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« her comprehensiveness of policy, main substance of all the forge. • and her vigoor of refolution. ries, to have been changed and • But I deteit her habits of swear. • altered in a most wonderful mản. • ing, her habits of hypocrisy, her 'ner. Throgmorton, who had re. « rancorous jealousy, and her mure ceived an account of the firft « derous malignity. Elizabeth in. ' letters from the very formers of • deed appears in her worst light, them, could not poffibly have te. « while she is seen in her transac. . cognized them again in the latt. 6. tions with Mary. On this worst " Like the ship of Athens, or the • part of her history have I been 'stockings of Sir John Cotler, « obliged to dwell. Nor should I ' they had scarcely one particle of « have done justice to an injured their original materials left bee queen, if I had not stated this 'hind. Yet, like those stockings • part of the history, in its full and that ship, they pretended to « glare of enormity, before the be fill the same: and what was seye. The generality of man. ' infinitely more, they pretended • kind are undignified enough in 'to be the undarned, the unre• their own spirit to pay their re. ' paired same from the very bea • spect to understanding at the ex. 'ginning. • pence of morality; to ennoble " The letters of Throgmortori's • persons who are only great from days I have shown to be merely " their powers, their situations, and ' ideal at the time, though they • their success; and to link from " were realized afterwards. But « view the profligacy with which ' a new set was soon fora.ed upon « these powers were exerted, these ' a new principle. Even this was • situations were improved, and superseded afterwards. A new • this success was insured. But let' principle again took poffeffion of s not such as aspire to lead the 'the mind; and a new set again

opinions of the public, be con- ' appeared upon the stage. The o tent to practise the vice of the murder was the object of the • vulgar. The interests of virtue ' first : the adultery had no share • should be the object of every ' in it. The adultery and the • writer; and one single grain of murder became joint objects of • virtue, it should be for ever con. " the second. The murder was still • fidered, is worth more in the principal, but the adultery showed < estimate of reason and of God, r itself of nearly equal magnitude

than all the mass of intellect, with it. And at latt, in the third, • that is diffused through the uni- the adultery became principal, overse.

' and the murder was only hint. • But having, with the juft fe. red at. • verity of truth, I trust, laid open • Both the second and the third ' the behaviour of Elizabeth and 6 I have also shown to have under. • Murray during the conferences s gone many alterations of another

in England; I then proceeded to i nature. They appeared subscrib. • show the grounds and causes of red by Mary on the 4th of Decem.

all this, in the wretched state of 'ber 1567. They appeared not • the forgeries themselves. I have • subfcribed on the 15th-29th of • Mown the letters peculiarly, that the same month They were su.

perscribed

*. perscribed to Bothwell originally ; . they published eight in French, ' yet they appeared not superscribed they published eight also in Scoich, • afterwards. They were all dated and both pretending equally to be • both in time and place, before · Mary's writing. . • and during their appearance at "All these variations sufficiently • York, but not after it. There vindicate the conduct of Elizas were also ten in number with • besh and of Murray, for the po. • the parliament of Scotland ; fix at "licy, though not for the probity « York; five at Westminster on of it; in the tricks and stratagems, • the 8th of December, eight af. ' in the frauds and evasions, which Sterwards, ten on the 7th Decem. ' we have seen this couple of po• ber, and actually eighteen in the ' litical jugglers exhibiting before, • months of December and Jany. They both knew of the forgery. « ary 1589, and on the 22d Janu. • They both knew of those striking « ary 1571.

" fignatures of it. They both knew • Nor is this all. The evidence « particularly of the changes and

against Mary was merely the let- ore.changes in the language of the « ters at firft. For nearly fifteen letters. And their knowledge .months from the asserted seizure I will combine with their conduct, • of Mary's casket, it had disclosed I fear, to speak in a bolder lan. s nothing but letters against her. "guage against them both, than any • But, being properly put to the which I have used. • torture, it gave up twelve sonnets, But whatever is the fate of

und two contracts of marriage, to these, the innocence of Mary must • impeach her reputation. And then ' now be admitted by all, I think. " these pretended to have been e- " The witnesses against her have • equally found with the letters, at • been tried in the examination of « first.

