« AnteriorContinuar »
What soul that's possess'd of a dream fo divine,
With riot would bid the sweet vision begone? For the tear that będews Sensibility's thrine,
Is a drop of more worth than all BACCHUS's tun,
The tender excess that enamours the heart,
To few is imparted, to millions deny'd ; 'Tis the brain of the victim that tempers the dart,
And Fools jeft at that, for which Sages have dy'd:
Each change and excess hath through life been my doom,
And well can I speak of its joy and i:s strife; The bottle affords us a glimpse through the gloom,
But Love's the true sunshine that gladdeas our life. Come then, rosy Venus, and spread o'er my light
The magic illufions that ravish the soul! Awake in my breaft the soft dream of delight,
And drop from thy myrtle one leaf in my bowl.
Then deep will I drink of the nectar divine,
Nor e'er, jolly God, from thy banquet remove, But each tube of my heart ever thirst for the vine
Thai's mellow'd by Friendship, and sweeten'd by Love.
ACCOUNT of Books for 1787.
Mary Queen of Scots vindicated. By gence in his researches, there is na
John Whitaker, B. D. Author of doubt but our author possesses also ibe History of Manchester, and a great share of sound and critical Rector of Ruan-Langhorne, Corn- penetration. He has made many wall. In three volumes, 8vo. discoveries respecting the famous
. letters, fonnets, and contracts, which no vindicate the character of had hitherto escaped the vigilance of
injured innocence, and by those who have gone before him detecting the arts of successful op- in this enquiry; and he has at the pression, to restore it to that fair same time, with a great deal of canfame, of which it ought never to dour, given up many of chofe points have been deprived, has been . al. which the former advocates of the ways confidered as one of the noblest queen of Scots have insisted on, but privileges of the pen of history. which do not appear to him to be This privilege the author of the proved to his entire satisfaction. work before us seenis to have ex. To those who have not hitherta erted in its full extent, and it is paid much attention to this point of only to be lamented, that he has so history, it may not be uninteresting often allowed the warmth of his to know, that it was not till the zeal to hurry his style so much be. year 1754 that there was any thing yond the decent bounds of cool and like a doubt existing of the com, deliberate investigation. In a work plete guilt of this amiable ar.d un. of this nature, where, as he himself fortunate queen, with respect to al. allows, the force of the whole must mot every crime of which her ene. arise from an accumulation of paris, mies had accused her. All the arts, and where, of course, our whole as well as all the authority of goconviction depends upon every link vernment, having been exerted, of the chain's being preserved en. both before and after her death, to tire, is is unwise at least to distract overwhelm her unprotected reputa. our attention by an intemperate tion, it is not to be wondered at warmth of expression, and to be that the public opinion respecting constantly appealing to our feel. her became fixed, and that she was ings, when we know he ought to be soon abandoned even by the few convincing our understandings. And advocates she had to disgrace and this is the more to be lamented in infamy. the present instance, because, added It is much to the credit of the to a considerable degree of dili. present ege, that at the time above
mentioned a revolution began to ! published, made its way very take place in the history of the evi. ! flowly among us. Even some of dences by which her reputation had ! our first-rate writers presumed to been destroyed, and her life cruelly ! fet themselves against it. Dr. sacrificed. Mr. Goodall, fas the 'Robertson, a disciple of the old & author informs us in his preface) ! school of flapder, wrote a formal
keeper of the advocate's library " dissertation in opposition to it. at Edinburgh, "Itepped forward ? Even Mr. Hume, who in history
with a courage, that seemed to ! had learned to think more libe. : border upon rashness, to prove ! rally than the doctor, in some inļ them mere forgeries, and to dis. !cidental notes to his History of
abuse the deceived public. He • England, ftill professed and de. was a man very conversant with ' fended his adherence to the an.
records : he was therefore in the "cient error. And the nation stood • habit of referring assertions to suspended between the authority & authorities. He was also actu. ! of great names, and the preju.
ated by a spirit of party, as a 'dices of the million, upon one side ; ! party had then been formed in and a new name, new arguments ! the nation concerning the point. ' and denionftration on the other. • Something more vigorous than ! Then Mr. Tyıler arose. He ge. ļ the abstracted love of truth is ge. nerally took the same ground (nerally requisite to every arduous which Mr. Goodall had taken be.
undertaking. But whatever were fore him. He generally made use his motives, his enterprize was ' of his weapons. He brightened
honourable, and his execution ! up some. He strengthened others. ? powerful. He entered into the ex. ! With both, and with his own, he
amination of the papers with con. • drove the enemy out of the field. fiderable spirit. He went through 'Dr. Robertson quitted it directly, it with considerable address. He « Mr. Hume rallied, after a long even proved the letters to be for. " interval of eieven or twelve years, geries in so clear a manner, that • He rallied with a seeming fero.
one is astonished it' had never ! city of spirit, and with a real im. o been done before. This shows, becility of exertion. He, who
indeed, the little attention which • never replied to an adversary be.
had been paid to the subject, in 'fore, now replied to Mr. Tytler, 6. care to fubftantiate, or in zeal o in a note to a new edition of his ! to destroy the fundamental credit history. He laid himself out there i of the whole.' And that forms one ' in reproaches against Mr. Tytler,
of those grand discoveries, which ' and in vindications of himself. muft necessarily'. be very rare in ( But he touched upon the cause of • the history of any nation, and Mary, in a single point only : ! therefore reflect a peculiar ho.' ! and his efforts of proving in all
nour upon the individual who were flight in their aim, and fee. ! makes them.-Yet" such was the ble in their operation. Mr. Tyta ' factious credulity then generally ler, however, very properly ad.
