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the most profane and e tres-renowned opinions, and do but blow them to their trial, the bubbles are out.

& Enter a lord. Lord. My lord, his majesty commended him to you by young Ofrick, who brings back to him, that you attend him in the hall. He sends to know if your pleasure hold to play with Laertes, or that you will take longer time?

Ham. I am constant to my purposes, they follow the king's pleasure ; if his fitness speaks, mine is ready, now, or whenfon, ever, provided I be so able as now.

Lord. The king and queen and all are coming down,
Ham. In happy time.

Lord. The queen desires you to use fome gentle entertainment to
Laertes, before you " fall to play.
Ham. She well instructs me.

[Exit Lord. Hor. ' You will lose, my lord.

Ham. I do not think so. Since he went into France, I have been in continual practice; I shall win at the odds.

d So the qu’s; H. W. and C. read, topics, and carries them through and fann'd; all the rest, ford.

through the most common (for fo prom e The ist 9. reads trenncwed; the fane may here fignify) and even the other qu's trennowned. All the rest, most renowned opinions; i. e. opinions, winnowed. Shakespeare seems to have or branches of learning, which bring written tres-renowned (which is the renown to the learned in them. French method of forming the superla f All but the qu's and C. read trials. tive degree) i. e. most renowned. Then & What passes between Hamlet and the description of these persons, as it the Lord is omitted in the fo's. stands in the old quartos, will be, Those b The 2d and 3d qu's, and R. read who, out of accustoming themselves to go for fall. encounter in all kinds of discourse, have i So the qu's; the rest, You will lose got such a superficial collection of know. this wager, my lord, ledge, as furnith them with words on all

N 2

* Thou

lean

1.100 wouldst not think how 1 ill all 's TM here about my

but it is no matter. r. Nay, good my lord, siam. It is but foolery; but it is such a kind of gaingiving as would, perhaps, trouble a woman.

Hor. If your mind dislike any thing, obey Pit. I will forestal their repair hither, and say you are not fit.

Ham. Not a whit, we defy augury; there is a special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it be', 'tis not to come; if it be not to come, it will be now; if it be not now, yet it will coine; the readiness is all. • Since no man of aught he leaves, knows, what is't to leave betimes ? Let be.

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* Before tbou all but the qu's and Ć. 9 Before special the 3d 9. the fo's, R. infert But

T. W. and J. read a. I The fo's and R. omit ill.

After be all but the qu's insert -m The fo's omit the contracted is after all.

§ So the qu's, W. and C. The fo's, n W. and 7. read, Nay, my good lord. R. P. and T. read, Sitice no mau bas augbe

The ift q. reads gamgiving (where- of what be leaves, &c. H. reads, Since in in might be blunder'd into m by the no man owes augbt of wbat be leaves, &c. printer). The ud and 3d, gamegiving. 7. Teads, Since no man knows augbe of P. reads game-giving in his quarto, and wbat be leaves, &c. and says it stood so mis-giving in his duodecimo.

in some copy; but does not tell us what Gain-giving, the same aś mis-giving, copy. a giving against, as gain - saying, &c. + All but the qu's, W. and Co omit H.

Lot be.
The fo's and R. omit it,

SCENE

SCENE V.

Enter King, Queen, Laertes and Lords, with other attendants

with foils, and gantlets. A table, and Aaggons of wine on
it.
King. Come, Hamlet, come and take this hand from me.

w (Gives him the hand of Laertes,
Ham. Give me your pardon, fir: I've done you wrong;
But pardon 't, as you are a gentleman.
This presence knows, and you muft needs have heard,
How I am punish'd with * a fore distraction.
What I have done,
That might your Ý nature, honour, and exception
Roughly awake, I here proclaim was madness :
Was't Hamiet wrong'd Laertes? never, Hamlet,
If Hamlet from himself be ta'en away,
And, when he's not himself, does wrong Laertes,
Then Hamlet does it not; Hamlet denies it.
Who does it then? his madness. If 't be fo,
Hamlet is of the faction that is wrongd;
His madness is poor Hamlet's enemy:

Sir, in this audience,
Let my disclaiming from a purpos'd evil,
Free me fo far in most generous thoughts,
That I have shot my arrow o'er the house,
And hurt my brother.

