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THE

A RT:

ОР
S P E A KING.

Neque vero mihi quidquam præstabilius videtur, quam poffe

dicendo tenere hominum cætus, mentes allicere, voluntates
impellere quo velit, unde autem velit deducere. Cic.

The SEVENTH'EDITION.

LONDON:

Printed for T. LONGMAN, T. FIELD, C. DILLY;
W, GOLDSMITH, D. OGILVY and J. SPEAR B.

M. DCC. XCII.

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third part, or all that is most important in the art, viz. delivery, comprehending what every gentleman ought to be ma: fter of respecting gesture, looks, and command of voice.

What is true of most of the improvements, which are made by study, or culture, is peculiarly so of the art of Speaking. If there is not a foundation laid for it in the earlier part of life, there is no reasonable ground of expectation, that any great degree of skill in it should ever be attained. As it depends upon, and confifts in practice, more than theory, it requires the earlier initiation: that practice may have its full scope, before the time of life arrives, in which there may be occasion for public exhibition. Mankind mast speak from the beginning, therefore ought, from the beginning, to be taught to speak rightly; else they may acquire a habit of speaking wrong. And whoever knows the difficulty of breaking through bad habits, will avoid that labour by prevention. There is a great difference between Speaking and writing. Some, nay most of mankind, are never to be writers. All are speakers. Young persons ought not to be put upon writing (from their own funds, I mean) till they have furnished their minds with thoughts, that isa till they have gotten funds : but they cannot be kept from fpeaking.

Suppose a youth to have no prospect either of fitting in parliament, of pleading at the ber, of appearing upon the Stage, or in the pulpit; does it follow, that he need bestow ne pains in learning to speak properly his native language Will he never have occasion to sead in a company of his friends, a copy of verses, a pasage of a book, or news-paper ? Must he never read a discourse of Tillotson, or a chapter of the Whole Duty of Man, for the instruction of his children and servants? Cicero juftly observes, that address in speaking is highly ornamental, as well as useful, even in pri. vate life*. The limbs are parts of the body much less noble than the tongue : Yet no gentleman grudges a considerable expence of time and money to have his son taught to use them properly. Which is very commendable. And is there no attention to be paid to the ufe of the tongue, the glory of man?

Suppofmg a person to be ever fo fincere and zealous a lover of virtue, and of his country; without a competent skill and address in speaking, he can only fit ftill, and see them wronged, without having it in his power to prevent, or redress, the evil. Let an artful and eloquent statesman ha

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