" the letters, sonnets, and contracts. • But what is most astonishing, 'One single variation in their tel. ' amid all these successive scenes "timony must have been fatal • of astonishment, is the change to the whole ; but I have found r of the language in the letters. " many. • They appeared as Scotch, before 'Each of these, in my opinion, s the council and the parliament forms a strong and lively ray of • of Scotland, in December 1567. light to disclose the forgery to Yet Murray afferted them to be every eye. The last of them, I . in French, by a message to Eliza. ' think, forms a ray exceedingly • beth in June following. But they lively and strong. And all toge. • ftill appeared in Scotch to the com- "ther they unite into such a power. • missioners at York, in the ensuing "ful blaze, I apprehend, as lays • month of October. And after all, open the whole forgery from end ' they re-appeared in French, to the ' to end; as enables the moit S very same commissioners, only a "weak-eyed to fee, and compels « few weeks afterward at Westmin. " the most incredulous to believe." • fter. What is even more sure Having in the first volume thus • prising, they appeared some of gone through the external evidence, them in French and some in Scotch; the author proceeds in the second to

* the

the examination of the internal evi- In the beginning of the third dence in proof of the forgery of volume, the jonnets are brought be. the letters, contraits, and fonnets, and fore us ; and as the letters were the gives us an exact copy of each, in production of Lethington, so it apthe respective languages in which pears almost equally certain that they were originally published. The the fonnets owe their existence to letters alone, in Scotch, Latin, and the famous Buchanan. That they French, with the different notes were originally written in French, and critieisms upon them, take up there seems to be no doubt ; and the whole of the second volume. since they are evidently proved not To attempt to follow our author to have been Mary's, and it does through this minute and critical in. not appear that there was any one veftigation, would lead us far be. man among the usurpers qualified yond the bounds prescribed to us for poetical composition, and capa. on these occasions, and we must ble of undertaking it in the French therefore content ourselves with re. language, the honour and the dis. marking in general, that these ob. grace attending these fonnets, must servations coinciding so well as they equally belong to him alone. It evidently do with so many of the may not be uninterefting to some circumstantial proofs adduced in of our readers to form their own the first volume, tend exceedingly judgment of these compositions, by to explain and develope the forgery, an examination of a few of the and to give an additional stability first stanzas of the first sonnet, which to what indeed seems able, if it we shall lay before them in French were neceffary, to support itfelf, and in English, and which we have without this Jew acceffion of strength. taken as they cecured to us; with. It has beer," says our author, out any particular reason for the ses “ a tiresome employ to read, trans. lection. cribe, and comment upon such « a mass of impertinence and duil. s ness :" - and it requires also,

0, " O Dieux, ayez de moy compassion, we must confe!s, not a small share " Et m'enseignez quelle preuve certaine of patience, and a considerable de. « Je puis donner, qui ne luy semble vaine, gree of zeal in the cause, to follow " De mon amour et ferme affection. our author with any kind of exact

“ Las! n'est-il pas ja en poffeffion nefs through the whole of “ this « Du corps, du cour, qui ne refufe peines " tiresome employment." This how. " Ny derhonneur en la vie incertaine, ever, we believe, will in great mea. “ Offence de parens, ni pire a niction? fure be made up to the attentive reader, by the many new lights it

« Pour lui tous mes amis j'estime moins

" que rien, throws on some of the most impor- " Et de mes ennemis je veux esperer bien. tant circumstances of these times ; and the manner in which the enquiry

“ J'ay hazardé pour luy et nom et corio has been prosecuted, certainly reflects « Je veux pour luy au monde renoncer, very great honour on Mr. Whita- « Je veux meu ir pour le faire avancer : ker's industry and penetration, « Que reste plus pour prouver ma constance?

II, « Entre

nouiry

science;.

II.

“ Schortly, I fall give of my trueth fic « Entre les mains, et son plein pouvoir,

6 prufe, * Je mets mon fils, mon honneur, et ma vie, “ That he fall knaw my constancie without " Mon pais, mon subjets; mon ame assub

“ fictioun, "jettie

“ Not be my weiping, or fenzeit obediences « Eft toute a luy, et n'ay autre vouloir " As uther have done, bot be ucher expe" Pour mon objet, que fans le decevoir

"rience, &c. &c. &c." “ Suivre je veux, malgré toute l'envie

The contracts are next examined " Qu'iffir en peut. Car je n'ay autre envies with the fame care and in the same " Que de ma foy luy faire appercevoir.

il manner as the leiters and sonnets “ Que pour tempeste, ou bonafle, qu'il « face,

have been described to be; and " Jamais ne veut changer demeure ou place. the author's observation resulting

“ Bref, je feray de ma foy telle preuve, from the whole is, " that as we " Qu'il cognoistra, sans faute, ma constance; "o have seen the letters contradict. * Non par mes pleurs, ou feinte obeillance, or in parch 'orher and the fonnets " Comme autres font, mais par diverse “espreuve, &c. &c. &c."

“contradicting the letters, we now “ see the letters contradicted also “ by the contracts. The three

“ grand elements of the forgery are to Goddis, have of me compassion;

“ thus in a perpetual state of hof* And schaw quhat certane prufe

"tility between themselves, cach “I may give, quhilk fall not seme to him

“ laying open the fashood of the - vane, "Of nay lufe and fervent affection.