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+ The qu's direct thus, A table pres * The 2d, 3d and 4th fo's, read, napareil, trumpets, drums and officers, with tyres bonour, &c. cubiens, King, Queen, and all tbe ftare,

2 All but the fo's and R. omit, Sir, foils, dargers and Laertes.

in tbis audience. u This direction by H.

a The fo's and R. read mo:ber for braThe fo's, R, P. H. and omit a. er,

Lacr.

N. 3

Laer. I am fatisfied in nature,
Whose motive in this case should ftir me most
To my revenge: but in my terms of honour
I stand aloof, and will no reconcilement,
"Till by some elder masters of known honour
I have a voice, and president of peace,
To keep my name d ungor'd. But till that time,
I do receive your offer'd love like love,
And will not wrong it.

Ham. f I embrace it freely,
And will this brother's wager frankly play.
Give us the foils &

Laer. Come, one for me.

Ham. I'll be your foil, Labrtes; in mine ignoranca
Your skill shall, like a star i’th' darkest night,
Stick fiery off indeed.

Laer. You mock me, fir.
Ham. No, by this hand,

King. Give i them the foils, young Ofrick. * Cousin Hamlet, You know the wager.

Ham. ' Very well, my lord,

B So all editions but , and C. who used immediately before attacking, canreads, precedent; and perhaps this was not be proper here, as they had not yet Sbakespeare's meaning.

furnished themselves with foils. c The qu's omit keep.

ḥ The 2d, 3d and 4th fo's and R. & The fo's and R. ung org'd. read brightest for darkest. e The qu's, but all ibat time.

1 The 2d, 3d and 4th fo's and R, + The fo's and R. read, I do embrace, amit ebem.

k P. and all after, except C, amit & After fails, the fo's, R. H. and C. Coufiri. read Come on. But, thiş being a phrafe | P. and all after omit Very.

Your

* Your Grace hath laid the odds o'th' weaker side.

King. I do not fear it, I have seen you both :
But since he is a better'd, we have therefore odds.

Laer. This is too heavy, let me see another.
Ham. This likes me well. These foils have all a length?

[Prepares to play. Ofr. Ay, my good lord.

King. Set me the stoops of wine upon P that table.
If Hamlet I give the first, or second hit,
Or quit in answer of the third exchange,
Let all the battlements their ordnance fire ;
The king shall drink to Hamlet's better breath,
And in the cup an union shall he throw,

for we.

m H. and y. read, Your grace barb o C. reads

you laid upon the weaker fide. J. objects P The 2d and 3d qu's the for ibar. against the reading of the other editions,

q T. reads gives. As the odds were on the side of Laertes, r The 3d and 4th f. and R, read a who was to hit Hamlet twelve times to for ibe. nine, and says, it was perhaps the au • The 1st q. reeds Vnice; the ad and thor's Nip. But let Dr. Jobnson consider, 34, and P. onyx. T. says, If I am not the odds here spoken of were laid, there- mistaken,', neither the onyx nor sardonyx fore the odds were in the wager; and are jewels which ever found place in an if we turn back, we shall find that the imperial crown. An union is the finest king betted fix Barbary horses against sort of pearl, and has its place in all hx French rapiers and poniards, with crowns and coronets. Befdes, let us their appurtenances. Who sees not that consider what the king says on Hamlet's the Barbary horses are to be look'd up- giving Laertes the first hit. on as odds, against the French rapiers, Stay, give me drink ; Hamlet, ibis pearl &c. What the king says afterwards is ibine, &c. of his having the odds, relates to the Therefore if an union be a pearl, and an number of hits.

onyx a gem, or stone quite differing in its ^ The qu's read better. Since be is nature from pearls; the king's saying, better'd, &c. i. e. fince the wager he that Hamlet has earn'd the pearl, I think, gains, if he should win, is better than amounts to a demonstration that it was what we shall gain if he loses, iberefore an in on-pearl, which he meant to throw we have odds, that is, we are not to make into the cup. T. lo many hits as Laertes.

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