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make the

rope of his destiny our cable, for our own doth little advantage ! If he be not born to be hanged, our case is miserable.

[Exeunt. Re-enter Boatswain. Boats. Down with the top-mast ! yare; lower, lower! Bring her to try with main-course!! [A cry within.] A plague upon this howling ! they are louder than the weather, or our office.2

Re-enter SEBASTIAN, ANTONIO, and GONZALO. Yet again ? what do you hear ? Shall we give o'er and drown ? Have

you a mind to sink ? Seb. A pox o' your throat, you bawling, blasphemous, incharitable dog! Boats. Work

you,

then. Ant. Hang, cur, hang ! you whoreson insolent noisemaker, we are less afraid to be drowned than thou art.

Gon. I'll warrant him for drowning; though the ship were no stronger than a nut-shell.

Boats. Lay her a-hold, a-hold ! 3 set her two courses off to sea again ; lay her off.

Re-enter Mariners, wet. Mar. All lost ! to prayers, to prayers ! all lost! [Exeunt. Boats. What, must our mouths be cold ? 5

Gon. The king and prince at prayers ! let us assist them. For our case is as theirs.

4

"To try with main-course.] To try whether she will clear the land by taking in all the tacking, hauling the mainsail close aft, &c.

2 Our officc.] Our calls of direction to the seamen.

* Lay her a-hoid.] To lay a ship a-hold is to bring her to lie as near the wind as she can, in order to keep clear of the land, and get her out to sea.' Steevens.

* Her two courscs.] Mainsail and foresail.
Be cold.) Be fruitless or of no force, speak in vain,

Seb.

I 'm out of patience. Ant. We are merely cheated of our lives by drunkards.This wide-chapped rascal,—would thou mightst lie

drowning The washing of ten tides ! 2

[Exit Boatswain.] Gon.

He'll be hanged yet,
Though every drop of water swear against it,
And gape at wid'st to glut him.
[A confused noise within.] Mercy on us !

Mercy on us!' 'We split,

, we split !'' Farewell, my wife and children!'

"Farewell, brother !' We split, we split, we split!'Ant. Let 's all sink with the king.

[Exit. Seb. Let's take leave of him.

[Erit. Gon. Now would I give a thousand furlongs of sea for an acre of barren ground, long heath, brown furze, anything. The wills above be done ! but I would fain die a

[Exit.

dry death.

SCENE II.—The Island : before the Cell of PROSPERO.

Enter PROSPERO and MIRANDA.

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Mira. If by your art, my dearest father, you have
Put the wild waters in this roar, allay them.
The sky, it seems, would pour down stinking pitch,
But that the sea, mounting to the welkin's check,
· Dashes the fire out. O, I have suffered
With those that I saw suffer ! a brave vessel-
Who had no doubt some noble creature in her-
Dashed all to pieces. O, the

cry

did knock Against my very heart! Poor souls, they perished ! Had I been any god of power, I would

1

Merely.] Absolutely. ? The washing of ten tides.] While ten tides ebb and flow.

poor cell,

Have sunk the sea within the earth, or e'er
It should the good ship so have swallowed, and
The fraughting souls within her.
Pro.

Be collected;
No more amazement: tell your piteous heart
There's no harm done.
Mira.

O, woe the day!
Pro.

No harm.
I bave done nothing but in care of thee,
Of thee, my dear one, thee, my daughter, who
Art ignorant of what thou art—nought knowing
Of whence I am, nor that I am more better
Than Prospero master of a full i
And thy no greater father.
Mira.

More to know
Did never meddle with my thoughts.
Pro.

'T is time I should inform thee further. Lend thy hand, And pluck my magic garment from me.- So;

[Lays down his mantle. Lie there

my art.24 Wipe thou thine eyes ; have comfort. The direful spectacle of the wreck, which touched The very virtue 3 of compassion in thee, I have with such provision in mine art So safely ordered, that there is no soul 4No, not so much perdition as an hair Betid to any creature in the vessel,

"Full.] An abbreviation of to the full = very.

? Lie there my art.] Fuller, in his Holy State, iv. 6, says of Lord Burleigh, 'At night, when he put off his gown, he used to say, Lie there, Lord Treasurer,' and bidding adieu to all State affairs, disposed himself to his quiet rest.'

: The very virtue.] The very soul, the inmost source.

There is no soul.] This uncompleted assertion is in natural keeping with Prospero's ardency.

Which thou heard'st cry, which thou saw'st sink. Sit down;
For thou must now know further.
Mira.

You have often
Begun to tell me what I am ; but stopped
And left me to a bootless inquisition,
Concluding, Stay, not yet.
Pro.

The hour 's now come;
The very minute bids thee

ope
thine

ear;
Obey, and be attentive. Canst thou remember
A time before we came unto this cell ?
I do not think thou canst, for then thou wast not
Out three years old.
Mira.

Certainly, sir, I can.
Pro. By what? by any other house or person ?
Of anything the image tell me, that
Hath kept with thy remembrance.
Mira.

'Tis far off,
And rather like a dream than an assurance
That
ny

remembrance warrants :-Had I not Four or five women once that tended me?

Pro. Thou hadst, and more, Miranda. But how is it That this lives in thy mind? What seest thou else In the dark backward and abysm of time? If thou rememberest aught ere thou cam'st here, How thou cam’st here thou mayst. Mira.

But that I do not. Pro. Twelve years since, Miranda, twelve years since, Thy father was the Duke of Milan, and A prince of power. Mira.

Sir, are not you my father ? Pro. Thy mother was a piece of virtue, and She said thou wast my daughter; and thy father

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Was Duke of Milan; and his only heir
A princess, no worse issued.
Mira.

O, the heavens !
What foul play had we that we came from thence ?
Or blessed was 't we did ?
Pro.

Both, both, my girl.
By foul play, as thou say’st, were we heaved thence;
But blessedly holp hither.
Mira.

O, my heart bleeds
To think o' the teen that I have turned you to,
Which is from my remembrance! Please

you

further.
Pro. My brother, and thy uncle, called Antonio
I

pray thee, mark me,—that a brother should
Be so perfidious !-he whom, next thyself,
Of all the world I loved, and to him put
The manage of my state; as at that time
Through all the signiories it was the first, 2-
And Prospero the prime duke-being so reputed
In dignity, and for the liberal arts
Without a parallel; those being all my study,
The government I cast upon my brother,
And to my state grew stranger, being transported
And

rapt in secret studies. Thy false uncle-
Dost thou attend me?
Mira.

Sir, most heedfully.
Pro. Being once perfected how to grant suits,
How to deny them, who to advance, and who
To trash 3 for over-topping-new created

· The teen, &c.] So in 3 K. Henry VI. v. 5, · And all the trouble thou hast turned me to.' Teen is grief: the word occurs again in Love's Labour's Lost, iv. 3, and in Romeo and Juliet, i. 3.

2 It was the first.] Botero, in his Relations of the World (revised edition, 1630), says, “Milan claims to be the first duchy in Europe.' : To trash.) To check. To trash a hound was to reştrain him

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