• prevailing in the island, that this ' vanced upon him again in a poste ..! work, one of the most original «script to a new edition of his own and convincing which ever were ! work; and Mr. Hume retired
• finally with Dr. Robertson Mr. head; but he might lose them • 'Tytler deservedly gained great entirely, in attempring to fresnen • honour by the conteft. His work them. The nation was no longer
is candid, argumentative, acute, in that high state of faction, in . and ingevious. Only his success which it stood when he published
feems to have injured his mafter's "first. And to retract what he had
reputation. The glary was in no " said,' could not be expected from o small measure Mr. Goodall's own; that measure of generosity which • yet fuch is the capriciousness of ordinarily falls to the Dhare of
faine conferred by men, that the "man. laurels are still Thading the brow .' It was the perufal of Dro
of Mr. Tytler, while the original Stuart's spirited and judicious • proprietor is almost forgotten. It history, in the second edition of
is a justice due to the memories « it, that put me upon examining • of illustrious masters, not to let the evidences, on which the whole
their names be lost in the fuc- is founded. I had formerly read 4 ceeding fplendour of their scho. ! the controversy, just as thou. ¢ lars, when a large share of that sands muft necessarily have read 6. fplendour is derived from the mass ait, with a transient attention to ters themselves.
the cited records, and with a full .• In this state of the controverfy conviction on the side of Mary.
the nation continued for many But I now refolved to go deeper, years. The new truths were gra. « The result was, that I quickly dually gaining ground. None op- saw some particulars concerning • pored them; numbers embraced the letters, fonnets, and con. • them; and at lait, in the natural « tracts, as I thought, which had • progress of conviction, Dr. Stuart "not yet been opened with suf• appeared about four years ago, "ficient clearners, which had not ' with a regular history of Mary's " yet been pressed with sufficient • reign, modelled upon the authority " vigour, or had been totally over. • of records, and therefore viudi- ' looked bisherto. These would ' cating the character of the queen. "serve, I saw, to vindicate more • He even challenged Dr. Robert. "fully the character of a queen, • fon, as the preceding historian of " to whom the nation owes so • her reign, to leave the retreat which much in reparation, for two • he had kept so long, to come for centuries of unremitted obloquy • ward from his covert at last, and And these have been so fuccefo either justify or retract his flan. I fively continued from point to (ders against her. This was fair, point fince, that they have at
bold, and manly. It was in the last, I find, embraced the whole • true spirit of hiftorical gallantry, history and evidence of the
advancing to the rescue of an op. ( writings, within their ample çir, • pressed queen. But the doctor' cle. I was too prudent to accept the " Yet in justice to my own can, ' challenge. He had gained his dour, I ought to acknowledge, • first honours in historical compo• r that, in doing this, I have found « fition from that very history :: ' myself compelled at times to a. ' these indeed had withered on his void the ground which the pre
r ceding champions for Mary have indeed in our esteem; and that many i generally occupied. From a pru. of those, whom we have been long
dential regard for myself, I have accustomed to consider as able and « been careful not to take any chat upright statesmen, were, upon many i was untenable Froin a more dig, occasions, much less than honest
nified respect for facts, I have men. Such, however, is the hard been upon my guard, against that condition upon which we must regenerosity of compassion, for a ceive the truths now offered to us;
highly injured woman, which is and we must be content to accept « so apt to steal over the spirits, them (as we often do many other s and to impofe upon the judgment good things, with certain causes of • of an honest man. And while regret) accompanied with all the "I profess myself a warm friend unpleasing reflections they cannot
to Mary, I wish to be considered fail to excite in the mind of every S as a much warmer one to the reader. • cruth of history in writing, and "I began (says our author ) ", to the 'exercise of integrity in " with the conduct of Elizabeth life.”
and Murray, as acting in con. . 'Animated by these sentiments, of « federacy together. This was so the truth of which nothing but the well known in some of its parts, vehement and unjustifiable warmth and Atood forth to the eye fo of his style could make his readers prominent in all, that it arrested doubt for a moment, our authors my attention first, and was there. enters immediately into his subject, <fore the best calculated to faften and investigates, in the first volume, « first on my readers. In the de. all those very important facts, in the « tail of this conduct, regularly as history of the letters, contracts, and I have authenticated it, not merefonnets, which (as he says him ly by reference to the proving • self) carry their own power of s passages, but by an actual pro. o conviction with them, speak with « duction of the passages chem' energy to every mind, and go < felves ; we have seen Murray and « with an irresistible decisiveness to Elizabeth behaving in a most o the very heart and centre of the 5 dishonourable manner. Eliza. cause."
beth particularly appears in a It is not in our power to give our « light, that muit shock ber nureaders a better idea of what these "merous admirers greatly. Yet, facts are, and of the consequences fiat juftitia, ruat cælum. The he has drawn from them, than by low adulations of her own age, reporting in the author's own words, and the consenting flatteries of a kind of sunmary abstract of the succeeding times, have united to evidence, which he has given us by throw a blaze of glory around way of conclusion to this first vo. the head of this political faint, lume. We Thall be sorry to be con i to which she has as little claim vinced (but convinced we cannot as many of the religious faints in fail to be that so many characters, the calendar of Rome to their's. to which we have been used to look 'I admire her abilities, but I deo up with respect and admiration, upon « spise her principles. I admire a nearer inspection fink very low « her fagacity of understandings