peace.
Such was my love for the whites, that my countrymen pointed as they passed by, and said, Logan is the friend of white men.' I had even thought to have lived with you had it not been for the injuries of one man. Colonel Cresap, last spring, in cold blood, and unprovoked, murdered all the relations of Logan, not even sparing my women and children.
6. “There runs not a drop of my blood in the veins of any living creature. This called on me for revenge. I have sought it, I have killed many; I have fully glutted my ven. geance. For my country, I rejoice at the beams of peace, but do not harbour a thought that mine is the joy of fear. Logan never felt fear. He will not turn on his heel to save his life. Who is there to mourn for Logan ? Not one.'
The Compassionate Judge. 1. The celebrated Charles Anthony Domat was promoted to the office of a judge of a provincial court, in the south of France, in which he presided, with public applause, for twentyfour years. One day a poor widow brought a complaint before him, against the Baron de Nairac, her landlord, for turning her out of possession of a farm, which was her whole dependence. Domat heard the cause; and finding, by the clearest evidence, that the woman had ignorantly broken a covenant in the lease, which empowered the landlord to take possession of the farm, he recommended mercy to the Baron, towards a poor honest tenant, who had not wilfully transgressed, or done him any material injury. But Nairac being inexorable, the judge was
obliged to pronounce a sentence of expulsion from the farm, and to order payment of the damages.
2. In delivering this sentence, Domat wiped his eyes, from which tears of compassion flowed plentifully. After the order of seizure, both of her person and effects, the poor woman exclaimed: • O just and righteous God! be thou a father to the widow, and her helpless orphans !' and immediately she fainted away. The compassionate judge assisted in raising the distressed woman; and after inquiring into her character, the number of her children, and other circumstances, generously presented her with a hundred louis d'ors,the amount of her damages and costs, which he prevailed with the Baron to accept as a full recompense, and the widow was restored to her farm. Deeply affected with the generosity of her benefactor, she said to him, O my lord ! when will you demand payment, that I may lay up for this purpose? I will ask it, replied Domat, when my conscience shall tell me I have done an improper act.'
The Generous Negro. 1. JOSEPH RACHEL, a respectable negro, resided in the island of Barbadoes. He was a trader, and dealt chiefly in the retail way. In his business, he conducted himself so fairly and complaisantly, that, in a town filled with little peddling shops, his doors were thronged with customers. I have often dealt with him, and always found him remarkably honest and obliging. If any one knew not where to obtain an article, Joseph would endeavour to procure it, without making any advantage for himself. In short, his character was so fair, his manners so generous, that the best people showed him a regard which they often deny to men of their own colour, because they are not blessed with the like goodness of heart.
2. In 1756, a fire happened, which burned down great part of the town, and ruined many of the inhabitants. Joseph lived in a quarter that escaped the destruction ; and expressed his thankfulness, by softening the distresses of his neighbours. Among those who had lost their property by this heavy misfortune, was a man to whose family, Joseph, in the early part of his life, owed some obligations. This man, by too great hospitality, an excess very common in the West-Indies, bad involved himself in difficulties before the fire happened, and his estate lying in houses, that event entirely ruined him. Amidst the cries of misery and want, which excited Joseph's compassion, this man's unfortunate situation claimed particular notice. The
generous, the open temper of the sufferer, the obligations that Joseph was under
to his family, were special and powerful motives for acting towards him the part of a friend.
3. Joseph had his bond for sixty pounds sterling. Unfortunate man !' said he, this debt shall never come against thee, I sincerely wish thou couldst settle all thy other affairs as easily! But how am I sure that I shall keep in this mind? May not the love of gain, especially, when, by length of time, thy misfortune shall have become familiar to me, return with too strong a current, and bear down my fellow-feeling before it? But for this, I have a remedy. Never shalt thou apply for the assistance of any friend against my avarice.' He arose, ordered a large account, that the man had with him, to be drawn out ; and in a whim, that might have called up a smile on the face of charity, filled his pipe, sat down again, twisted the bond and lighted his pipe with it.
4. While the account was drawing out, he continued smoking, in a state of mind that a monarch might envy. When it was finished, he went in search of his friend, with the discharged account, and the mutilated bond in his hand. On meeting him, he presented the papers to him, with this address : Sir, I am sensibly affected with your misfortunes ; the obligations I have received from your family, give me a relation to every branch of it. I know that your inability to pay what you owe, gives you more uneasiness than the loss of your own substance. That you may not be anxious, on my account in particular, accept of this discharge, and the remains of your bond. overpaid in the satisfaction that I feel, from having done my duty. I beg you to consider this only as a token of the happiness you will confer on me, whenever you put it in my power to do you a good office.'