" other, and all uniting to prove " Helas! is he not alreddy in poffeffioun

“ the forgery of all.” 66 Of my body; of hart, that refufis na pane,

The discussion of a very impor. 66 Nor dishonour in the lyte uncertaue, tant point; viz. the murder of lord « Offence of friendis, nor worfe afflictioun ?

Darnley, closes this interesting work. 6. For him I efteme all my freindis less

de all my freindis lets Of this finzular incident (as we are " than nathing, ? And I will have gude hope of myne ëne.

told) the public" has never had “ mies.

or any thing but a confused and in“I h ve put in hasard for hi n baith fame " distinct idea." And our author 66 and conscience:

undercakes to give it a clear one, “ I will for his laik renounce the warld,

“ because the undertaking will ter« I will die to let him fordwart; « Quhat remanis to git prufe of my con.

“ minate;" he says, “in a ftill *ftancie ?”

« fuller, a ftill stronger, and a fill " more pointed vindication of Queen

06 Mary.”

« In his hands, and in his power, “ I put my sone, my honour, and my 1 fe, “ My countrie, my subjectis, my faule, all

is subdewit « To him, and hes nane utner will

66 For my fcope, quhilk without diff.it " I will follow, in spite of all invy

hat may entew; for I have na uther

« desyre « But to mak him persaif my faithfulnes. " For storme of or] fair wedder that may

" cum, “ Never will it change dwelling or place,

VOL. XXIX.

Buchanan's confessions concerning the murder, published at the end of his Detection, &c. come first under consideration, and feein in. deed clearly to be all fpurious. A. mong many other things, a palpable contradi&tion in the evidence of one William Powrie is too striking to be passed over. On the 23d of June this man swears that he and Patrick Wilson took " ane carriage of cwa

" maths

“ maills and ane tronk, and ye « utheris twa quhilks had cloakes " uthir an ledderin maill, quilks " about yair faces." _In the latter, 56 wer lyand in the said nethir hall," " quhan the deponar and Pat Will(the lower room of Bothwell's lodg- " son come to ihe Frier zet (gate) ings at Holyrood house) “ quilks “ with the last convoy, and laid " the deponar and the said Pat put " the same down, Robert Ormes. « on and chargit upon twa horses « toun came forth and said, &c. “ of my lordis, the ane being his fown " And at the same time that the (awn) horse"-and yet on the “ deponar and Pat Wilson laid 3d of July re-swears " yat the « down the last cariage at the said s carage of the tronk and mail, “ Frier gait, the E. Bothwell " contenit in his former depofi. " came unto yame utwith (without) « tioun, were carried by him and “the Frier zet, accompany it with Pat Wilsone,” not upon two three more quhilks had yare horses of my lord's, and one of them r cloaks and mulis upon yair feet. his own, but « upon one gray borss And to notice only one more yat pertained to Herman, page to " contradiction, the first part of " my lord at twa fundry times." " the fort deposition asserted him « But Powrie confirmed his ac- " and Wilson to have taken twa “ count of the 230 June by this " mails and ane tronk in one load, * remembered incident, that on " and "an leidderin mailin " their return back out of the yard " another ; but in the succeeding " at Black Friars to the gate, the " parts the twa mails are for. “ twa horses (which they had left “ gotten, the Saids twa charges

there, while they carried in the " being shrunk into the said maill powder) war away, and they " and tronk ; and yet though the “ were obliged to go back to Holy. " second deposition continues at “ rood house without them. And « first to speak of the tronk and “ he corroborated his account of " maill, it soon changes its tone, “ July 3d by another incident of a " and makes up for what it has " contrary nature, and yet equally " taken away, by adding ane toome “ remembered ; which was, " pat at or pulaer barrel to the whole. With e the last horse cariage he bare up " such a negligent industry have ane toome (empty) pulder barrel « these confessions been put tois to the same place yai carriet the "gether, that one man, speaking " pulder, and yat he wilt not how " at the distance of only ten days; " nor be quhome, the fame came in " speaking of a general and a very " the erle Bothwel's ludging in the "o memorable fact, which happened " Abby.Such gross contradice " only four or five months before ; " tions are there in this one man's « and speaking of circumstances, "s depositions. But there are still " which he must have remembered more. In the former, when he « as well as he remembered his own " came to the gate of the Black « presence at the whole, violently 66 Friars, he and Wilson were met " and repeatediy gives himself the "" by the erle Bothwell, accompa. " lye. “ nit with Robert Ormestoun and We could not avoid mentioning " Paris, called French Paris, and at full length those particulars, be

cause,

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