The faithful American Dog. 1. An officer in the late American army, on his station, at the westward, went out in the morning, with his dog and gun, in quest of game. Venturing too far from the garrison, he was fired upon by an Indian, who was lurking in the bushes, and instantly fell to the ground.
2. The Indian, running to him, struck him on the head with his tomahawk, in order to dispatch him ; but the button of his hat fortunately warding off the edge, he was only stunned by the blow. With savage brutality, he applied the scalping knife, and hastened away with this trophy of his horrid.cruelty, leaving ter;
the officer for dead, and none to relieve or console him, but his faithful dog.
3. The afflicted creature gave every expression of his attachment, fidelity and affection. He licked the wounds with inexpressible tenderness, and mourned the fate of his beloved master. Having performed every office which sympathy dictated, or sagacity could invent, without being able to remove his master from the fatal spot, or procure from him any signs of life, or his wonted expressions of affection to bim, he ran off in quest of help.
4. Bending his course towards the river, where two men were fishing, he urged them by all the powers of native rhetoric, to accompany him to the wood.
The men were suspicious of a decoy to an ambuscade, and dared not venture to follow the dog ; who, finding all his caresses fail, returned to the care of his mas
and licking his wounds a second time, renewed all his tenderness, but with no better success than before.
5. Again he returned to the men, once more to try his skill in alluring them to his assistance. In this attempt he was more successful, than in the other. The men seeing his solicitude, began to think the dog might have discovered some valuable game, and determined to hazard the consequences of following him.
6. Transported with his success, the affectionate creature hurried them along by every expression of ardour. They soon arrive at the spot, where, behold! an officer, wounded, scalped, weltering in his own gore, and faint with the loss of blood !
17. Suffice it to say, he was yet alive. They carried him to the fort, where the first dressings were performed. A suppuration immediately took place, and he was soon conveyed to the Hospital, at Albany, where, in a few weeks, he entirely recovered, and was able to return to his duty.
8. This worthy officer owed his life, probably, to the fidelity of his dog. His tongue, which the gentleman afterwards declared,
gave him the most exquisite pleasure, clarified the wound in the most effectual manner, and his perseverance brought that assistance, without which he must soon bave perished.
Disrespect to Parents. 1. LAMPROCLES, the eldest son of Socrates, fell into a violent passion with his mother. Socrates was witness to this shameful misbebaviour, and attempted the correction of it in the following gentle and rational manner. • Come hither, son,' said be, have you bever beard of men who are called ungrateful !
! Yes, frequently,' answered the youth. And what is ingratitude ?? demanded Socrates. It is to receive a kindness,' said Lamprocles, ' without making a proper return when there is a favourable opportunity.' Ingratitude is, therefore, a species of injustice ?' said Socrates. I should think so,' answered Lamprocles. • If then,' continued Socrates, ingratitude be injustice, does it not follow, that the degree of it must be proportionate to the magnitude of the favours which have been received ? Lamprocles admitted the inference ; and Socrates thus pursued his interrogations.
2. Can there subsist higher obligations than those which children owe to their parents ; from whom life is derived and supported, and by whose good offices it is rendered honourable, useful, and happy ?' • I acknowledge the truth of what you say,' replied Lamprocles; but who could suffer without resentment, the ill-humours of such a mother as I have ?!
What strange thing has she done to you?' said Socrates. . She has a tongue,' replied Lamprocles, that no mortal can bear.' • How much more,' said Socrates, • has she endured from your wrangling, fretfulness, and incessant cries, in the period of infancy! What anxieties has she suffered from the levities, capriciousness, and follies of your childhood and youth ! What affliction has she felt, what toil and watching has she sus. tained, in your illnesses! These, and various other powerful motives to filial duty and gratitude, have been recognized by the legislators of our republic. For if any one be disrespectful to his parents, he is not permitted to enjoy any post of trust or honour. It is believed that a sacrifice, offered by an impious hand, can neither be acceptable to heaven, nor profitable to the state : and that an undutiful son cannot be capable of performing any great action, or of executing justice with impartiality."
3. • Therefore, my son, if you be wise, you will pray to heaven to pardon the offences committed against your mother. Let no one discover the contempt with which you have treated her
; for the world will condemn and abandon you for such behaviour. And if it be even suspected, that you repay with ingratitude, the good offices of your parents, you will inevitably forego the kindnesses of others; because no man will suppose that you have a heart to require either his favours or his friendship.'
Noble Behaviour of Scipio. 1. Scipio, the younger, at twenty-four years of age, was appointed, by the Roman republic, to the command of the army